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Carbon fiber/epoxy composite property enhancement through incorporation of carbon nanotubes at the fiber–matrix interphase – Part I: The development of carbon nanotube coated carbon fibers and the evaluation of their adhesion

To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2012.02.016 Byline: Toshiya Kamae, Lawrence T. Drzal Keywords: A. Carbon fiber; A. Particle-reinforcement; A. Nano-structures; B. Interface/interphase Abstract: A new method to realize the uniform... Full description

Journal Title: Composites Part A September 2012, Vol.43(9), pp.1569-1577
Main Author: Kamae, Toshiya
Other Authors: Drzal, Lawrence T
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1359-835X ; E-ISSN: 1878-5840 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2012.02.016
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359835X1200084X
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_compositesa_2012_02_016
title: Carbon fiber/epoxy composite property enhancement through incorporation of carbon nanotubes at the fiber–matrix interphase – Part I: The development of carbon nanotube coated carbon fibers and the evaluation of their adhesion
format: Article
creator:
  • Kamae, Toshiya
  • Drzal, Lawrence T
subjects:
  • A. Carbon Fiber
  • A. Particle-Reinforcement
  • A. Nano-Structures
  • B. Interface/Interphase
  • Engineering
ispartof: Composites Part A, September 2012, Vol.43(9), pp.1569-1577
description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2012.02.016 Byline: Toshiya Kamae, Lawrence T. Drzal Keywords: A. Carbon fiber; A. Particle-reinforcement; A. Nano-structures; B. Interface/interphase Abstract: A new method to realize the uniform coating of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to carbon fibers (CFs) has been developed, which enables the scalable fabrication of CNT containing CF/epoxy composites. In this method, CNTs are treated by cationic polymers, then, the CNTs are coated to CFs by immersion into a CNT/water suspension. Good dispersion is achieved by repulsive force between positively charged CNTs and uniform coating of the CNTs is achieved by attractive forces between positively charged CNTs and negatively charged CFs. It is found that the use of specific cationic polymers including polyethyleneimine (PEI) results in stable CNT/water suspensions, and uniform coating of the CNTs. Single fiber fragmentation tests of the CF/epoxy composites were conducted to evaluate the strength of interface and interphase under shear loading. The results show that the combination of epoxy resin sizing and PEI treated CNT coating to CFs results in high interfacial shear strength. Author Affiliation: Composite Materials and Structures Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1226, United States Article History: Received 22 March 2011; Revised 24 February 2012; Accepted 25 February 2012
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1359-835X ; E-ISSN: 1878-5840 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2012.02.016
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1359-835X
  • 1359835X
  • 1878-5840
  • 18785840
url: Link


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titleCarbon fiber/epoxy composite property enhancement through incorporation of carbon nanotubes at the fiber–matrix interphase – Part I: The development of carbon nanotube coated carbon fibers and the evaluation of their adhesion
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descriptionTo link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2012.02.016 Byline: Toshiya Kamae, Lawrence T. Drzal Keywords: A. Carbon fiber; A. Particle-reinforcement; A. Nano-structures; B. Interface/interphase Abstract: A new method to realize the uniform coating of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to carbon fibers (CFs) has been developed, which enables the scalable fabrication of CNT containing CF/epoxy composites. In this method, CNTs are treated by cationic polymers, then, the CNTs are coated to CFs by immersion into a CNT/water suspension. Good dispersion is achieved by repulsive force between positively charged CNTs and uniform coating of the CNTs is achieved by attractive forces between positively charged CNTs and negatively charged CFs. It is found that the use of specific cationic polymers including polyethyleneimine (PEI) results in stable CNT/water suspensions, and uniform coating of the CNTs. Single fiber fragmentation tests of the CF/epoxy composites were conducted to evaluate the strength of interface and interphase under shear loading. The results show that the combination of epoxy resin sizing and PEI treated CNT coating to CFs results in high interfacial shear strength. Author Affiliation: Composite Materials and Structures Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1226, United States Article History: Received 22 March 2011; Revised 24 February 2012; Accepted 25 February 2012
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A new method to realize the uniform coating of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to carbon fibers (CFs) has been developed, which enables the scalable fabrication of CNT containing CF/epoxy composites. In this method, CNTs are treated by cationic polymers, then, the CNTs are coated to CFs by immersion into a CNT/water suspension. Good dispersion is achieved by repulsive force between positively charged CNTs and uniform coating of the CNTs is achieved by attractive forces between positively charged CNTs and negatively charged CFs. It is found that the use of specific cationic polymers including polyethyleneimine (PEI) results in stable CNT/water suspensions, and uniform coating of the CNTs. Single fiber fragmentation tests of the CF/epoxy composites were conducted to evaluate the strength of interface and interphase under shear loading. The results show that the combination of epoxy resin sizing and PEI treated CNT coating to CFs results in high interfacial shear strength.

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A new method to realize the uniform coating of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to carbon fibers (CFs) has been developed, which enables the scalable fabrication of CNT containing CF/epoxy composites. In this method, CNTs are treated by cationic polymers, then, the CNTs are coated to CFs by immersion into a CNT/water suspension. Good dispersion is achieved by repulsive force between positively charged CNTs and uniform coating of the CNTs is achieved by attractive forces between positively charged CNTs and negatively charged CFs. It is found that the use of specific cationic polymers including polyethyleneimine (PEI) results in stable CNT/water suspensions, and uniform coating of the CNTs. Single fiber fragmentation tests of the CF/epoxy composites were conducted to evaluate the strength of interface and interphase under shear loading. The results show that the combination of epoxy resin sizing and PEI treated CNT coating to CFs results in high interfacial shear strength.

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