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Health of newly arrived immigrants in Canada and the United States: Differential selection on health

Canada and the U.S. are two major immigrant-receiving countries characterized by different immigration policies and health care systems. The present study examines whether immigrant health selection, or the "healthy immigrant effect", differs by destination and what factors may account for differenc... Full description

Journal Title: Health and Place November 2017, Vol.48, pp.1-10
Main Author: Lu, Yao
Other Authors: Kaushal, Neeraj , Denier, Nicole , Wang, Julia Shu-Huah
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1353-8292 ; E-ISSN: 1873-2054 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.011
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1353829217300849
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_healthplace_2017_08_011
title: Health of newly arrived immigrants in Canada and the United States: Differential selection on health
format: Article
creator:
  • Lu, Yao
  • Kaushal, Neeraj
  • Denier, Nicole
  • Wang, Julia Shu-Huah
subjects:
  • Immigration
  • Healthy Immigrant Effect
  • Selection
  • United States
  • Canada
  • Medicine
  • Geography
  • Public Health
ispartof: Health and Place, November 2017, Vol.48, pp.1-10
description: Canada and the U.S. are two major immigrant-receiving countries characterized by different immigration policies and health care systems. The present study examines whether immigrant health selection, or the "healthy immigrant effect", differs by destination and what factors may account for differences in immigrant health selection. We use 12 years of U.S. National Health Interview Survey and Canadian Community Health Survey data to compare the risks of overweight/obesity and chronic health conditions among new immigrants in the two countries. Results suggest a more positive health selection of immigrants to Canada than the U.S. Specifically, newly arrived U.S. immigrants are more likely to be overweight or obese and have serious chronic health conditions than their Canadian counterparts. The difference in overweight/obesity was explained by differences in source regions and educational levels of immigrants across the two countries. But this is not the case for serious chronic conditions. These results suggest that immigration-related policies can potentially shape immigrant health selection.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1353-8292 ; E-ISSN: 1873-2054 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.011
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1353-8292
  • 13538292
  • 1873-2054
  • 18732054
url: Link


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subjectImmigration ; Healthy Immigrant Effect ; Selection ; United States ; Canada ; Medicine ; Geography ; Public Health
descriptionCanada and the U.S. are two major immigrant-receiving countries characterized by different immigration policies and health care systems. The present study examines whether immigrant health selection, or the "healthy immigrant effect", differs by destination and what factors may account for differences in immigrant health selection. We use 12 years of U.S. National Health Interview Survey and Canadian Community Health Survey data to compare the risks of overweight/obesity and chronic health conditions among new immigrants in the two countries. Results suggest a more positive health selection of immigrants to Canada than the U.S. Specifically, newly arrived U.S. immigrants are more likely to be overweight or obese and have serious chronic health conditions than their Canadian counterparts. The difference in overweight/obesity was explained by differences in source regions and educational levels of immigrants across the two countries. But this is not the case for serious chronic conditions. These results suggest that immigration-related policies can potentially shape immigrant health selection.
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Canada and the U.S. are two major immigrant-receiving countries characterized by different immigration policies and health care systems. The present study examines whether immigrant health selection, or the "healthy immigrant effect", differs by destination and what factors may account for differences in immigrant health selection. We use 12 years of U.S. National Health Interview Survey and Canadian Community Health Survey data to compare the risks of overweight/obesity and chronic health conditions among new immigrants in the two countries. Results suggest a more positive health selection of immigrants to Canada than the U.S. Specifically, newly arrived U.S. immigrants are more likely to be overweight or obese and have serious chronic health conditions than their Canadian counterparts. The difference in overweight/obesity was explained by differences in source regions and educational levels of immigrants across the two countries. But this is not the case for serious chronic conditions. These results suggest that immigration-related policies can potentially shape immigrant health selection.

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Canada and the U.S. are two major immigrant-receiving countries characterized by different immigration policies and health care systems. The present study examines whether immigrant health selection, or the "healthy immigrant effect", differs by destination and what factors may account for differences in immigrant health selection. We use 12 years of U.S. National Health Interview Survey and Canadian Community Health Survey data to compare the risks of overweight/obesity and chronic health conditions among new immigrants in the two countries. Results suggest a more positive health selection of immigrants to Canada than the U.S. Specifically, newly arrived U.S. immigrants are more likely to be overweight or obese and have serious chronic health conditions than their Canadian counterparts. The difference in overweight/obesity was explained by differences in source regions and educational levels of immigrants across the two countries. But this is not the case for serious chronic conditions. These results suggest that immigration-related policies can potentially shape immigrant health selection.

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