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Risk of injury from alcohol, marijuana and other drug use among emergency department patients

Alcohol is known to be associated with injury, but little is known of combined use of alcohol and other drugs on injury; especially important for marijuana, given increasing legalization of use in the U.S. and Canada. Probability samples of patients 18 and older were interviewed in the emergency dep... Full description

Journal Title: Drug and Alcohol Dependence 01 May 2017, Vol.174, pp.121-127
Main Author: Cherpitel, Cheryl J
Other Authors: Ye, Yu , Andreuccetti, Gabriel , Stockwell, Tim , Vallance, Kate , Chow, Clifton , Brubacher, Jeffrey R
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0376-8716 ; E-ISSN: 1879-0046 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.019
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376871617301059
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_drugalcdep_2017_01_019
title: Risk of injury from alcohol, marijuana and other drug use among emergency department patients
format: Article
creator:
  • Cherpitel, Cheryl J
  • Ye, Yu
  • Andreuccetti, Gabriel
  • Stockwell, Tim
  • Vallance, Kate
  • Chow, Clifton
  • Brubacher, Jeffrey R
subjects:
  • Injury Risk
  • Alcohol
  • Drug Use
  • Emergency Department
  • Social Welfare & Social Work
ispartof: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 01 May 2017, Vol.174, pp.121-127
description: Alcohol is known to be associated with injury, but little is known of combined use of alcohol and other drugs on injury; especially important for marijuana, given increasing legalization of use in the U.S. and Canada. Probability samples of patients 18 and older were interviewed in the emergency department at two sites in Vancouver and one in Victoria, BC (n = 1191 injured and 1613 non-injured patients). Case-control and case-crossover analyses were used to analyze risk of injury, based on self-reported alcohol and drug use (marijuana, stimulants, depressants) prior to injury. Risk of injury was significantly elevated (p < 0.001) for alcohol use alone in both case-control (OR = 2.72) and case-crossover analyses (OR = 2.80) but not for any of the three drug classes. The interaction of alcohol...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0376-8716 ; E-ISSN: 1879-0046 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.019
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0376-8716
  • 03768716
  • 1879-0046
  • 18790046
url: Link


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descriptionAlcohol is known to be associated with injury, but little is known of combined use of alcohol and other drugs on injury; especially important for marijuana, given increasing legalization of use in the U.S. and Canada. Probability samples of patients 18 and older were interviewed in the emergency department at two sites in Vancouver and one in Victoria, BC (n = 1191 injured and 1613 non-injured patients). Case-control and case-crossover analyses were used to analyze risk of injury, based on self-reported alcohol and drug use (marijuana, stimulants, depressants) prior to injury. Risk of injury was significantly elevated (p < 0.001) for alcohol use alone in both case-control (OR = 2.72) and case-crossover analyses (OR = 2.80) but not for any of the three drug classes. The interaction of alcohol...
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