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Point prevalence surveys of healthcare-associated infection in 13 hospitals in Hubei Province, China, 2007–2008

Successive point prevalence surveys were conducted in November 2007 and 2008 to monitor the prevalence of healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) in 13 grade III, 1st class hospitals in Hubei Province of China, using the case definition criteria established by the Ministry of Health in the People’s R... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Hospital Infection 2010, Vol.76(2), pp.150-155
Main Author: Xie, Duo-Shuang
Other Authors: Xiong, Wei , Xiang, Li-Li , Fu, Xiang-Yun , Yu, Yuan-Hua , Liu, Li , Huang, Shu-Qiong , Wang, Xiao-Hui , Gan, Xiu-Min , Xu, Min , Wang, Hong-Bo , Xiang, Hao , Xu, Yi-Hua , Nie, Shao-Fa
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0195-6701 ; E-ISSN: 1532-2939 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.jhin.2010.04.003
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195670110001921
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_jhin_2010_04_003
title: Point prevalence surveys of healthcare-associated infection in 13 hospitals in Hubei Province, China, 2007–2008
format: Article
creator:
  • Xie, Duo-Shuang
  • Xiong, Wei
  • Xiang, Li-Li
  • Fu, Xiang-Yun
  • Yu, Yuan-Hua
  • Liu, Li
  • Huang, Shu-Qiong
  • Wang, Xiao-Hui
  • Gan, Xiu-Min
  • Xu, Min
  • Wang, Hong-Bo
  • Xiang, Hao
  • Xu, Yi-Hua
  • Nie, Shao-Fa
subjects:
  • China
  • Healthcare-Associated Infections
  • Point Prevalence Survey
  • Public Health
ispartof: Journal of Hospital Infection, 2010, Vol.76(2), pp.150-155
description: Successive point prevalence surveys were conducted in November 2007 and 2008 to monitor the prevalence of healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) in 13 grade III, 1st class hospitals in Hubei Province of China, using the case definition criteria established by the Ministry of Health in the People’s Republic of China. In total, of 20 350 patients surveyed, 833 (4.09%) HCAIs were observed in 790 (3.88%) patients. There was no significant difference between the overall prevalence of HCAI in 2007 (4.14%) and 2008 (3.72%). Respiratory tract infection was the most common HCAI (63.15%), followed by surgical site infection (9.60%) and urinary tract infection (8.64%). Only 35.29% (294/833) of HCAI patients had positive microbiology results. Gram-negative bacteria were isolated most frequently and the most frequent organism was , followed by , and . Antibiotic use was documented for 10 344 (50.83%) patients, and cephalosporins, penicillins, and quinolones were the most commonly used agents for treatment or prophylaxis.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0195-6701 ; E-ISSN: 1532-2939 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.jhin.2010.04.003
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0195-6701
  • 01956701
  • 1532-2939
  • 15322939
url: Link


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subjectChina ; Healthcare-Associated Infections ; Point Prevalence Survey ; Public Health
descriptionSuccessive point prevalence surveys were conducted in November 2007 and 2008 to monitor the prevalence of healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) in 13 grade III, 1st class hospitals in Hubei Province of China, using the case definition criteria established by the Ministry of Health in the People’s Republic of China. In total, of 20 350 patients surveyed, 833 (4.09%) HCAIs were observed in 790 (3.88%) patients. There was no significant difference between the overall prevalence of HCAI in 2007 (4.14%) and 2008 (3.72%). Respiratory tract infection was the most common HCAI (63.15%), followed by surgical site infection (9.60%) and urinary tract infection (8.64%). Only 35.29% (294/833) of HCAI patients had positive microbiology results. Gram-negative bacteria were isolated most frequently and the most frequent organism was , followed by , and . Antibiotic use was documented for 10 344 (50.83%) patients, and cephalosporins, penicillins, and quinolones were the most commonly used agents for treatment or prophylaxis.
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