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Comparison of Asian porcine high fever disease isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus to United States isolates for their ability to cause disease and secondary bacterial infection in swine

Epidemiologic data from Asian outbreaks of highly-pathogenic (HP) porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) suggest that disease severity was associated with both the virulence of the PRRSV isolates and secondary bacterial infections. Previous reports have indicated that U.S. isola... Full description

Journal Title: Veterinary Microbiology May 2017, Vol.203, pp.6-17
Main Author: Brockmeier, Susan L
Other Authors: Loving, Crystal L , Palmer, Mitchel V , Spear, Allyn , Nicholson, Tracy L , Faaberg, Kay S , Lager, Kelly M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0378-1135 ; E-ISSN: 1873-2542 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.02.003
Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378113516304011
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recordid: elsevier_sdoi_10_1016_j_vetmic_2017_02_003
title: Comparison of Asian porcine high fever disease isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus to United States isolates for their ability to cause disease and secondary bacterial infection in swine
format: Article
creator:
  • Brockmeier, Susan L
  • Loving, Crystal L
  • Palmer, Mitchel V
  • Spear, Allyn
  • Nicholson, Tracy L
  • Faaberg, Kay S
  • Lager, Kelly M
subjects:
  • Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus
  • Prrsv
  • Highly Pathogenic Prrsv
  • Pathogenesis
  • Virulence
  • Secondary Bacterial Infection
  • Haemophilus Parasuis
  • Actinobacillus Suis
  • Streptococcus Suis
  • Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex
  • Prdc
  • Biology
  • Veterinary Medicine
ispartof: Veterinary Microbiology, May 2017, Vol.203, pp.6-17
description: Epidemiologic data from Asian outbreaks of highly-pathogenic (HP) porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) suggest that disease severity was associated with both the virulence of the PRRSV isolates and secondary bacterial infections. Previous reports have indicated that U.S. isolates of PRRSV predispose to secondary bacterial infections as well, but the severity of disease that occurred in Asia in pigs infected with these HP-PRRSV strains has not been reported in the U.S. The objectives of this research were to compare the pathogenesis of Asian and U.S. PRRSV isolates with regard to their ability to cause disease and predispose to secondary bacterial infections in swine. To address these objectives groups of pigs were infected with 1 of 2 Asian HP-PRRSV strains (rJXwn06 or rSRV07) or 1 of 2 U.S. PRRSV strains (SDSU73 or VR-2332) alone or in combination with , , and . Pigs infected with rJXwn06 exhibited...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0378-1135 ; E-ISSN: 1873-2542 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.02.003
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0378-1135
  • 03781135
  • 1873-2542
  • 18732542
url: Link


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titleComparison of Asian porcine high fever disease isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus to United States isolates for their ability to cause disease and secondary bacterial infection in swine
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subjectPorcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus ; Prrsv ; Highly Pathogenic Prrsv ; Pathogenesis ; Virulence ; Secondary Bacterial Infection ; Haemophilus Parasuis ; Actinobacillus Suis ; Streptococcus Suis ; Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex ; Prdc ; Biology ; Veterinary Medicine
descriptionEpidemiologic data from Asian outbreaks of highly-pathogenic (HP) porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) suggest that disease severity was associated with both the virulence of the PRRSV isolates and secondary bacterial infections. Previous reports have indicated that U.S. isolates of PRRSV predispose to secondary bacterial infections as well, but the severity of disease that occurred in Asia in pigs infected with these HP-PRRSV strains has not been reported in the U.S. The objectives of this research were to compare the pathogenesis of Asian and U.S. PRRSV isolates with regard to their ability to cause disease and predispose to secondary bacterial infections in swine. To address these objectives groups of pigs were infected with 1 of 2 Asian HP-PRRSV strains (rJXwn06 or rSRV07) or 1 of 2 U.S. PRRSV strains (SDSU73 or VR-2332) alone or in combination with , , and . Pigs infected with rJXwn06 exhibited...
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