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Angiotensin II and angiotensin-(1-7) in paraventricular nucleus modulate cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex in renovascular hypertensive rats

The enhanced cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex (CSAR) is involved in the sympathetic activation that contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of hypertension. Activation of AT(1) receptors by angiotension (Ang) II in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) augments the enhanced CSAR and sympathet... Full description

Journal Title: PLoS ONE 01 January 2012, Vol.7(12), p.e52557
Main Author: Hai-Jian Sun
Other Authors: Peng Li , Wei-Wei Chen , Xiao-Qing Xiong , Ying Han
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052557
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recordid: doaj_soai_doaj_org_article_dbb58cf90b494f9ca72c3af54f0515df
title: Angiotensin II and angiotensin-(1-7) in paraventricular nucleus modulate cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex in renovascular hypertensive rats
format: Article
creator:
  • Hai-Jian Sun
  • Peng Li
  • Wei-Wei Chen
  • Xiao-Qing Xiong
  • Ying Han
subjects:
  • Sciences (General)
ispartof: PLoS ONE, 01 January 2012, Vol.7(12), p.e52557
description: The enhanced cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex (CSAR) is involved in the sympathetic activation that contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of hypertension. Activation of AT(1) receptors by angiotension (Ang) II in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) augments the enhanced CSAR and sympathetic outflow in hypertension. The present study is designed to determine whether Ang-(1-7) in PVN plays the similar roles as Ang II and the interaction between Ang-(1-7) and Ang II on CSAR in renovascular hypertension.The two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) method was used to induce renovascular hypertension. The CSAR was evaluated by the renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) responses to epicardial application of capsaicin in sinoaortic-denervated and cervical-vagotomized rats with urethane and α-chloralose anesthesia. Either Ang II or Ang-(1-7) in PVN caused greater increases in RSNA and MAP, and enhancement in CSAR in 2K1C rats than in sham-operated (Sham) rats. Mas receptor antagonist A-779 and AT(1) receptor antagonist losartan induced opposite effects to Ang-(1-7) or Ang II respectively in 2K1C rats, but losartan had no effects in Sham rats. Losartan but not the A-779 abolished the effects of Ang II, while A-779 but not the losartan blocked the effects of Ang-(1-7). PVN pretreatment with Ang-(1-7) dose-dependently augmented the RSNA, MAP, and CSAR responses to the Ang II in 2K1C rats. Ang II level, AT(1) receptor and Mas receptor protein expression in PVN increased in 2K1C rats compared with Sham rats but Ang-(1-7) level did not.Ang-(1-7) in PVN is as effective as Ang II in enhancing the CSAR and increasing sympathetic outflow and both endogenous Ang-(1-7) and Ang II in PVN contribute to the enhanced CSAR and sympathetic outflow in renovascular hypertension. Ang-(1-7) in PVN potentiates the effects of Ang II in renovascular hypertension.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052557
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 1932-6203
  • 19326203
url: Link


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titleAngiotensin II and angiotensin-(1-7) in paraventricular nucleus modulate cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex in renovascular hypertensive rats
creatorHai-Jian Sun ; Peng Li ; Wei-Wei Chen ; Xiao-Qing Xiong ; Ying Han
ispartofPLoS ONE, 01 January 2012, Vol.7(12), p.e52557
identifierE-ISSN: 1932-6203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0052557
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descriptionThe enhanced cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex (CSAR) is involved in the sympathetic activation that contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of hypertension. Activation of AT(1) receptors by angiotension (Ang) II in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) augments the enhanced CSAR and sympathetic outflow in hypertension. The present study is designed to determine whether Ang-(1-7) in PVN plays the similar roles as Ang II and the interaction between Ang-(1-7) and Ang II on CSAR in renovascular hypertension.The two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) method was used to induce renovascular hypertension. The CSAR was evaluated by the renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) responses to epicardial application of capsaicin in sinoaortic-denervated and cervical-vagotomized rats with urethane and α-chloralose anesthesia. Either Ang II or Ang-(1-7) in PVN caused greater increases in RSNA and MAP, and enhancement in CSAR in 2K1C rats than in sham-operated (Sham) rats. Mas receptor antagonist A-779 and AT(1) receptor antagonist losartan induced opposite effects to Ang-(1-7) or Ang II respectively in 2K1C rats, but losartan had no effects in Sham rats. Losartan but not the A-779 abolished the effects of Ang II, while A-779 but not the losartan blocked the effects of Ang-(1-7). PVN pretreatment with Ang-(1-7) dose-dependently augmented the RSNA, MAP, and CSAR responses to the Ang II in 2K1C rats. Ang II level, AT(1) receptor and Mas receptor protein expression in PVN increased in 2K1C rats compared with Sham rats but Ang-(1-7) level did not.Ang-(1-7) in PVN is as effective as Ang II in enhancing the CSAR and increasing sympathetic outflow and both endogenous Ang-(1-7) and Ang II in PVN contribute to the enhanced CSAR and sympathetic outflow in renovascular hypertension. Ang-(1-7) in PVN potentiates the effects of Ang II in renovascular hypertension.
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The enhanced cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex (CSAR) is involved in the sympathetic activation that contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of hypertension. Activation of AT(1) receptors by angiotension (Ang) II in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) augments the enhanced CSAR and sympathetic outflow in hypertension. The present study is designed to determine whether Ang-(1-7) in PVN plays the similar roles as Ang II and the interaction between Ang-(1-7) and Ang II on CSAR in renovascular hypertension.The two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) method was used to induce renovascular hypertension. The CSAR was evaluated by the renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) responses to epicardial application of capsaicin in sinoaortic-denervated and cervical-vagotomized rats with urethane and α-chloralose anesthesia. Either Ang II or Ang-(1-7) in PVN caused greater increases in RSNA and MAP, and enhancement in CSAR in 2K1C rats than in sham-operated (Sham) rats. Mas receptor antagonist A-779 and AT(1) receptor antagonist losartan induced opposite effects to Ang-(1-7) or Ang II respectively in 2K1C rats, but losartan had no effects in Sham rats. Losartan but not the A-779 abolished the effects of Ang II, while A-779 but not the losartan blocked the effects of Ang-(1-7). PVN pretreatment with Ang-(1-7) dose-dependently augmented the RSNA, MAP, and CSAR responses to the Ang II in 2K1C rats. Ang II level, AT(1) receptor and Mas receptor protein expression in PVN increased in 2K1C rats compared with Sham rats but Ang-(1-7) level did not.Ang-(1-7) in PVN is as effective as Ang II in enhancing the CSAR and increasing sympathetic outflow and both endogenous Ang-(1-7) and Ang II in PVN contribute to the enhanced CSAR and sympathetic outflow in renovascular hypertension. Ang-(1-7) in PVN potentiates the effects of Ang II in renovascular hypertension.

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The enhanced cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex (CSAR) is involved in the sympathetic activation that contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of hypertension. Activation of AT(1) receptors by angiotension (Ang) II in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) augments the enhanced CSAR and sympathetic outflow in hypertension. The present study is designed to determine whether Ang-(1-7) in PVN plays the similar roles as Ang II and the interaction between Ang-(1-7) and Ang II on CSAR in renovascular hypertension.The two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) method was used to induce renovascular hypertension. The CSAR was evaluated by the renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) responses to epicardial application of capsaicin in sinoaortic-denervated and cervical-vagotomized rats with urethane and α-chloralose anesthesia. Either Ang II or Ang-(1-7) in PVN caused greater increases in RSNA and MAP, and enhancement in CSAR in 2K1C rats than in sham-operated (Sham) rats. Mas receptor antagonist A-779 and AT(1) receptor antagonist losartan induced opposite effects to Ang-(1-7) or Ang II respectively in 2K1C rats, but losartan had no effects in Sham rats. Losartan but not the A-779 abolished the effects of Ang II, while A-779 but not the losartan blocked the effects of Ang-(1-7). PVN pretreatment with Ang-(1-7) dose-dependently augmented the RSNA, MAP, and CSAR responses to the Ang II in 2K1C rats. Ang II level, AT(1) receptor and Mas receptor protein expression in PVN increased in 2K1C rats compared with Sham rats but Ang-(1-7) level did not.Ang-(1-7) in PVN is as effective as Ang II in enhancing the CSAR and increasing sympathetic outflow and both endogenous Ang-(1-7) and Ang II in PVN contribute to the enhanced CSAR and sympathetic outflow in renovascular hypertension. Ang-(1-7) in PVN potentiates the effects of Ang II in renovascular hypertension.

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