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Experimental airborne transmission of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and Bordetella bronchiseptica

Experiments were designed to determine if porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) or Bordetella bronchiseptica could be transmitted through indirect airborne contact. Three principal pigs were infected with PRRSV, B. bronchiseptica or both. Five days after the principal pigs were... Full description

Journal Title: Veterinary microbiology 2002, Vol.89 (4), p.267-275
Main Author: Brockmeier, Susan L
Other Authors: Lager, Kelly M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V
ID: ISSN: 0378-1135
Zum Text:
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_72188299
title: Experimental airborne transmission of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and Bordetella bronchiseptica
format: Article
creator:
  • Brockmeier, Susan L
  • Lager, Kelly M
subjects:
  • Air Microbiology
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral - blood
  • Bacterial diseases
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Bordetella bronchiseptica
  • Bordetella bronchiseptica - growth & development
  • Bordetella Infections - microbiology
  • Bordetella Infections - transmission
  • Bordetella Infections - veterinary
  • Colony Count, Microbial - veterinary
  • Experimental bacterial diseases and models
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Infectious diseases
  • Lung - microbiology
  • Lung - pathology
  • Medical sciences
  • Microbiology
  • Pig-viruses
  • Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome - transmission
  • Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome - virology
  • Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
  • Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus - growth & development
  • Replicative cycle, interference, host-virus relations, pathogenicity, miscellaneous strains
  • Swine
  • Transmission
  • Turbinates - microbiology
  • Virology
ispartof: Veterinary microbiology, 2002, Vol.89 (4), p.267-275
description: Experiments were designed to determine if porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) or Bordetella bronchiseptica could be transmitted through indirect airborne contact. Three principal pigs were infected with PRRSV, B. bronchiseptica or both. Five days after the principal pigs were challenged, the three principal pigs and one direct-contact pig were placed into one isolation tent together, and three indirect-contact pigs were placed into another isolation tent which received its air supply from the first isolation tent. Airborne transmission of B. bronchiseptica occurred in 5/5 trials where B. bronchiseptica was the only agent used, and in 3/5 trials where the principal pigs were coinfected with both agents. Airborne transmission of PRRSV occurred in 4/5 trials where PRRSV was the only agent used, and in 2/5 trials where the principal pigs were coinfected with both agents. Thus, airborne transmission of both agents over short distances, such as within a barn, is probable.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0378-1135
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0378-1135
  • 1873-2542
url: Link


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titleExperimental airborne transmission of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and Bordetella bronchiseptica
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descriptionExperiments were designed to determine if porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) or Bordetella bronchiseptica could be transmitted through indirect airborne contact. Three principal pigs were infected with PRRSV, B. bronchiseptica or both. Five days after the principal pigs were challenged, the three principal pigs and one direct-contact pig were placed into one isolation tent together, and three indirect-contact pigs were placed into another isolation tent which received its air supply from the first isolation tent. Airborne transmission of B. bronchiseptica occurred in 5/5 trials where B. bronchiseptica was the only agent used, and in 3/5 trials where the principal pigs were coinfected with both agents. Airborne transmission of PRRSV occurred in 4/5 trials where PRRSV was the only agent used, and in 2/5 trials where the principal pigs were coinfected with both agents. Thus, airborne transmission of both agents over short distances, such as within a barn, is probable.
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languageeng
publisherAmsterdam: Elsevier B.V
subjectAir Microbiology ; Animals ; Antibodies, Viral - blood ; Bacterial diseases ; Biological and medical sciences ; Bordetella bronchiseptica ; Bordetella bronchiseptica - growth & development ; Bordetella Infections - microbiology ; Bordetella Infections - transmission ; Bordetella Infections - veterinary ; Colony Count, Microbial - veterinary ; Experimental bacterial diseases and models ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Infectious diseases ; Lung - microbiology ; Lung - pathology ; Medical sciences ; Microbiology ; Pig-viruses ; Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome - transmission ; Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome - virology ; Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus ; Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus - growth & development ; Replicative cycle, interference, host-virus relations, pathogenicity, miscellaneous strains ; Swine ; Transmission ; Turbinates - microbiology ; Virology
ispartofVeterinary microbiology, 2002, Vol.89 (4), p.267-275
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descriptionExperiments were designed to determine if porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) or Bordetella bronchiseptica could be transmitted through indirect airborne contact. Three principal pigs were infected with PRRSV, B. bronchiseptica or both. Five days after the principal pigs were challenged, the three principal pigs and one direct-contact pig were placed into one isolation tent together, and three indirect-contact pigs were placed into another isolation tent which received its air supply from the first isolation tent. Airborne transmission of B. bronchiseptica occurred in 5/5 trials where B. bronchiseptica was the only agent used, and in 3/5 trials where the principal pigs were coinfected with both agents. Airborne transmission of PRRSV occurred in 4/5 trials where PRRSV was the only agent used, and in 2/5 trials where the principal pigs were coinfected with both agents. Thus, airborne transmission of both agents over short distances, such as within a barn, is probable.
subject
0Air Microbiology
1Animals
2Antibodies, Viral - blood
3Bacterial diseases
4Biological and medical sciences
5Bordetella bronchiseptica
6Bordetella bronchiseptica - growth & development
7Bordetella Infections - microbiology
8Bordetella Infections - transmission
9Bordetella Infections - veterinary
10Colony Count, Microbial - veterinary
11Experimental bacterial diseases and models
12Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
13Infectious diseases
14Lung - microbiology
15Lung - pathology
16Medical sciences
17Microbiology
18Pig-viruses
19Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome - transmission
20Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome - virology
21Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
22Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus - growth & development
23Replicative cycle, interference, host-virus relations, pathogenicity, miscellaneous strains
24Swine
25Transmission
26Turbinates - microbiology
27Virology
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1Animals
2Antibodies, Viral - blood
3Bacterial diseases
4Biological and medical sciences
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7Bordetella Infections - microbiology
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20Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome - virology
21Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
22Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus - growth & development
23Replicative cycle, interference, host-virus relations, pathogenicity, miscellaneous strains
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25Transmission
26Turbinates - microbiology
27Virology
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abstractExperiments were designed to determine if porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) or Bordetella bronchiseptica could be transmitted through indirect airborne contact. Three principal pigs were infected with PRRSV, B. bronchiseptica or both. Five days after the principal pigs were challenged, the three principal pigs and one direct-contact pig were placed into one isolation tent together, and three indirect-contact pigs were placed into another isolation tent which received its air supply from the first isolation tent. Airborne transmission of B. bronchiseptica occurred in 5/5 trials where B. bronchiseptica was the only agent used, and in 3/5 trials where the principal pigs were coinfected with both agents. Airborne transmission of PRRSV occurred in 4/5 trials where PRRSV was the only agent used, and in 2/5 trials where the principal pigs were coinfected with both agents. Thus, airborne transmission of both agents over short distances, such as within a barn, is probable.
copAmsterdam
pubElsevier B.V
pmid12383636
doi10.1016/S0378-1135(02)00204-3