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Intelligence in early adulthood and subsequent risk of unintentional injury over two decades: cohort study of 1 109 475 Swedish men

BackgroundThere is growing evidence of an inverse association between intelligence (IQ) and unintentional injuries.MethodsAnalyses are based on a cohort of 1 109 475 Swedish men with IQ measured in early adulthood. Men were followed up for an average 24 years, and hospital admissions for unintention... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979) 2010, Vol.64 (5), p.419-425
Main Author: Whitley, E
Other Authors: Batty, G D , Gale, C R , Deary, I J , Tynelius, P , Rasmussen, F
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
IQ
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0143-005X
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recordid: cdi_swepub_primary_oai_prod_swepub_kib_ki_se_120404338
title: Intelligence in early adulthood and subsequent risk of unintentional injury over two decades: cohort study of 1 109 475 Swedish men
format: Article
creator:
  • Whitley, E
  • Batty, G D
  • Gale, C R
  • Deary, I J
  • Tynelius, P
  • Rasmussen, F
subjects:
  • Accidents - statistics & numerical data
  • Accidents - trends
  • Adult
  • Adulthood
  • Adults
  • Article
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Childhood
  • cohort
  • Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic
  • Conscription
  • Demographic aspects
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • General aspects
  • Health aspects
  • Hospital admissions
  • Humans
  • injury
  • Intellect
  • Intelligence
  • Intelligence levels
  • Intelligence quotient
  • Intelligence tests
  • IQ
  • Male
  • Medical sciences
  • Medicin och hälsovetenskap
  • Men's Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Miscellaneous
  • Mortality
  • P values
  • Patient Admission
  • Physical trauma
  • Poisoning
  • Prognosis
  • Public health. Hygiene
  • Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine
  • Research reports
  • Risk Factors
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Studies
  • Sweden - epidemiology
  • Traffic accidents & safety
  • Wounds and injuries
  • Wounds and Injuries - epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries - psychology
  • Young Adult
ispartof: Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979), 2010, Vol.64 (5), p.419-425
description: BackgroundThere is growing evidence of an inverse association between intelligence (IQ) and unintentional injuries.MethodsAnalyses are based on a cohort of 1 109 475 Swedish men with IQ measured in early adulthood. Men were followed up for an average 24 years, and hospital admissions for unintentional injury were recorded.Results198 133 (17.9%) men had at least one hospital admission for any unintentional injury during follow-up. The most common cause of unintentional injury was falling, followed by road accidents, poisoning, fire and drowning. In addition, 14 637 (1.3%) men had at least one admission for complications of medical care. After adjusting for confounding variables, lower IQ scores were associated with an elevated risk of any unintentional injury (HR (95% CI) per SD decrease in IQ: 1.15 (1.14 to 1.15)) and of cause-specific injuries other than drowning (poisoning (1.53 (1.49 to 1.57)), fire (1.36 (1.31 to 1.41)), road traffic accidents (1.25 (1.23 to 1.26)), medical complications (1.20 (1.18 to 1.22)) and falling (1.17 (1.16 to 1.18))). These gradients were stepwise across the full IQ range.ConclusionsLow IQ scores in early adulthood were associated with a subsequently increased risk of unintentional injury. A greater understanding of mechanisms underlying these associations may provide opportunities and strategies for prevention.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0143-005X
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0143-005X
  • 1470-2738
  • 1470-2738
url: Link


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titleIntelligence in early adulthood and subsequent risk of unintentional injury over two decades: cohort study of 1 109 475 Swedish men
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creatorWhitley, E ; Batty, G D ; Gale, C R ; Deary, I J ; Tynelius, P ; Rasmussen, F
creatorcontribWhitley, E ; Batty, G D ; Gale, C R ; Deary, I J ; Tynelius, P ; Rasmussen, F
descriptionBackgroundThere is growing evidence of an inverse association between intelligence (IQ) and unintentional injuries.MethodsAnalyses are based on a cohort of 1 109 475 Swedish men with IQ measured in early adulthood. Men were followed up for an average 24 years, and hospital admissions for unintentional injury were recorded.Results198 133 (17.9%) men had at least one hospital admission for any unintentional injury during follow-up. The most common cause of unintentional injury was falling, followed by road accidents, poisoning, fire and drowning. In addition, 14 637 (1.3%) men had at least one admission for complications of medical care. After adjusting for confounding variables, lower IQ scores were associated with an elevated risk of any unintentional injury (HR (95% CI) per SD decrease in IQ: 1.15 (1.14 to 1.15)) and of cause-specific injuries other than drowning (poisoning (1.53 (1.49 to 1.57)), fire (1.36 (1.31 to 1.41)), road traffic accidents (1.25 (1.23 to 1.26)), medical complications (1.20 (1.18 to 1.22)) and falling (1.17 (1.16 to 1.18))). These gradients were stepwise across the full IQ range.ConclusionsLow IQ scores in early adulthood were associated with a subsequently increased risk of unintentional injury. A greater understanding of mechanisms underlying these associations may provide opportunities and strategies for prevention.
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subjectAccidents - statistics & numerical data ; Accidents - trends ; Adult ; Adulthood ; Adults ; Article ; Biological and medical sciences ; Childhood ; cohort ; Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic ; Conscription ; Demographic aspects ; Follow-Up Studies ; General aspects ; Health aspects ; Hospital admissions ; Humans ; injury ; Intellect ; Intelligence ; Intelligence levels ; Intelligence quotient ; Intelligence tests ; IQ ; Male ; Medical sciences ; Medicin och hälsovetenskap ; Men's Health ; Middle Aged ; Miscellaneous ; Mortality ; P values ; Patient Admission ; Physical trauma ; Poisoning ; Prognosis ; Public health. Hygiene ; Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine ; Research reports ; Risk Factors ; Socioeconomic status ; Studies ; Sweden - epidemiology ; Traffic accidents & safety ; Wounds and injuries ; Wounds and Injuries - epidemiology ; Wounds and Injuries - psychology ; Young Adult
ispartofJournal of epidemiology and community health (1979), 2010, Vol.64 (5), p.419-425
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1Copyright © 2010 BMJ Publishing Group
22015 INIST-CNRS
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1Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979)
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descriptionBackgroundThere is growing evidence of an inverse association between intelligence (IQ) and unintentional injuries.MethodsAnalyses are based on a cohort of 1 109 475 Swedish men with IQ measured in early adulthood. Men were followed up for an average 24 years, and hospital admissions for unintentional injury were recorded.Results198 133 (17.9%) men had at least one hospital admission for any unintentional injury during follow-up. The most common cause of unintentional injury was falling, followed by road accidents, poisoning, fire and drowning. In addition, 14 637 (1.3%) men had at least one admission for complications of medical care. After adjusting for confounding variables, lower IQ scores were associated with an elevated risk of any unintentional injury (HR (95% CI) per SD decrease in IQ: 1.15 (1.14 to 1.15)) and of cause-specific injuries other than drowning (poisoning (1.53 (1.49 to 1.57)), fire (1.36 (1.31 to 1.41)), road traffic accidents (1.25 (1.23 to 1.26)), medical complications (1.20 (1.18 to 1.22)) and falling (1.17 (1.16 to 1.18))). These gradients were stepwise across the full IQ range.ConclusionsLow IQ scores in early adulthood were associated with a subsequently increased risk of unintentional injury. A greater understanding of mechanisms underlying these associations may provide opportunities and strategies for prevention.
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39Risk Factors
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42Sweden - epidemiology
43Traffic accidents & safety
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titleIntelligence in early adulthood and subsequent risk of unintentional injury over two decades: cohort study of 1 109 475 Swedish men
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abstractBackgroundThere is growing evidence of an inverse association between intelligence (IQ) and unintentional injuries.MethodsAnalyses are based on a cohort of 1 109 475 Swedish men with IQ measured in early adulthood. Men were followed up for an average 24 years, and hospital admissions for unintentional injury were recorded.Results198 133 (17.9%) men had at least one hospital admission for any unintentional injury during follow-up. The most common cause of unintentional injury was falling, followed by road accidents, poisoning, fire and drowning. In addition, 14 637 (1.3%) men had at least one admission for complications of medical care. After adjusting for confounding variables, lower IQ scores were associated with an elevated risk of any unintentional injury (HR (95% CI) per SD decrease in IQ: 1.15 (1.14 to 1.15)) and of cause-specific injuries other than drowning (poisoning (1.53 (1.49 to 1.57)), fire (1.36 (1.31 to 1.41)), road traffic accidents (1.25 (1.23 to 1.26)), medical complications (1.20 (1.18 to 1.22)) and falling (1.17 (1.16 to 1.18))). These gradients were stepwise across the full IQ range.ConclusionsLow IQ scores in early adulthood were associated with a subsequently increased risk of unintentional injury. A greater understanding of mechanisms underlying these associations may provide opportunities and strategies for prevention.
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