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Central gender theoretical concepts in health research: the state of the art

Despite increasing awareness of the importance of gender perspectives in health science, there is conceptual confusion regarding the meaning and the use of central gender theoretical concepts. We argue that it is essential to clarify how central concepts are used within gender theory and how to appl... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979) 2014-02, Vol.68 (2), p.185-190
Main Author: Hammarström, Anne
Other Authors: Johansson, Klara , Annandale, Ellen , Ahlgren, Christina , Aléx, Lena , Christianson, Monica , Elwér, Sofia , Eriksson, Carola , Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine , Gilenstam, Kajsa , Gustafsson, Per E , Harryson, Lisa , Lehti, Arja , Stenberg, Gunilla , Verdonk, Petra
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Men
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: London: BMJ Publishing Group
ID: ISSN: 0143-005X
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title: Central gender theoretical concepts in health research: the state of the art
format: Article
creator:
  • Hammarström, Anne
  • Johansson, Klara
  • Annandale, Ellen
  • Ahlgren, Christina
  • Aléx, Lena
  • Christianson, Monica
  • Elwér, Sofia
  • Eriksson, Carola
  • Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
  • Gilenstam, Kajsa
  • Gustafsson, Per E
  • Harryson, Lisa
  • Lehti, Arja
  • Stenberg, Gunilla
  • Verdonk, Petra
subjects:
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomedical Research
  • Concept Formation
  • Female
  • Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
  • Gender
  • Gender construction
  • Gender discrimination
  • Gender equality
  • Gender Identity
  • Gender roles
  • Gender studies
  • General aspects
  • Health Sciences
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Holistic Health
  • Humans
  • Hälsovetenskaper
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Medical and Health Sciences
  • Medical research
  • Medical sciences
  • Medicin och hälsovetenskap
  • Medicine, Experimental
  • Men
  • Men's Health
  • Miscellaneous
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Nursing
  • Omvårdnad
  • Philosophy
  • public health
  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
  • Public health. Hygiene
  • Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine
  • Research
  • Self Concept
  • Sex Factors
  • Sexism
  • Social Conditions
  • Social Environment
  • social inequalities
  • Sociology, Medical
  • Theory and methods
  • Women's Health
  • Womens health
  • Womens rights
ispartof: Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979), 2014-02, Vol.68 (2), p.185-190
description: Despite increasing awareness of the importance of gender perspectives in health science, there is conceptual confusion regarding the meaning and the use of central gender theoretical concepts. We argue that it is essential to clarify how central concepts are used within gender theory and how to apply them to health research. We identify six gender theoretical concepts as central and interlinked—but problematic and ambiguous in health science: sex, gender, intersectionality, embodiment, gender equity and gender equality. Our recommendations are that: the concepts sex and gender can benefit from a gender relational theoretical approach (ie, a focus on social processes and structures) but with additional attention to the interrelations between sex and gender; intersectionality should go beyond additive analyses to study complex intersections between the major factors which potentially influence health and ensure that gendered power relations and social context are included; we need to be aware of the various meanings given to embodiment, which achieve an integration of gender and health and attend to different levels of analyses to varying degrees; and appreciate that gender equality concerns absence of discrimination between women and men while gender equity focuses on women's and men's health needs, whether similar or different. We conclude that there is a constant need to justify and clarify our use of these concepts in order to advance gender theoretical development. Our analysis is an invitation for dialogue but also a call to make more effective use of the knowledge base which has already developed among gender theorists in health sciences in the manner proposed in this paper.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0143-005X
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0143-005X
  • 1470-2738
  • 1470-2738
url: Link


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descriptionDespite increasing awareness of the importance of gender perspectives in health science, there is conceptual confusion regarding the meaning and the use of central gender theoretical concepts. We argue that it is essential to clarify how central concepts are used within gender theory and how to apply them to health research. We identify six gender theoretical concepts as central and interlinked—but problematic and ambiguous in health science: sex, gender, intersectionality, embodiment, gender equity and gender equality. Our recommendations are that: the concepts sex and gender can benefit from a gender relational theoretical approach (ie, a focus on social processes and structures) but with additional attention to the interrelations between sex and gender; intersectionality should go beyond additive analyses to study complex intersections between the major factors which potentially influence health and ensure that gendered power relations and social context are included; we need to be aware of the various meanings given to embodiment, which achieve an integration of gender and health and attend to different levels of analyses to varying degrees; and appreciate that gender equality concerns absence of discrimination between women and men while gender equity focuses on women's and men's health needs, whether similar or different. We conclude that there is a constant need to justify and clarify our use of these concepts in order to advance gender theoretical development. Our analysis is an invitation for dialogue but also a call to make more effective use of the knowledge base which has already developed among gender theorists in health sciences in the manner proposed in this paper.
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subjectBiological and medical sciences ; Biomedical Research ; Concept Formation ; Female ; Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi ; Gender ; Gender construction ; Gender discrimination ; Gender equality ; Gender Identity ; Gender roles ; Gender studies ; General aspects ; Health Sciences ; Health Status Disparities ; Holistic Health ; Humans ; Hälsovetenskaper ; Interpersonal Relations ; Male ; Medical and Health Sciences ; Medical research ; Medical sciences ; Medicin och hälsovetenskap ; Medicine, Experimental ; Men ; Men's Health ; Miscellaneous ; Models, Theoretical ; Nursing ; Omvårdnad ; Philosophy ; public health ; Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology ; Public health. Hygiene ; Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine ; Research ; Self Concept ; Sex Factors ; Sexism ; Social Conditions ; Social Environment ; social inequalities ; Sociology, Medical ; Theory and methods ; Women's Health ; Womens health ; Womens rights
ispartofJournal of epidemiology and community health (1979), 2014-02, Vol.68 (2), p.185-190
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8Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine
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11Harryson, Lisa
12Lehti, Arja
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descriptionDespite increasing awareness of the importance of gender perspectives in health science, there is conceptual confusion regarding the meaning and the use of central gender theoretical concepts. We argue that it is essential to clarify how central concepts are used within gender theory and how to apply them to health research. We identify six gender theoretical concepts as central and interlinked—but problematic and ambiguous in health science: sex, gender, intersectionality, embodiment, gender equity and gender equality. Our recommendations are that: the concepts sex and gender can benefit from a gender relational theoretical approach (ie, a focus on social processes and structures) but with additional attention to the interrelations between sex and gender; intersectionality should go beyond additive analyses to study complex intersections between the major factors which potentially influence health and ensure that gendered power relations and social context are included; we need to be aware of the various meanings given to embodiment, which achieve an integration of gender and health and attend to different levels of analyses to varying degrees; and appreciate that gender equality concerns absence of discrimination between women and men while gender equity focuses on women's and men's health needs, whether similar or different. We conclude that there is a constant need to justify and clarify our use of these concepts in order to advance gender theoretical development. Our analysis is an invitation for dialogue but also a call to make more effective use of the knowledge base which has already developed among gender theorists in health sciences in the manner proposed in this paper.
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36Research
37Self Concept
38Sex Factors
39Sexism
40Social Conditions
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44Theory and methods
45Women's Health
46Womens health
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titleCentral gender theoretical concepts in health research: the state of the art
authorHammarström, Anne ; Johansson, Klara ; Annandale, Ellen ; Ahlgren, Christina ; Aléx, Lena ; Christianson, Monica ; Elwér, Sofia ; Eriksson, Carola ; Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine ; Gilenstam, Kajsa ; Gustafsson, Per E ; Harryson, Lisa ; Lehti, Arja ; Stenberg, Gunilla ; Verdonk, Petra
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9Gender Identity
10Gender roles
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abstractDespite increasing awareness of the importance of gender perspectives in health science, there is conceptual confusion regarding the meaning and the use of central gender theoretical concepts. We argue that it is essential to clarify how central concepts are used within gender theory and how to apply them to health research. We identify six gender theoretical concepts as central and interlinked—but problematic and ambiguous in health science: sex, gender, intersectionality, embodiment, gender equity and gender equality. Our recommendations are that: the concepts sex and gender can benefit from a gender relational theoretical approach (ie, a focus on social processes and structures) but with additional attention to the interrelations between sex and gender; intersectionality should go beyond additive analyses to study complex intersections between the major factors which potentially influence health and ensure that gendered power relations and social context are included; we need to be aware of the various meanings given to embodiment, which achieve an integration of gender and health and attend to different levels of analyses to varying degrees; and appreciate that gender equality concerns absence of discrimination between women and men while gender equity focuses on women's and men's health needs, whether similar or different. We conclude that there is a constant need to justify and clarify our use of these concepts in order to advance gender theoretical development. Our analysis is an invitation for dialogue but also a call to make more effective use of the knowledge base which has already developed among gender theorists in health sciences in the manner proposed in this paper.
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