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Tubular and glomerular kidney effects in the Chinese general population with low environmental cadmium exposure

Cadmium (Cd), a well-known nephrotoxic agent, has received a great deal of attention from the Chinese public because of reports of its presence in rice. But very few studies have assessed the renal risk of Cd exposure in children. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to determine whether biologic... Full description

Journal Title: Chemosphere March 2016, Vol.147, pp.3-8
Main Author: Wang, Dongyue
Other Authors: Sun, Hong , Wu, Ye , Zhou, Zhengyuan , Ding, Zhen , Chen, Xiaodong , Xu, Yan
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0045-6535 ; E-ISSN: 1879-1298 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.11.069
Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.11.069
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_chemosphere_2015_11_069
title: Tubular and glomerular kidney effects in the Chinese general population with low environmental cadmium exposure
format: Article
creator:
  • Wang, Dongyue
  • Sun, Hong
  • Wu, Ye
  • Zhou, Zhengyuan
  • Ding, Zhen
  • Chen, Xiaodong
  • Xu, Yan
subjects:
  • Cadmium
  • Tubular Effects
  • Glomerular Effects
  • General Population
  • Children
  • Cadmium
  • Tubular Effects
  • Glomerular Effects
  • General Population
  • Children
  • Chemistry
  • Ecology
ispartof: Chemosphere, March 2016, Vol.147, pp.3-8
description: Cadmium (Cd), a well-known nephrotoxic agent, has received a great deal of attention from the Chinese public because of reports of its presence in rice. But very few studies have assessed the renal risk of Cd exposure in children. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to determine whether biologic measures of Cd exposure were associated with biomarkers of early kidney damage in children, adolescents and adults. A total of 1235 subjects (2–86.8 years old) participated in this study and provided samples of blood and urine. As a result, the median urinary Cd level was 0.38 μg g−1 creatinine in adult men and 0.42 μg g−1 creatinine in adult women, similar to reference values observed in the United States (median: 0.32–0.40 μg L−1 in adults). Multiple linear regressions showed Cd in urine to be significantly positively associated with effects on renal tubule biomarkers (as indicated by increased levels of N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase and β2-microglobulin) after adjusting for age,...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0045-6535 ; E-ISSN: 1879-1298 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.11.069
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0045-6535
  • 00456535
  • 1879-1298
  • 18791298
url: Link


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titleTubular and glomerular kidney effects in the Chinese general population with low environmental cadmium exposure
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subjectCadmium ; Tubular Effects ; Glomerular Effects ; General Population ; Children ; Cadmium ; Tubular Effects ; Glomerular Effects ; General Population ; Children ; Chemistry ; Ecology
descriptionCadmium (Cd), a well-known nephrotoxic agent, has received a great deal of attention from the Chinese public because of reports of its presence in rice. But very few studies have assessed the renal risk of Cd exposure in children. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to determine whether biologic measures of Cd exposure were associated with biomarkers of early kidney damage in children, adolescents and adults. A total of 1235 subjects (2–86.8 years old) participated in this study and provided samples of blood and urine. As a result, the median urinary Cd level was 0.38 μg g−1 creatinine in adult men and 0.42 μg g−1 creatinine in adult women, similar to reference values observed in the United States (median: 0.32–0.40 μg L−1 in adults). Multiple linear regressions showed Cd in urine to be significantly positively associated with effects on renal tubule biomarkers (as indicated by increased levels of N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase and β2-microglobulin) after adjusting for age,...
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titleTubular and glomerular kidney effects in the Chinese general population with low environmental cadmium exposure
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Cadmium (Cd), a well-known nephrotoxic agent, has received a great deal of attention from the Chinese public because of reports of its presence in rice. But very few studies have assessed the renal risk of Cd exposure in children. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to determine whether biologic measures of Cd exposure were associated with biomarkers of early kidney damage in children, adolescents and adults. A total of 1235 subjects (2–86.8 years old) participated in this study and provided samples of blood and urine. As a result, the median urinary Cd level was 0.38 μg g−1 creatinine in adult men and 0.42 μg g−1 creatinine in adult women, similar to reference values observed in the United States (median: 0.32–0.40 μg L−1 in adults). Multiple linear regressions showed Cd in urine to be significantly positively associated with effects on renal tubule biomarkers (as indicated by increased levels of N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase and β2-microglobulin) after adjusting for age,...

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Cadmium (Cd), a well-known nephrotoxic agent, has received a great deal of attention from the Chinese public because of reports of its presence in rice. But very few studies have assessed the renal risk of Cd exposure in children. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to determine whether biologic measures of Cd exposure were associated with biomarkers of early kidney damage in children, adolescents and adults. A total of 1235 subjects (2–86.8 years old) participated in this study and provided samples of blood and urine. As a result, the median urinary Cd level was 0.38 μg g−1 creatinine in adult men and 0.42 μg g−1 creatinine in adult women, similar to reference values observed in the United States (median: 0.32–0.40 μg L−1 in adults). Multiple linear regressions showed Cd in urine to be significantly positively associated with effects on renal tubule biomarkers (as indicated by increased levels of N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase and β2-microglobulin) after adjusting for age,...

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date2016-03