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Dietary indexes, food patterns and incidence of metabolic syndrome in a Mediterranean cohort: The SUN project

We prospectively assessed the association between adherence to several defined healthy food patterns and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We assessed 6851 participants of a Spanish dynamic prospective cohort of university graduates, initially free of any MetS-specific definition criteria, and foll... Full description

Journal Title: Clinical Nutrition June 2015, Vol.34(3), pp.508-514
Main Author: Pimenta, Adriano M
Other Authors: Toledo, Estefanía , Rodriguez-Diez, Maria C , Gea, Alfredo , Lopez-Iracheta, Roberto , Shivappa, Nitin , Hébert, James R , Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0261-5614 ; E-ISSN: 1532-1983 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2014.06.002
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261561414001666
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_clnu_2014_06_002
title: Dietary indexes, food patterns and incidence of metabolic syndrome in a Mediterranean cohort: The SUN project
format: Article
creator:
  • Pimenta, Adriano M
  • Toledo, Estefanía
  • Rodriguez-Diez, Maria C
  • Gea, Alfredo
  • Lopez-Iracheta, Roberto
  • Shivappa, Nitin
  • Hébert, James R
  • Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A
subjects:
  • Diet, Vegetarian
  • Sodium Restricted
  • Alcohol Drinking
  • Metabolic Syndrome X
  • Cohort Studies
  • Spain
  • Medicine
  • Diet & Clinical Nutrition
ispartof: Clinical Nutrition, June 2015, Vol.34(3), pp.508-514
description: We prospectively assessed the association between adherence to several defined healthy food patterns and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We assessed 6851 participants of a Spanish dynamic prospective cohort of university graduates, initially free of any MetS-specific definition criteria, and followed-up for a median of 8.3 years. We calculated the adherence to thirteen different defined food patterns or dietary indexes. MetS was classified according to the updated harmonizing criteria. We estimated multivariable-adjusted Incidence Rate Ratios (IRR) of metabolic syndrome and their 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CI), using Poisson regression models. The cumulative incidence of MetS was 5.0%. Moderate adherence to the Pro-Vegetarian Diet (PVEG) was significantly associated with a lower risk for developing MetS (IRR = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.59–0.97). Among women, an inverse association with the PVEG was significant...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0261-5614 ; E-ISSN: 1532-1983 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2014.06.002
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0261-5614
  • 02615614
  • 1532-1983
  • 15321983
url: Link


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titleDietary indexes, food patterns and incidence of metabolic syndrome in a Mediterranean cohort: The SUN project
creatorPimenta, Adriano M ; Toledo, Estefanía ; Rodriguez-Diez, Maria C ; Gea, Alfredo ; Lopez-Iracheta, Roberto ; Shivappa, Nitin ; Hébert, James R ; Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A
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subjectDiet, Vegetarian ; Sodium Restricted ; Alcohol Drinking ; Metabolic Syndrome X ; Cohort Studies ; Spain ; Medicine ; Diet & Clinical Nutrition
descriptionWe prospectively assessed the association between adherence to several defined healthy food patterns and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We assessed 6851 participants of a Spanish dynamic prospective cohort of university graduates, initially free of any MetS-specific definition criteria, and followed-up for a median of 8.3 years. We calculated the adherence to thirteen different defined food patterns or dietary indexes. MetS was classified according to the updated harmonizing criteria. We estimated multivariable-adjusted Incidence Rate Ratios (IRR) of metabolic syndrome and their 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CI), using Poisson regression models. The cumulative incidence of MetS was 5.0%. Moderate adherence to the Pro-Vegetarian Diet (PVEG) was significantly associated with a lower risk for developing MetS (IRR = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.59–0.97). Among women, an inverse association with the PVEG was significant...
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