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The structure and morphology of the Basse Terre Island, Lesser Antilles volcanic arc

Basse Terre Island is made up of a cluster of composite volcanoes that are part of the Lesser Antilles volcanic arc. The morphology of these volcanoes and the onshore continuation of the grabens and strike–slip faults that surround the island are poorly documented due to erosion and rainforest cover... Full description

Journal Title: Bulletin of volcanology 2013, Vol.75 (3), p.1
Main Author: Mathieu, Lucie
Other Authors: van Wyk de Vries, Benjamin , Mannessiez, Claire , Mazzoni, Nelly , Savry, Cécile , Troll, Valentin R
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag
ID: ISSN: 0258-8900
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recordid: cdi_swepub_primary_oai_DiVA_org_uu_201881
title: The structure and morphology of the Basse Terre Island, Lesser Antilles volcanic arc
format: Article
creator:
  • Mathieu, Lucie
  • van Wyk de Vries, Benjamin
  • Mannessiez, Claire
  • Mazzoni, Nelly
  • Savry, Cécile
  • Troll, Valentin R
subjects:
  • Analysis
  • Basse Terre Isl
  • Basse Terre Island
  • Crystalline rocks
  • Digital elevation model (DEM)
  • Earth and Environmental Science
  • Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
  • Earth Science with specialization in Mineral Chemistry, Petrology and Tectonics
  • Earth Sciences
  • Earth, ocean, space
  • Engineering and environment geology. Geothermics
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Exact sciences and technology
  • Geologi
  • Geology
  • Geophysics/Geodesy
  • Geovetenskap med inriktning mot mineralogi, petrologi och tektonik
  • Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap
  • Global Changes
  • Grabens (Geology)
  • Hydrothermal fluids
  • Igneous and metamorphic rocks petrology, volcanic processes, magmas
  • Lesser Antilles
  • Lithosphere
  • Mineralogy
  • Morphology
  • Natural hazards: prediction, damages, etc
  • Natural Sciences
  • Naturvetenskap
  • Research Article
  • Sciences of the Universe
  • Sedimentology
  • Structure
  • tectonic
  • Tectonics (Geology)
  • Volcano
  • Volcano-tectonic
  • Volcanoes
  • Volcanology
ispartof: Bulletin of volcanology, 2013, Vol.75 (3), p.1
description: Basse Terre Island is made up of a cluster of composite volcanoes that are part of the Lesser Antilles volcanic arc. The morphology of these volcanoes and the onshore continuation of the grabens and strike–slip faults that surround the island are poorly documented due to erosion and rainforest cover. Therefore, we conducted a morphological analysis of the island using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data integrated with field observations to document erosional, constructional, and deformational processes. A DEM-based analysis of 1,249 lineaments and field structural measurements of 16 normal faults, 3,741 veins and fractures, and 46 dykes was also carried to document the structures that predominate in sub-surface rocks. The results indicate that the over 1-My-old and elongated Northern Chain volcano, which makes up the northern half of the island, was built by high eruption rates and/or a low viscosity magma injected along the N–S to NNW–SSE-striking extensional structures formed by the flexure of the lithosphere by the overall subduction regime. After 1 Ma, the southern half of the island was shaped by an alignment of conical volcanoes, likely built by a more viscous magma type that was guided by the NW–SE-striking Montserrat-Bouillante strike–slip fault system. These N to NNW and NW structural directions are however poorly expressed onshore, possibly due to slow slip motion. The sub-surface rocks mostly contain E–W-striking structures, which have likely guided the many flank instabilities documented in the studied area, and guide hydrothermal fluids and shallow magmatic intrusions. These structures are possibly part of the E–W-striking Marie-Gallante offshore graben.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0258-8900
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0258-8900
  • 1432-0819
  • 1432-0819
url: Link


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titleThe structure and morphology of the Basse Terre Island, Lesser Antilles volcanic arc
creatorMathieu, Lucie ; van Wyk de Vries, Benjamin ; Mannessiez, Claire ; Mazzoni, Nelly ; Savry, Cécile ; Troll, Valentin R
creatorcontribMathieu, Lucie ; van Wyk de Vries, Benjamin ; Mannessiez, Claire ; Mazzoni, Nelly ; Savry, Cécile ; Troll, Valentin R
descriptionBasse Terre Island is made up of a cluster of composite volcanoes that are part of the Lesser Antilles volcanic arc. The morphology of these volcanoes and the onshore continuation of the grabens and strike–slip faults that surround the island are poorly documented due to erosion and rainforest cover. Therefore, we conducted a morphological analysis of the island using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data integrated with field observations to document erosional, constructional, and deformational processes. A DEM-based analysis of 1,249 lineaments and field structural measurements of 16 normal faults, 3,741 veins and fractures, and 46 dykes was also carried to document the structures that predominate in sub-surface rocks. The results indicate that the over 1-My-old and elongated Northern Chain volcano, which makes up the northern half of the island, was built by high eruption rates and/or a low viscosity magma injected along the N–S to NNW–SSE-striking extensional structures formed by the flexure of the lithosphere by the overall subduction regime. After 1 Ma, the southern half of the island was shaped by an alignment of conical volcanoes, likely built by a more viscous magma type that was guided by the NW–SE-striking Montserrat-Bouillante strike–slip fault system. These N to NNW and NW structural directions are however poorly expressed onshore, possibly due to slow slip motion. The sub-surface rocks mostly contain E–W-striking structures, which have likely guided the many flank instabilities documented in the studied area, and guide hydrothermal fluids and shallow magmatic intrusions. These structures are possibly part of the E–W-striking Marie-Gallante offshore graben.
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subjectAnalysis ; Basse Terre Isl ; Basse Terre Island ; Crystalline rocks ; Digital elevation model (DEM) ; Earth and Environmental Science ; Earth and Related Environmental Sciences ; Earth Science with specialization in Mineral Chemistry, Petrology and Tectonics ; Earth Sciences ; Earth, ocean, space ; Engineering and environment geology. Geothermics ; Environmental Sciences ; Exact sciences and technology ; Geologi ; Geology ; Geophysics/Geodesy ; Geovetenskap med inriktning mot mineralogi, petrologi och tektonik ; Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap ; Global Changes ; Grabens (Geology) ; Hydrothermal fluids ; Igneous and metamorphic rocks petrology, volcanic processes, magmas ; Lesser Antilles ; Lithosphere ; Mineralogy ; Morphology ; Natural hazards: prediction, damages, etc ; Natural Sciences ; Naturvetenskap ; Research Article ; Sciences of the Universe ; Sedimentology ; Structure ; tectonic ; Tectonics (Geology) ; Volcano ; Volcano-tectonic ; Volcanoes ; Volcanology
ispartofBulletin of volcanology, 2013, Vol.75 (3), p.1
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descriptionBasse Terre Island is made up of a cluster of composite volcanoes that are part of the Lesser Antilles volcanic arc. The morphology of these volcanoes and the onshore continuation of the grabens and strike–slip faults that surround the island are poorly documented due to erosion and rainforest cover. Therefore, we conducted a morphological analysis of the island using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data integrated with field observations to document erosional, constructional, and deformational processes. A DEM-based analysis of 1,249 lineaments and field structural measurements of 16 normal faults, 3,741 veins and fractures, and 46 dykes was also carried to document the structures that predominate in sub-surface rocks. The results indicate that the over 1-My-old and elongated Northern Chain volcano, which makes up the northern half of the island, was built by high eruption rates and/or a low viscosity magma injected along the N–S to NNW–SSE-striking extensional structures formed by the flexure of the lithosphere by the overall subduction regime. After 1 Ma, the southern half of the island was shaped by an alignment of conical volcanoes, likely built by a more viscous magma type that was guided by the NW–SE-striking Montserrat-Bouillante strike–slip fault system. These N to NNW and NW structural directions are however poorly expressed onshore, possibly due to slow slip motion. The sub-surface rocks mostly contain E–W-striking structures, which have likely guided the many flank instabilities documented in the studied area, and guide hydrothermal fluids and shallow magmatic intrusions. These structures are possibly part of the E–W-striking Marie-Gallante offshore graben.
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1Basse Terre Isl
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3Crystalline rocks
4Digital elevation model (DEM)
5Earth and Environmental Science
6Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
7Earth Science with specialization in Mineral Chemistry, Petrology and Tectonics
8Earth Sciences
9Earth, ocean, space
10Engineering and environment geology. Geothermics
11Environmental Sciences
12Exact sciences and technology
13Geologi
14Geology
15Geophysics/Geodesy
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19Grabens (Geology)
20Hydrothermal fluids
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22Lesser Antilles
23Lithosphere
24Mineralogy
25Morphology
26Natural hazards: prediction, damages, etc
27Natural Sciences
28Naturvetenskap
29Research Article
30Sciences of the Universe
31Sedimentology
32Structure
33tectonic
34Tectonics (Geology)
35Volcano
36Volcano-tectonic
37Volcanoes
38Volcanology
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titleThe structure and morphology of the Basse Terre Island, Lesser Antilles volcanic arc
authorMathieu, Lucie ; van Wyk de Vries, Benjamin ; Mannessiez, Claire ; Mazzoni, Nelly ; Savry, Cécile ; Troll, Valentin R
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abstractBasse Terre Island is made up of a cluster of composite volcanoes that are part of the Lesser Antilles volcanic arc. The morphology of these volcanoes and the onshore continuation of the grabens and strike–slip faults that surround the island are poorly documented due to erosion and rainforest cover. Therefore, we conducted a morphological analysis of the island using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data integrated with field observations to document erosional, constructional, and deformational processes. A DEM-based analysis of 1,249 lineaments and field structural measurements of 16 normal faults, 3,741 veins and fractures, and 46 dykes was also carried to document the structures that predominate in sub-surface rocks. The results indicate that the over 1-My-old and elongated Northern Chain volcano, which makes up the northern half of the island, was built by high eruption rates and/or a low viscosity magma injected along the N–S to NNW–SSE-striking extensional structures formed by the flexure of the lithosphere by the overall subduction regime. After 1 Ma, the southern half of the island was shaped by an alignment of conical volcanoes, likely built by a more viscous magma type that was guided by the NW–SE-striking Montserrat-Bouillante strike–slip fault system. These N to NNW and NW structural directions are however poorly expressed onshore, possibly due to slow slip motion. The sub-surface rocks mostly contain E–W-striking structures, which have likely guided the many flank instabilities documented in the studied area, and guide hydrothermal fluids and shallow magmatic intrusions. These structures are possibly part of the E–W-striking Marie-Gallante offshore graben.
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doi10.1007/s00445-013-0700-y
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