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Role of trees and herbaceous vegetation beneath trees in maintaining arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in temperate alley cropping systems

Background & Aims Better understanding of belowground interactions in agroforestry systems is crucial for the success of plant co-existence. Beyond root competition, associated arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can also be involved in plant to plant interactions. Thus far, the contribution of each a... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2019, Vol.453 (1-2), p.153-171
Main Author: Battie-Laclau, Patricia
Other Authors: Taschen, Elisa , Plassard, Claude , Dezette, Damien , Abadie, Josiane , Arnal, Didier , Benezech, Philippe , Duthoit, Maxime , Pablo, Anne-Laure , Jourdan, Christophe , Laclau, Jean-Paul , Bertrand, Isabelle , Taudière, Adrien , Hinsinger, Philippe
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
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Publisher: Cham: Springer International Publishing
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02622577
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recordid: cdi_springer_journals_10_1007_s11104_019_04181_z
title: Role of trees and herbaceous vegetation beneath trees in maintaining arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in temperate alley cropping systems
format: Article
creator:
  • Battie-Laclau, Patricia
  • Taschen, Elisa
  • Plassard, Claude
  • Dezette, Damien
  • Abadie, Josiane
  • Arnal, Didier
  • Benezech, Philippe
  • Duthoit, Maxime
  • Pablo, Anne-Laure
  • Jourdan, Christophe
  • Laclau, Jean-Paul
  • Bertrand, Isabelle
  • Taudière, Adrien
  • Hinsinger, Philippe
subjects:
  • Acer pseudoplatanus
  • Agricultural sciences
  • Agroforesterie
  • Agroforestry
  • agrovoc
  • aims
  • Alley cropping
  • aos
  • Arbuscular mycorrhizas
  • Biological diversity
  • Biologie du sol
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • c_16034
  • c_17051d12
  • c_207
  • c_3081
  • c_35545
  • c_36163
  • c_37819
  • c_3910
  • c_4059
  • c_6281
  • c_72
  • c_7272
  • Communities
  • Crop yield
  • Cropping systems
  • Crops
  • Culture intercalaire
  • Dynamic tests
  • Ecology
  • Espacement
  • fao
  • Fraxinus excelsior
  • Fungi
  • http
  • Inoculum
  • Juglans nigra
  • Life Sciences
  • Mycorhization
  • Nutrition
  • org
  • Plant diversity
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Production forestière
  • Prunus avium
  • Regular Article
  • Roots
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Sorbus domestica
  • Sorbus torminalis
  • Streets
  • Système racinaire
  • Systèmes et modes de culture
  • Trees
  • Vegetal Biology
  • Vegetation
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2019, Vol.453 (1-2), p.153-171
description: Background & Aims Better understanding of belowground interactions in agroforestry systems is crucial for the success of plant co-existence. Beyond root competition, associated arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can also be involved in plant to plant interactions. Thus far, the contribution of each agroforestry component (trees, herbaceous vegetation beneath trees -HVbT- and crops) in the establishment and maintenance of AM communities is poorly documented, particularly in temperate areas. This study investigates the spatio-temporal dynamics of both roots and AM fungi in two alley-cropping sites located in southwestern France. Methods Over a one-year period, (i) root length density, production and distribution, (ii) AM activity (root mycorrhization rate and extra-radical hyphal production) and (iii) AM diversity (metabarcoding) were assessed at different distances from tree rows in two agroforestry systems. Results The mycorrhization rate and hyphal production increased at the interface between tree rows and cultivated alleys, showing a positive effect of the presence of a perennial system (tree and HVbT) and of plant diversity. Compared to HVbT, tree roots colonized farther into superficial layers of the cultivated alleys. However, due to higher root densities and well-established AM fungi observed throughout all the year, HVbT appeared to be more relevant in maintaining an active source of AM inoculum for newly developing crop roots in winter. Conclusion The spatial proximity of roots and common AM fungi provides new perspectives in deciphering the significance of arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in crop nutrition and yield in agroforestry systems.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titleRole of trees and herbaceous vegetation beneath trees in maintaining arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in temperate alley cropping systems
creatorBattie-Laclau, Patricia ; Taschen, Elisa ; Plassard, Claude ; Dezette, Damien ; Abadie, Josiane ; Arnal, Didier ; Benezech, Philippe ; Duthoit, Maxime ; Pablo, Anne-Laure ; Jourdan, Christophe ; Laclau, Jean-Paul ; Bertrand, Isabelle ; Taudière, Adrien ; Hinsinger, Philippe
creatorcontribBattie-Laclau, Patricia ; Taschen, Elisa ; Plassard, Claude ; Dezette, Damien ; Abadie, Josiane ; Arnal, Didier ; Benezech, Philippe ; Duthoit, Maxime ; Pablo, Anne-Laure ; Jourdan, Christophe ; Laclau, Jean-Paul ; Bertrand, Isabelle ; Taudière, Adrien ; Hinsinger, Philippe
descriptionBackground & Aims Better understanding of belowground interactions in agroforestry systems is crucial for the success of plant co-existence. Beyond root competition, associated arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can also be involved in plant to plant interactions. Thus far, the contribution of each agroforestry component (trees, herbaceous vegetation beneath trees -HVbT- and crops) in the establishment and maintenance of AM communities is poorly documented, particularly in temperate areas. This study investigates the spatio-temporal dynamics of both roots and AM fungi in two alley-cropping sites located in southwestern France. Methods Over a one-year period, (i) root length density, production and distribution, (ii) AM activity (root mycorrhization rate and extra-radical hyphal production) and (iii) AM diversity (metabarcoding) were assessed at different distances from tree rows in two agroforestry systems. Results The mycorrhization rate and hyphal production increased at the interface between tree rows and cultivated alleys, showing a positive effect of the presence of a perennial system (tree and HVbT) and of plant diversity. Compared to HVbT, tree roots colonized farther into superficial layers of the cultivated alleys. However, due to higher root densities and well-established AM fungi observed throughout all the year, HVbT appeared to be more relevant in maintaining an active source of AM inoculum for newly developing crop roots in winter. Conclusion The spatial proximity of roots and common AM fungi provides new perspectives in deciphering the significance of arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in crop nutrition and yield in agroforestry systems.
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subjectAcer pseudoplatanus ; Agricultural sciences ; Agroforesterie ; Agroforestry ; agrovoc ; aims ; Alley cropping ; aos ; Arbuscular mycorrhizas ; Biological diversity ; Biologie du sol ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; c_16034 ; c_17051d12 ; c_207 ; c_3081 ; c_35545 ; c_36163 ; c_37819 ; c_3910 ; c_4059 ; c_6281 ; c_72 ; c_7272 ; Communities ; Crop yield ; Cropping systems ; Crops ; Culture intercalaire ; Dynamic tests ; Ecology ; Espacement ; fao ; Fraxinus excelsior ; Fungi ; http ; Inoculum ; Juglans nigra ; Life Sciences ; Mycorhization ; Nutrition ; org ; Plant diversity ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; Production forestière ; Prunus avium ; Regular Article ; Roots ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Sorbus domestica ; Sorbus torminalis ; Streets ; Système racinaire ; Systèmes et modes de culture ; Trees ; Vegetal Biology ; Vegetation
ispartofPlant and soil, 2019, Vol.453 (1-2), p.153-171
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1Taschen, Elisa
2Plassard, Claude
3Dezette, Damien
4Abadie, Josiane
5Arnal, Didier
6Benezech, Philippe
7Duthoit, Maxime
8Pablo, Anne-Laure
9Jourdan, Christophe
10Laclau, Jean-Paul
11Bertrand, Isabelle
12Taudière, Adrien
13Hinsinger, Philippe
title
0Role of trees and herbaceous vegetation beneath trees in maintaining arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in temperate alley cropping systems
1Plant and soil
addtitlePlant Soil
descriptionBackground & Aims Better understanding of belowground interactions in agroforestry systems is crucial for the success of plant co-existence. Beyond root competition, associated arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can also be involved in plant to plant interactions. Thus far, the contribution of each agroforestry component (trees, herbaceous vegetation beneath trees -HVbT- and crops) in the establishment and maintenance of AM communities is poorly documented, particularly in temperate areas. This study investigates the spatio-temporal dynamics of both roots and AM fungi in two alley-cropping sites located in southwestern France. Methods Over a one-year period, (i) root length density, production and distribution, (ii) AM activity (root mycorrhization rate and extra-radical hyphal production) and (iii) AM diversity (metabarcoding) were assessed at different distances from tree rows in two agroforestry systems. Results The mycorrhization rate and hyphal production increased at the interface between tree rows and cultivated alleys, showing a positive effect of the presence of a perennial system (tree and HVbT) and of plant diversity. Compared to HVbT, tree roots colonized farther into superficial layers of the cultivated alleys. However, due to higher root densities and well-established AM fungi observed throughout all the year, HVbT appeared to be more relevant in maintaining an active source of AM inoculum for newly developing crop roots in winter. Conclusion The spatial proximity of roots and common AM fungi provides new perspectives in deciphering the significance of arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in crop nutrition and yield in agroforestry systems.
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0Acer pseudoplatanus
1Agricultural sciences
2Agroforesterie
3Agroforestry
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5aims
6Alley cropping
7aos
8Arbuscular mycorrhizas
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28Culture intercalaire
29Dynamic tests
30Ecology
31Espacement
32fao
33Fraxinus excelsior
34Fungi
35http
36Inoculum
37Juglans nigra
38Life Sciences
39Mycorhization
40Nutrition
41org
42Plant diversity
43Plant Physiology
44Plant Sciences
45Production forestière
46Prunus avium
47Regular Article
48Roots
49Soil Science & Conservation
50Sorbus domestica
51Sorbus torminalis
52Streets
53Système racinaire
54Systèmes et modes de culture
55Trees
56Vegetal Biology
57Vegetation
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9Jourdan, Christophe
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titleRole of trees and herbaceous vegetation beneath trees in maintaining arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in temperate alley cropping systems
authorBattie-Laclau, Patricia ; Taschen, Elisa ; Plassard, Claude ; Dezette, Damien ; Abadie, Josiane ; Arnal, Didier ; Benezech, Philippe ; Duthoit, Maxime ; Pablo, Anne-Laure ; Jourdan, Christophe ; Laclau, Jean-Paul ; Bertrand, Isabelle ; Taudière, Adrien ; Hinsinger, Philippe
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0Acer pseudoplatanus
1Agricultural sciences
2Agroforesterie
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5aims
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8Arbuscular mycorrhizas
9Biological diversity
10Biologie du sol
11Biomedical and Life Sciences
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18c_37819
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34Fungi
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37Juglans nigra
38Life Sciences
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40Nutrition
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43Plant Physiology
44Plant Sciences
45Production forestière
46Prunus avium
47Regular Article
48Roots
49Soil Science & Conservation
50Sorbus domestica
51Sorbus torminalis
52Streets
53Système racinaire
54Systèmes et modes de culture
55Trees
56Vegetal Biology
57Vegetation
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1Taschen, Elisa
2Plassard, Claude
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4Abadie, Josiane
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6Benezech, Philippe
7Duthoit, Maxime
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1Taschen, Elisa
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7Duthoit, Maxime
8Pablo, Anne-Laure
9Jourdan, Christophe
10Laclau, Jean-Paul
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atitleRole of trees and herbaceous vegetation beneath trees in maintaining arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in temperate alley cropping systems
jtitlePlant and soil
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date2019-07-22
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abstractBackground & Aims Better understanding of belowground interactions in agroforestry systems is crucial for the success of plant co-existence. Beyond root competition, associated arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can also be involved in plant to plant interactions. Thus far, the contribution of each agroforestry component (trees, herbaceous vegetation beneath trees -HVbT- and crops) in the establishment and maintenance of AM communities is poorly documented, particularly in temperate areas. This study investigates the spatio-temporal dynamics of both roots and AM fungi in two alley-cropping sites located in southwestern France. Methods Over a one-year period, (i) root length density, production and distribution, (ii) AM activity (root mycorrhization rate and extra-radical hyphal production) and (iii) AM diversity (metabarcoding) were assessed at different distances from tree rows in two agroforestry systems. Results The mycorrhization rate and hyphal production increased at the interface between tree rows and cultivated alleys, showing a positive effect of the presence of a perennial system (tree and HVbT) and of plant diversity. Compared to HVbT, tree roots colonized farther into superficial layers of the cultivated alleys. However, due to higher root densities and well-established AM fungi observed throughout all the year, HVbT appeared to be more relevant in maintaining an active source of AM inoculum for newly developing crop roots in winter. Conclusion The spatial proximity of roots and common AM fungi provides new perspectives in deciphering the significance of arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in crop nutrition and yield in agroforestry systems.
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pubSpringer International Publishing
doi10.1007/s11104-019-04181-z
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