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Methods for pooling results of epidemiologic studies: the pooling project of prospective studies of diet and cancer.(Practice of Epidemiology)(Author abstract)

With the growing number of epidemiologic publications on the relation between dietary factors and cancer risk, pooled analyses that summarize results from multiple studies are becoming more common. Here, the authors describe the methods being used to summarize data on diet-cancer associations within... Full description

Journal Title: American Journal of Epidemiology June 1, 2006, Vol.163(11), p.1053(12)
Main Author: Smith - Warner, Stephanie A.
Other Authors: Spiegelman, Donna , Ritz, John , Albanes, Demetrius , Beeson, W. Lawrence , Bernstein, Leslie , Berrino, Franco , Van Den Brandt, Piet A. , Buring, Julie E. , Cho, Eunyoung , Colditz, Graham A. , Folsom, Aaron R. , Freudenheim, Jo L. , Giovannucci, Edward , Goldbohm, R. Alexandra , Graham, Saxon , Harnack, Lisa , Horn - Ross, Pamela L. , Krogh, Vittorio , Leitzmann, Michael F. , Mccullough, Marjorie L. , Miller, Anthony B. , Rodriguez, Carmen , Rohan, Thomas E. , Schatzkin, Arthur , Shore, Roy , Virtanen, Mikko , Willett, Walter C. , Wolk, Alicja , Zeleniuch - Jacquotte, Hunter, David J.
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0002-9262
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recordid: gale_ofa147108718
title: Methods for pooling results of epidemiologic studies: the pooling project of prospective studies of diet and cancer.(Practice of Epidemiology)(Author abstract)
format: Article
creator:
  • Smith - Warner, Stephanie A.
  • Spiegelman, Donna
  • Ritz, John
  • Albanes, Demetrius
  • Beeson, W. Lawrence
  • Bernstein, Leslie
  • Berrino, Franco
  • Van Den Brandt, Piet A.
  • Buring, Julie E.
  • Cho, Eunyoung
  • Colditz, Graham A.
  • Folsom, Aaron R.
  • Freudenheim, Jo L.
  • Giovannucci, Edward
  • Goldbohm, R. Alexandra
  • Graham, Saxon
  • Harnack, Lisa
  • Horn - Ross, Pamela L.
  • Krogh, Vittorio
  • Leitzmann, Michael F.
  • Mccullough, Marjorie L.
  • Miller, Anthony B.
  • Rodriguez, Carmen
  • Rohan, Thomas E.
  • Schatzkin, Arthur
  • Shore, Roy
  • Virtanen, Mikko
  • Willett, Walter C.
  • Wolk, Alicja
  • Zeleniuch - Jacquotte, Hunter, David J.
subjects:
  • Prevalence Studies (Epidemiology) -- Research
  • Diet -- Research
  • Epidemiology -- Research
  • Cancer Research
ispartof: American Journal of Epidemiology, June 1, 2006, Vol.163(11), p.1053(12)
description: With the growing number of epidemiologic publications on the relation between dietary factors and cancer risk, pooled analyses that summarize results from multiple studies are becoming more common. Here, the authors describe the methods being used to summarize data on diet-cancer associations within the ongoing Pooling Project of Prospective Studies of Diet and Cancer, begun in 1991. In the Pooling Project, the primary data from prospective cohort studies meeting prespecified inclusion criteria are analyzed using standardized criteria for modeling of exposure, confounding, and outcome variables. In addition to evaluating main exposure-disease associations, analyses are also conducted to evaluate whether exposure-disease associations are modified by other dietary and nondietary factors or vary among population subgroups or particular cancer subtypes. Study-specific relative risks are calculated using the Cox proportional hazards model and then pooled using a random- or mixed-effects model. The study-specific estimates are weighted by the inverse of their variances in forming summary estimates. Most of the methods used in the Pooling Project may be adapted for examining associations with dietary and nondietary factors in pooled analyses of case-control studies or case-control and cohort studies combined. [PUBLICATION ]
language: English
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0002-9262
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0002-9262
  • 00029262
url: Link


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titleMethods for pooling results of epidemiologic studies: the pooling project of prospective studies of diet and cancer.(Practice of Epidemiology)(Author abstract)
creatorSmith - Warner, Stephanie A. ; Spiegelman, Donna ; Ritz, John ; Albanes, Demetrius ; Beeson, W. Lawrence ; Bernstein, Leslie ; Berrino, Franco ; Van Den Brandt, Piet A. ; Buring, Julie E. ; Cho, Eunyoung ; Colditz, Graham A. ; Folsom, Aaron R. ; Freudenheim, Jo L. ; Giovannucci, Edward ; Goldbohm, R. Alexandra ; Graham, Saxon ; Harnack, Lisa ; Horn - Ross, Pamela L. ; Krogh, Vittorio ; Leitzmann, Michael F. ; Mccullough, Marjorie L. ; Miller, Anthony B. ; Rodriguez, Carmen ; Rohan, Thomas E. ; Schatzkin, Arthur ; Shore, Roy ; Virtanen, Mikko ; Willett, Walter C. ; Wolk, Alicja ; Zeleniuch - Jacquotte, Hunter, David J.
ispartofAmerican Journal of Epidemiology, June 1, 2006, Vol.163(11), p.1053(12)
identifierISSN: 0002-9262
subjectPrevalence Studies (Epidemiology) -- Research ; Diet -- Research ; Epidemiology -- Research ; Cancer Research
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descriptionWith the growing number of epidemiologic publications on the relation between dietary factors and cancer risk, pooled analyses that summarize results from multiple studies are becoming more common. Here, the authors describe the methods being used to summarize data on diet-cancer associations within the ongoing Pooling Project of Prospective Studies of Diet and Cancer, begun in 1991. In the Pooling Project, the primary data from prospective cohort studies meeting prespecified inclusion criteria are analyzed using standardized criteria for modeling of exposure, confounding, and outcome variables. In addition to evaluating main exposure-disease associations, analyses are also conducted to evaluate whether exposure-disease associations are modified by other dietary and nondietary factors or vary among population subgroups or particular cancer subtypes. Study-specific relative risks are calculated using the Cox proportional hazards model and then pooled using a random- or mixed-effects model. The study-specific estimates are weighted by the inverse of their variances in forming summary estimates. Most of the methods used in the Pooling Project may be adapted for examining associations with dietary and nondietary factors in pooled analyses of case-control studies or case-control and cohort studies combined. [PUBLICATION ]
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30Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Hunter, David J
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authorSmith - Warner, Stephanie A. ; Spiegelman, Donna ; Ritz, John ; Albanes, Demetrius ; Beeson, W. Lawrence ; Bernstein, Leslie ; Berrino, Franco ; Van Den Brandt, Piet A. ; Buring, Julie E. ; Cho, Eunyoung ; Colditz, Graham A. ; Folsom, Aaron R. ; Freudenheim, Jo L. ; Giovannucci, Edward ; Goldbohm, R. Alexandra ; Graham, Saxon ; Harnack, Lisa ; Horn - Ross, Pamela L. ; Krogh, Vittorio ; Leitzmann, Michael F. ; Mccullough, Marjorie L. ; Miller, Anthony B. ; Rodriguez, Carmen ; Rohan, Thomas E. ; Schatzkin, Arthur ; Shore, Roy ; Virtanen, Mikko ; Willett, Walter C. ; Wolk, Alicja ; Zeleniuch - Jacquotte, Hunter, David J.
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12Freudenheim, Jo L.
13Giovannucci, Edward
14Goldbohm, R. Alexandra
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16Harnack, Lisa
17Horn - Ross, Pamela L.
18Krogh, Vittorio
19Leitzmann, Michael F.
20Mccullough, Marjorie L.
21Miller, Anthony B.
22Rodriguez, Carmen
23Rohan, Thomas E.
24Schatzkin, Arthur
25Shore, Roy
26Virtanen, Mikko
27Willett, Walter C.
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1Spiegelman, Donna
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8Buring, Julie E.
9Cho, Eunyoung
10Colditz, Graham A.
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12Freudenheim, Jo L.
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16Harnack, Lisa
17Horn-Ross,Pamela L.
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22Rodriguez, Carmen
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24Schatzkin, Arthur
25Shore, Roy
26Virtanen, Mikko
27Willett, Walter C.
28Wolk, Alicja
29Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Hunter, David J.
atitleMethods for pooling results of epidemiologic studies: the pooling project of prospective studies of diet and cancer.(Practice of Epidemiology)(Author abstract)
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