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The effect of finite diffusion gradient pulse duration on fibre orientation estimation in diffusion MRI

An essential step for fibre-tracking is the accurate estimation of neuronal fibre orientations within each imaging voxel, and a number of methods have been proposed to reconstruct the orientation distribution function based on sampling three-dimensional -space. In the -space formalism, very short (i... Full description

Journal Title: NeuroImage June 2010, Vol.51(2), pp.743-751
Main Author: Yeh, Chun-Hung
Other Authors: Tournier, J-Donald , Cho, Kuan-Hung , Lin, Ching-Po , Calamante, Fernando , Connelly, Alan
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1053-8119 ; E-ISSN: 1095-9572 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.02.041
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053811910002090
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_neuroimage_2010_02_041
title: The effect of finite diffusion gradient pulse duration on fibre orientation estimation in diffusion MRI
format: Article
creator:
  • Yeh, Chun-Hung
  • Tournier, J-Donald
  • Cho, Kuan-Hung
  • Lin, Ching-Po
  • Calamante, Fernando
  • Connelly, Alan
subjects:
  • Medicine
ispartof: NeuroImage, June 2010, Vol.51(2), pp.743-751
description: An essential step for fibre-tracking is the accurate estimation of neuronal fibre orientations within each imaging voxel, and a number of methods have been proposed to reconstruct the orientation distribution function based on sampling three-dimensional -space. In the -space formalism, very short (infinitesimal) gradient pulses are the basic requirement to obtain the true spin displacement probability density function. On current clinical MR systems however, the diffusion gradient pulse duration ( ) is inevitably finite due to the limit on the achievable gradient intensity. The failure to satisfy the short gradient pulse (SGP) requirement has been a recurrent criticism for fibre orientation estimation based on the -space approach. In this study, the influence of a finite on the DW signal measured as a function of gradient direction is described theoretically and demonstrated through simulations and experimental models. Our results suggest that the current practice of using long for DW imaging on human clinical MR scanners, which is enforced by hardware limitations, might in fact be beneficial for estimating fibre orientations. For a given -value, the prolongation of is advantageous for estimating fibre orientations for two reasons: first, it leads to a boost in DW signal in the transverse plane of the fibre. Second, it stretches out the shape of the measured diffusion profile, which improves the contrast between DW orientations. This is especially beneficial for resolving crossing fibres, as this contrast is essential to discriminate between different fibre directions.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1053-8119 ; E-ISSN: 1095-9572 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.02.041
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1053-8119
  • 10538119
  • 1095-9572
  • 10959572
url: Link


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descriptionAn essential step for fibre-tracking is the accurate estimation of neuronal fibre orientations within each imaging voxel, and a number of methods have been proposed to reconstruct the orientation distribution function based on sampling three-dimensional -space. In the -space formalism, very short (infinitesimal) gradient pulses are the basic requirement to obtain the true spin displacement probability density function. On current clinical MR systems however, the diffusion gradient pulse duration ( ) is inevitably finite due to the limit on the achievable gradient intensity. The failure to satisfy the short gradient pulse (SGP) requirement has been a recurrent criticism for fibre orientation estimation based on the -space approach. In this study, the influence of a finite on the DW signal measured as a function of gradient direction is described theoretically and demonstrated through simulations and experimental models. Our results suggest that the current practice of using long for DW imaging on human clinical MR scanners, which is enforced by hardware limitations, might in fact be beneficial for estimating fibre orientations. For a given -value, the prolongation of is advantageous for estimating fibre orientations for two reasons: first, it leads to a boost in DW signal in the transverse plane of the fibre. Second, it stretches out the shape of the measured diffusion profile, which improves the contrast between DW orientations. This is especially beneficial for resolving crossing fibres, as this contrast is essential to discriminate between different fibre directions.
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