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Safety and effectiveness of a multidisciplinary very-low-calorie diet program for selected obese individuals

Very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) provide 400 to 800 calories (kcal) per day. They are typically used to treat moderate to severe obesity. Early versions of VLCDs were found to be dangerous to health, but modifications have increased both their safety and their usefulness. This study examined the safet... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of the American Dietetic Association Dec, 1991, Vol.91(12), p.1582(3)
Main Author: Anderson, James W.
Other Authors: Hamilton, Carlene C. , Crown - Weber, Ernst , Riddlemoser, Mary , Gustafson, Nancy J.
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
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ID: ISSN: 0002-8223
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recordid: gale_ofa11703900
title: Safety and effectiveness of a multidisciplinary very-low-calorie diet program for selected obese individuals
format: Article
creator:
  • Anderson, James W.
  • Hamilton, Carlene C.
  • Crown - Weber, Ernst
  • Riddlemoser, Mary
  • Gustafson, Nancy J.
subjects:
  • Low Calorie Diet -- Evaluation
  • Reducing Diets -- Usage
  • Liquid Diet -- Adverse And Side Effects
  • Obesity -- Care And Treatment
ispartof: Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Dec, 1991, Vol.91(12), p.1582(3)
description: Very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) provide 400 to 800 calories (kcal) per day. They are typically used to treat moderate to severe obesity. Early versions of VLCDs were found to be dangerous to health, but modifications have increased both their safety and their usefulness. This study examined the safety and effectiveness of a VLCD regimen being followed by 100 subjects. Subjects were placed on a liquid diet supplemented with vitamins and minerals with a minimal daily consumption of 520 kcal and 50 grams of protein. Subjects were encouraged to stay on the liquid diet until they reached their desired weight. Each subject was carefully monitored throughout the diet. Of the 100 subjects, 49 stayed on the diet until reaching their desired weight. The average weight loss was 19.2 kg for females and 18.6 kg for males. At the end of the study period, 62 percent of the females and 69 percent of the males had body masses outside the obese range. At follow-up, females had maintained 36 percent of the weight loss and males had maintained 39 percent of the weight loss. Total serum cholesterol levels, fasting serum glucose levels, and blood pressure levels decreased significantly with weight loss. Only a few, minor metabolic changes occurred in some subjects, and only minor side effects were reported by the subjects. Electrocardiogram readings remained normal throughout the diet for all subjects. None of the subjects quit the diet because of side effects. The results indicated that a properly administered VLCD could be both safe and effective with good long-term results. (Consumer Summary produced by Reliance Medical Information, Inc.)
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0002-8223
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0002-8223
  • 00028223
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titleSafety and effectiveness of a multidisciplinary very-low-calorie diet program for selected obese individuals
creatorAnderson, James W. ; Hamilton, Carlene C. ; Crown - Weber, Ernst ; Riddlemoser, Mary ; Gustafson, Nancy J.
ispartofJournal of the American Dietetic Association, Dec, 1991, Vol.91(12), p.1582(3)
identifierISSN: 0002-8223
subjectLow Calorie Diet -- Evaluation ; Reducing Diets -- Usage ; Liquid Diet -- Adverse And Side Effects ; Obesity -- Care And Treatment
descriptionVery-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) provide 400 to 800 calories (kcal) per day. They are typically used to treat moderate to severe obesity. Early versions of VLCDs were found to be dangerous to health, but modifications have increased both their safety and their usefulness. This study examined the safety and effectiveness of a VLCD regimen being followed by 100 subjects. Subjects were placed on a liquid diet supplemented with vitamins and minerals with a minimal daily consumption of 520 kcal and 50 grams of protein. Subjects were encouraged to stay on the liquid diet until they reached their desired weight. Each subject was carefully monitored throughout the diet. Of the 100 subjects, 49 stayed on the diet until reaching their desired weight. The average weight loss was 19.2 kg for females and 18.6 kg for males. At the end of the study period, 62 percent of the females and 69 percent of the males had body masses outside the obese range. At follow-up, females had maintained 36 percent of the weight loss and males had maintained 39 percent of the weight loss. Total serum cholesterol levels, fasting serum glucose levels, and blood pressure levels decreased significantly with weight loss. Only a few, minor metabolic changes occurred in some subjects, and only minor side effects were reported by the subjects. Electrocardiogram readings remained normal throughout the diet for all subjects. None of the subjects quit the diet because of side effects. The results indicated that a properly administered VLCD could be both safe and effective with good long-term results. (Consumer Summary produced by Reliance Medical Information, Inc.)
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abstractVery-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) provide 400 to 800 calories (kcal) per day. They are typically used to treat moderate to severe obesity. Early versions of VLCDs were found to be dangerous to health, but modifications have increased both their safety and their usefulness. This study examined the safety and effectiveness of a VLCD regimen being followed by 100 subjects. Subjects were placed on a liquid diet supplemented with vitamins and minerals with a minimal daily consumption of 520 kcal and 50 grams of protein. Subjects were encouraged to stay on the liquid diet until they reached their desired weight. Each subject was carefully monitored throughout the diet. Of the 100 subjects, 49 stayed on the diet until reaching their desired weight. The average weight loss was 19.2 kg for females and 18.6 kg for males. At the end of the study period, 62 percent of the females and 69 percent of the males had body masses outside the obese range. At follow-up, females had maintained 36 percent of the weight loss and males had maintained 39 percent of the weight loss. Total serum cholesterol levels, fasting serum glucose levels, and blood pressure levels decreased significantly with weight loss. Only a few, minor metabolic changes occurred in some subjects, and only minor side effects were reported by the subjects. Electrocardiogram readings remained normal throughout the diet for all subjects. None of the subjects quit the diet because of side effects. The results indicated that a properly administered VLCD could be both safe and effective with good long-term results. (Consumer Summary produced by Reliance Medical Information, Inc.)
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