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The 2011 presidential elections in Kyrgyzstan

On 30 October 2011, Kyrgyzstani citizens elected their fourth president since this post-Soviet Central Asian republic became independent in 1991. The election also marked the end of the interim period which followed the ousting of former president Kurmbanbek Bakiev in April 2010 and the ratification... Full description

Journal Title: Electoral Studies December 2012, Vol.31(4), pp.864-867
Main Author: Fumagalli, Matteo
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0261-3794 ; E-ISSN: 1873-6890 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.electstud.2012.07.001
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261379412000996
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_electstud_2012_07_001
title: The 2011 presidential elections in Kyrgyzstan
format: Article
creator:
  • Fumagalli, Matteo
subjects:
  • Government
  • Political Science
ispartof: Electoral Studies, December 2012, Vol.31(4), pp.864-867
description: On 30 October 2011, Kyrgyzstani citizens elected their fourth president since this post-Soviet Central Asian republic became independent in 1991. The election also marked the end of the interim period which followed the ousting of former president Kurmbanbek Bakiev in April 2010 and the ratification of a new constitution in June that year that introduced a mixed presidential-parliamentary system (Huskey and Hill, 2011). Widely seen as a the most open and pluralistic society in the region, Kyrgyzstan has experienced a turbulent recent past, marked (and marred) by two instances of regime change in April 2005 and April 2010 and inter-communal clashes in June 2010. Although the electoral system allows for two rounds (the possibility of a run-off ensuring that the winner is elected by a majority vote), Almazbek Atambayev, who had led the coalition government since December 2010, secured a resounding victory in the first round with 62.5% of the votes. Atambayev was sworn in as the country's president on 1 December 2011, following Askar Akaev (19902005, ousted during the so-called Tulip Revolution), Kurmanbek Bakiev (20052010, whose rule also ended abruptly) and Roza Otunbayeva. The latter had presided over the launch of a new constitution and new parliamentary elections on 10 October 2010, but also a dramatic and bloody descent into chaos in the spring of 2010. The transitional administration first struggled to assert control over the forces loyal to the old regime, and then watched powerlessly as clashes between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in the southern city of Osh left several hundreds dead and hundreds of thousands displaced (ICG, 2010; Melvin, 2011). Reportedly the freest and fairest of all Central Asian elections in the post-Soviet era, the October 2011 elections were distinct from the parliamentary elections a year earlier. This marked the first democratic and peaceful transfer of power in Central Asia, an absolute first in the region. Since Roza Otunbayeva's term in office was not renewable, the presidential elections brought the transitional phase to an end. [Copyright Elsevier Ltd.]
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0261-3794 ; E-ISSN: 1873-6890 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.electstud.2012.07.001
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0261-3794
  • 02613794
  • 1873-6890
  • 18736890
url: Link


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descriptionOn 30 October 2011, Kyrgyzstani citizens elected their fourth president since this post-Soviet Central Asian republic became independent in 1991. The election also marked the end of the interim period which followed the ousting of former president Kurmbanbek Bakiev in April 2010 and the ratification of a new constitution in June that year that introduced a mixed presidential-parliamentary system (Huskey and Hill, 2011). Widely seen as a the most open and pluralistic society in the region, Kyrgyzstan has experienced a turbulent recent past, marked (and marred) by two instances of regime change in April 2005 and April 2010 and inter-communal clashes in June 2010. Although the electoral system allows for two rounds (the possibility of a run-off ensuring that the winner is elected by a majority vote), Almazbek Atambayev, who had led the coalition government since December 2010, secured a resounding victory in the first round with 62.5% of the votes. Atambayev was sworn in as the country's president on 1 December 2011, following Askar Akaev (19902005, ousted during the so-called Tulip Revolution), Kurmanbek Bakiev (20052010, whose rule also ended abruptly) and Roza Otunbayeva. The latter had presided over the launch of a new constitution and new parliamentary elections on 10 October 2010, but also a dramatic and bloody descent into chaos in the spring of 2010. The transitional administration first struggled to assert control over the forces loyal to the old regime, and then watched powerlessly as clashes between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in the southern city of Osh left several hundreds dead and hundreds of thousands displaced (ICG, 2010; Melvin, 2011). Reportedly the freest and fairest of all Central Asian elections in the post-Soviet era, the October 2011 elections were distinct from the parliamentary elections a year earlier. This marked the first democratic and peaceful transfer of power in Central Asia, an absolute first in the region. Since Roza Otunbayeva's term in office was not renewable, the presidential elections brought the transitional phase to an end. [Copyright Elsevier Ltd.]
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