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Fruit, vegetable, and legume intake, and cardiovascular disease and deaths in 18 countries (PURE): a prospective cohort study

The association between intake of fruits, vegetables, and legumes with cardiovascular disease and deaths has been investigated extensively in Europe, the USA, Japan, and China, but little or no data are available from the Middle East, South America, Africa, or south Asia. We did a prospective cohort... Full description

Journal Title: The Lancet 04 November 2017, Vol.390(10107), pp.2037-2049
Main Author: Miller, Victoria
Other Authors: Mente, Andrew , Dehghan, Mahshid , Rangarajan, Sumathy , Zhang, Xiaohe , Swaminathan, Sumathi , Dagenais, Gilles , Gupta, Rajeev , Mohan, Viswanathan , Lear, Scott , Bangdiwala, Shrikant I , Schutte, Aletta E , Wentzel-Viljoen, Edelweiss , Avezum, Alvaro , Altuntas, Yuksel , Yusoff, Khalid , Ismail, Noorhassim , Peer, Nasheeta , Chifamba, Jephat , Diaz, Rafael , Rahman, Omar , Mohammadifard, Noushin , Lana, Fernando , Zatonska, Katarzyna , Wielgosz, Andreas , Yusufali, Afzalhussein , Iqbal, Romaina , Lopez-Jaramillo, Patricio , Khatib, Rasha , Rosengren, Annika , Kutty, V Raman , Li, Wei , Liu, Jiankang , Liu, Xiaoyun , Yin, Lu , Teo, Koon , Anand, Sonia , Yusuf, Salim , Diaz, R , Orlandini, A , Linetsky, B , Toscanelli, S , Casaccia, G , Cuneo, Jm Maini , Rahman, O , Yusuf, R , Azad, Ak , Rabbani, Ka , Cherry, HM , Mannan, A , Hassan, I , Talukdar, At , Tooheen, Rb , Khan, Mu , Sintaha, M , Choudhury, T , Haque, R , Parvin, S , Avezum, A , Oliveira, GB , Marcilio, CS , Mattos, Ac , Teo, K , Yusuf, S , Dejesus, J , Agapay, D , Tongana, T , Solano, R , Kay, I , Trottier, S , Rimac, J , Elsheikh, W , Heldman, L , Ramezani, E , Dagenais, G , Poirier, P , Turbide, G , Auger, D , De Bluts, A Leblanc , Proulx, MC , Cayer, M , Bonneville, N , Lear, S , Gasevic, D , Corber, E , de Jong, V , Vukmirovich, I , Wielgosz, A , Fodor, G , Pipe, A , Shane, A , Lanas, F , Seron, P , Martinez, S , Valdebenito, A , Oliveros, M , Wei, Li , Lisheng, Liu , Chunming, Chen , Xingyu, Wang , Wenhua, Zhao , Hongye, Zhang , Xuan, Jia , Bo, Hu , Yi, Sun , Jian, Bo , Xiuwen, Zhao , Xiaohong, Chang , Tao, Chen , Hui, Chen , Xiaohong, Chang , Qing, Deng , Xiaoru, Cheng , Qing, Deng , Xinye, He , Bo, Hu , Xuan, Jia , Jian, Li , Juan, Li , Xu, Liu , Bing, Ren , Yi, Sun , Wei, Wang , Yang, Wang , Jun, Yang , Yi, Zhai , Hongye, Zhang , Xiuwen, Zhao , Manlu, Zhu , Fanghong, Lu , Jianfang, Wu , Yindong, Li , Yan, Hou , Liangqing, Zhang , Baoxia, Guo , Xiaoyang, Liao , Shiying, Zhang , Rongwen, Bian , Xiuzhen, Tian , Dong, Li , Di, Chen , Jianguo, Wu , Yize, Xiao , Tianlu, Liu , Peng, Zhang , Changlin, Dong , Ning, Li , Xiaolan, Ma , Yuqing, Yang , Rensheng, Lei , Minfan, Fu , Jing, He , Yu, Liu , Xiaojie, Xing , Qiang, Zhou , Lopez-Jaramillo, P , Lopez, PA Camacho , Garcia, R , Jurado, Lja , Gómez-Arbeláez, D , Arguello, Jf , Dueñas, R , Silva, S , Pradilla, Lp , Ramirez, F , Molina, DI , Cure-Cure, C , Perez, M , Hernandez, E , Arcos, E , Fernandez, S , Narvaez, C , Paez, J , Sotomayor, A , Garcia, H , Sanchez, G , David, T , Rico, A , Mony, P , Vaz, M , Bharathi, A V , Swaminathan, S , Kurpad, K Shankar Av , Jayachitra, Kg , Kumar, N , Hospital, Hal , Mohan, V , Deepa, M , Parthiban, K , Anitha, M , Hemavathy, S , Rahulashankiruthiyayan, T , Anitha, D , Sridevi, K , Gupta, R , Panwar, Rb , Mohan, I , Rastogi, P , Rastogi, S , Bhargava, R , Kumar, R , Thakur, J S , Patro, B , Lakshmi, Pvm , Mahajan, R , Chaudary, P , Kutty, V Raman , Vijayakumar, K , Ajayan, K , Rajasree, G , Renjini, Ar , Deepu, A , Sandhya, B , Asha, S , Soumya, Hs , Kelishadi, R , Bahonar, A , Mohammadifard, N , Heidari, H , Yusoff, K , Ismail, Tst , Ng, Kk , Devi, A , Nasir, Nm , Yasin, MM , Miskan, M , Rahman, Ea , Arsad, Mkm , Ariffin, F , Razak, SA , Majid, FA , Bakar, Na , Yacob, My , Zainon, N , Salleh, R , Ramli, Mka , Halim, Na , Norlizan, Sr , Ghazali, Nm , Arshad, Mn , Razali, R , Ali, S , Othman, Hr , Hafar, Cwjcw , Pit, A , Danuri, N , Basir, F , Zahari, Sna , Abdullah, H , Arippin, MA
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Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0140-6736 ; E-ISSN: 1474-547X ; DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32253-5
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673617322535
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_S0140_6736_17_32253_5
title: Fruit, vegetable, and legume intake, and cardiovascular disease and deaths in 18 countries (PURE): a prospective cohort study
format: Article
creator:
  • Miller, Victoria
  • Mente, Andrew
  • Dehghan, Mahshid
  • Rangarajan, Sumathy
  • Zhang, Xiaohe
  • Swaminathan, Sumathi
  • Dagenais, Gilles
  • Gupta, Rajeev
  • Mohan, Viswanathan
  • Lear, Scott
  • Bangdiwala, Shrikant I
  • Schutte, Aletta E
  • Wentzel-Viljoen, Edelweiss
  • Avezum, Alvaro
  • Altuntas, Yuksel
  • Yusoff, Khalid
  • Ismail, Noorhassim
  • Peer, Nasheeta
  • Chifamba, Jephat
  • Diaz, Rafael
  • Rahman, Omar
  • Mohammadifard, Noushin
  • Lana, Fernando
  • Zatonska, Katarzyna
  • Wielgosz, Andreas
  • Yusufali, Afzalhussein
  • Iqbal, Romaina
  • Lopez-Jaramillo, Patricio
  • Khatib, Rasha
  • Rosengren, Annika
  • Kutty, V Raman
  • Li, Wei
  • Liu, Jiankang
  • Liu, Xiaoyun
  • Yin, Lu
  • Teo, Koon
  • Anand, Sonia
  • Yusuf, Salim
  • Diaz, R
  • Orlandini, A
  • Linetsky, B
  • Toscanelli, S
  • Casaccia, G
  • Cuneo, Jm Maini
  • Rahman, O
  • Yusuf, R
  • Azad, Ak
  • Rabbani, Ka
  • Cherry, HM
  • Mannan, A
  • Hassan, I
  • Talukdar, At
  • Tooheen, Rb
  • Khan, Mu
  • Sintaha, M
  • Choudhury, T
  • Haque, R
  • Parvin, S
  • Avezum, A
  • Oliveira, GB
  • Marcilio, CS
  • Mattos, Ac
  • Teo, K
  • Yusuf, S
  • Dejesus, J
  • Agapay, D
  • Tongana, T
  • Solano, R
  • Kay, I
  • Trottier, S
  • Rimac, J
  • Elsheikh, W
  • Heldman, L
  • Ramezani, E
  • Dagenais, G
  • Poirier, P
  • Turbide, G
  • Auger, D
  • De Bluts, A Leblanc
  • Proulx, MC
  • Cayer, M
  • Bonneville, N
  • Lear, S
  • Gasevic, D
  • Corber, E
  • de Jong, V
  • Vukmirovich, I
  • Wielgosz, A
  • Fodor, G
  • Pipe, A
  • Shane, A
  • Lanas, F
  • Seron, P
  • Martinez, S
  • Valdebenito, A
  • Oliveros, M
  • Wei, Li
  • Lisheng, Liu
  • Chunming, Chen
  • Xingyu, Wang
  • Wenhua, Zhao
  • Hongye, Zhang
  • Xuan, Jia
  • Bo, Hu
  • Yi, Sun
  • Jian, Bo
  • Xiuwen, Zhao
  • Xiaohong, Chang
  • Tao, Chen
  • Hui, Chen
  • Xiaohong, Chang
  • Qing, Deng
  • Xiaoru, Cheng
  • Qing, Deng
  • Xinye, He
  • Bo, Hu
  • Xuan, Jia
  • Jian, Li
  • Juan, Li
  • Xu, Liu
  • Bing, Ren
  • Yi, Sun
  • Wei, Wang
  • Yang, Wang
  • Jun, Yang
  • Yi, Zhai
  • Hongye, Zhang
  • Xiuwen, Zhao
  • Manlu, Zhu
  • Fanghong, Lu
  • Jianfang, Wu
  • Yindong, Li
  • Yan, Hou
  • Liangqing, Zhang
  • Baoxia, Guo
  • Xiaoyang, Liao
  • Shiying, Zhang
  • Rongwen, Bian
  • Xiuzhen, Tian
  • Dong, Li
  • Di, Chen
  • Jianguo, Wu
  • Yize, Xiao
  • Tianlu, Liu
  • Peng, Zhang
  • Changlin, Dong
  • Ning, Li
  • Xiaolan, Ma
  • Yuqing, Yang
  • Rensheng, Lei
  • Minfan, Fu
  • Jing, He
  • Yu, Liu
  • Xiaojie, Xing
  • Qiang, Zhou
  • Lopez-Jaramillo, P
  • Lopez, PA Camacho
  • Garcia, R
  • Jurado, Lja
  • Gómez-Arbeláez, D
  • Arguello, Jf
  • Dueñas, R
  • Silva, S
  • Pradilla, Lp
  • Ramirez, F
  • Molina, DI
  • Cure-Cure, C
  • Perez, M
  • Hernandez, E
  • Arcos, E
  • Fernandez, S
  • Narvaez, C
  • Paez, J
  • Sotomayor, A
  • Garcia, H
  • Sanchez, G
  • David, T
  • Rico, A
  • Mony, P
  • Vaz, M
  • Bharathi, A V
  • Swaminathan, S
  • Kurpad, K Shankar Av
  • Jayachitra, Kg
  • Kumar, N
  • Hospital, Hal
  • Mohan, V
  • Deepa, M
  • Parthiban, K
  • Anitha, M
  • Hemavathy, S
  • Rahulashankiruthiyayan, T
  • Anitha, D
  • Sridevi, K
  • Gupta, R
  • Panwar, Rb
  • Mohan, I
  • Rastogi, P
  • Rastogi, S
  • Bhargava, R
  • Kumar, R
  • Thakur, J S
  • Patro, B
  • Lakshmi, Pvm
  • Mahajan, R
  • Chaudary, P
  • Kutty, V Raman
  • Vijayakumar, K
  • Ajayan, K
  • Rajasree, G
  • Renjini, Ar
  • Deepu, A
  • Sandhya, B
  • Asha, S
  • Soumya, Hs
  • Kelishadi, R
  • Bahonar, A
  • Mohammadifard, N
  • Heidari, H
  • Yusoff, K
  • Ismail, Tst
  • Ng, Kk
  • Devi, A
  • Nasir, Nm
  • Yasin, MM
  • Miskan, M
  • Rahman, Ea
  • Arsad, Mkm
  • Ariffin, F
  • Razak, SA
  • Majid, FA
  • Bakar, Na
  • Yacob, My
  • Zainon, N
  • Salleh, R
  • Ramli, Mka
  • Halim, Na
  • Norlizan, Sr
  • Ghazali, Nm
  • Arshad, Mn
  • Razali, R
  • Ali, S
  • Othman, Hr
  • Hafar, Cwjcw
  • Pit, A
  • Danuri, N
  • Basir, F
  • Zahari, Sna
  • Abdullah, H
  • Arippin, MA
subjects:
  • Medicine
ispartof: The Lancet, 04 November 2017, Vol.390(10107), pp.2037-2049
description: The association between intake of fruits, vegetables, and legumes with cardiovascular disease and deaths has been investigated extensively in Europe, the USA, Japan, and China, but little or no data are available from the Middle East, South America, Africa, or south Asia. We did a prospective cohort study (Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology [PURE] in 135 335 individuals aged 35 to 70 years without cardiovascular disease from 613 communities in 18 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries in seven geographical regions: North America and Europe, South America, the Middle East, south Asia, China, southeast Asia, and Africa. We documented their diet using country-specific food frequency questionnaires at baseline. Standardised questionnaires were used to collect information about demographic factors, socioeconomic status (education, income, and employment), lifestyle (smoking, physical activity, and alcohol intake), health history and medication use, and family history of cardiovascular disease. The follow-up period varied based on the date when recruitment began at each site or country. The main clinical outcomes were major cardiovascular disease (defined as death from cardiovascular causes and non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure), fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction, fatal and non-fatal strokes, cardiovascular mortality, non-cardiovascular mortality, and total mortality. Cox frailty models with random effects were used to assess associations between fruit, vegetable, and legume consumption with risk of cardiovascular disease events and mortality. Participants were enrolled into the study between Jan 1, 2003, and March 31, 2013. For the current analysis, we included all unrefuted outcome events in the PURE study database through March 31, 2017. Overall, combined mean fruit, vegetable and legume intake was 3·91 (SD 2·77) servings per day. During a median 7·4 years (5·5–9·3) of follow-up, 4784 major cardiovascular disease events, 1649 cardiovascular deaths, and 5796 total deaths were documented. Higher total fruit, vegetable, and legume intake was inversely associated with major cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction, cardiovascular mortality, non-cardiovascular mortality, and total mortality in the models adjusted for age, sex, and centre (random effect). The estimates were substantially attenuated in the multivariable adjusted models for major cardiovascular disease (hazard ratio [HR] 0·90, 95% CI 0·74–1·10, p
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0140-6736 ; E-ISSN: 1474-547X ; DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32253-5
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0140-6736
  • 01406736
  • 1474-547X
  • 1474547X
url: Link


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titleFruit, vegetable, and legume intake, and cardiovascular disease and deaths in 18 countries (PURE): a prospective cohort study
creatorMiller, Victoria ; Mente, Andrew ; Dehghan, Mahshid ; Rangarajan, Sumathy ; Zhang, Xiaohe ; Swaminathan, Sumathi ; Dagenais, Gilles ; Gupta, Rajeev ; Mohan, Viswanathan ; Lear, Scott ; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I ; Schutte, Aletta E ; Wentzel-Viljoen, Edelweiss ; Avezum, Alvaro ; Altuntas, Yuksel ; Yusoff, Khalid ; Ismail, Noorhassim ; Peer, Nasheeta ; Chifamba, Jephat ; Diaz, Rafael ; Rahman, Omar ; Mohammadifard, Noushin ; Lana, Fernando ; Zatonska, Katarzyna ; Wielgosz, Andreas ; Yusufali, Afzalhussein ; Iqbal, Romaina ; Lopez-Jaramillo, Patricio ; Khatib, Rasha ; Rosengren, Annika ; Kutty, V Raman ; Li, Wei ; Liu, Jiankang ; Liu, Xiaoyun ; Yin, Lu ; Teo, Koon ; Anand, Sonia ; Yusuf, Salim ; Diaz, R ; Orlandini, A ; Linetsky, B ; Toscanelli, S ; Casaccia, G ; Cuneo, Jm Maini ; Rahman, O ; Yusuf, R ; Azad, Ak ; Rabbani, Ka ; Cherry, HM ; Mannan, A ; Hassan, I ; Talukdar, At ; Tooheen, Rb ; Khan, Mu ; Sintaha, M ; Choudhury, T ; Haque, R ; Parvin, S ; Avezum, A ; Oliveira, GB ; Marcilio, CS ; Mattos, Ac ; Teo, K ; Yusuf, S ; Dejesus, J ; Agapay, D ; Tongana, T ; Solano, R ; Kay, I ; Trottier, S ; Rimac, J ; Elsheikh, W ; Heldman, L ; Ramezani, E ; Dagenais, G ; Poirier, P ; Turbide, G ; Auger, D ; De Bluts, A Leblanc ; Proulx, MC ; Cayer, M ; Bonneville, N ; Lear, S ; Gasevic, D ; Corber, E ; de Jong, V ; Vukmirovich, I ; Wielgosz, A ; Fodor, G ; Pipe, A ; Shane, A ; Lanas, F ; Seron, P ; Martinez, S ; Valdebenito, A ; Oliveros, M ; Wei, Li ; Lisheng, Liu ; Chunming, Chen ; Xingyu, Wang ; Wenhua, Zhao ; Hongye, Zhang ; Xuan, Jia ; Bo, Hu ; Yi, Sun ; Jian, Bo ; Xiuwen, Zhao ; Xiaohong, Chang ; Tao, Chen ; Hui, Chen ; Xiaohong, Chang ; Qing, Deng ; Xiaoru, Cheng ; Qing, Deng ; Xinye, He ; Bo, Hu ; Xuan, Jia ; Jian, Li ; Juan, Li ; Xu, Liu ; Bing, Ren ; Yi, Sun ; Wei, Wang ; Yang, Wang ; Jun, Yang ; Yi, Zhai ; Hongye, Zhang ; Xiuwen, Zhao ; Manlu, Zhu ; Fanghong, Lu ; Jianfang, Wu ; Yindong, Li ; Yan, Hou ; Liangqing, Zhang ; Baoxia, Guo ; Xiaoyang, Liao ; Shiying, Zhang ; Rongwen, Bian ; Xiuzhen, Tian ; Dong, Li ; Di, Chen ; Jianguo, Wu ; Yize, Xiao ; Tianlu, Liu ; Peng, Zhang ; Changlin, Dong ; Ning, Li ; Xiaolan, Ma ; Yuqing, Yang ; Rensheng, Lei ; Minfan, Fu ; Jing, He ; Yu, Liu ; Xiaojie, Xing ; Qiang, Zhou ; Lopez-Jaramillo, P ; Lopez, PA Camacho ; Garcia, R ; Jurado, Lja ; Gómez-Arbeláez, D ; Arguello, Jf ; Dueñas, R ; Silva, S ; Pradilla, Lp ; Ramirez, F ; Molina, DI ; Cure-Cure, C ; Perez, M ; Hernandez, E ; Arcos, E ; Fernandez, S ; Narvaez, C ; Paez, J ; Sotomayor, A ; Garcia, H ; Sanchez, G ; David, T ; Rico, A ; Mony, P ; Vaz, M ; Bharathi, A V ; Swaminathan, S ; Kurpad, K Shankar Av ; Jayachitra, Kg ; Kumar, N ; Hospital, Hal ; Mohan, V ; Deepa, M ; Parthiban, K ; Anitha, M ; Hemavathy, S ; Rahulashankiruthiyayan, T ; Anitha, D ; Sridevi, K ; Gupta, R ; Panwar, Rb ; Mohan, I ; Rastogi, P ; Rastogi, S ; Bhargava, R ; Kumar, R ; Thakur, J S ; Patro, B ; Lakshmi, Pvm ; Mahajan, R ; Chaudary, P ; Kutty, V Raman ; Vijayakumar, K ; Ajayan, K ; Rajasree, G ; Renjini, Ar ; Deepu, A ; Sandhya, B ; Asha, S ; Soumya, Hs ; Kelishadi, R ; Bahonar, A ; Mohammadifard, N ; Heidari, H ; Yusoff, K ; Ismail, Tst ; Ng, Kk ; Devi, A ; Nasir, Nm ; Yasin, MM ; Miskan, M ; Rahman, Ea ; Arsad, Mkm ; Ariffin, F ; Razak, SA ; Majid, FA ; Bakar, Na ; Yacob, My ; Zainon, N ; Salleh, R ; Ramli, Mka ; Halim, Na ; Norlizan, Sr ; Ghazali, Nm ; Arshad, Mn ; Razali, R ; Ali, S ; Othman, Hr ; Hafar, Cwjcw ; Pit, A ; Danuri, N ; Basir, F ; Zahari, Sna ; Abdullah, H ; Arippin, MA
ispartofThe Lancet, 04 November 2017, Vol.390(10107), pp.2037-2049
identifier
subjectMedicine
descriptionThe association between intake of fruits, vegetables, and legumes with cardiovascular disease and deaths has been investigated extensively in Europe, the USA, Japan, and China, but little or no data are available from the Middle East, South America, Africa, or south Asia. We did a prospective cohort study (Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology [PURE] in 135 335 individuals aged 35 to 70 years without cardiovascular disease from 613 communities in 18 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries in seven geographical regions: North America and Europe, South America, the Middle East, south Asia, China, southeast Asia, and Africa. We documented their diet using country-specific food frequency questionnaires at baseline. Standardised questionnaires were used to collect information about demographic factors, socioeconomic status (education, income, and employment), lifestyle (smoking, physical activity, and alcohol intake), health history and medication use, and family history of cardiovascular disease. The follow-up period varied based on the date when recruitment began at each site or country. The main clinical outcomes were major cardiovascular disease (defined as death from cardiovascular causes and non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure), fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction, fatal and non-fatal strokes, cardiovascular mortality, non-cardiovascular mortality, and total mortality. Cox frailty models with random effects were used to assess associations between fruit, vegetable, and legume consumption with risk of cardiovascular disease events and mortality. Participants were enrolled into the study between Jan 1, 2003, and March 31, 2013. For the current analysis, we included all unrefuted outcome events in the PURE study database through March 31, 2017. Overall, combined mean fruit, vegetable and legume intake was 3·91 (SD 2·77) servings per day. During a median 7·4 years (5·5–9·3) of follow-up, 4784 major cardiovascular disease events, 1649 cardiovascular deaths, and 5796 total deaths were documented. Higher total fruit, vegetable, and legume intake was inversely associated with major cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction, cardiovascular mortality, non-cardiovascular mortality, and total mortality in the models adjusted for age, sex, and centre (random effect). The estimates were substantially attenuated in the multivariable adjusted models for major cardiovascular disease (hazard ratio [HR] 0·90, 95% CI 0·74–1·10, p =0·1301), myocardial infarction (0·99, 0·74–1·31; p =0·2033), stroke (0·92, 0·67–1·25; p =0·7092), cardiovascular mortality (0·73, 0·53–1·02; p =0·0568), non-cardiovascular mortality (0·84, 0·68–1·04; p =0·0038), and total mortality (0·81, 0·68–0·96; p <0·0001). The HR for total mortality was lowest for three to four servings per day (0·78, 95% CI 0·69–0·88) compared with the reference group, with no further apparent decrease in HR with higher consumption. When examined separately, fruit intake was associated with lower risk of cardiovascular, non-cardiovascular, and total mortality, while legume intake was inversely associated with non-cardiovascular death and total mortality (in fully adjusted models). For vegetables, raw vegetable intake was strongly associated with a lower risk of total mortality, whereas cooked vegetable intake showed a modest benefit against mortality. Higher fruit, vegetable, and legume consumption was associated with a lower risk of non-cardiovascular, and total mortality. Benefits appear to be maximum for both non-cardiovascular mortality and total mortality at three to four servings per day (equivalent to 375–500 g/day). Full funding sources listed at the end of the paper (see Acknowledgments).
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search
creatorcontrib
0Miller, Victoria
1Mente, Andrew
2Dehghan, Mahshid
3Rangarajan, Sumathy
4Zhang, Xiaohe
5Swaminathan, Sumathi
6Dagenais, Gilles
7Gupta, Rajeev
8Mohan, Viswanathan
9Lear, Scott
10Bangdiwala, Shrikant I
11Schutte, Aletta E
12Wentzel-Viljoen, Edelweiss
13Avezum, Alvaro
14Altuntas, Yuksel
15Yusoff, Khalid
16Ismail, Noorhassim
17Peer, Nasheeta
18Chifamba, Jephat
19Diaz, Rafael
20Rahman, Omar
21Mohammadifard, Noushin
22Lana, Fernando
23Zatonska, Katarzyna
24Wielgosz, Andreas
25Yusufali, Afzalhussein
26Iqbal, Romaina
27Lopez-Jaramillo, Patricio
28Khatib, Rasha
29Rosengren, Annika
30Kutty, V Raman
31Li, Wei
32Liu, Jiankang
33Liu, Xiaoyun
34Yin, Lu
35Teo, Koon
36Anand, Sonia
37Yusuf, Salim
38Diaz, R
39Orlandini, A
40Linetsky, B
41Toscanelli, S
42Casaccia, G
43Cuneo, Jm Maini
44Rahman, O
45Yusuf, R
46Azad, Ak
47Rabbani, Ka
48Cherry, HM
49Mannan, A
50Hassan, I
51Talukdar, At
52Tooheen, Rb
53Khan, Mu
54Sintaha, M
55Choudhury, T
56Haque, R
57Parvin, S
58Avezum, A
59Oliveira, GB
60Marcilio, CS
61Mattos, Ac
62Teo, K
63Yusuf, S
64Dejesus, J
65Agapay, D
66Tongana, T
67Solano, R
68Kay, I
69Trottier, S
70Rimac, J
71Elsheikh, W
72Heldman, L
73Ramezani, E
74Dagenais, G
75Poirier, P
76Turbide, G
77Auger, D
78De Bluts, A Leblanc
79Proulx, MC
80Cayer, M
81Bonneville, N
82Lear, S
83Gasevic, D
84Corber, E
85de Jong, V
86Vukmirovich, I
87Wielgosz, A
88Fodor, G
89Pipe, A
90Shane, A
91Lanas, F
92Seron, P
93Martinez, S
94Valdebenito, A
95Oliveros, M
96Wei, Li
97Lisheng, Liu
98Chunming, Chen
99Xingyu, Wang
100...
titleFruit, vegetable, and legume intake, and cardiovascular disease and deaths in 18 countries (PURE): a prospective cohort study
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lsr40The Lancet, 04 November 2017, Vol.390 (10107), pp.2037-2049
doi10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32253-5
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titleFruit, vegetable, and legume intake, and cardiovascular disease and deaths in 18 countries (PURE): a prospective cohort study
authorMiller, Victoria ; Mente, Andrew ; Dehghan, Mahshid ; Rangarajan, Sumathy ; Zhang, Xiaohe ; Swaminathan, Sumathi ; Dagenais, Gilles ; Gupta, Rajeev ; Mohan, Viswanathan ; Lear, Scott ; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I ; Schutte, Aletta E ; Wentzel-Viljoen, Edelweiss ; Avezum, Alvaro ; Altuntas, Yuksel ; Yusoff, Khalid ; Ismail, Noorhassim ; Peer, Nasheeta ; Chifamba, Jephat ; Diaz, Rafael ; Rahman, Omar ; Mohammadifard, Noushin ; Lana, Fernando ; Zatonska, Katarzyna ; Wielgosz, Andreas ; Yusufali, Afzalhussein ; Iqbal, Romaina ; Lopez-Jaramillo, Patricio ; Khatib, Rasha ; Rosengren, Annika ; Kutty, V Raman ; Li, Wei ; Liu, Jiankang ; Liu, Xiaoyun ; Yin, Lu ; Teo, Koon ; Anand, Sonia ; Yusuf, Salim ; Diaz, R ; Orlandini, A ; Linetsky, B ; Toscanelli, S ; Casaccia, G ; Cuneo, Jm Maini ; Rahman, O ; Yusuf, R ; Azad, Ak ; Rabbani, Ka ; Cherry, HM ; Mannan, A ; Hassan, I ; Talukdar, At ; Tooheen, Rb ; Khan, Mu ; Sintaha, M ; Choudhury, T ; Haque, R ; Parvin, S ; Avezum, A ; Oliveira, GB ; Marcilio, CS ; Mattos, Ac ; Teo, K ; Yusuf, S ; Dejesus, J ; Agapay, D ; Tongana, T ; Solano, R ; Kay, I ; Trottier, S ; Rimac, J ; Elsheikh, W ; Heldman, L ; Ramezani, E ; Dagenais, G ; Poirier, P ; Turbide, G ; Auger, D ; De Bluts, A Leblanc ; Proulx, MC ; Cayer, M ; Bonneville, N ; Lear, S ; Gasevic, D ; Corber, E ; de Jong, V ; Vukmirovich, I ; Wielgosz, A ; Fodor, G ; Pipe, A ; Shane, A ; Lanas, F ; Seron, P ; Martinez, S ; Valdebenito, A ; Oliveros, M ; Wei, Li ; Lisheng, Liu ; Chunming, Chen ; Xingyu, Wang ; Wenhua, Zhao ; Hongye, Zhang ; Xuan, Jia ; Bo, Hu ; Yi, Sun ; Jian, Bo ; Xiuwen, Zhao ; Xiaohong, Chang ; Tao, Chen ; Hui, Chen ; Xiaohong, Chang ; Qing, Deng ; Xiaoru, Cheng ; Qing, Deng ; Xinye, He ; Bo, Hu ; Xuan, Jia ; Jian, Li ; Juan, Li ; Xu, Liu ; Bing, Ren ; Yi, Sun ; Wei, Wang ; Yang, Wang ; Jun, Yang ; Yi, Zhai ; Hongye, Zhang ; Xiuwen, Zhao ; Manlu, Zhu ; Fanghong, Lu ; Jianfang, Wu ; Yindong, Li ; Yan, Hou ; Liangqing, Zhang ; Baoxia, Guo ; Xiaoyang, Liao ; Shiying, Zhang ; Rongwen, Bian ; Xiuzhen, Tian ; Dong, Li ; Di, Chen ; Jianguo, Wu ; Yize, Xiao ; Tianlu, Liu ; Peng, Zhang ; Changlin, Dong ; Ning, Li ; Xiaolan, Ma ; Yuqing, Yang ; Rensheng, Lei ; Minfan, Fu ; Jing, He ; Yu, Liu ; Xiaojie, Xing ; Qiang, Zhou ; Lopez-Jaramillo, P ; Lopez, PA Camacho ; Garcia, R ; Jurado, Lja ; Gómez-Arbeláez, D ; Arguello, Jf ; Dueñas, R ; Silva, S ; Pradilla, Lp ; Ramirez, F ; Molina, DI ; Cure-Cure, C ; Perez, M ; Hernandez, E ; Arcos, E ; Fernandez, S ; Narvaez, C ; Paez, J ; Sotomayor, A ; Garcia, H ; Sanchez, G ; David, T ; Rico, A ; Mony, P ; Vaz, M ; Bharathi, A V ; Swaminathan, S ; Kurpad, K Shankar Av ; Jayachitra, Kg ; Kumar, N ; Hospital, Hal ; Mohan, V ; Deepa, M ; Parthiban, K ; Anitha, M ; Hemavathy, S ; Rahulashankiruthiyayan, T ; Anitha, D ; Sridevi, K ; Gupta, R ; Panwar, Rb ; Mohan, I ; Rastogi, P ; Rastogi, S ; Bhargava, R ; Kumar, R ; Thakur, J S ; Patro, B ; Lakshmi, Pvm ; Mahajan, R ; Chaudary, P ; Kutty, V Raman ; Vijayakumar, K ; Ajayan, K ; Rajasree, G ; Renjini, Ar ; Deepu, A ; Sandhya, B ; Asha, S ; Soumya, Hs ; Kelishadi, R ; Bahonar, A ; Mohammadifard, N ; Heidari, H ; Yusoff, K ; Ismail, Tst ; Ng, Kk ; Devi, A ; Nasir, Nm ; Yasin, MM ; Miskan, M ; Rahman, Ea ; Arsad, Mkm ; Ariffin, F ; Razak, SA ; Majid, FA ; Bakar, Na ; Yacob, My ; Zainon, N ; Salleh, R ; Ramli, Mka ; Halim, Na ; Norlizan, Sr ; Ghazali, Nm ; Arshad, Mn ; Razali, R ; Ali, S ; Othman, Hr ; Hafar, Cwjcw ; Pit, A ; Danuri, N ; Basir, F ; Zahari, Sna ; Abdullah, H ; Arippin, MA
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0Miller, Victoria
1Mente, Andrew
2Dehghan, Mahshid
3Rangarajan, Sumathy
4Zhang, Xiaohe
5Swaminathan, Sumathi
6Dagenais, Gilles
7Gupta, Rajeev
8Mohan, Viswanathan
9Lear, Scott
10Bangdiwala, Shrikant I
11Schutte, Aletta E
12Wentzel-Viljoen, Edelweiss
13Avezum, Alvaro
14Altuntas, Yuksel
15Yusoff, Khalid
16Ismail, Noorhassim
17Peer, Nasheeta
18Chifamba, Jephat
19Diaz, Rafael
20Rahman, Omar
21Mohammadifard, Noushin
22Lana, Fernando
23Zatonska, Katarzyna
24Wielgosz, Andreas
25Yusufali, Afzalhussein
26Iqbal, Romaina
27Lopez-Jaramillo, Patricio
28Khatib, Rasha
29Rosengren, Annika
30Kutty, V Raman
31Li, Wei
32Liu, Jiankang
33Liu, Xiaoyun
34Yin, Lu
35Teo, Koon
36Anand, Sonia
37Yusuf, Salim
38Diaz, R
39Orlandini, A
40Linetsky, B
41Toscanelli, S
42Casaccia, G
43Cuneo, Jm Maini
44Rahman, O
45Yusuf, R
46Azad, Ak
47Rabbani, Ka
48Cherry, HM
49Mannan, A
50Hassan, I
51Talukdar, At
52Tooheen, Rb
53Khan, Mu
54Sintaha, M
55Choudhury, T
56Haque, R
57Parvin, S
58Avezum, A
59Oliveira, GB
60Marcilio, CS
61Mattos, Ac
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63Yusuf, S
64Dejesus, J
65Agapay, D
66Tongana, T
67Solano, R
68Kay, I
69Trottier, S
70Rimac, J
71Elsheikh, W
72Heldman, L
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74Dagenais, G
75Poirier, P
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78De Bluts, A Leblanc
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80Cayer, M
81Bonneville, N
82Lear, S
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93Martinez, S
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95Oliveros, M
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97Lisheng, Liu
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99Xingyu, Wang
100...
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1Mente, Andrew
2Dehghan, Mahshid
3Rangarajan, Sumathy
4Zhang, Xiaohe
5Swaminathan, Sumathi
6Dagenais, Gilles
7Gupta, Rajeev
8Mohan, Viswanathan
9Lear, Scott
10Bangdiwala, Shrikant I
11Schutte, Aletta E
12Wentzel-Viljoen, Edelweiss
13Avezum, Alvaro
14Altuntas, Yuksel
15Yusoff, Khalid
16Ismail, Noorhassim
17Peer, Nasheeta
18Chifamba, Jephat
19Diaz, Rafael
20Rahman, Omar
21Mohammadifard, Noushin
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23Zatonska, Katarzyna
24Wielgosz, Andreas
25Yusufali, Afzalhussein
26Iqbal, Romaina
27Lopez-Jaramillo, Patricio
28Khatib, Rasha
29Rosengren, Annika
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31Li, Wei
32Liu, Jiankang
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56Haque, R
57Parvin, S
58Avezum, A
59Oliveira, GB
60Marcilio, CS
61Mattos, Ac
62Teo, K
63Yusuf, S
64Dejesus, J
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70Rimac, J
71Elsheikh, W
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74Dagenais, G
75Poirier, P
76Turbide, G
77Auger, D
78De Bluts, A Leblanc
79Proulx, MC
80Cayer, M
81Bonneville, N
82Lear, S
83Gasevic, D
84Corber, E
85de Jong, V
86Vukmirovich, I
87Wielgosz, A
88Fodor, G
89Pipe, A
90Shane, A
91Lanas, F
92Seron, P
93Martinez, S
94Valdebenito, A
95Oliveros, M
96Wei, Li
97Lisheng, Liu
98Chunming, Chen
99Xingyu, Wang
100...
atitleFruit, vegetable, and legume intake, and cardiovascular disease and deaths in 18 countries (PURE): a prospective cohort study
jtitleThe Lancet
risdate20171104
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issue10107
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doi10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32253-5
lad01The Lancet
oafree_for_read
date2017-11-04