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Prevalence and correlates of calcium and vitamin D status adequacy in adolescents, adults, and elderly from the Health Survey—São Paulo

In addition to the importance of adequate calcium and vitamin D status for health and prevention of several chronic diseases, a high prevalence of both nutrient inadequacy and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) insufficiency has been observed. The aim of this study was to estimate calcium and vitamin D s... Full description

Journal Title: Nutrition June 2013, Vol.29(6), pp.845-850
Main Author: Martini, Lígia A
Other Authors: Verly, Eliseu , Marchioni, Dirce M.L , Fisberg, Regina M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0899-9007 ; E-ISSN: 1873-1244 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2012.12.009
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0899900712004765
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_nut_2012_12_009
title: Prevalence and correlates of calcium and vitamin D status adequacy in adolescents, adults, and elderly from the Health Survey—São Paulo
format: Article
creator:
  • Martini, Lígia A
  • Verly, Eliseu
  • Marchioni, Dirce M.L
  • Fisberg, Regina M
subjects:
  • Vitamin D
  • Habitual Intake
  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • Diet & Clinical Nutrition
ispartof: Nutrition, June 2013, Vol.29(6), pp.845-850
description: In addition to the importance of adequate calcium and vitamin D status for health and prevention of several chronic diseases, a high prevalence of both nutrient inadequacy and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) insufficiency has been observed. The aim of this study was to estimate calcium and vitamin D status correlates and adequacy from a population-based epidemiologic study. This is a subsample of a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of individuals living in São Paulo that includes 636 participants. A 24-h dietary record and a blood sample were collected. Nutrient adequacy was estimated by adjusting for the within-person variance of the nutrient intake. Serum concentration of 25(OH)D was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and considered adequate when ≥ 50 nmol/L. Calcium and vitamin D intake decrease according to life stages in both men and women, and increases with family income and educational level. The prevalence of calcium intake inadequacy is higher than 70% and almost 100% for vitamin D. The highest 25(OH)D concentration was observed in the fall—51.7 (20.4) nmol/L—and lowest in the summer—30.1 (8.8) nmol/L. Sex, body mass index, physical activity, alcohol and smoking habits, life stage, family income, skin color, waist circumference, and season of the year could explain 22% of the variability of 25(OH)D. The present study demonstrates important inadequacies regarding the nutritional status of calcium and vitamin D and indicates an urgent need not only for health professionals, but also for government and food industries to undertake new initiatives that could result in a real improvement in terms of calcium and vitamin D nutrition.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0899-9007 ; E-ISSN: 1873-1244 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2012.12.009
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0899-9007
  • 08999007
  • 1873-1244
  • 18731244
url: Link


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titlePrevalence and correlates of calcium and vitamin D status adequacy in adolescents, adults, and elderly from the Health Survey—São Paulo
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descriptionIn addition to the importance of adequate calcium and vitamin D status for health and prevention of several chronic diseases, a high prevalence of both nutrient inadequacy and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) insufficiency has been observed. The aim of this study was to estimate calcium and vitamin D status correlates and adequacy from a population-based epidemiologic study. This is a subsample of a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of individuals living in São Paulo that includes 636 participants. A 24-h dietary record and a blood sample were collected. Nutrient adequacy was estimated by adjusting for the within-person variance of the nutrient intake. Serum concentration of 25(OH)D was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and considered adequate when ≥ 50 nmol/L. Calcium and vitamin D intake decrease according to life stages in both men and women, and increases with family income and educational level. The prevalence of calcium intake inadequacy is higher than 70% and almost 100% for vitamin D. The highest 25(OH)D concentration was observed in the fall—51.7 (20.4) nmol/L—and lowest in the summer—30.1 (8.8) nmol/L. Sex, body mass index, physical activity, alcohol and smoking habits, life stage, family income, skin color, waist circumference, and season of the year could explain 22% of the variability of 25(OH)D. The present study demonstrates important inadequacies regarding the nutritional status of calcium and vitamin D and indicates an urgent need not only for health professionals, but also for government and food industries to undertake new initiatives that could result in a real improvement in terms of calcium and vitamin D nutrition.
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