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Chemical durability of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Influence of impurities on long-term performance

Because of the fuel flexibility of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs), various types of fuels may be applied directly or via a simple reforming process, including hydrocarbons, alcohols, coal gas, biogas, besides hydrogen. However, various types of minor constituents in practical fuels and/or from the s... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Power Sources 2011, Vol.196(22), pp.9130-9140
Main Author: Sasaki, Kazunari
Other Authors: Haga, Kengo , Yoshizumi, Tomoo , Minematsu, Daisuke , Yuki, Eiji , Liu, Runru , Uryu, Chie , Oshima, Toshihiro , Ogura, Teppei , Shiratori, Yusuke , Ito, Kohei , Koyama, Michihisa , Yokomoto, Katsumi
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0378-7753 ; E-ISSN: 1873-2755 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.09.122
Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.09.122
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_jpowsour_2010_09_122
title: Chemical durability of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Influence of impurities on long-term performance
format: Article
creator:
  • Sasaki, Kazunari
  • Haga, Kengo
  • Yoshizumi, Tomoo
  • Minematsu, Daisuke
  • Yuki, Eiji
  • Liu, Runru
  • Uryu, Chie
  • Oshima, Toshihiro
  • Ogura, Teppei
  • Shiratori, Yusuke
  • Ito, Kohei
  • Koyama, Michihisa
  • Yokomoto, Katsumi
subjects:
  • Sofc
  • Poisoning
  • Impurity
  • Degradation
  • Anode
  • Cathode
  • Sofc
  • Poisoning
  • Impurity
  • Degradation
  • Anode
  • Cathode
  • Engineering
ispartof: Journal of Power Sources, 2011, Vol.196(22), pp.9130-9140
description: Because of the fuel flexibility of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs), various types of fuels may be applied directly or via a simple reforming process, including hydrocarbons, alcohols, coal gas, biogas, besides hydrogen. However, various types of minor constituents in practical fuels and/or from the system components can cause chemical degradation of SOFCs, such as anode and cathode poisoning phenomena. In this study, we compare the influence of various external impurities, including sulfur, chlorine, phosphorus, boron, and siloxane for anodes, and H 2O and SO 2 for cathodes, on SOFC performance to have a general overview on long-term chemical durability of SOFCs. Chemical compatibility of Ni with foreign species has also been thermochemically considered. Using common model cells, the stability of cell voltage, electrode overpotential, and ohmic loss up to 3000 h has been experimentally examined for H 2-based fuels, for hydrocarbon-based fuels, and for partially pre-reformed...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0378-7753 ; E-ISSN: 1873-2755 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.09.122
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0378-7753
  • 03787753
  • 1873-2755
  • 18732755
url: Link


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titleChemical durability of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Influence of impurities on long-term performance
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descriptionBecause of the fuel flexibility of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs), various types of fuels may be applied directly or via a simple reforming process, including hydrocarbons, alcohols, coal gas, biogas, besides hydrogen. However, various types of minor constituents in practical fuels and/or from the system components can cause chemical degradation of SOFCs, such as anode and cathode poisoning phenomena. In this study, we compare the influence of various external impurities, including sulfur, chlorine, phosphorus, boron, and siloxane for anodes, and H 2O and SO 2 for cathodes, on SOFC performance to have a general overview on long-term chemical durability of SOFCs. Chemical compatibility of Ni with foreign species has also been thermochemically considered. Using common model cells, the stability of cell voltage, electrode overpotential, and ohmic loss up to 3000 h has been experimentally examined for H 2-based fuels, for hydrocarbon-based fuels, and for partially pre-reformed...
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Because of the fuel flexibility of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs), various types of fuels may be applied directly or via a simple reforming process, including hydrocarbons, alcohols, coal gas, biogas, besides hydrogen. However, various types of minor constituents in practical fuels and/or from the system components can cause chemical degradation of SOFCs, such as anode and cathode poisoning phenomena. In this study, we compare the influence of various external impurities, including sulfur, chlorine, phosphorus, boron, and siloxane for anodes, and H 2O and SO 2 for cathodes, on SOFC performance to have a general overview on long-term chemical durability of SOFCs. Chemical compatibility of Ni with foreign species has also been thermochemically considered. Using common model cells, the stability of cell voltage, electrode overpotential, and ohmic loss up to 3000 h has been experimentally examined for H 2-based fuels, for hydrocarbon-based fuels, and for partially pre-reformed...

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