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Phylogenetic or environmental control on the elemental and organo-chemical composition of Sphagnum mosses?

Background and aims Plant litter chemistry is a key driver of decomposition in peatlands. This study explored the relative contributions of phylogeny and environment to litter chemistry of peat mosses (Sphagnum), the key peat-forming plants on earth. Methods Fifteen Sphagnum species, representing th... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2017, Vol.417 (1-2), p.69-85
Main Author: Limpens, Juul
Other Authors: Bohlin, Elisabet , Nilsson, Mats B
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Cham: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: http://www.slu.se/subweb/bibliotek/slupub/publ/?publ_id=92757
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recordid: cdi_swepub_primary_oai_slubar_slu_se_92757
title: Phylogenetic or environmental control on the elemental and organo-chemical composition of Sphagnum mosses?
format: Article
creator:
  • Limpens, Juul
  • Bohlin, Elisabet
  • Nilsson, Mats B
subjects:
  • Air pollution
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Carbohydrate composition
  • Carbohydrates
  • Carbon cycle
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Chemical composition
  • Chemical traits
  • Decomposition
  • Ecology
  • Ecosystems
  • Environment
  • Environmental aspects
  • Environmental control
  • Forest Science
  • Genetic aspects
  • Geochemistry
  • Greenhouse effect
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Hemicellulose
  • Life Sciences
  • Litter
  • Litter chemistry
  • Mires
  • Moss
  • Mosses
  • Observations
  • Peat
  • Peatlands
  • Pectin
  • Phylogenetic control
  • Phylogenetics
  • Phylogeny
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Polymers
  • Regular Article
  • Skogsvetenskap
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Species
  • Sphagnum
  • Taxonomy
  • Wildlife conservation
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2017, Vol.417 (1-2), p.69-85
description: Background and aims Plant litter chemistry is a key driver of decomposition in peatlands. This study explored the relative contributions of phylogeny and environment to litter chemistry of peat mosses (Sphagnum), the key peat-forming plants on earth. Methods Fifteen Sphagnum species, representing three taxonomic sections ACUTIFOLIA, CUSPIDATA and SPHAGNUM, were sampled across a wide range of hydro-geochemical conditions. For all species we characterised chemical composition within (i) inorganic elements, (ii) carbohydrate polymers (iii) non-carbohydrates. Results The variation in carbohydrates was mostly explained by taxonomic section, suggesting phylogenetic conservation of carbohydrate composition. ACUTIFOLIA species invested relatively more in pectins, whereas CUSPIDATA and SPHAGNUM species invested more in hemicellulose. The composition of non-carbohydrates was mainly influenced by environment, except for some constituents for which the variation was more correlated to phylogeny. Finally, the variation in inorganic element concentrations mostly reflected hydro-geochemical conditions within and between peatlands. Conclusions The separation into an environmentally independent, phylogenetically conserved group of compounds (structural carbohydrates) and an environmentally dependent, variable group of compounds (inorganic elements, non-carbohydrates) has important implications both for understanding patterns in and for upscaling of spatially variable ecosystem processes associated with peat decomposition such as carbon sequestration, nutrient cycling and greenhouse gas emissions.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titlePhylogenetic or environmental control on the elemental and organo-chemical composition of Sphagnum mosses?
creatorLimpens, Juul ; Bohlin, Elisabet ; Nilsson, Mats B
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descriptionBackground and aims Plant litter chemistry is a key driver of decomposition in peatlands. This study explored the relative contributions of phylogeny and environment to litter chemistry of peat mosses (Sphagnum), the key peat-forming plants on earth. Methods Fifteen Sphagnum species, representing three taxonomic sections ACUTIFOLIA, CUSPIDATA and SPHAGNUM, were sampled across a wide range of hydro-geochemical conditions. For all species we characterised chemical composition within (i) inorganic elements, (ii) carbohydrate polymers (iii) non-carbohydrates. Results The variation in carbohydrates was mostly explained by taxonomic section, suggesting phylogenetic conservation of carbohydrate composition. ACUTIFOLIA species invested relatively more in pectins, whereas CUSPIDATA and SPHAGNUM species invested more in hemicellulose. The composition of non-carbohydrates was mainly influenced by environment, except for some constituents for which the variation was more correlated to phylogeny. Finally, the variation in inorganic element concentrations mostly reflected hydro-geochemical conditions within and between peatlands. Conclusions The separation into an environmentally independent, phylogenetically conserved group of compounds (structural carbohydrates) and an environmentally dependent, variable group of compounds (inorganic elements, non-carbohydrates) has important implications both for understanding patterns in and for upscaling of spatially variable ecosystem processes associated with peat decomposition such as carbon sequestration, nutrient cycling and greenhouse gas emissions.
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subjectAir pollution ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Carbohydrate composition ; Carbohydrates ; Carbon cycle ; Carbon sequestration ; Chemical composition ; Chemical traits ; Decomposition ; Ecology ; Ecosystems ; Environment ; Environmental aspects ; Environmental control ; Forest Science ; Genetic aspects ; Geochemistry ; Greenhouse effect ; Greenhouse gases ; Hemicellulose ; Life Sciences ; Litter ; Litter chemistry ; Mires ; Moss ; Mosses ; Observations ; Peat ; Peatlands ; Pectin ; Phylogenetic control ; Phylogenetics ; Phylogeny ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; Polymers ; Regular Article ; Skogsvetenskap ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Species ; Sphagnum ; Taxonomy ; Wildlife conservation
ispartofPlant and soil, 2017, Vol.417 (1-2), p.69-85
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descriptionBackground and aims Plant litter chemistry is a key driver of decomposition in peatlands. This study explored the relative contributions of phylogeny and environment to litter chemistry of peat mosses (Sphagnum), the key peat-forming plants on earth. Methods Fifteen Sphagnum species, representing three taxonomic sections ACUTIFOLIA, CUSPIDATA and SPHAGNUM, were sampled across a wide range of hydro-geochemical conditions. For all species we characterised chemical composition within (i) inorganic elements, (ii) carbohydrate polymers (iii) non-carbohydrates. Results The variation in carbohydrates was mostly explained by taxonomic section, suggesting phylogenetic conservation of carbohydrate composition. ACUTIFOLIA species invested relatively more in pectins, whereas CUSPIDATA and SPHAGNUM species invested more in hemicellulose. The composition of non-carbohydrates was mainly influenced by environment, except for some constituents for which the variation was more correlated to phylogeny. Finally, the variation in inorganic element concentrations mostly reflected hydro-geochemical conditions within and between peatlands. Conclusions The separation into an environmentally independent, phylogenetically conserved group of compounds (structural carbohydrates) and an environmentally dependent, variable group of compounds (inorganic elements, non-carbohydrates) has important implications both for understanding patterns in and for upscaling of spatially variable ecosystem processes associated with peat decomposition such as carbon sequestration, nutrient cycling and greenhouse gas emissions.
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4Carbon cycle
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17Greenhouse effect
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abstractBackground and aims Plant litter chemistry is a key driver of decomposition in peatlands. This study explored the relative contributions of phylogeny and environment to litter chemistry of peat mosses (Sphagnum), the key peat-forming plants on earth. Methods Fifteen Sphagnum species, representing three taxonomic sections ACUTIFOLIA, CUSPIDATA and SPHAGNUM, were sampled across a wide range of hydro-geochemical conditions. For all species we characterised chemical composition within (i) inorganic elements, (ii) carbohydrate polymers (iii) non-carbohydrates. Results The variation in carbohydrates was mostly explained by taxonomic section, suggesting phylogenetic conservation of carbohydrate composition. ACUTIFOLIA species invested relatively more in pectins, whereas CUSPIDATA and SPHAGNUM species invested more in hemicellulose. The composition of non-carbohydrates was mainly influenced by environment, except for some constituents for which the variation was more correlated to phylogeny. Finally, the variation in inorganic element concentrations mostly reflected hydro-geochemical conditions within and between peatlands. Conclusions The separation into an environmentally independent, phylogenetically conserved group of compounds (structural carbohydrates) and an environmentally dependent, variable group of compounds (inorganic elements, non-carbohydrates) has important implications both for understanding patterns in and for upscaling of spatially variable ecosystem processes associated with peat decomposition such as carbon sequestration, nutrient cycling and greenhouse gas emissions.
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