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Neural Entrainment to Speech Modulates Speech Intelligibility

Speech is crucial for communication in everyday life. Speech-brain entrainment, the alignment of neural activity to the slow temporal fluctuations (envelope) of acoustic speech input, is a ubiquitous element of current theories of speech processing. Associations between speech-brain entrainment and... Full description

Journal Title: Current Biology 22 January 2018, Vol.28(2), pp.161-169.e5
Main Author: Riecke, Lars
Other Authors: Formisano, Elia , Sorger, Bettina , Başkent, Deniz , Gaudrain, Etienne
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0960-9822 ; E-ISSN: 1879-0445 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.11.033
Zum Text:
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_cub_2017_11_033
title: Neural Entrainment to Speech Modulates Speech Intelligibility
format: Article
creator:
  • Riecke, Lars
  • Formisano, Elia
  • Sorger, Bettina
  • Başkent, Deniz
  • Gaudrain, Etienne
subjects:
  • Entrainment
  • Speech
  • Transcranial Electric Stimulation
  • Transcranial Current Stimulation
  • Envelope
  • Neural Oscillation
  • Entrainment
  • Speech
  • Transcranial Electric Stimulation
  • Transcranial Current Stimulation
  • Envelope
  • Neural Oscillation
  • Biology
ispartof: Current Biology, 22 January 2018, Vol.28(2), pp.161-169.e5
description: Speech is crucial for communication in everyday life. Speech-brain entrainment, the alignment of neural activity to the slow temporal fluctuations (envelope) of acoustic speech input, is a ubiquitous element of current theories of speech processing. Associations between speech-brain entrainment and acoustic speech signal, listening task, and speech intelligibility have been observed repeatedly. However, a methodological bottleneck has prevented so far clarifying whether speech-brain entrainment contributes functionally to (i.e., causes) speech intelligibility or is merely an epiphenomenon of it. To address this long-standing issue, we experimentally manipulated speech-brain entrainment without concomitant acoustic and task-related variations, using a brain stimulation approach that enables modulating listeners’ neural activity with transcranial currents carrying speech-envelope information. Results from two experiments involving a cocktail-party-like scenario and a listening situation...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0960-9822 ; E-ISSN: 1879-0445 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.11.033
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0960-9822
  • 09609822
  • 1879-0445
  • 18790445
url: Link


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subjectEntrainment ; Speech ; Transcranial Electric Stimulation ; Transcranial Current Stimulation ; Envelope ; Neural Oscillation ; Entrainment ; Speech ; Transcranial Electric Stimulation ; Transcranial Current Stimulation ; Envelope ; Neural Oscillation ; Biology
descriptionSpeech is crucial for communication in everyday life. Speech-brain entrainment, the alignment of neural activity to the slow temporal fluctuations (envelope) of acoustic speech input, is a ubiquitous element of current theories of speech processing. Associations between speech-brain entrainment and acoustic speech signal, listening task, and speech intelligibility have been observed repeatedly. However, a methodological bottleneck has prevented so far clarifying whether speech-brain entrainment contributes functionally to (i.e., causes) speech intelligibility or is merely an epiphenomenon of it. To address this long-standing issue, we experimentally manipulated speech-brain entrainment without concomitant acoustic and task-related variations, using a brain stimulation approach that enables modulating listeners’ neural activity with transcranial currents carrying speech-envelope information. Results from two experiments involving a cocktail-party-like scenario and a listening situation...
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Speech is crucial for communication in everyday life. Speech-brain entrainment, the alignment of neural activity to the slow temporal fluctuations (envelope) of acoustic speech input, is a ubiquitous element of current theories of speech processing. Associations between speech-brain entrainment and acoustic speech signal, listening task, and speech intelligibility have been observed repeatedly. However, a methodological bottleneck has prevented so far clarifying whether speech-brain entrainment contributes functionally to (i.e., causes) speech intelligibility or is merely an epiphenomenon of it. To address this long-standing issue, we experimentally manipulated speech-brain entrainment without concomitant acoustic and task-related variations, using a brain stimulation approach that enables modulating listeners’ neural activity with transcranial currents carrying speech-envelope information. Results from two experiments involving a cocktail-party-like scenario and a listening situation...

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Speech is crucial for communication in everyday life. Speech-brain entrainment, the alignment of neural activity to the slow temporal fluctuations (envelope) of acoustic speech input, is a ubiquitous element of current theories of speech processing. Associations between speech-brain entrainment and acoustic speech signal, listening task, and speech intelligibility have been observed repeatedly. However, a methodological bottleneck has prevented so far clarifying whether speech-brain entrainment contributes functionally to (i.e., causes) speech intelligibility or is merely an epiphenomenon of it. To address this long-standing issue, we experimentally manipulated speech-brain entrainment without concomitant acoustic and task-related variations, using a brain stimulation approach that enables modulating listeners’ neural activity with transcranial currents carrying speech-envelope information. Results from two experiments involving a cocktail-party-like scenario and a listening situation...

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