schliessen

Filtern

 

Bibliotheken

Healthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal health care in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2015: a novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

Summary Background National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused... Full description

Journal Title: Lancet 2017, Vol.390 (10091), p.231-266
Main Author: Abbas, Kaja M
Other Authors: Abdulle, Abdishakur M , Adane, Kelemework , Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad , Ahmed, Muktar Beshir , Ali, Raghib , Allen, Christine , Al-Raddadi, Rajaa , Amini, Erfan , Amoako, Yaw Ampem , Anderson, Benjamin O , Atre, Sachin R , Banerjee, Amitava , Bayou, Yibeltal Tebekaw , Beyene, Tariku Jibat , Biadgilign, Sibhatu , Bikbov, Boris , Birungi, Charles , Biryukov, Stan , Brauer, Michael , Campos-Nonato, Ismael Ricardo , Chew, Adrienne , Christensen, Hanne , Deribe, Kebede , Ellingsen, Christian Lycke , Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich , Feigl, Andrea B , Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad , Fernandes, Jefferson G , Fitzmaurice, Christina , Frostad, Joseph , Geleijnse, Johanna M , Goldberg, Ellen M , Gopalani, Sameer Vali , Greaves, Felix , Havmoeller, Rasmus , Htet, Aung Soe , Iburg, Kim Moesgaard , James, Spencer Lewis , Jayaraman, Sudha P , Juel, Knud , Kamal, Ritul , Kassebaum, Nicholas J , Kastor, Anshul , Kengne, Andre Pascal , Kim, Yun Jin , Kissoon, Niranjan , Kopec, Jacek A , Krohn, Kristopher J , Langan, Sinead M , Larson, Heidi J , Liu, Yang , Logroscino, Giancarlo , Maulik, Pallab K , McAlinden, Colm , Meles, Kidanu Gebremariam , Mirrakhimov, Erkin M , Mock, Charles N , Monasta, Lorenzo , Neupane, Sudan Prasad , Ngunjiri, Josephine Wanjiku , Nolte, Sandra , Opio, John Nelson , PA, Mahesh , Paul, Vinod K , Pearce, Neil , Perez-Padilla, Rogelio , Qorbani, Mostafa , Ram, Usha , Reitsma, Marissa , Renzaho, Andre M N N , Roba, Hirbo Shore , Roth, Gregory A , Safiri, Saeid , Salomon, Joshua A , Satpathy, Maheswar , Seid, Abdulbasit Musa , Seifu, Canaan Negash , Sharma, Rajesh , Shen, Jiabin , Shoman, Haitham , Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora , Silveira, Dayane Gabriele Alves , Steel, Nicholas , Steiner, Caitlyn , Stranges, Saverio , Suliankatchi, Rizwan Abdulkader , Talongwa, Roberto Tchio , Tekelab, Tesfalidet , Uchendu, Uche S , Uthman, Olalekan A , Wang, Yuan-Pang , Weiderpass, Elisabete , Weintraub, Robert G , Werdecker, Andrea , Won, Sungho , Yaghoubi, Mohsen , Yaseri, Mehdi , Yoon, Seok-Jun , Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: eng ; nor
Subjects:
ACT
Lal
Lan
Liu
Lo
NIH
NSW
Oh
p86
Qld
Rai
Rao
Roy
Shi
Sun
Tea
Ulm
v17
v55
Vic
Xu
Yan
Yip
Yu
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: Elsevier Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0140-6736
Zum Text:
SendSend as email Add to Book BagAdd to Book Bag
Staff View
recordid: cdi_swepub_primary_oai_prod_swepub_kib_ki_se_136273569
title: Healthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal health care in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2015: a novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
format: Article
creator:
  • Abbas, Kaja M
  • Abdulle, Abdishakur M
  • Adane, Kelemework
  • Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad
  • Ahmed, Muktar Beshir
  • Ali, Raghib
  • Allen, Christine
  • Al-Raddadi, Rajaa
  • Amini, Erfan
  • Amoako, Yaw Ampem
  • Anderson, Benjamin O
  • Atre, Sachin R
  • Banerjee, Amitava
  • Bayou, Yibeltal Tebekaw
  • Beyene, Tariku Jibat
  • Biadgilign, Sibhatu
  • Bikbov, Boris
  • Birungi, Charles
  • Biryukov, Stan
  • Brauer, Michael
  • Campos-Nonato, Ismael Ricardo
  • Chew, Adrienne
  • Christensen, Hanne
  • Deribe, Kebede
  • Ellingsen, Christian Lycke
  • Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich
  • Feigl, Andrea B
  • Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad
  • Fernandes, Jefferson G
  • Fitzmaurice, Christina
  • Frostad, Joseph
  • Geleijnse, Johanna M
  • Goldberg, Ellen M
  • Gopalani, Sameer Vali
  • Greaves, Felix
  • Havmoeller, Rasmus
  • Htet, Aung Soe
  • Iburg, Kim Moesgaard
  • James, Spencer Lewis
  • Jayaraman, Sudha P
  • Juel, Knud
  • Kamal, Ritul
  • Kassebaum, Nicholas J
  • Kastor, Anshul
  • Kengne, Andre Pascal
  • Kim, Yun Jin
  • Kissoon, Niranjan
  • Kopec, Jacek A
  • Krohn, Kristopher J
  • Langan, Sinead M
  • Larson, Heidi J
  • Liu, Yang
  • Logroscino, Giancarlo
  • Maulik, Pallab K
  • McAlinden, Colm
  • Meles, Kidanu Gebremariam
  • Mirrakhimov, Erkin M
  • Mock, Charles N
  • Monasta, Lorenzo
  • Neupane, Sudan Prasad
  • Ngunjiri, Josephine Wanjiku
  • Nolte, Sandra
  • Opio, John Nelson
  • PA, Mahesh
  • Paul, Vinod K
  • Pearce, Neil
  • Perez-Padilla, Rogelio
  • Qorbani, Mostafa
  • Ram, Usha
  • Reitsma, Marissa
  • Renzaho, Andre M N N
  • Roba, Hirbo Shore
  • Roth, Gregory A
  • Safiri, Saeid
  • Salomon, Joshua A
  • Satpathy, Maheswar
  • Seid, Abdulbasit Musa
  • Seifu, Canaan Negash
  • Sharma, Rajesh
  • Shen, Jiabin
  • Shoman, Haitham
  • Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora
  • Silveira, Dayane Gabriele Alves
  • Steel, Nicholas
  • Steiner, Caitlyn
  • Stranges, Saverio
  • Suliankatchi, Rizwan Abdulkader
  • Talongwa, Roberto Tchio
  • Tekelab, Tesfalidet
  • Uchendu, Uche S
  • Uthman, Olalekan A
  • Wang, Yuan-Pang
  • Weiderpass, Elisabete
  • Weintraub, Robert G
  • Werdecker, Andrea
  • Won, Sungho
  • Yaghoubi, Mohsen
  • Yaseri, Mehdi
  • Yoon, Seok-Jun
  • Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna
subjects:
  • 11 Medical And Health Sciences
  • 1977
  • 1986
  • 1988
  • 3121 Internal medicine
  • 3126 Surgery
  • Abakaliki
  • Abdallah M.] Ain Shams Univ
  • abdominal wall hernia
  • accidental injury
  • adolescent
  • adult
  • adverse drug reaction
  • Africa south of the Sahara
  • aged
  • appendicitis
  • Article
  • assessment of humans
  • biliary tract disease
  • breast cancer
  • cardiovascular disease
  • cause of death
  • cerebrovascular disease
  • child
  • China
  • chronic kidney failure
  • chronic respiratory tract disease
  • colon cancer
  • comparative study
  • congenital heart malformation
  • controlled study
  • death certificate
  • demography
  • diabetes mellitus
  • diarrhea
  • diphtheria
  • East African
  • educational status
  • endocrine disease
  • environmental impact
  • epilepsy
  • female
  • femoral hernia
  • fertility
  • gallbladder disease
  • gastrointestinal disease
  • geographic mapping
  • global disease burden
  • health behavior
  • health care access
  • health care cost
  • health care disparity
  • health care quality
  • health care system
  • health insurance
  • Healthcare Quality and Access Index
  • hematologic disease
  • high income country
  • Hodgkin disease
  • hospital bed
  • human
  • hypertension
  • income
  • infant
  • inguinal hernia
  • ischemic heart disease
  • leukemia
  • low income country
  • lower respiratory tract infection
  • major clinical study
  • malignant neoplasm
  • maternal disease
  • measles
  • Middle East
  • middle income country
  • mortality
  • neurologic disease
  • newborn
  • newborn disease
  • non melanoma skin cancer
  • peptic ulcer
  • performance measurement system
  • pertussis
  • Peru
  • priority journal
  • rectum cancer
  • rheumatic heart disease
  • risk factor
  • skin carcinoma
  • socioeconomics
  • South Asia
  • South Korea
  • standardization
  • testis cancer
  • tetanus
  • tuberculosis
  • Turkey (republic)
  • upper respiratory tract infection
  • urogenital tract disease
  • uterine cervix cancer
  • uterus cancer
  • West African
  • global disease burden
  • health care delivery
  • health care quality
  • health status indicator
  • insurance
  • mortality
  • procedures
  • risk assessment
  • standards
  • statistics and numerical data
  • Abdulhalik] Univ Ghent
  • Abdullah Sulieman] Cleveland Clin
  • Abdullah Sulieman] King Fahad Med City
  • Abdullah Sulieman] Univ Virginia
  • Abiy Hiruye] Ethiopian Med Assoc
  • Abuja
  • Accra
  • ACT
  • Addis Ababa
  • Addis Continental Inst Publ Hlth
  • Adelaide
  • Aklilu Endalamaw] Univ Gondar
  • AL USA
  • Alan J.] Adapt Knowledge Management
  • Albany
  • Alberto] IIS Fdn Jimenez Diaz UAM
  • Albuquerque
  • Alem] Howard Univ
  • Alemayehu B.] Univ Sydney
  • Aletta E.] North West Univ
  • Aletta E.] South African Med Res Council
  • Algeria
  • Algorithms
  • Alicia Elena Beatriz] Inst Nacl Epidemiol Dr Juan H Jara
  • Alireza
  • Allmän medicin
  • Almada
  • Alton
  • Amini
  • Amir] AT Still Univ
  • Amir] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Amira] Najah Univ
  • Anand
  • Anders] Uppsala Univ
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Andre M. N. N.] Univ Western Sydney
  • Andrea] Fed Inst Populat Res
  • anesthesiology
  • Anselm] Soc Family Hlth
  • Anton Carl Jonas] Stockholm Cty Council
  • Antonio L.] Univ Fed Minas Gerais
  • Anwar
  • Aparna
  • Aparna] Australian Natl Univ
  • AR USA
  • Arash] Iran Univ Med Sci
  • Arba Minch
  • Arctic Univ Norway
  • ards
  • arlton jrh
  • Articles
  • Asma Abdul] Lahore Coll Women Univ
  • Assessment
  • Aswan
  • Aswan Fac Med
  • Athens
  • atira
  • Atlanta
  • Aurora
  • Australia
  • Avoidable Mortality
  • Avon
  • AZ USA
  • Aðferðafræði
  • Baltimore
  • Bangalore
  • Bangladesh
  • Baracaldo
  • Bari
  • Beijing
  • Beirut
  • Belgium
  • Belo Horizonte
  • Ben Benasco] World Hlth Org
  • Ben] FOM Univ
  • Benn] SAMRC
  • Benn] Univ KwaZulu Natal
  • Bereket] Univ KwaZulu Natal
  • Bergamo
  • Berrin] Univ Colorado
  • Bethesda
  • Bhutan
  • Birmingham
  • Bishkek
  • Bogota
  • Bolajoko Olubukunola
  • Bolivia
  • Bologna
  • Boroko
  • Boston
  • Brasilia
  • Brazil
  • Breast Surg Unit
  • Brien Holden Vision Inst
  • Brisbane
  • Bristol
  • british medical journal
  • Bruno Ramos
  • Bruno Ramos] Hosp Univ Ciencias Med
  • Bryan L.] Univ Calif Irvine
  • Bucharest
  • Buenos Aires
  • Burwood
  • CA USA
  • Cairo
  • Calgary
  • Callaghan
  • Cambridge
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Canberra
  • Cape Town
  • Care
  • Carla Makhlouf] Amer Univ Beirut
  • Carlos] EcoHlth Alliance
  • Carlos] Inst Ecol Bolivia
  • Castillo
  • Champaign
  • Chandigarh
  • Chandrashekhar T.] Int Med Univ
  • Charles D. A.] Guys & St Thomas NHS Fdn Trust
  • Charles D. A.] Kings Coll London
  • Charles R.] KEMRI Wellcome Trust
  • Charles Shey] Cochrane South Africa
  • Charles Shey] Univ Stellenbosch
  • Charlottesville
  • Chennai
  • Cherbourg
  • Chicago
  • Chie] Natl Ctr Child Hlth & Dev
  • Chigozie Jesse] Ebonyi State Univ
  • Childrens Hosp Philadelphia
  • Chile
  • Chuanhua] Wuhan Univ
  • Cleveland
  • Clinical Medicine
  • CO USA
  • Coll Med
  • Coll Optometry
  • Colm] Publ Hlth Wales
  • Colm] Univ Hosp Bristol NHS Fdn Trust
  • Colombia
  • Columbus
  • Comparative Risk
  • comparative risk-assessment
  • Comparative Risk-Assessment
  • Systematic Analysis
  • Medical-Care
  • Life Expectancy
  • Avoidable Mortality
  • European Countries
  • Development Goals
  • United-States
  • Trends
  • Death
  • Competence Ctr Mortality Follow Up German Natl Co
  • Comprehens Biomed Res Ctr
  • Constance D.] Univ Newcastle
  • Copenhagen
  • Coventry
  • Ctr Air Pollut Res Inst Environm Res
  • Ctr Comprehens Canc
  • Ctr Control Chron Condit
  • Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med
  • Ctr Hlth Res
  • Ctr Res Populat & Hlth
  • Ctr Translat Res & Implementat Sci
  • Dar Es Salaam
  • David M.] Univ Porto
  • Dayane Gabriele Alves] Brasilia Univ
  • DC USA
  • Death
  • Deborah Carvalho] Univ Fed Minas Gerais
  • Deepak] UK Dept Int Dev
  • Denis] St Johns Med Coll & Res Inst
  • Denmark
  • Dent Inst
  • Dept Anesthesiol
  • Dept Biomed & Clin Sci L Sacco
  • Dept Biostat
  • Dept Clin Neurol Sci
  • Dept Community Med
  • Dept Dermatol
  • Dept Epidemiol & Biostat
  • Dept Internal Med
  • Dept Med
  • Dept Med Sci
  • Dept Neurol
  • Dept Prevent Med
  • Dept Publ
  • Dept Publ Hlth
  • Dept Publ Hlth Sci
  • Dept Res
  • Dept Sociol
  • Dept Vet Affairs
  • Dept Zool
  • Detroit
  • Development Goals
  • Dhaka
  • Diego Augusto Santos] Univ Fed Santa Catarina
  • Dietrich] Ulm Univ
  • Digest Dis Res
  • Dina Nur Anggraini] Semarang State Univ
  • Discipline Publ Hlth Med
  • Disease
  • Diseases
  • Div Populat & Patient Hlth
  • Durban
  • Dánartíðni
  • Eduardo A.] Brandeis Univ
  • Edward J.] Univ Ottawa
  • Egypt
  • El Razek
  • Elisabete] Canc Registry Norway
  • Elisabete] Folkhalsan Res Ctr
  • Elisabete] Univ Tromso
  • Elizabeth Palomares] Minist Hlth
  • Elizabeth Palomares] Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico
  • Endocrinol & Metab Populat Sci Inst
  • Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr
  • England
  • Epidemiology
  • Erbil
  • Erfan] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Erkin M.] Kyrgyz State Med Acad
  • Erkin M.] Natl Ctr Cardiol & Internal Dis
  • Essen
  • Esteghamati
  • Ethiopia
  • Eugene] Univ Yaounde
  • Eugene] Yaounde Cent Hosp
  • European Commiss
  • European Countries
  • expectancy
  • Eyal] Univ Arizona
  • Fac Farm
  • Fac Hlth Sci
  • Fac Med
  • Family Medicine
  • Farshad
  • Farzadfar
  • Faulty Pharm
  • Felix Akpojene] Univ Western Sydney
  • Fernando] Biocruces Hlth Res Inst
  • Fernando] Hop Univ Cruces
  • Finland
  • Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth Work Org
  • FL 33314 USA
  • Florence
  • Florianopolis
  • Folkhälsovetenskap
  • Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
  • France
  • Francesco S.] Univ Bologna
  • Frida Namnyak] Minist Hlth & Social Welf
  • Friedman Sch Nutr Sci & Policy
  • Ft Lauderdale
  • Ft Portal
  • GA 30322 USA
  • Gabriele] Ulm Univ
  • Gastrointestinal & Liver
  • Geelong
  • Gelin] Nanjing Univ
  • General & Internal
  • General & Internal Medicine
  • Genet Epidemiol Grp
  • George A.] NHLBI
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Ghent
  • Gholamreza
  • Gholamreza] Golestan Univ Med Sci
  • Giancarlo] Univ Bari
  • Girma Temam] Arba Minch Univ
  • Giuseppe] Papa Giovanni XXIII
  • Giuseppe] Univ Milan
  • Glen Liddell D.] Univ Papua New Guinea
  • Global Burden of Disease
  • Global Burden of Disease
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Mortality
  • Quality of Health Care
  • Risk Assessment
  • Universal Coverage
  • Global Health
  • Global Hlth Inst
  • Global Hlth Res Ctr
  • global hälsa
  • Golestan Res Ctr Gastroenterol & Hepatol
  • Gondar
  • Gorgan
  • Gothenburg
  • Grad Sch
  • Grad Sch Publ Hlth
  • Greece
  • Gujarat
  • Gurgaon
  • Guy B.] Univ Sydney
  • Gæðastjórnun
  • Hafezi-Nejad
  • Haifa
  • Haitham] Imperial Coll London
  • Halk Sağlığı
  • Halle
  • Hanover
  • Hassan Magdy Abd] Mansoura Fac Med
  • Hassanvand
  • Health and Welfare
  • Health care
  • Health care policy
  • Health insurance
  • Health policy
  • Health risks
  • Health Sciences
  • Health services
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Health Services Accessibility - standards
  • Health Services Accessibility - statistics & numerical data
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Healthcare access
  • Heidelberg
  • Heilbrigðiskerfi
  • Heilbrigðisstefna
  • Heilbrigðisþjónusta
  • Helsinki
  • Hematol Oncol & Stem Cell Transplantat Res Ctr
  • Hlth Metr Unit
  • Hlth Syst & Policy Res Unit
  • Hong Kong
  • Hong Kong Jockey Club Ctr Suicide Res & Prevent
  • Hosp Clin
  • Hosp Pedro Hispano
  • Humans
  • Huntington
  • Hyderabad
  • Hypertens Africa Res Team HART
  • Hälsa och välfärd
  • Hälsovetenskap
  • Hälsovetenskaper
  • Ibadan
  • Iceland
  • ikolainen k
  • IL 60611 USA
  • IL USA
  • In-Hwan] Kyung Hee Univ
  • INCLIVA Hlth Res Inst
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Inga Dora] Reykjavik Univ
  • Injuries
  • Inst Environm Res
  • Inst Epidemiol & Med Biometry
  • Inst Genet & Dev Biol
  • Inst Hlth Care & Social Sci
  • Inst Hlth Policy & Management
  • Inst Invest Hosp Univ Princesa
  • Inst Maternal & Child Hlth
  • Inst Med Sci
  • Inst Populat Based Canc Res
  • Inst Publ Hlth
  • Inst Resilient Regions
  • Int Lab Air Qual & Hlth
  • intensive care
  • Internal Medicine
  • international journal of epidemiology
  • Intervention
  • Ionut] Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm Bucharest
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Irvine
  • Ispra
  • Israel
  • Istanbul
  • Italy
  • J Edwards Sch Med
  • J. S.] Post Grad Inst Med Educ & Res
  • Jackson
  • Jacob Olusegun] Ctr Healthy Start Initiat
  • Jaipur
  • James
  • James D.] Wayne State Univ
  • Janet L.] Nova Southeastern Univ
  • Japan
  • Jasvinder A.] Birmingham Vet Affairs Med Ctr
  • Jasvinder A.] Univ Alabama Birmingham
  • Jayendra] Minist Hlth
  • Jean B
  • Jean B.] Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth
  • Jean B.] Univ Pittsburgh
  • Jean Jacques N.] Med Diagnost Ctr
  • Jeemon
  • Jiabin] Nationwide Childrens Hosp
  • Jiandong] Queensland Univ Technol
  • Jiandong] Univ Southern Queensland
  • Jiangsu
  • Jinling Hosp
  • Joan B.] Univ Autonoma Madrid
  • Joao] ULS Matosinhos
  • Johannesburg
  • John Nelson] Lira Dist Local Govt
  • Jose] CEU Cardinal Herrera Univ
  • Jose] Hosp Univ Doctor Peset
  • Josephine Wanjiku] Univ Nairobi
  • Joshua] Mt Moon Univ
  • Joshua] Univ Ghent
  • Journal Article
  • JSS Med Coll
  • JSS Univ
  • Juan Ramon] Case Western Reserve Univ
  • Juan Ramon] Marshall Univ
  • Judd L.] Nat Hist Museum
  • Julian David] Durban Univ Technol
  • Kamarul Imran] Univ Sci Malaysia
  • Karaj
  • Karen M.] Univ Illinois
  • Karnataka
  • Karzan Abdulmuhsin] Univ Salahaddin
  • Kasaeian
  • Kenya
  • Key State Lab Mol Dev Biol
  • Kilifi
  • Kingsley N.] Fed Teaching Hosp
  • kinlay jb
  • Kirksville
  • Klinisk medicin
  • Konrad] Flinders Univ S Australia
  • Konstantinos] Alexandra Gen Hosp Athens
  • Konstantinos] Ctr Hosp Publ Cotentin
  • Krakow
  • Kuala Lumpur
  • Kubang Kerian
  • Kulkarni
  • Kunshan
  • Kyoto
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • La Paz
  • Lab Farmacognosia
  • Lager
  • Lagos
  • Lahore
  • Lal
  • Lalitpur
  • Lallukka
  • Lan
  • Lansingh
  • Larsson
  • Latif
  • Lawrynowicz
  • Leasher
  • Lebanon
  • Leigh
  • Leinsalu
  • Leung
  • Levi
  • Liang
  • Lidia] Queensland Univ Technol
  • Liesl Joanna] Red Cross War Mem Childrens Hosp
  • life
  • Life Expectancy
  • Life Sciences & Biomedicine
  • Lijing L.] Duke Kunshan Univ
  • Linn
  • Lipshultz
  • Lira
  • Lira Municipal Council
  • Lisbon
  • Liu
  • Liverpool
  • Lo
  • Logroscino
  • London
  • Loon-Tzian] Alton Mental Hlth Ctr
  • Loon-Tzian] UnionHealth Associates LLC
  • Lorch
  • Lorenzo
  • Lorenzo G.] Univ Milano Bicocca
  • Los Angeles
  • Luca] IRCCS Burlo Garofolo
  • Luciano A.] Western Univ
  • Luigi] Azienda Osped Papa Giovanni XXIII
  • Lunevicius
  • Lífslíkur
  • Lýðheilsa
  • MA 02111 USA
  • MA USA
  • Mackay
  • Madrid
  • Magsaysay Mem Med Ctr
  • Maharashtra
  • Mahboubeh] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Mahdavi
  • Mahdi] Erasmus Univ
  • Mahdi] Social Secur Org Res Inst
  • Mahfuzar] BRAC
  • Majdi] YBank
  • Malaysia
  • Malekzadeh
  • Mall] Sodertorn Univ
  • Malta
  • Man Mohan] Janakpuri Superspecialty Hosp
  • Managerial Epidemiol Res Ctr
  • Manorama] Intergrowth 21st Study Res Ctr
  • Mansour] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Mansoura
  • Mantovani
  • Manu Raj] Publ Hlth Fdn India
  • Manyazewal
  • Mar Del Plata
  • Maragheh
  • Marcella
  • Marcello] Univ Calgary
  • Marcenes
  • Maria Albertina Santiago] Univ Fed Minas Gerais
  • Maria Dolores] IIS Fdn Jimenez Diaz
  • Marika] Natl Inst Publ Hlth
  • Mark Andrew] Deakin Univ
  • Mark T
  • Mark] Univ Sheffield
  • Marks
  • Martinez-Raga
  • Marzan
  • Massano
  • Mathur
  • Matosinhos
  • Maulik
  • Max] Univ Gothenburg
  • Max] Univ Witwatersrand
  • Mayowa O.] Blossom Specialist Med Ctr
  • Mayowa O.] Dept Med
  • Maysaa El Sayed] Mansoura Univ
  • Maziar] Iran Univ Med Sci
  • Mazidi
  • McAlinden
  • MD 20814 USA
  • MD 20892 USA
  • MD USA
  • Meaney
  • Med Coll
  • Med Sch
  • Medical
  • Medical and Health Sciences
  • medical-care
  • Medicin och hälsovetenskap
  • Medicine
  • Mehari
  • Mehdi] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Mehndiratta
  • Meier
  • Mekonnen
  • Melbourne
  • Melvin Barrientos] Univ East Ramon
  • Memish
  • Mensah
  • Meretoja
  • Merseyside
  • Mete I.] Bayer Turkey
  • Methods
  • Mexico
  • Mexico City
  • MI 48201 USA
  • MI USA
  • Micha
  • Michael Robert] Emory Univ
  • Michael Robert] Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ
  • Miguel] Hosp Univ Dr Peset
  • Mika] Natl Inst Infect Dis
  • Mika] Sandia Natl Labs
  • Milan
  • milbank memorial fund quarterly-health and society
  • Millenium Med Coll
  • Mills
  • Min-Jeong] Korea Univ
  • MINSANTE
  • Mirarefin
  • Miriam] Tuscany Reg Ctr Occupat Injuries & Dis
  • Mirrakhimov
  • MO USA
  • Mohammad
  • Mohammad Ali] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Mohammad Sadegh] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Mohammad Yahya] Minist Hlth
  • Mohammad] New York Med Ctr
  • Mohammed
  • Mohammed Magdy Abd] Aswan Univ Hosp
  • Mohsen] Chinese Acad Sci
  • Mohsen] Univ Saskatchewan
  • Mojde] Hunger Act Los Angeles
  • Mola
  • Monasta
  • Moncada
  • Monika] Marshall Univ
  • Montico
  • Monza
  • Moradi-Lakeh
  • Moraga
  • Morawska
  • Mori
  • Mortality
  • Moscow
  • Mostafa] Alborz Univ Med Sci
  • MS Res Ctr
  • MS USA
  • Muawiyyah Babale] Ahmadu Bello Univ
  • Mueller
  • Muhammad Muhammad] Dev Res & Projects Ctr
  • Munster
  • Musa
  • Musharaf] Inst Conmemorativo Gorgas Estudios Salud
  • Mustafa Z.] Jackson State Univ
  • Mysore
  • Nablus
  • Nachega
  • Nagata
  • Nagel
  • Nagpur
  • Nairobi
  • Naldi
  • Namibia
  • Nangia
  • Nanjing
  • Naohiro] Kyoto Univ
  • Narayanaswamy] Raffles Hosp
  • Nascimento
  • Natl Ctr Epidemiol & Populat Hlth
  • Natl Inst Hlth
  • Natl Sch Publ Hlth
  • Nawal K.] Duke NUS Med Sch
  • Nawal K.] Holmusk
  • Negoi
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Neurosci Inst
  • New Delhi
  • New York
  • Newcastle
  • Newton
  • Ngalesoni
  • Ngunjiri
  • NH 03755 USA
  • Nicholas] Univ East Anglia
  • Nigeria
  • NIH
  • Nima] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Ningrum
  • NM 87185 USA
  • Nolte
  • Nomura
  • Noncommunicable Dis Res Ctr
  • Norfolk
  • Norway
  • Norwich
  • Noubiap
  • NSW
  • Nuno] Inst Super Ciencias Saude Egas Moniz
  • Nuno] Univ Lisbon
  • NY 12222 USA
  • NY USA
  • Obermeyer
  • Ogbo
  • Oh
  • OH 44106 USA
  • OH USA
  • Okoro
  • Oladimeji
  • Olalekan A.] Univ Warwick
  • Olanrewaju] HSRC
  • Olanrewaju] Univ KwaZulu Natal
  • Olivares
  • Olusanya
  • Om Prakash] Banaras Hindu Univ
  • Opio
  • Oporto
  • Oren
  • Ortiz
  • Osborne
  • OSI EE Cruces
  • Oslo
  • Osman
  • Ottawa
  • Outcomes Res Consortium
  • Owolabi
  • p295
  • p405
  • p86
  • PA 19104 USA
  • PA USA
  • Pakhale
  • Pakistan
  • Palestine
  • Pallab K.] George Inst Global Hlth India
  • Panama
  • Panama City
  • Panniyammakal] Publ Hlth Fdn India
  • Parsaeian
  • Patel
  • Paturi Vishnupriya] Diabet Res Ctr
  • Paturi Vishnupriya] Diabet Res Soc
  • Paudel
  • Paul] Univ Hong Kong
  • Paula] Queensland Univ Technol
  • Pedro R.] Univ Autonoma Chile
  • Peilin] Tufts Univ
  • Penrith
  • Peoples
  • Peoples R China
  • Pereira
  • Perelman Sch Med
  • Perez-Padilla
  • Perez-Ruiz
  • Perminder S.] Prince Wales Hosp
  • Perminder S.] Univ New South Wales
  • Persinal health care
  • Personal health
  • personal health care
  • Pesudovs
  • Peter A.] Childrens Hosp Philadelphia
  • Peter A.] Univ Penn
  • Petzold
  • Philadelphia
  • Philippines
  • Phillips
  • Pillay
  • Pittsburgh
  • Poland
  • Pond
  • Populat Hlth Strateg Res Ctr
  • Portugal
  • Potchefstroom
  • Prakash
  • Prashant Kumar] Inst Human Dev
  • Prevent Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr
  • Preventat Med & Publ Hlth Res Ctr
  • Principal components analysis
  • Publ Hlth Med
  • Public Health
  • Public health systems
  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
  • pubmedpublicationtype
  • pure
  • Purwar
  • Qing] NCI
  • Qld
  • Qorbani
  • Quality
  • Quality of care
  • Quality of Health Care
  • Quality of Health Care - standards
  • Quality of Health Care - statistics & numerical data
  • Queretaro
  • Quezon City
  • Radfar
  • radiology
  • Rafael] CIBERSAM
  • Rafael] Univ Valencia
  • Rafay
  • Raffles Neurosci Ctr
  • Rahimi-Movaghar
  • Rahman
  • Rahman] Univ Helsinki
  • Rai
  • Raimundas] Aintree Univ Hosp Natl Hlth Serv Fdn Trust
  • Raimundas] Univ Liverpool
  • Rajasthan
  • Rajesh Kumar] Soc Hlth & Demog Surveillance
  • Rajesh] Indian Inst Technol Ropar
  • Rana
  • Randwick
  • Rao
  • Rego
  • Remuzzi
  • Renata] Tufts Univ
  • Renzaho
  • Reprod Hlth & ObGyn
  • REQUIMTE LAQV
  • Res & Evaluat Div
  • Res Inst
  • researchoutput
  • Resnikoff
  • Reykjavik
  • Reza
  • Ribeiro
  • Richard H.] Deakin Univ
  • Ricky] SUNY Albany
  • Rigshosp
  • Rintaro] Natl Ctr Child Hlth & Dev
  • Rio De Janeiro
  • Risk analysis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Assessment - methods
  • Risk factors
  • Rita] Joint Res Ctr
  • Riyadh
  • Rizwan Abdulkader] Minist Hlth
  • Robert G.] Royal Childrens Hosp
  • Roberto Tchio] Minist Hlth
  • Rockville
  • Rodrigo] Univ Ciencias Aplicadas & Ambient
  • Rogelio] Natl Inst Resp Dis
  • Roman] Jagiellonian Univ
  • Romania
  • Ronfani
  • Ronny] Fed Inst Populat Res
  • Ronny] German Natl Cohort Consortium
  • Roshandel
  • Rothenbacher
  • Rotterdam
  • Roy
  • Ruoyan] Natl Ctr Child Hlth & Dev
  • Rupnagar
  • Russia
  • S Yorkshire
  • Saale
  • Sabine] Univ Hosp Muenster
  • Sachdev
  • Sackey
  • Sadaf G.] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Saeedi
  • Saeid] Maragheh Univ Med Sci
  • Saeid] Tufts Med Ctr
  • Safiri
  • Sahraian
  • Saitama
  • Saleem M.] Contech Int Hlth Consultants
  • Saleem M.] Contech Sch Publ Hlth
  • Saleh
  • Samhällsvetenskap
  • Samir] Dartmouth Coll
  • Samy
  • Sanabria
  • Sanchez-Nino
  • Sandra] Deakin Univ
  • Sao Paulo
  • Sara] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Sarmiento-Suarez
  • Sartorius
  • Saskatoon
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Sawhney
  • Saylan
  • Sch Hlth & Related Res
  • Sch Hlth & Social Dev
  • Sch Med
  • Sch Med & Hlth Sci
  • Sch Med Sci
  • Sch Nursing & Publ Hlth
  • Sch Optometry & Vis Sci
  • Sch Publ Hlth
  • Sch Publ Hlth & Social Work
  • Sch Social Work
  • Schoettker
  • Schutte
  • Science & Technology
  • Scott A.] Univ Penn
  • Seedat
  • Semarang City
  • Seok-Jun] Korea Univ
  • Seoul
  • Sepanlou
  • Serdar
  • Serge] Univ New South Wales
  • Sergey K.] Fed Res Inst Hlth Org & Informat
  • Setagaya Ku
  • Setif
  • Shafiu] Ahmadu Bello Univ
  • Shaheen
  • Shahraz
  • Shai] Univ Haifa
  • Shamsipour
  • Shanghai
  • Sharma
  • Sheffield
  • Sheikhbahaei
  • Shen
  • Shi
  • Shifa
  • Shigematsu
  • Shimelash Bitew] Wolaita Sodo Univ
  • Shin
  • Shiri
  • Shoman
  • Sigfusdottir
  • Silva
  • Silveira
  • Sina Trauma & Surg Res Ctr
  • Singapore
  • Singh
  • Sinke
  • Sinshaw
  • Sjúkdómar
  • Sjúkratryggingar
  • Smita] Ottawa Hosp
  • Sobngwi
  • Social Medicine
  • Social Sciences
  • Social Work & Social Adm Dept
  • socialmedicin och epidemiologi
  • Sociologi
  • Sociology
  • Solna
  • Soneji
  • Soraya
  • Soriano
  • Soumya] Indian Council Med Res
  • Sousa
  • South
  • South Africa
  • South African Med Res Council
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sposato
  • Springfield
  • Sreeramareddy
  • St Louis
  • St Pauls Hosp
  • State Univ
  • States
  • Stathopoulou
  • Statistical analysis
  • Statistics
  • Staðlar
  • Staðtölur
  • Steel
  • Steinke
  • Stephen G.] Uniformed Serv Univ Hlth Sci
  • Steven E
  • Steven E.] Childrens Hosp Michigan
  • Stockholm
  • Stockholm Ctr Hlth & Social Change
  • Stokes
  • Strong
  • Stroumpoulis
  • Sufiyan
  • Suliankatchi
  • Sun
  • Suri
  • Sustainable development
  • Swaminathan
  • Swansea
  • Sweden
  • Sydney
  • Sykes
  • Systematic Analysis
  • Tabares-Seisdedos
  • Tabb
  • Talca
  • Talongwa
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Tampere
  • Tanzania
  • Tarajia
  • Tatiane Cristina Moraes] Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz
  • Tavakkoli
  • Taveira
  • Tea
  • Tehran
  • Tehrani-Banihashemi
  • Tejas] Mt Sinai Hlth Syst
  • Tekelab
  • Terkawi
  • Tesfalidet] Univ Newcastle
  • Thakur
  • Thimphu
  • Thomas] Univ Copenhagen
  • Thomson
  • Tobe-Gai
  • Tokyo
  • Tomas] World Hlth Org
  • Tommi] UKK Inst Hlth Promot Res
  • Tonelli
  • Toni] Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg
  • Topor-Madry
  • Tortajada
  • Trends
  • Tromso
  • Truelsen
  • Tsegahun] Ethiopian Publ Hlth Assoc
  • Tucson
  • Tuomo J.] Helsinki Univ Hosp
  • Tuomo J.] Univ Helsinki
  • Turkey
  • Tölfræði
  • Uche S.] Washington DC
  • Uchendu
  • Uganda
  • Ukwaja
  • UKZN Gastrointestinal Canc Res Ctr
  • Ulm
  • Ulrich O
  • Undurraga
  • Uneke
  • United
  • united-states
  • Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam
  • Universal Coverage
  • Universal Health Insurance - standards
  • Universal Health Insurance - statistics & numerical data
  • Uppsala
  • Urooncol Res Ctr
  • Uthman
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • V.] Charotar Univ Sci & Technol
  • v17
  • v292
  • v55
  • VA USA
  • Vafa] Univ Tehran Med Sci
  • Valencia
  • Valhalla
  • Van C.] Help Me See Inc
  • Van C.] Inst Mexicano Oftalmol
  • Van Dingenen
  • Varanasi
  • Vasankari
  • Vasiliki] Attikon Univ Hosp
  • Vasiliy Victorovich] Natl Res Univ Higher Sch Econ
  • Veena S.] Arkansas State Univ
  • Venketasubramanian
  • Vic
  • Victoria
  • Vinay] Suraj Eye Inst
  • Violante
  • Virendra] Asthma Bhawan
  • Vladimirov
  • Vlassov
  • W Glam
  • W Midlands
  • Wagner] Kings Coll London
  • Wales
  • Waller
  • Walson
  • Waltham
  • Wang
  • Warwick Med Sch
  • Washington
  • Weiderpass
  • Weintraub
  • Werdecker
  • Wesana
  • Westerman
  • Wiesbaden
  • Wilkinson
  • Windhoek
  • Wiysonge
  • Wolaita Sodo
  • Wolfe
  • Woolcock Inst Med Res
  • Workicho
  • Workie
  • Wuhan
  • WV USA
  • Xavier
  • Xiaofeng] Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent
  • Xu
  • Yaghoubi
  • Yakob
  • Yan
  • Yang
  • Yano
  • Yaounde
  • Yaseri
  • Yip
  • Yonemoto
  • Yoon
  • Younis
  • Yu
  • Yuan-Pang] Univ Sao Paulo
  • Yuichiro] Northwestern Univ
  • Zaidi
  • Zaki
  • Zambrana-Torrelio
  • Zapata
  • Zaria
  • Ziad A.] Alfaisal Univ
  • Ziad A.] Saudi Minist Hlth
  • Zoubida] Univ Hosp
  • Zuhlke
  • Áhættugreining
  • Áverkar
  • Þjóðir
ispartof: Lancet, 2017, Vol.390 (10091), p.231-266
description: Summary Background National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. Methods We mapped the most widely used list of causes amenable to personal health care developed by Nolte and McKee to 32 GBD causes. We accounted for variations in cause of death certification and misclassifications through the extensive data standardisation processes and redistribution algorithms developed for GBD. To isolate the effects of personal health-care access and quality, we risk-standardised cause-specific mortality rates for each geography-year by removing the joint effects of local environmental and behavioural risks, and adding back the global levels of risk exposure as estimated for GBD 2015. We employed principal component analysis to create a single, interpretable summary measure–the Healthcare Quality and Access (HAQ) Index–on a scale of 0 to 100. The HAQ Index showed strong convergence validity as compared with other health-system indicators, including health expenditure per capita (r=0·88), an index of 11 universal health coverage interventions ( r =0·83), and human resources for health per 1000 ( r =0·77). We used free disposal hull analysis with bootstrapping to produce a frontier based on the relationship between the HAQ Index and the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a measure of overall development consisting of income per capita, average years of education, and total fertility rates. This frontier allowed us to better quantify the maximum levels of personal health-care access and quality achieved across the development spectrum, and pinpoint geographies where gaps between observed and potential levels have narrowed or widened over time. Findings Between 1990 and 2015, nearly all countries and territories saw their HAQ Index values improve; nonetheless, the difference between the highest and lowest observed HAQ Index was larger in 2015 than in 1990, rangi
language: eng ; nor
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0140-6736
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0140-6736
  • 1474-547X
  • 1474-547X
url: Link


@attributes
NO1
SEARCH_ENGINEprimo_central_multiple_fe
SEARCH_ENGINE_TYPEPrimo Central Search Engine
RANK2.8576217
LOCALfalse
PrimoNMBib
record
control
sourceidproquest_swepu
recordidTN_cdi_swepub_primary_oai_prod_swepub_kib_ki_se_136273569
sourceformatXML
sourcesystemPC
sourcerecordid1919445309
originalsourceidFETCH-LOGICAL-12560t-bac6ce060ce6c8888ff06452cbcbf926d7065fa1ef281e85adf03f61a95b01003
addsrcrecordideNqVll2O3EQQgEcIBCFwBMASLyBY6OrfapCCQoAkUhBCQRESD63q7uqsk1l7sceBfeMOXIwzcBLKO2EhSCHOStZ67KrP1fW_270D6hNQ4D-9r8CqEx-M_wDCh0Yh4Am-srsGNtgTZ8OPr-6uXYm8sXtznh8ppaxX7vXdGxqdxuDMtd0fd5j2h9NCE3c3S-F57mio3fcL7fvDRXd3qPxrl2nm2o1DdzZOh-OLNo1nXaFlZlE444HynrvD2J3zNI8D7bvTS253Ce6HDqLryrgMh6nn4ycOPE39YVx_fyyvo_rzt9-1AvdZR90wPuG9SNH-Yu7n48cOp9zd3o9Z2F8uU-WhG1v3VT-zGNfdPyz1olvV39q91mg_89tP_1_fPfjm6x9u3Tm5993tu7du3jsB7bw6nGQqvrDyqrAvKH-tKW-dLrnkFrWvQXnXCLhpBEZHtSnTPFB0WYFS5vouHsHzL3y-5HQ-9Wc0XaSRerkfa3r6_HG_XmnmBMbrYJyPonvvubr75VyuLNeqgyZwMOiSkagnqwqk3FRLAZVWsVVy7AV38lzcQ8HJo4eXNO1c0CjyHz9X_qv-wc00Tg_TsiSjvQ92m_i8JLAuqlX8ow3ip8kYcGobfJyW5AIa979HvRI_65chmYgKtxlTF_GMj6sjbxylRfSMa2HJV9o_G9pn3gz9aXo4PklO6gn0evbbR8B4LjXRT_yMbh34kCQzgk_OZ82aW8tVAxWKiDFbAxW81aiakO5uIFntMVEN2jqOumpyIQajodUcPDJnzK5sZSmjEjWkjKCKCTlXBFcdYTCNvGqZaQ3AnQ0sgzZBREM2ABZUCoAM5KYNI1ZnKcS40SwTQKe1WuWssQYJq_ZSoqSaLaY2U6MyYSvL25BEJ1qls24MDjN4I_YFOTeGEjiWl2F5Ua6BnUddrQpRZ8fNIeesWIfcXoblTLZgpMSdt8oTeuk_xgaVrW0-Un4ZFgSxRlpGFWuaJ2OUHJeqKtTYUHMbWTo4SIzZ--gKO1IRwWtrvfTJmq2vHAg3poT2IUnLKrpIihuE6gmKrYGyW8NBJZawsX60Tbop1A4wV1e1bRVVCJarIfbZkLdbDygtK5Wc2UkcUZUcwYK1rJXRVSFBOzadTSzpyEl50yDL4PBau1pKBbRMlbMOMntRbWRBALv2iKJBsaVYmasPpTqp5hxYMiJH3spy0aRswErMKhWEkFGCZ4skQ1vTwkW_NblAGxlApTWTW0FtpfXkIFtFFGJ1pgQ8JsQmFlifvPRSpW0UNxnpEBh9WPu28sW1Nfu2smR2J_Gv5BWqXCgDia8jFq2r3Fck2twHQWKfOFapZJRCDC6w0AiRyVcFUUfNq--_fRFrGCdKSz_KTYpGejyQNxJML_VnXaheUyRp-EUy7mV5G_L_3ot4ZZSnVNLyWHI3RANeNpQgFiqoLSK3KPOjWo9hLcz3jrgy9fOhH47GgJJFMjmUvUkk3n86O6fx54XnQ3o0LpOscLNMAojWOqPWnu_-5ozzPHG7MgtUWhfbdLnYpnVrlSpIl4ttWlPq3X9P5iutvzdZEfj8P-DSH-jQj-ug7vcvxP901B5oKv18hedlejr1xVXrj2G_bgD7vlyi5ySBzNFq-RpLf7PkOWXLKHZB5iqGxbAOgS-OdJaF9EnPU5pLz0PhKnEph1TH_oX23fgPoez7QazYP-YLnv_xdJp1UkfIyoBwSUDzFwpP4zg
sourcetypeOpen Access Repository
isCDItrue
recordtypearticle
pqid1919445309
display
typearticle
titleHealthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal health care in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2015: a novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
sourceAlma/SFX Local Collection
creatorAbbas, Kaja M ; Abdulle, Abdishakur M ; Adane, Kelemework ; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad ; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir ; Ali, Raghib ; Allen, Christine ; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa ; Amini, Erfan ; Amoako, Yaw Ampem ; Anderson, Benjamin O ; Atre, Sachin R ; Banerjee, Amitava ; Bayou, Yibeltal Tebekaw ; Beyene, Tariku Jibat ; Biadgilign, Sibhatu ; Bikbov, Boris ; Birungi, Charles ; Biryukov, Stan ; Brauer, Michael ; Campos-Nonato, Ismael Ricardo ; Chew, Adrienne ; Christensen, Hanne ; Deribe, Kebede ; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke ; Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich ; Feigl, Andrea B ; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad ; Fernandes, Jefferson G ; Fitzmaurice, Christina ; Frostad, Joseph ; Geleijnse, Johanna M ; Goldberg, Ellen M ; Gopalani, Sameer Vali ; Greaves, Felix ; Havmoeller, Rasmus ; Htet, Aung Soe ; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard ; James, Spencer Lewis ; Jayaraman, Sudha P ; Juel, Knud ; Kamal, Ritul ; Kassebaum, Nicholas J ; Kastor, Anshul ; Kengne, Andre Pascal ; Kim, Yun Jin ; Kissoon, Niranjan ; Kopec, Jacek A ; Krohn, Kristopher J ; Langan, Sinead M ; Larson, Heidi J ; Liu, Yang ; Logroscino, Giancarlo ; Maulik, Pallab K ; McAlinden, Colm ; Meles, Kidanu Gebremariam ; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M ; Mock, Charles N ; Monasta, Lorenzo ; Neupane, Sudan Prasad ; Ngunjiri, Josephine Wanjiku ; Nolte, Sandra ; Opio, John Nelson ; PA, Mahesh ; Paul, Vinod K ; Pearce, Neil ; Perez-Padilla, Rogelio ; Qorbani, Mostafa ; Ram, Usha ; Reitsma, Marissa ; Renzaho, Andre M N N ; Roba, Hirbo Shore ; Roth, Gregory A ; Safiri, Saeid ; Salomon, Joshua A ; Satpathy, Maheswar ; Seid, Abdulbasit Musa ; Seifu, Canaan Negash ; Sharma, Rajesh ; Shen, Jiabin ; Shoman, Haitham ; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora ; Silveira, Dayane Gabriele Alves ; Steel, Nicholas ; Steiner, Caitlyn ; Stranges, Saverio ; Suliankatchi, Rizwan Abdulkader ; Talongwa, Roberto Tchio ; Tekelab, Tesfalidet ; Uchendu, Uche S ; Uthman, Olalekan A ; Wang, Yuan-Pang ; Weiderpass, Elisabete ; Weintraub, Robert G ; Werdecker, Andrea ; Won, Sungho ; Yaghoubi, Mohsen ; Yaseri, Mehdi ; Yoon, Seok-Jun ; Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna
creatorcontribAbbas, Kaja M ; Abdulle, Abdishakur M ; Adane, Kelemework ; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad ; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir ; Ali, Raghib ; Allen, Christine ; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa ; Amini, Erfan ; Amoako, Yaw Ampem ; Anderson, Benjamin O ; Atre, Sachin R ; Banerjee, Amitava ; Bayou, Yibeltal Tebekaw ; Beyene, Tariku Jibat ; Biadgilign, Sibhatu ; Bikbov, Boris ; Birungi, Charles ; Biryukov, Stan ; Brauer, Michael ; Campos-Nonato, Ismael Ricardo ; Chew, Adrienne ; Christensen, Hanne ; Deribe, Kebede ; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke ; Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich ; Feigl, Andrea B ; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad ; Fernandes, Jefferson G ; Fitzmaurice, Christina ; Frostad, Joseph ; Geleijnse, Johanna M ; Goldberg, Ellen M ; Gopalani, Sameer Vali ; Greaves, Felix ; Havmoeller, Rasmus ; Htet, Aung Soe ; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard ; James, Spencer Lewis ; Jayaraman, Sudha P ; Juel, Knud ; Kamal, Ritul ; Kassebaum, Nicholas J ; Kastor, Anshul ; Kengne, Andre Pascal ; Kim, Yun Jin ; Kissoon, Niranjan ; Kopec, Jacek A ; Krohn, Kristopher J ; Langan, Sinead M ; Larson, Heidi J ; Liu, Yang ; Logroscino, Giancarlo ; Maulik, Pallab K ; McAlinden, Colm ; Meles, Kidanu Gebremariam ; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M ; Mock, Charles N ; Monasta, Lorenzo ; Neupane, Sudan Prasad ; Ngunjiri, Josephine Wanjiku ; Nolte, Sandra ; Opio, John Nelson ; PA, Mahesh ; Paul, Vinod K ; Pearce, Neil ; Perez-Padilla, Rogelio ; Qorbani, Mostafa ; Ram, Usha ; Reitsma, Marissa ; Renzaho, Andre M N N ; Roba, Hirbo Shore ; Roth, Gregory A ; Safiri, Saeid ; Salomon, Joshua A ; Satpathy, Maheswar ; Seid, Abdulbasit Musa ; Seifu, Canaan Negash ; Sharma, Rajesh ; Shen, Jiabin ; Shoman, Haitham ; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora ; Silveira, Dayane Gabriele Alves ; Steel, Nicholas ; Steiner, Caitlyn ; Stranges, Saverio ; Suliankatchi, Rizwan Abdulkader ; Talongwa, Roberto Tchio ; Tekelab, Tesfalidet ; Uchendu, Uche S ; Uthman, Olalekan A ; Wang, Yuan-Pang ; Weiderpass, Elisabete ; Weintraub, Robert G ; Werdecker, Andrea ; Won, Sungho ; Yaghoubi, Mohsen ; Yaseri, Mehdi ; Yoon, Seok-Jun ; Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna ; GBD 2015 Healthcare Access and Quality Collaborators ; GBD 2015 Healthcare Access and Quality Collaborators. Electronic address: cjlm@uw.edu ; Sahlgrenska akademin ; Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för hälsometri ; Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Metrics ; Göteborgs universitet ; Gothenburg University ; Sahlgrenska Academy
descriptionSummary Background National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. Methods We mapped the most widely used list of causes amenable to personal health care developed by Nolte and McKee to 32 GBD causes. We accounted for variations in cause of death certification and misclassifications through the extensive data standardisation processes and redistribution algorithms developed for GBD. To isolate the effects of personal health-care access and quality, we risk-standardised cause-specific mortality rates for each geography-year by removing the joint effects of local environmental and behavioural risks, and adding back the global levels of risk exposure as estimated for GBD 2015. We employed principal component analysis to create a single, interpretable summary measure–the Healthcare Quality and Access (HAQ) Index–on a scale of 0 to 100. The HAQ Index showed strong convergence validity as compared with other health-system indicators, including health expenditure per capita (r=0·88), an index of 11 universal health coverage interventions ( r =0·83), and human resources for health per 1000 ( r =0·77). We used free disposal hull analysis with bootstrapping to produce a frontier based on the relationship between the HAQ Index and the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a measure of overall development consisting of income per capita, average years of education, and total fertility rates. This frontier allowed us to better quantify the maximum levels of personal health-care access and quality achieved across the development spectrum, and pinpoint geographies where gaps between observed and potential levels have narrowed or widened over time. Findings Between 1990 and 2015, nearly all countries and territories saw their HAQ Index values improve; nonetheless, the difference between the highest and lowest observed HAQ Index was larger in 2015 than in 1990, ranging from 28·6 to 94·6. Of 195 geographies, 167 had statistically significant increases in HAQ Index levels since 1990, with South Korea, Turkey, Peru, China, and the Maldives recording among the largest gains by 2015. Performance on the HAQ Index and individual causes showed distinct patterns by region and level of development, yet substantial heterogeneities emerged for several causes, including cancers in highest-SDI countries; chronic kidney disease, diabetes, diarrhoeal diseases, and lower respiratory infections among middle-SDI countries; and measles and tetanus among lowest-SDI countries. While the global HAQ Index average rose from 40·7 (95% uncertainty interval, 39·0–42·8) in 1990 to 53·7 (52·2–55·4) in 2015, far less progress occurred in narrowing the gap between observed HAQ Index values and maximum levels achieved; at the global level, the difference between the observed and frontier HAQ Index only decreased from 21·2 in 1990 to 20·1 in 2015. If every country and territory had achieved the highest observed HAQ Index by their corresponding level of SDI, the global average would have been 73·8 in 2015. Several countries, particularly in eastern and western sub-Saharan Africa, reached HAQ Index values similar to or beyond their development levels, whereas others, namely in southern sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and south Asia, lagged behind what geographies of similar development attained between 1990 and 2015. Interpretation This novel extension of the GBD Study shows the untapped potential for personal health-care access and quality improvement across the development spectrum. Amid substantive advances in personal health care at the national level, heterogeneous patterns for individual causes in given countries or territories suggest that few places have consistently achieved optimal health-care access and quality across health-system functions and therapeutic areas. This is especially evident in middle-SDI countries, many of which have recently undergone or are currently experiencing epidemiological transitions. The HAQ Index, if paired with other measures of health-system characteristics such as intervention coverage, could provide a robust avenue for tracking progress on universal health coverage and identifying local priorities for strengthening personal health-care quality and access throughout the world. Funding Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
identifier
0ISSN: 0140-6736
1ISSN: 1474-547X
2EISSN: 1474-547X
3DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30818-8
4PMID: 28528753
languageeng ; nor
publisherEngland: Elsevier Ltd
subject
ispartofLancet, 2017, Vol.390 (10091), p.231-266
rights
0The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY 4.0 license
12017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY 4.0 license
2info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
3Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY 4.0 license. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
4Copyright Elsevier Limited Jul 15, 2017
5info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
62017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY 4.0 license 2017
lds50peer_reviewed
oafree_for_read
citedbyFETCH-LOGICAL-12560t-bac6ce060ce6c8888ff06452cbcbf926d7065fa1ef281e85adf03f61a95b01003
links
openurl$$Topenurl_article
openurlfulltext$$Topenurlfull_article
thumbnail$$Usyndetics_thumb_exl
backlink
0$$Uhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28528753$$D View this record in MEDLINE/PubMed
1$$Uhttp://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:du-25696$$DView record from Swedish Publication Index
2$$Uhttp://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-39808$$DView record from Swedish Publication Index
3$$Uhttp://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57835$$DView record from Swedish Publication Index
4$$Uhttp://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33150$$DView record from Swedish Publication Index
5$$Uhttp://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145904$$DView record from Swedish Publication Index
6$$Uhttp://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-326674$$DView record from Swedish Publication Index
7$$Uhttps://gup.ub.gu.se/publication/255728$$DView record from Swedish Publication Index
8$$Uhttps://lup.lub.lu.se/record/837e7385-3101-40c1-bf0f-780209fda5e6$$DView record from Swedish Publication Index
9$$Uhttp://kipublications.ki.se/Default.aspx?queryparsed=id:136273569$$DView record from Swedish Publication Index
search
creatorcontrib
0Abbas, Kaja M
1Abdulle, Abdishakur M
2Adane, Kelemework
3Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad
4Ahmed, Muktar Beshir
5Ali, Raghib
6Allen, Christine
7Al-Raddadi, Rajaa
8Amini, Erfan
9Amoako, Yaw Ampem
10Anderson, Benjamin O
11Atre, Sachin R
12Banerjee, Amitava
13Bayou, Yibeltal Tebekaw
14Beyene, Tariku Jibat
15Biadgilign, Sibhatu
16Bikbov, Boris
17Birungi, Charles
18Biryukov, Stan
19Brauer, Michael
20Campos-Nonato, Ismael Ricardo
21Chew, Adrienne
22Christensen, Hanne
23Deribe, Kebede
24Ellingsen, Christian Lycke
25Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich
26Feigl, Andrea B
27Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad
28Fernandes, Jefferson G
29Fitzmaurice, Christina
30Frostad, Joseph
31Geleijnse, Johanna M
32Goldberg, Ellen M
33Gopalani, Sameer Vali
34Greaves, Felix
35Havmoeller, Rasmus
36Htet, Aung Soe
37Iburg, Kim Moesgaard
38James, Spencer Lewis
39Jayaraman, Sudha P
40Juel, Knud
41Kamal, Ritul
42Kassebaum, Nicholas J
43Kastor, Anshul
44Kengne, Andre Pascal
45Kim, Yun Jin
46Kissoon, Niranjan
47Kopec, Jacek A
48Krohn, Kristopher J
49Langan, Sinead M
50Larson, Heidi J
51Liu, Yang
52Logroscino, Giancarlo
53Maulik, Pallab K
54McAlinden, Colm
55Meles, Kidanu Gebremariam
56Mirrakhimov, Erkin M
57Mock, Charles N
58Monasta, Lorenzo
59Neupane, Sudan Prasad
60Ngunjiri, Josephine Wanjiku
61Nolte, Sandra
62Opio, John Nelson
63PA, Mahesh
64Paul, Vinod K
65Pearce, Neil
66Perez-Padilla, Rogelio
67Qorbani, Mostafa
68Ram, Usha
69Reitsma, Marissa
70Renzaho, Andre M N N
71Roba, Hirbo Shore
72Roth, Gregory A
73Safiri, Saeid
74Salomon, Joshua A
75Satpathy, Maheswar
76Seid, Abdulbasit Musa
77Seifu, Canaan Negash
78Sharma, Rajesh
79Shen, Jiabin
80Shoman, Haitham
81Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora
82Silveira, Dayane Gabriele Alves
83Steel, Nicholas
84Steiner, Caitlyn
85Stranges, Saverio
86Suliankatchi, Rizwan Abdulkader
87Talongwa, Roberto Tchio
88Tekelab, Tesfalidet
89Uchendu, Uche S
90Uthman, Olalekan A
91Wang, Yuan-Pang
92Weiderpass, Elisabete
93Weintraub, Robert G
94Werdecker, Andrea
95Won, Sungho
96Yaghoubi, Mohsen
97Yaseri, Mehdi
98Yoon, Seok-Jun
99Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna
100GBD 2015 Healthcare Access and Quality Collaborators
101GBD 2015 Healthcare Access and Quality Collaborators. Electronic address: cjlm@uw.edu
102Sahlgrenska akademin
103Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för hälsometri
104Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Metrics
105Göteborgs universitet
106Gothenburg University
107Sahlgrenska Academy
title
0Healthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal health care in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2015: a novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
1Lancet
addtitleLancet
descriptionSummary Background National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. Methods We mapped the most widely used list of causes amenable to personal health care developed by Nolte and McKee to 32 GBD causes. We accounted for variations in cause of death certification and misclassifications through the extensive data standardisation processes and redistribution algorithms developed for GBD. To isolate the effects of personal health-care access and quality, we risk-standardised cause-specific mortality rates for each geography-year by removing the joint effects of local environmental and behavioural risks, and adding back the global levels of risk exposure as estimated for GBD 2015. We employed principal component analysis to create a single, interpretable summary measure–the Healthcare Quality and Access (HAQ) Index–on a scale of 0 to 100. The HAQ Index showed strong convergence validity as compared with other health-system indicators, including health expenditure per capita (r=0·88), an index of 11 universal health coverage interventions ( r =0·83), and human resources for health per 1000 ( r =0·77). We used free disposal hull analysis with bootstrapping to produce a frontier based on the relationship between the HAQ Index and the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a measure of overall development consisting of income per capita, average years of education, and total fertility rates. This frontier allowed us to better quantify the maximum levels of personal health-care access and quality achieved across the development spectrum, and pinpoint geographies where gaps between observed and potential levels have narrowed or widened over time. Findings Between 1990 and 2015, nearly all countries and territories saw their HAQ Index values improve; nonetheless, the difference between the highest and lowest observed HAQ Index was larger in 2015 than in 1990, ranging from 28·6 to 94·6. Of 195 geographies, 167 had statistically significant increases in HAQ Index levels since 1990, with South Korea, Turkey, Peru, China, and the Maldives recording among the largest gains by 2015. Performance on the HAQ Index and individual causes showed distinct patterns by region and level of development, yet substantial heterogeneities emerged for several causes, including cancers in highest-SDI countries; chronic kidney disease, diabetes, diarrhoeal diseases, and lower respiratory infections among middle-SDI countries; and measles and tetanus among lowest-SDI countries. While the global HAQ Index average rose from 40·7 (95% uncertainty interval, 39·0–42·8) in 1990 to 53·7 (52·2–55·4) in 2015, far less progress occurred in narrowing the gap between observed HAQ Index values and maximum levels achieved; at the global level, the difference between the observed and frontier HAQ Index only decreased from 21·2 in 1990 to 20·1 in 2015. If every country and territory had achieved the highest observed HAQ Index by their corresponding level of SDI, the global average would have been 73·8 in 2015. Several countries, particularly in eastern and western sub-Saharan Africa, reached HAQ Index values similar to or beyond their development levels, whereas others, namely in southern sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and south Asia, lagged behind what geographies of similar development attained between 1990 and 2015. Interpretation This novel extension of the GBD Study shows the untapped potential for personal health-care access and quality improvement across the development spectrum. Amid substantive advances in personal health care at the national level, heterogeneous patterns for individual causes in given countries or territories suggest that few places have consistently achieved optimal health-care access and quality across health-system functions and therapeutic areas. This is especially evident in middle-SDI countries, many of which have recently undergone or are currently experiencing epidemiological transitions. The HAQ Index, if paired with other measures of health-system characteristics such as intervention coverage, could provide a robust avenue for tracking progress on universal health coverage and identifying local priorities for strengthening personal health-care quality and access throughout the world. Funding Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
subject
011 Medical And Health Sciences
11977
21986
31988
43121 Internal medicine
53126 Surgery
6Abakaliki
7Abdallah M.] Ain Shams Univ
8abdominal wall hernia; accidental injury; adolescent; adult; adverse drug reaction; Africa south of the Sahara; aged; appendicitis; Article; assessment of humans; biliary tract disease; breast cancer; cardiovascular disease; cause of death; cerebrovascular disease; child; China; chronic kidney failure; chronic respiratory tract disease; colon cancer; comparative study; congenital heart malformation; controlled study; death certificate; demography; diabetes mellitus; diarrhea; diphtheria; East African; educational status; endocrine disease; environmental impact; epilepsy; female; femoral hernia; fertility; gallbladder disease; gastrointestinal disease; geographic mapping; global disease burden; health behavior; health care access; health care cost; health care disparity; health care quality; health care system; health insurance; Healthcare Quality and Access Index; hematologic disease; high income country; Hodgkin disease; hospital bed; human; hypertension; income; infant; inguinal hernia; ischemic heart disease; leukemia; low income country; lower respiratory tract infection; major clinical study; malignant neoplasm; maternal disease; measles; Middle East; middle income country; mortality; neurologic disease; newborn; newborn disease; non melanoma skin cancer; peptic ulcer; performance measurement system; pertussis; Peru; priority journal; rectum cancer; rheumatic heart disease; risk factor; skin carcinoma; socioeconomics; South Asia; South Korea; standardization; testis cancer; tetanus; tuberculosis; Turkey (republic); upper respiratory tract infection; urogenital tract disease; uterine cervix cancer; uterus cancer; West African; global disease burden; health care delivery; health care quality; health status indicator; insurance; mortality; procedures; risk assessment; standards; statistics and numerical data
9Abdulhalik] Univ Ghent
10Abdullah Sulieman] Cleveland Clin
11Abdullah Sulieman] King Fahad Med City
12Abdullah Sulieman] Univ Virginia
13Abiy Hiruye] Ethiopian Med Assoc
14Abuja
15Accra
16ACT
17Addis Ababa
18Addis Continental Inst Publ Hlth
19Adelaide
20Aklilu Endalamaw] Univ Gondar
21AL USA
22Alan J.] Adapt Knowledge Management
23Albany
24Alberto] IIS Fdn Jimenez Diaz UAM
25Albuquerque
26Alem] Howard Univ
27Alemayehu B.] Univ Sydney
28Aletta E.] North West Univ
29Aletta E.] South African Med Res Council
30Algeria
31Algorithms
32Alicia Elena Beatriz] Inst Nacl Epidemiol Dr Juan H Jara
33Alireza
34Allmän medicin
35Almada
36Alton
37Amini
38Amir] AT Still Univ
39Amir] Univ Tehran Med Sci
40Amira] Najah Univ
41Anand
42Anders] Uppsala Univ
43Andhra Pradesh
44Andre M. N. N.] Univ Western Sydney
45Andrea] Fed Inst Populat Res
46anesthesiology
47Anselm] Soc Family Hlth
48Anton Carl Jonas] Stockholm Cty Council
49Antonio L.] Univ Fed Minas Gerais
50Anwar
51Aparna
52Aparna] Australian Natl Univ
53AR USA
54Arash] Iran Univ Med Sci
55Arba Minch
56Arctic Univ Norway
57ards
58arlton jrh
59Articles
60Asma Abdul] Lahore Coll Women Univ
61Assessment
62Aswan
63Aswan Fac Med
64Athens
65atira
66Atlanta
67Aurora
68Australia
69Avoidable Mortality
70Avon
71AZ USA
72Aðferðafræði
73Baltimore
74Bangalore
75Bangladesh
76Baracaldo
77Bari
78Beijing
79Beirut
80Belgium
81Belo Horizonte
82Ben Benasco] World Hlth Org
83Ben] FOM Univ
84Benn] SAMRC
85Benn] Univ KwaZulu Natal
86Bereket] Univ KwaZulu Natal
87Bergamo
88Berrin] Univ Colorado
89Bethesda
90Bhutan
91Birmingham
92Bishkek
93Bogota
94Bolajoko Olubukunola
95Bolivia
96Bologna
97Boroko
98Boston
99Brasilia
100Brazil
101Breast Surg Unit
102Brien Holden Vision Inst
103Brisbane
104Bristol
105british medical journal
106Bruno Ramos
107Bruno Ramos] Hosp Univ Ciencias Med
108Bryan L.] Univ Calif Irvine
109Bucharest
110Buenos Aires
111Burwood
112CA USA
113Cairo
114Calgary
115Callaghan
116Cambridge
117Cameroon
118Canada
119Canberra
120Cape Town
121Care
122Carla Makhlouf] Amer Univ Beirut
123Carlos] EcoHlth Alliance
124Carlos] Inst Ecol Bolivia
125Castillo
126Champaign
127Chandigarh
128Chandrashekhar T.] Int Med Univ
129Charles D. A.] Guys & St Thomas NHS Fdn Trust
130Charles D. A.] Kings Coll London
131Charles R.] KEMRI Wellcome Trust
132Charles Shey] Cochrane South Africa
133Charles Shey] Univ Stellenbosch
134Charlottesville
135Chennai
136Cherbourg
137Chicago
138Chie] Natl Ctr Child Hlth & Dev
139Chigozie Jesse] Ebonyi State Univ
140Childrens Hosp Philadelphia
141Chile
142Chuanhua] Wuhan Univ
143Cleveland
144Clinical Medicine
145CO USA
146Coll Med
147Coll Optometry
148Colm] Publ Hlth Wales
149Colm] Univ Hosp Bristol NHS Fdn Trust
150Colombia
151Columbus
152Comparative Risk
153comparative risk-assessment
154Comparative Risk-Assessment; Systematic Analysis; Medical-Care; Life Expectancy; Avoidable Mortality; European Countries; Development Goals; United-States; Trends; Death
155Competence Ctr Mortality Follow Up German Natl Co
156Comprehens Biomed Res Ctr
157Constance D.] Univ Newcastle
158Copenhagen
159Coventry
160Ctr Air Pollut Res Inst Environm Res
161Ctr Comprehens Canc
162Ctr Control Chron Condit
163Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med
164Ctr Hlth Res
165Ctr Res Populat & Hlth
166Ctr Translat Res & Implementat Sci
167Dar Es Salaam
168David M.] Univ Porto
169Dayane Gabriele Alves] Brasilia Univ
170DC USA
171Death
172Deborah Carvalho] Univ Fed Minas Gerais
173Deepak] UK Dept Int Dev
174Denis] St Johns Med Coll & Res Inst
175Denmark
176Dent Inst
177Dept Anesthesiol
178Dept Biomed & Clin Sci L Sacco
179Dept Biostat
180Dept Clin Neurol Sci
181Dept Community Med
182Dept Dermatol
183Dept Epidemiol & Biostat
184Dept Internal Med
185Dept Med
186Dept Med Sci
187Dept Neurol
188Dept Prevent Med
189Dept Publ
190Dept Publ Hlth
191Dept Publ Hlth Sci
192Dept Res
193Dept Sociol
194Dept Vet Affairs
195Dept Zool
196Detroit
197Development Goals
198Dhaka
199Diego Augusto Santos] Univ Fed Santa Catarina
200Dietrich] Ulm Univ
201Digest Dis Res
202Dina Nur Anggraini] Semarang State Univ
203Discipline Publ Hlth Med
204Disease
205Diseases
206Div Populat & Patient Hlth
207Durban
208Dánartíðni
209Eduardo A.] Brandeis Univ
210Edward J.] Univ Ottawa
211Egypt
212El Razek
213Elisabete] Canc Registry Norway
214Elisabete] Folkhalsan Res Ctr
215Elisabete] Univ Tromso
216Elizabeth Palomares] Minist Hlth
217Elizabeth Palomares] Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico
218Endocrinol & Metab Populat Sci Inst
219Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr
220England
221Epidemiology
222Erbil
223Erfan] Univ Tehran Med Sci
224Erkin M.] Kyrgyz State Med Acad
225Erkin M.] Natl Ctr Cardiol & Internal Dis
226Essen
227Esteghamati
228Ethiopia
229Eugene] Univ Yaounde
230Eugene] Yaounde Cent Hosp
231European Commiss
232European Countries
233expectancy
234Eyal] Univ Arizona
235Fac Farm
236Fac Hlth Sci
237Fac Med
238Family Medicine
239Farshad
240Farzadfar
241Faulty Pharm
242Felix Akpojene] Univ Western Sydney
243Fernando] Biocruces Hlth Res Inst
244Fernando] Hop Univ Cruces
245Finland
246Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth Work Org
247FL 33314 USA
248Florence
249Florianopolis
250Folkhälsovetenskap
251Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
252France
253Francesco S.] Univ Bologna
254Frida Namnyak] Minist Hlth & Social Welf
255Friedman Sch Nutr Sci & Policy
256Ft Lauderdale
257Ft Portal
258GA 30322 USA
259Gabriele] Ulm Univ
260Gastrointestinal & Liver
261Geelong
262Gelin] Nanjing Univ
263General & Internal
264General & Internal Medicine
265Genet Epidemiol Grp
266George A.] NHLBI
267Germany
268Ghana
269Ghent
270Gholamreza
271Gholamreza] Golestan Univ Med Sci
272Giancarlo] Univ Bari
273Girma Temam] Arba Minch Univ
274Giuseppe] Papa Giovanni XXIII
275Giuseppe] Univ Milan
276Glen Liddell D.] Univ Papua New Guinea
277Global Burden of Disease
278Global Burden of Disease; Health Services Accessibility; Health Status Indicators; Humans; Mortality; Quality of Health Care; Risk Assessment; Universal Coverage
279Global Health
280Global Hlth Inst
281Global Hlth Res Ctr
282global hälsa
283Golestan Res Ctr Gastroenterol & Hepatol
284Gondar
285Gorgan
286Gothenburg
287Grad Sch
288Grad Sch Publ Hlth
289Greece
290Gujarat
291Gurgaon
292Guy B.] Univ Sydney
293Gæðastjórnun
294Hafezi-Nejad
295Haifa
296Haitham] Imperial Coll London
297Halk Sağlığı
298Halle
299Hanover
300Hassan Magdy Abd] Mansoura Fac Med
301Hassanvand
302Health and Welfare
303Health care
304Health care policy
305Health insurance
306Health policy
307Health risks
308Health Sciences
309Health services
310Health Services Accessibility
311Health Services Accessibility - standards
312Health Services Accessibility - statistics & numerical data
313Health Status Indicators
314Healthcare access
315Heidelberg
316Heilbrigðiskerfi
317Heilbrigðisstefna
318Heilbrigðisþjónusta
319Helsinki
320Hematol Oncol & Stem Cell Transplantat Res Ctr
321Hlth Metr Unit
322Hlth Syst & Policy Res Unit
323Hong Kong
324Hong Kong Jockey Club Ctr Suicide Res & Prevent
325Hosp Clin
326Hosp Pedro Hispano
327Humans
328Huntington
329Hyderabad
330Hypertens Africa Res Team HART
331Hälsa och välfärd
332Hälsovetenskap
333Hälsovetenskaper
334Ibadan
335Iceland
336ikolainen k
337IL 60611 USA
338IL USA
339In-Hwan] Kyung Hee Univ
340INCLIVA Hlth Res Inst
341India
342Indonesia
343Inga Dora] Reykjavik Univ
344Injuries
345Inst Environm Res
346Inst Epidemiol & Med Biometry
347Inst Genet & Dev Biol
348Inst Hlth Care & Social Sci
349Inst Hlth Policy & Management
350Inst Invest Hosp Univ Princesa
351Inst Maternal & Child Hlth
352Inst Med Sci
353Inst Populat Based Canc Res
354Inst Publ Hlth
355Inst Resilient Regions
356Int Lab Air Qual & Hlth
357intensive care
358Internal Medicine
359international journal of epidemiology
360Intervention
361Ionut] Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm Bucharest
362Iran
363Iraq
364Irvine
365Ispra
366Israel
367Istanbul
368Italy
369J Edwards Sch Med
370J. S.] Post Grad Inst Med Educ & Res
371Jackson
372Jacob Olusegun] Ctr Healthy Start Initiat
373Jaipur
374James
375James D.] Wayne State Univ
376Janet L.] Nova Southeastern Univ
377Japan
378Jasvinder A.] Birmingham Vet Affairs Med Ctr
379Jasvinder A.] Univ Alabama Birmingham
380Jayendra] Minist Hlth
381Jean B
382Jean B.] Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth
383Jean B.] Univ Pittsburgh
384Jean Jacques N.] Med Diagnost Ctr
385Jeemon
386Jiabin] Nationwide Childrens Hosp
387Jiandong] Queensland Univ Technol
388Jiandong] Univ Southern Queensland
389Jiangsu
390Jinling Hosp
391Joan B.] Univ Autonoma Madrid
392Joao] ULS Matosinhos
393Johannesburg
394John Nelson] Lira Dist Local Govt
395Jose] CEU Cardinal Herrera Univ
396Jose] Hosp Univ Doctor Peset
397Josephine Wanjiku] Univ Nairobi
398Joshua] Mt Moon Univ
399Joshua] Univ Ghent
400Journal Article
401JSS Med Coll
402JSS Univ
403Juan Ramon] Case Western Reserve Univ
404Juan Ramon] Marshall Univ
405Judd L.] Nat Hist Museum
406Julian David] Durban Univ Technol
407Kamarul Imran] Univ Sci Malaysia
408Karaj
409Karen M.] Univ Illinois
410Karnataka
411Karzan Abdulmuhsin] Univ Salahaddin
412Kasaeian
413Kenya
414Key State Lab Mol Dev Biol
415Kilifi
416Kingsley N.] Fed Teaching Hosp
417kinlay jb
418Kirksville
419Klinisk medicin
420Konrad] Flinders Univ S Australia
421Konstantinos] Alexandra Gen Hosp Athens
422Konstantinos] Ctr Hosp Publ Cotentin
423Krakow
424Kuala Lumpur
425Kubang Kerian
426Kulkarni
427Kunshan
428Kyoto
429Kyrgyzstan
430La Paz
431Lab Farmacognosia
432Lager
433Lagos
434Lahore
435Lal
436Lalitpur
437Lallukka
438Lan
439Lansingh
440Larsson
441Latif
442Lawrynowicz
443Leasher
444Lebanon
445Leigh
446Leinsalu
447Leung
448Levi
449Liang
450Lidia] Queensland Univ Technol
451Liesl Joanna] Red Cross War Mem Childrens Hosp
452life
453Life Expectancy
454Life Sciences & Biomedicine
455Lijing L.] Duke Kunshan Univ
456Linn
457Lipshultz
458Lira
459Lira Municipal Council
460Lisbon
461Liu
462Liverpool
463Lo
464Logroscino
465London
466Loon-Tzian] Alton Mental Hlth Ctr
467Loon-Tzian] UnionHealth Associates LLC
468Lorch
469Lorenzo
470Lorenzo G.] Univ Milano Bicocca
471Los Angeles
472Luca] IRCCS Burlo Garofolo
473Luciano A.] Western Univ
474Luigi] Azienda Osped Papa Giovanni XXIII
475Lunevicius
476Lífslíkur
477Lýðheilsa
478MA 02111 USA
479MA USA
480Mackay
481Madrid
482Magsaysay Mem Med Ctr
483Maharashtra
484Mahboubeh] Univ Tehran Med Sci
485Mahdavi
486Mahdi] Erasmus Univ
487Mahdi] Social Secur Org Res Inst
488Mahfuzar] BRAC
489Majdi] YBank
490Malaysia
491Malekzadeh
492Mall] Sodertorn Univ
493Malta
494Man Mohan] Janakpuri Superspecialty Hosp
495Managerial Epidemiol Res Ctr
496Manorama] Intergrowth 21st Study Res Ctr
497Mansour] Univ Tehran Med Sci
498Mansoura
499Mantovani
500Manu Raj] Publ Hlth Fdn India
501Manyazewal
502Mar Del Plata
503Maragheh
504Marcella
505Marcello] Univ Calgary
506Marcenes
507Maria Albertina Santiago] Univ Fed Minas Gerais
508Maria Dolores] IIS Fdn Jimenez Diaz
509Marika] Natl Inst Publ Hlth
510Mark Andrew] Deakin Univ
511Mark T
512Mark] Univ Sheffield
513Marks
514Martinez-Raga
515Marzan
516Massano
517Mathur
518Matosinhos
519Maulik
520Max] Univ Gothenburg
521Max] Univ Witwatersrand
522Mayowa O.] Blossom Specialist Med Ctr
523Mayowa O.] Dept Med
524Maysaa El Sayed] Mansoura Univ
525Maziar] Iran Univ Med Sci
526Mazidi
527McAlinden
528MD 20814 USA
529MD 20892 USA
530MD USA
531Meaney
532Med Coll
533Med Sch
534Medical
535Medical and Health Sciences
536medical-care
537Medicin och hälsovetenskap
538Medicine
539Mehari
540Mehdi] Univ Tehran Med Sci
541Mehndiratta
542Meier
543Mekonnen
544Melbourne
545Melvin Barrientos] Univ East Ramon
546Memish
547Mensah
548Meretoja
549Merseyside
550Mete I.] Bayer Turkey
551Methods
552Mexico
553Mexico City
554MI 48201 USA
555MI USA
556Micha
557Michael Robert] Emory Univ
558Michael Robert] Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ
559Miguel] Hosp Univ Dr Peset
560Mika] Natl Inst Infect Dis
561Mika] Sandia Natl Labs
562