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Brief report: Gum chewing affects standardized math scores in adolescents

Gum chewing has been shown to improve cognitive performance in adults; however, gum chewing has not been evaluated in children. This study examined the effects of gum chewing on standardized test scores and class grades of eighth grade math students. Math classes were randomized to a gum chewing (GC... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Adolescence April 2012, Vol.35(2), pp.455-459
Main Author: Johnston, Craig A
Other Authors: Tyler, Chermaine , Stansberry, Sandra A , Moreno, Jennette P , Foreyt, John P
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0140-1971 ; E-ISSN: 1095-9254 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.04.003
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140197111000418
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_adolescence_2011_04_003
title: Brief report: Gum chewing affects standardized math scores in adolescents
format: Article
creator:
  • Johnston, Craig A
  • Tyler, Chermaine
  • Stansberry, Sandra A
  • Moreno, Jennette P
  • Foreyt, John P
subjects:
  • Gum Chewing
  • Academic Performance
  • Children & Adolescents
  • Medicine
  • Social Welfare & Social Work
  • Psychology
ispartof: Journal of Adolescence, April 2012, Vol.35(2), pp.455-459
description: Gum chewing has been shown to improve cognitive performance in adults; however, gum chewing has not been evaluated in children. This study examined the effects of gum chewing on standardized test scores and class grades of eighth grade math students. Math classes were randomized to a gum chewing (GC) condition that provided students with gum during class and testing, or a control condition with no gum (NGC). Participants included 108 students. The math sections of the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) and the Woodcock Johnson III Tests of Achievement (WJ-III), and math class grades were used to assess academic performance. Students in the gum chewing condition improved standardized test scores and maintained higher grades in math class compared to those in the no-gum chewing condition. These results are encouraging as gum chewing may be a cost-effective and easily implemented method to increase student performance. Trial Registration: NCT00792116....
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0140-1971 ; E-ISSN: 1095-9254 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.04.003
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0140-1971
  • 01401971
  • 1095-9254
  • 10959254
url: Link


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descriptionGum chewing has been shown to improve cognitive performance in adults; however, gum chewing has not been evaluated in children. This study examined the effects of gum chewing on standardized test scores and class grades of eighth grade math students. Math classes were randomized to a gum chewing (GC) condition that provided students with gum during class and testing, or a control condition with no gum (NGC). Participants included 108 students. The math sections of the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) and the Woodcock Johnson III Tests of Achievement (WJ-III), and math class grades were used to assess academic performance. Students in the gum chewing condition improved standardized test scores and maintained higher grades in math class compared to those in the no-gum chewing condition. These results are encouraging as gum chewing may be a cost-effective and easily implemented method to increase student performance. Trial Registration: NCT00792116....
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Gum chewing has been shown to improve cognitive performance in adults; however, gum chewing has not been evaluated in children. This study examined the effects of gum chewing on standardized test scores and class grades of eighth grade math students. Math classes were randomized to a gum chewing (GC) condition that provided students with gum during class and testing, or a control condition with no gum (NGC). Participants included 108 students. The math sections of the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) and the Woodcock Johnson III Tests of Achievement (WJ-III), and math class grades were used to assess academic performance. Students in the gum chewing condition improved standardized test scores and maintained higher grades in math class compared to those in the no-gum chewing condition. These results are encouraging as gum chewing may be a cost-effective and easily implemented method to increase student performance.

Trial Registration: NCT00792116.

...
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Gum chewing has been shown to improve cognitive performance in adults; however, gum chewing has not been evaluated in children. This study examined the effects of gum chewing on standardized test scores and class grades of eighth grade math students. Math classes were randomized to a gum chewing (GC) condition that provided students with gum during class and testing, or a control condition with no gum (NGC). Participants included 108 students. The math sections of the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) and the Woodcock Johnson III Tests of Achievement (WJ-III), and math class grades were used to assess academic performance. Students in the gum chewing condition improved standardized test scores and maintained higher grades in math class compared to those in the no-gum chewing condition. These results are encouraging as gum chewing may be a cost-effective and easily implemented method to increase student performance.

Trial Registration: NCT00792116.

...
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