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A fasting inducible switch modulates gluconeogenesis via activator/coactivator exchange.(LETTERS)(Report)

During early fasting, increases in skeletal muscle proteolysis liberate free amino acids for hepatic gluconeogenesis in response to pancreatic glucagon. Hepatic glucose output diminishes during the late protein-sparing phase of fasting, when ketone body production by the liver supplies compensatory... Full description

Journal Title: Nature Nov 13, 2008, Vol.456(7219), p.269(6)
Main Author: Liu, Yi
Other Authors: Dentin, Renaud , Chen, Danica , Hedrick, Susan , Ravnskjaer, Kim , Schenk, Simon , Milne, Jill Meyers, David J. , Cole, Phil , Yates, John Iii , Olefsky, Jerrold , Guarente, Leonard , Montminy, Marc
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0028-0836
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recordid: gale_ofa189653935
title: A fasting inducible switch modulates gluconeogenesis via activator/coactivator exchange.(LETTERS)(Report)
format: Article
creator:
  • Liu, Yi
  • Dentin, Renaud
  • Chen, Danica
  • Hedrick, Susan
  • Ravnskjaer, Kim
  • Schenk, Simon
  • Milne, Jill Meyers, David J.
  • Cole, Phil
  • Yates, John Iii
  • Olefsky, Jerrold
  • Guarente, Leonard
  • Montminy, Marc
subjects:
  • Gluconeogenesis -- Research
  • Fasting -- Health Aspects
ispartof: Nature, Nov 13, 2008, Vol.456(7219), p.269(6)
description: During early fasting, increases in skeletal muscle proteolysis liberate free amino acids for hepatic gluconeogenesis in response to pancreatic glucagon. Hepatic glucose output diminishes during the late protein-sparing phase of fasting, when ketone body production by the liver supplies compensatory fuel for glucose-dependent tissues 1 – 4 . Glucagon stimulates the gluconeogenic program by triggering the dephosphorylation and nuclear translocation of the CREB regulated transcription coactivator 2 (CRTC2; also known as TORC2), while parallel decreases in insulin signaling augment gluconeogenic gene expression through the de-phosphorylation and nuclear shuttling of Forkhead Box O1 (FOXO1) 5 – 7 . Here we show that a fasting-inducible switch, consisting of the histone acetyl-transferase (HAT) P300 and the nutrient-sensing deacetylase Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), maintains energy balance through the sequential induction of CRTC2 and FOXO1. Following glucagon induction, CRTC2 stimulated gluconeogenic gene expression through an association with P300, which we show here is also activated by de-phosphorylation at Ser89 during fasting. In turn, P300 increased hepatic CRTC2 activity by acetylating it at Lys628, a site that also targets CRTC2 for degradation following its ubiquitination by the E3 ligase Constitutive Photomorphogenic Protein (COP1) 8 . Glucagon effects were attenuated during late fasting, when CRTC2 was down-regulated due to SIRT1-mediated deacetylation and when FOXO1 supported expression of the gluconeogenic program. Disrupting SIRT1 activity, by liver-specific knockout of the SIRT1 gene or by administration of SIRT1 antagonist, increased CRTC2 activity and glucose output, while exposure to SIRT1 agonists reduced them. In view of the reciprocal activation of FOXO1 and its coactivator peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α) by SIRT1 activators 9 – 12 , our results illustrate how the exchange of two gluconeogenic regulators during fasting maintains energy balance.
language: English
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0028-0836
  • 00280836
url: Link


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titleA fasting inducible switch modulates gluconeogenesis via activator/coactivator exchange.(LETTERS)(Report)
creatorLiu, Yi ; Dentin, Renaud ; Chen, Danica ; Hedrick, Susan ; Ravnskjaer, Kim ; Schenk, Simon ; Milne, Jill Meyers, David J. ; Cole, Phil ; Yates, John Iii ; Olefsky, Jerrold ; Guarente, Leonard ; Montminy, Marc
ispartofNature, Nov 13, 2008, Vol.456(7219), p.269(6)
identifierISSN: 0028-0836
subjectGluconeogenesis -- Research ; Fasting -- Health Aspects
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descriptionDuring early fasting, increases in skeletal muscle proteolysis liberate free amino acids for hepatic gluconeogenesis in response to pancreatic glucagon. Hepatic glucose output diminishes during the late protein-sparing phase of fasting, when ketone body production by the liver supplies compensatory fuel for glucose-dependent tissues 1 – 4 . Glucagon stimulates the gluconeogenic program by triggering the dephosphorylation and nuclear translocation of the CREB regulated transcription coactivator 2 (CRTC2; also known as TORC2), while parallel decreases in insulin signaling augment gluconeogenic gene expression through the de-phosphorylation and nuclear shuttling of Forkhead Box O1 (FOXO1) 5 – 7 . Here we show that a fasting-inducible switch, consisting of the histone acetyl-transferase (HAT) P300 and the nutrient-sensing deacetylase Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), maintains energy balance through the sequential induction of CRTC2 and FOXO1. Following glucagon induction, CRTC2 stimulated gluconeogenic gene expression through an association with P300, which we show here is also activated by de-phosphorylation at Ser89 during fasting. In turn, P300 increased hepatic CRTC2 activity by acetylating it at Lys628, a site that also targets CRTC2 for degradation following its ubiquitination by the E3 ligase Constitutive Photomorphogenic Protein (COP1) 8 . Glucagon effects were attenuated during late fasting, when CRTC2 was down-regulated due to SIRT1-mediated deacetylation and when FOXO1 supported expression of the gluconeogenic program. Disrupting SIRT1 activity, by liver-specific knockout of the SIRT1 gene or by administration of SIRT1 antagonist, increased CRTC2 activity and glucose output, while exposure to SIRT1 agonists reduced them. In view of the reciprocal activation of FOXO1 and its coactivator peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α) by SIRT1 activators 9 – 12 , our results illustrate how the exchange of two gluconeogenic regulators during fasting maintains energy balance.
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