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Low-carbohydrate diet scores and risk of type 2 diabetes in men.(Original Research Communications)(Author abstract)(Report)

Background: Fat and protein sources may influence whether lowcarbohydrate diets are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Objective: The objective was to compare the associations of 3 low-carbohydrate diet scores with incident T2D. Design: A prospective cohort study was conducted in participants fr... Full description

Journal Title: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition April, 2011, Vol.93(4), p.844(7)
Main Author: De Koning, Lawrence
Other Authors: Fung, Teresa T. , Liao, Xiaomei , Chiuve, Stephanie E. , Rimm, Eric B. , Willett, Walter C. , Spiegelman, Donna , Hu, Frank B.
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0002-9165
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recordid: gale_ofa254754289
title: Low-carbohydrate diet scores and risk of type 2 diabetes in men.(Original Research Communications)(Author abstract)(Report)
format: Article
creator:
  • De Koning, Lawrence
  • Fung, Teresa T.
  • Liao, Xiaomei
  • Chiuve, Stephanie E.
  • Rimm, Eric B.
  • Willett, Walter C.
  • Spiegelman, Donna
  • Hu, Frank B.
subjects:
  • Low Carbohydrate Diet -- Health Aspects
  • Low Carbohydrate Diet -- Research
  • Type 2 Diabetes -- Demographic Aspects
  • Type 2 Diabetes -- Research
  • Type 2 Diabetes -- Risk Factors
  • Type 2 Diabetes -- Diet Therapy
ispartof: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, April, 2011, Vol.93(4), p.844(7)
description: Background: Fat and protein sources may influence whether lowcarbohydrate diets are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Objective: The objective was to compare the associations of 3 low-carbohydrate diet scores with incident T2D. Design: A prospective cohort study was conducted in participants from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study who were free of T2D, cardiovascular disease, or cancer at baseline (n = 40,475) for up to 20 y. Cumulative averages of 3 low-carbohydrate diet scores (high total protein and fat, high animal protein and fat, and high vegetable protein and fat) were calculated every 4 y from food-frequency questionnaires and were associated with incident T2D by using Cox models. Results: We documented 2689 cases of T2D during follow-up. After adjustments for age, smoking, physical activity, coffee intake, alcohol intake, family history of T2D, total energy intake, and body mass index, the score for high animal protein and fat was associated with an increased risk of T2D [top compared with bottom quintile; hazard ratio (HR): 1.37; 95% CI: 1.20, 1.58; P for trend < 0.01]. Adjustment for red and processed meat attenuated this association (HR: 1.11 ; 95% CI: 0.95, 1.30; P for trend = 0.20). A high score for vegetable protein and fat was not significantly associated with the risk of T2D overall but was inversely associated with T2D in men aged
language: English
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0002-9165
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0002-9165
  • 00029165
url: Link


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titleLow-carbohydrate diet scores and risk of type 2 diabetes in men.(Original Research Communications)(Author abstract)(Report)
creatorDe Koning, Lawrence ; Fung, Teresa T. ; Liao, Xiaomei ; Chiuve, Stephanie E. ; Rimm, Eric B. ; Willett, Walter C. ; Spiegelman, Donna ; Hu, Frank B.
ispartofAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition, April, 2011, Vol.93(4), p.844(7)
identifierISSN: 0002-9165
subjectLow Carbohydrate Diet -- Health Aspects ; Low Carbohydrate Diet -- Research ; Type 2 Diabetes -- Demographic Aspects ; Type 2 Diabetes -- Research ; Type 2 Diabetes -- Risk Factors ; Type 2 Diabetes -- Diet Therapy
descriptionBackground: Fat and protein sources may influence whether lowcarbohydrate diets are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Objective: The objective was to compare the associations of 3 low-carbohydrate diet scores with incident T2D. Design: A prospective cohort study was conducted in participants from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study who were free of T2D, cardiovascular disease, or cancer at baseline (n = 40,475) for up to 20 y. Cumulative averages of 3 low-carbohydrate diet scores (high total protein and fat, high animal protein and fat, and high vegetable protein and fat) were calculated every 4 y from food-frequency questionnaires and were associated with incident T2D by using Cox models. Results: We documented 2689 cases of T2D during follow-up. After adjustments for age, smoking, physical activity, coffee intake, alcohol intake, family history of T2D, total energy intake, and body mass index, the score for high animal protein and fat was associated with an increased risk of T2D [top compared with bottom quintile; hazard ratio (HR): 1.37; 95% CI: 1.20, 1.58; P for trend < 0.01]. Adjustment for red and processed meat attenuated this association (HR: 1.11 ; 95% CI: 0.95, 1.30; P for trend = 0.20). A high score for vegetable protein and fat was not significantly associated with the risk of T2D overall but was inversely associated with T2D in men aged <65 y (HR: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.66, 0.92; P for trend = 0.01, P for interaction = 0.01). Conclusions: A score representing a low-carbohydrate diet high in animal protein and fat was positively associated with the risk of T2D in men. Low-carbohydrate diets should obtain protein and fat from foods other than red and processed meat. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.004333.
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titleLow-carbohydrate diet scores and risk of type 2 diabetes in men.(Original Research Communications)(Author abstract)(Report)
descriptionBackground: Fat and protein sources may influence whether lowcarbohydrate diets are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Objective: The objective was to compare the associations of 3 low-carbohydrate diet scores with incident T2D. Design: A prospective cohort study was conducted in participants from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study who were free of T2D, cardiovascular disease, or cancer at baseline (n = 40,475) for up to 20 y. Cumulative averages of 3 low-carbohydrate diet scores (high total protein and fat, high animal protein and fat, and high vegetable protein and fat) were calculated every 4 y from food-frequency questionnaires and were associated with incident T2D by using Cox models. Results: We documented 2689 cases of T2D during follow-up. After adjustments for age, smoking, physical activity, coffee intake, alcohol intake, family history of T2D, total energy intake, and body mass index, the score for high animal protein and fat was associated with an increased risk of T2D [top compared with bottom quintile; hazard ratio (HR): 1.37; 95% CI: 1.20, 1.58; P for trend < 0.01]. Adjustment for red and processed meat attenuated this association (HR: 1.11 ; 95% CI: 0.95, 1.30; P for trend = 0.20). A high score for vegetable protein and fat was not significantly associated with the risk of T2D overall but was inversely associated with T2D in men aged <65 y (HR: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.66, 0.92; P for trend = 0.01, P for interaction = 0.01). Conclusions: A score representing a low-carbohydrate diet high in animal protein and fat was positively associated with the risk of T2D in men. Low-carbohydrate diets should obtain protein and fat from foods other than red and processed meat. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.004333.
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abstractBackground: Fat and protein sources may influence whether lowcarbohydrate diets are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Objective: The objective was to compare the associations of 3 low-carbohydrate diet scores with incident T2D. Design: A prospective cohort study was conducted in participants from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study who were free of T2D, cardiovascular disease, or cancer at baseline (n = 40,475) for up to 20 y. Cumulative averages of 3 low-carbohydrate diet scores (high total protein and fat, high animal protein and fat, and high vegetable protein and fat) were calculated every 4 y from food-frequency questionnaires and were associated with incident T2D by using Cox models. Results: We documented 2689 cases of T2D during follow-up. After adjustments for age, smoking, physical activity, coffee intake, alcohol intake, family history of T2D, total energy intake, and body mass index, the score for high animal protein and fat was associated with an increased risk of T2D [top compared with bottom quintile; hazard ratio (HR): 1.37; 95% CI: 1.20, 1.58; P for trend < 0.01]. Adjustment for red and processed meat attenuated this association (HR: 1.11 ; 95% CI: 0.95, 1.30; P for trend = 0.20). A high score for vegetable protein and fat was not significantly associated with the risk of T2D overall but was inversely associated with T2D in men aged <65 y (HR: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.66, 0.92; P for trend = 0.01, P for interaction = 0.01). Conclusions: A score representing a low-carbohydrate diet high in animal protein and fat was positively associated with the risk of T2D in men. Low-carbohydrate diets should obtain protein and fat from foods other than red and processed meat. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.004333.
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