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The production and turnover of extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi in forest soils: role in carbon cycling

There is growing evidence of the importance of extramatrical mycelium (EMM) of mycorrhizal fungi in carbon (C) cycling in ecosystems. However, our understanding has until recently been mainly based on laboratory experiments, and knowledge of such basic parameters as variations in mycelial production... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2013-05-01, Vol.366 (1/2), p.1-27
Main Author: EKBLAD, A
Other Authors: WALLANDER, H , KRAIGHER, H , MATZNER, E , NEUMANN, J , PLASSARD, C , GODBOLD, D. L , CRUZ, C , JOHNSON, D , BALDRIAN, P , BJÖRK, R. G , EPRON, D , KIELISZEWSKA-ROKICKA, B , KJØLLER, R
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
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Publisher: Dordrecht: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
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title: The production and turnover of extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi in forest soils: role in carbon cycling
format: Article
creator:
  • EKBLAD, A
  • WALLANDER, H
  • KRAIGHER, H
  • MATZNER, E
  • NEUMANN, J
  • PLASSARD, C
  • GODBOLD, D. L
  • CRUZ, C
  • JOHNSON, D
  • BALDRIAN, P
  • BJÖRK, R. G
  • EPRON, D
  • KIELISZEWSKA-ROKICKA, B
  • KJØLLER, R
subjects:
  • Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Biologi
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biological Sciences
  • Biologiska vetenskaper
  • Biology
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Boreal forests
  • Carbon cycle
  • Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties
  • Coniferous forests
  • Decomposition
  • Decomposition
  • Exploration type
  • Extramatrical mycelium
  • In-growth bag
  • Minirhizotron
  • Soil organic matter
  • Rhizomorphs
  • Turnover rates
  • Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
  • Ecology
  • Economic plant physiology
  • ektomikoriza
  • Environmental aspects
  • Exploration type
  • Extramatrical mycelium
  • forest ecology
  • Forest soils
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Fungi
  • General agronomy. Plant production
  • Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap
  • gozdna tla
  • growth bag
  • In-growth bag
  • Life Sciences
  • MARSCHNER REVIEW
  • micelij
  • Mineral soils
  • Minirhizotron
  • Mycelium
  • mycorrhiza
  • Mycorrhizas
  • Natural Sciences
  • Naturvetenskap
  • ogljik
  • Organic matter
  • Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils
  • Picea abies
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Plant Sciences
  • Plants
  • Rhizomorphs
  • Soil biochemistry
  • Soil ecology
  • Soil fungi
  • Soil microbiology
  • Soil microorganisms
  • Soil organic matter
  • Soil research
  • Soil Science
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments
  • Symbiosis (nodules, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, mycorrhiza...)
  • Turnover rates
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2013-05-01, Vol.366 (1/2), p.1-27
description: There is growing evidence of the importance of extramatrical mycelium (EMM) of mycorrhizal fungi in carbon (C) cycling in ecosystems. However, our understanding has until recently been mainly based on laboratory experiments, and knowledge of such basic parameters as variations in mycelial production, standing biomass and turnover as well as the regulatory mechanisms behind such variations in forest soils is limited. Presently, the production of EMM by ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi has been estimated at ~140 different forest sites to be up to several hundreds of kg per ha per year, but the published data are biased towards Picea abies in Scandinavia. Little is known about the standing biomass and turnover of EMM in other systems, and its influence on the C stored or lost from soils. Here, focussing on ectomycorrhizas, we discuss the factors that regulate the production and turnover of EMM and its role in soil C dynamics, identifying important gaps in this knowledge. C availability seems to be the key factor determining EMM production and possibly its standing biomass in forests but direct effects of mineral nutrient availability on the EMM can be important. There is great uncertainty about the rate of turnover of EMM. There is increasing evidence that residues of EM fungi play a major role in the formation of stable N and C in SOM, which highlights the need to include mycorrhizal effects in models of global soil C stores.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titleThe production and turnover of extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi in forest soils: role in carbon cycling
creatorEKBLAD, A ; WALLANDER, H ; KRAIGHER, H ; MATZNER, E ; NEUMANN, J ; PLASSARD, C ; GODBOLD, D. L ; CRUZ, C ; JOHNSON, D ; BALDRIAN, P ; BJÖRK, R. G ; EPRON, D ; KIELISZEWSKA-ROKICKA, B ; KJØLLER, R
creatorcontribEKBLAD, A ; WALLANDER, H ; KRAIGHER, H ; MATZNER, E ; NEUMANN, J ; PLASSARD, C ; GODBOLD, D. L ; CRUZ, C ; JOHNSON, D ; BALDRIAN, P ; BJÖRK, R. G ; EPRON, D ; KIELISZEWSKA-ROKICKA, B ; KJØLLER, R ; Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten ; Faculty of Sciences ; Göteborgs universitet ; Institutionen för geovetenskaper ; Gothenburg University ; Department of Earth Sciences
descriptionThere is growing evidence of the importance of extramatrical mycelium (EMM) of mycorrhizal fungi in carbon (C) cycling in ecosystems. However, our understanding has until recently been mainly based on laboratory experiments, and knowledge of such basic parameters as variations in mycelial production, standing biomass and turnover as well as the regulatory mechanisms behind such variations in forest soils is limited. Presently, the production of EMM by ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi has been estimated at ~140 different forest sites to be up to several hundreds of kg per ha per year, but the published data are biased towards Picea abies in Scandinavia. Little is known about the standing biomass and turnover of EMM in other systems, and its influence on the C stored or lost from soils. Here, focussing on ectomycorrhizas, we discuss the factors that regulate the production and turnover of EMM and its role in soil C dynamics, identifying important gaps in this knowledge. C availability seems to be the key factor determining EMM production and possibly its standing biomass in forests but direct effects of mineral nutrient availability on the EMM can be important. There is great uncertainty about the rate of turnover of EMM. There is increasing evidence that residues of EM fungi play a major role in the formation of stable N and C in SOM, which highlights the need to include mycorrhizal effects in models of global soil C stores.
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subjectAgronomy. Soil science and plant productions ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Biogeochemistry ; Biologi ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biological Sciences ; Biologiska vetenskaper ; Biology ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Boreal forests ; Carbon cycle ; Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties ; Coniferous forests ; Decomposition ; Decomposition; Exploration type; Extramatrical mycelium; In-growth bag; Minirhizotron; Soil organic matter; Rhizomorphs; Turnover rates ; Earth and Related Environmental Sciences ; Ecology ; Economic plant physiology ; ektomikoriza ; Environmental aspects ; Exploration type ; Extramatrical mycelium ; forest ecology ; Forest soils ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Fungi ; General agronomy. Plant production ; Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap ; gozdna tla ; growth bag ; In-growth bag ; Life Sciences ; MARSCHNER REVIEW ; micelij ; Mineral soils ; Minirhizotron ; Mycelium ; mycorrhiza ; Mycorrhizas ; Natural Sciences ; Naturvetenskap ; ogljik ; Organic matter ; Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils ; Picea abies ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Science ; Plant Sciences ; Plants ; Rhizomorphs ; Soil biochemistry ; Soil ecology ; Soil fungi ; Soil microbiology ; Soil microorganisms ; Soil organic matter ; Soil research ; Soil Science ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments ; Symbiosis (nodules, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, mycorrhiza...) ; Turnover rates
ispartofPlant and soil, 2013-05-01, Vol.366 (1/2), p.1-27
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02013 Springer
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4Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013
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0EKBLAD, A
1WALLANDER, H
2KRAIGHER, H
3MATZNER, E
4NEUMANN, J
5PLASSARD, C
6GODBOLD, D. L
7CRUZ, C
8JOHNSON, D
9BALDRIAN, P
10BJÖRK, R. G
11EPRON, D
12KIELISZEWSKA-ROKICKA, B
13KJØLLER, R
14Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten
15Faculty of Sciences
16Göteborgs universitet
17Institutionen för geovetenskaper
18Gothenburg University
19Department of Earth Sciences
title
0The production and turnover of extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi in forest soils: role in carbon cycling
1Plant and soil
addtitlePlant Soil
descriptionThere is growing evidence of the importance of extramatrical mycelium (EMM) of mycorrhizal fungi in carbon (C) cycling in ecosystems. However, our understanding has until recently been mainly based on laboratory experiments, and knowledge of such basic parameters as variations in mycelial production, standing biomass and turnover as well as the regulatory mechanisms behind such variations in forest soils is limited. Presently, the production of EMM by ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi has been estimated at ~140 different forest sites to be up to several hundreds of kg per ha per year, but the published data are biased towards Picea abies in Scandinavia. Little is known about the standing biomass and turnover of EMM in other systems, and its influence on the C stored or lost from soils. Here, focussing on ectomycorrhizas, we discuss the factors that regulate the production and turnover of EMM and its role in soil C dynamics, identifying important gaps in this knowledge. C availability seems to be the key factor determining EMM production and possibly its standing biomass in forests but direct effects of mineral nutrient availability on the EMM can be important. There is great uncertainty about the rate of turnover of EMM. There is increasing evidence that residues of EM fungi play a major role in the formation of stable N and C in SOM, which highlights the need to include mycorrhizal effects in models of global soil C stores.
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0Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions
1Animal, plant and microbial ecology
2Biogeochemistry
3Biologi
4Biological and medical sciences
5Biological Sciences
6Biologiska vetenskaper
7Biology
8Biomedical and Life Sciences
9Boreal forests
10Carbon cycle
11Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties
12Coniferous forests
13Decomposition
14Decomposition; Exploration type; Extramatrical mycelium; In-growth bag; Minirhizotron; Soil organic matter; Rhizomorphs; Turnover rates
15Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
16Ecology
17Economic plant physiology
18ektomikoriza
19Environmental aspects
20Exploration type
21Extramatrical mycelium
22forest ecology
23Forest soils
24Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
25Fungi
26General agronomy. Plant production
27Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap
28gozdna tla
29growth bag
30In-growth bag
31Life Sciences
32MARSCHNER REVIEW
33micelij
34Mineral soils
35Minirhizotron
36Mycelium
37mycorrhiza
38Mycorrhizas
39Natural Sciences
40Naturvetenskap
41ogljik
42Organic matter
43Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils
44Picea abies
45Plant Physiology
46Plant Science
47Plant Sciences
48Plants
49Rhizomorphs
50Soil biochemistry
51Soil ecology
52Soil fungi
53Soil microbiology
54Soil microorganisms
55Soil organic matter
56Soil research
57Soil Science
58Soil Science & Conservation
59Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
60Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments
61Symbiosis (nodules, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, mycorrhiza...)
62Turnover rates
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8JOHNSON, D
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titleThe production and turnover of extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi in forest soils: role in carbon cycling
authorEKBLAD, A ; WALLANDER, H ; KRAIGHER, H ; MATZNER, E ; NEUMANN, J ; PLASSARD, C ; GODBOLD, D. L ; CRUZ, C ; JOHNSON, D ; BALDRIAN, P ; BJÖRK, R. G ; EPRON, D ; KIELISZEWSKA-ROKICKA, B ; KJØLLER, R
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6Biologiska vetenskaper
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9Boreal forests
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15Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
16Ecology
17Economic plant physiology
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22forest ecology
23Forest soils
24Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
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32MARSCHNER REVIEW
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35Minirhizotron
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37mycorrhiza
38Mycorrhizas
39Natural Sciences
40Naturvetenskap
41ogljik
42Organic matter
43Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils
44Picea abies
45Plant Physiology
46Plant Science
47Plant Sciences
48Plants
49Rhizomorphs
50Soil biochemistry
51Soil ecology
52Soil fungi
53Soil microbiology
54Soil microorganisms
55Soil organic matter
56Soil research
57Soil Science
58Soil Science & Conservation
59Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
60Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments
61Symbiosis (nodules, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, mycorrhiza...)
62Turnover rates
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atitleThe production and turnover of extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi in forest soils: role in carbon cycling
jtitlePlant and soil
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abstractThere is growing evidence of the importance of extramatrical mycelium (EMM) of mycorrhizal fungi in carbon (C) cycling in ecosystems. However, our understanding has until recently been mainly based on laboratory experiments, and knowledge of such basic parameters as variations in mycelial production, standing biomass and turnover as well as the regulatory mechanisms behind such variations in forest soils is limited. Presently, the production of EMM by ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi has been estimated at ~140 different forest sites to be up to several hundreds of kg per ha per year, but the published data are biased towards Picea abies in Scandinavia. Little is known about the standing biomass and turnover of EMM in other systems, and its influence on the C stored or lost from soils. Here, focussing on ectomycorrhizas, we discuss the factors that regulate the production and turnover of EMM and its role in soil C dynamics, identifying important gaps in this knowledge. C availability seems to be the key factor determining EMM production and possibly its standing biomass in forests but direct effects of mineral nutrient availability on the EMM can be important. There is great uncertainty about the rate of turnover of EMM. There is increasing evidence that residues of EM fungi play a major role in the formation of stable N and C in SOM, which highlights the need to include mycorrhizal effects in models of global soil C stores.
copDordrecht
pubSpringer
doi10.1007/s11104-013-1630-3
orcididhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5844-438X
oafree_for_read