schliessen

Filtern

 

Bibliotheken

Effects of exogenous enzymes in corn-based and Canadian pearl millet-based diets with reduced soybean meal on growth performance, intestinal nutrient digestibility, villus development, and selected microbial populations in broiler chickens

An experiment was conducted to compare a commercial corn-soybean meal diet with a pearl millet diet containing less soybean meal (–27%), alone or in combination with exogenous enzymes, on growth performance, jejunal villus development, ileal CP, and AA digestibility, and cecal microbial populations... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of animal science 2011, Vol.89(12), pp.4100-4108
Main Author: Baurhoo , N.
Other Authors: Baurhoo , B. , Zhao , X.
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0021-8812
Zum Text:
SendSend as email Add to Book BagAdd to Book Bag
Staff View
recordid: faoagrisUS201400009686
title: Effects of exogenous enzymes in corn-based and Canadian pearl millet-based diets with reduced soybean meal on growth performance, intestinal nutrient digestibility, villus development, and selected microbial populations in broiler chickens
format: Article
creator:
  • Baurhoo , N.
  • Baurhoo , B.
  • Zhao , X.
subjects:
  • Pennisetum Glaucum
  • Soybean Meal
  • Growth Performance
  • Broiler Chickens
  • Diet
  • Digestibility
  • Feed Intake
  • Cages
  • Villi
  • Enzymes
  • Body Weight
  • Corn
ispartof: Journal of animal science, 2011, Vol.89(12), pp.4100-4108
description: An experiment was conducted to compare a commercial corn-soybean meal diet with a pearl millet diet containing less soybean meal (–27%), alone or in combination with exogenous enzymes, on growth performance, jejunal villus development, ileal CP, and AA digestibility, and cecal microbial populations in broilers. One hundred sixty 1-d-old male Ross 508 broilers (5/cage) were randomly allocated to one of the following dietary treatments: 1) a standard corn-soybean meal control diet (CTL); 2) a pearl millet-soybean meal diet (PM); 3) CTL + exogenous enzymes (CE); and 4) PM + exogenous enzymes (PE) with 8 replicate cages/treatment. The PM and PE diets contained less soybean meal because of greater CP and AA contents of pearl millet. All diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric. Body weight and feed intake were recorded weekly over 35 d. At d 21 and 35, 8 broilers per treatment were euthanized for sample collection and analyses. Gain-to-feed was greater (P < 0.01) for pearl millet- than corn-based diets. Apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of CP and most AA was similar between corn-based and pearl millet-based diets, and enzyme supplementation improved AID of CP (P < 0.01) and most AA at both d 21 and 35. However, for AID of some AA at d 21, the response to enzyme supplementation was less pronounced in broilers fed pearl millet-based diets than those fed corn-based diets (grain x enzyme, P ≤ 0.05). The villus was longer (P < 0.01) in broilers fed PM and PE than CTL and CE at d 35. Similarly, at d 35, lactobacilli loads were greater (P < 0.01) in broilers fed PM and PE than CTL and CE. It is concluded that, in comparison with corn, broiler diets formulated with pearl millet require less soybean meal and can be used to improve growth performance traits, intestinal lactobacilli populations, and villus development, whereas enzyme supplementation increases AID of CP and AA. ; p. 4100-4108.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0021-8812
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 00218812
  • 0021-8812
url: Link


@attributes
ID1272231552
RANK0.07
NO1
SEARCH_ENGINEprimo_central_multiple_fe
SEARCH_ENGINE_TYPEPrimo Central Search Engine
LOCALfalse
PrimoNMBib
record
control
sourcerecordidUS201400009686
sourceidfaoagris
recordidTN_faoagrisUS201400009686
sourcesystemPC
pqid912477994
galeid275233300
display
typearticle
titleEffects of exogenous enzymes in corn-based and Canadian pearl millet-based diets with reduced soybean meal on growth performance, intestinal nutrient digestibility, villus development, and selected microbial populations in broiler chickens
creatorBaurhoo , N. ; Baurhoo , B. ; Zhao , X.
ispartofJournal of animal science, 2011, Vol.89(12), pp.4100-4108
identifierISSN: 0021-8812
subjectPennisetum Glaucum ; Soybean Meal ; Growth Performance ; Broiler Chickens ; Diet ; Digestibility ; Feed Intake ; Cages ; Villi ; Enzymes ; Body Weight ; Corn
descriptionAn experiment was conducted to compare a commercial corn-soybean meal diet with a pearl millet diet containing less soybean meal (–27%), alone or in combination with exogenous enzymes, on growth performance, jejunal villus development, ileal CP, and AA digestibility, and cecal microbial populations in broilers. One hundred sixty 1-d-old male Ross 508 broilers (5/cage) were randomly allocated to one of the following dietary treatments: 1) a standard corn-soybean meal control diet (CTL); 2) a pearl millet-soybean meal diet (PM); 3) CTL + exogenous enzymes (CE); and 4) PM + exogenous enzymes (PE) with 8 replicate cages/treatment. The PM and PE diets contained less soybean meal because of greater CP and AA contents of pearl millet. All diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric. Body weight and feed intake were recorded weekly over 35 d. At d 21 and 35, 8 broilers per treatment were euthanized for sample collection and analyses. Gain-to-feed was greater (P < 0.01) for pearl millet- than corn-based diets. Apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of CP and most AA was similar between corn-based and pearl millet-based diets, and enzyme supplementation improved AID of CP (P < 0.01) and most AA at both d 21 and 35. However, for AID of some AA at d 21, the response to enzyme supplementation was less pronounced in broilers fed pearl millet-based diets than those fed corn-based diets (grain x enzyme, P ≤ 0.05). The villus was longer (P < 0.01) in broilers fed PM and PE than CTL and CE at d 35. Similarly, at d 35, lactobacilli loads were greater (P < 0.01) in broilers fed PM and PE than CTL and CE. It is concluded that, in comparison with corn, broiler diets formulated with pearl millet require less soybean meal and can be used to improve growth performance traits, intestinal lactobacilli populations, and villus development, whereas enzyme supplementation increases AID of CP and AA. ; p. 4100-4108.
languageeng
source
version7
lds50peer_reviewed
links
openurl$$Topenurl_article
openurlfulltext$$Topenurlfull_article
search
creatorcontrib
0Baurhoo , N.
1Baurhoo , B.
2Zhao , X.
titleEffects of exogenous enzymes in corn-based and Canadian pearl millet-based diets with reduced soybean meal on growth performance, intestinal nutrient digestibility, villus development, and selected microbial populations in broiler chickens
descriptionAn experiment was conducted to compare a commercial corn-soybean meal diet with a pearl millet diet containing less soybean meal (–27%), alone or in combination with exogenous enzymes, on growth performance, jejunal villus development, ileal CP, and AA digestibility, and cecal microbial populations in broilers. One hundred sixty 1-d-old male Ross 508 broilers (5/cage) were randomly allocated to one of the following dietary treatments: 1) a standard corn-soybean meal control diet (CTL); 2) a pearl millet-soybean meal diet (PM); 3) CTL + exogenous enzymes (CE); and 4) PM + exogenous enzymes (PE) with 8 replicate cages/treatment. The PM and PE diets contained less soybean meal because of greater CP and AA contents of pearl millet. All diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric. Body weight and feed intake were recorded weekly over 35 d. At d 21 and 35, 8 broilers per treatment were euthanized for sample collection and analyses. Gain-to-feed was greater (P < 0.01) for pearl millet- than corn-based diets. Apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of CP and most AA was similar between corn-based and pearl millet-based diets, and enzyme supplementation improved AID of CP (P < 0.01) and most AA at both d 21 and 35. However, for AID of some AA at d 21, the response to enzyme supplementation was less pronounced in broilers fed pearl millet-based diets than those fed corn-based diets (grain x enzyme, P ≤ 0.05). The villus was longer (P < 0.01) in broilers fed PM and PE than CTL and CE at d 35. Similarly, at d 35, lactobacilli loads were greater (P < 0.01) in broilers fed PM and PE than CTL and CE. It is concluded that, in comparison with corn, broiler diets formulated with pearl millet require less soybean meal and can be used to improve growth performance traits, intestinal lactobacilli populations, and villus development, whereas enzyme supplementation increases AID of CP and AA. ; p. 4100-4108.
subject
0Pennisetum Glaucum
1Soybean Meal
2Growth Performance
3Broiler Chickens
4Diet
5Digestibility
6Feed Intake
7Cages
8Villi
9Enzymes
10Body Weight
11Corn
general
0English
1AGRIS (United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization)
sourceidfaoagris
recordidfaoagrisUS201400009686
rsrctypearticle
creationdate2011
addtitleJournal of animal science
searchscope
0faoagris
1faoagris_sfx
scope
0faoagris
1faoagris_sfx
alttitleEffects of exogenous enzymes in corn-based and Canadian pearl millet-based diets with reduced soybean meal on growth performance, intestinal nutrient digestibility, villus development, and selected microbial populations in broiler chickens
issn
000218812
10021-8812
lsr30VSR-Enriched:[doi, galeid, pqid, eissn]
sort
titleEffects of exogenous enzymes in corn-based and Canadian pearl millet-based diets with reduced soybean meal on growth performance, intestinal nutrient digestibility, villus development, and selected microbial populations in broiler chickens
authorBaurhoo , N. ; Baurhoo , B. ; Zhao , X.
creationdate20110000
facets
frbrgroupid6437577310880491908
frbrtype5
languageeng
creationdate2011
topic
0Pennisetum Glaucum
1Soybean Meal
2Growth Performance
3Broiler Chickens
4Diet
5Digestibility
6Feed Intake
7Cages
8Villi
9Enzymes
10Body Weight
11Corn
collectionAGRIS (United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization)
prefilterarticles
rsrctypearticles
creatorcontrib
0Baurhoo , N.
1Baurhoo , B.
2Zhao , X.
jtitleJournal of animal science
toplevelpeer_reviewed
delivery
delcategoryRemote Search Resource
fulltextfulltext
addata
au
0Baurhoo, N.
1Baurhoo, B.
2Zhao, X.
atitleEffects of exogenous enzymes in corn-based and Canadian pearl millet-based diets with reduced soybean meal on growth performance, intestinal nutrient digestibility, villus development, and selected microbial populations in broiler chickens
jtitleJournal of animal science
addtitleEffects of exogenous enzymes in corn-based and Canadian pearl millet-based diets with reduced soybean meal on growth performance, intestinal nutrient digestibility, villus development, and selected microbial populations in broiler chickens
date2011
risdate2011
volume89
issue12
spage4100
epage4108
pages4100-4108
issn0021-8812
formatjournal
genrearticle
ristypeJOUR
abstractAn experiment was conducted to compare a commercial corn-soybean meal diet with a pearl millet diet containing less soybean meal (–27%), alone or in combination with exogenous enzymes, on growth performance, jejunal villus development, ileal CP, and AA digestibility, and cecal microbial populations in broilers. One hundred sixty 1-d-old male Ross 508 broilers (5/cage) were randomly allocated to one of the following dietary treatments: 1) a standard corn-soybean meal control diet (CTL); 2) a pearl millet-soybean meal diet (PM); 3) CTL + exogenous enzymes (CE); and 4) PM + exogenous enzymes (PE) with 8 replicate cages/treatment. The PM and PE diets contained less soybean meal because of greater CP and AA contents of pearl millet. All diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric. Body weight and feed intake were recorded weekly over 35 d. At d 21 and 35, 8 broilers per treatment were euthanized for sample collection and analyses. Gain-to-feed was greater (P < 0.01) for pearl millet- than corn-based diets. Apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of CP and most AA was similar between corn-based and pearl millet-based diets, and enzyme supplementation improved AID of CP (P < 0.01) and most AA at both d 21 and 35. However, for AID of some AA at d 21, the response to enzyme supplementation was less pronounced in broilers fed pearl millet-based diets than those fed corn-based diets (grain x enzyme, P ≤ 0.05). The villus was longer (P < 0.01) in broilers fed PM and PE than CTL and CE at d 35. Similarly, at d 35, lactobacilli loads were greater (P < 0.01) in broilers fed PM and PE than CTL and CE. It is concluded that, in comparison with corn, broiler diets formulated with pearl millet require less soybean meal and can be used to improve growth performance traits, intestinal lactobacilli populations, and villus development, whereas enzyme supplementation increases AID of CP and AA.
pubAmerican Society of Animal Science
doi10.2527/jas.2011-4045
eissn15253163