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Adaptation of human adipose tissue to hypocaloric diet.(Report)

Hypocaloric diet is a key component of the weight-reducing treatment of obesity and obesity-related disorders. Hypocaloric diets and the associated weight reduction promote improvement of metabolic profile of obese individuals. Among the mechanisms that underlie this beneficial metabolic outcome, th... Full description

Journal Title: International Journal of Obesity 2013, Vol.37(5), p.640(11)
Main Author: Rossmeislova, L.
Other Authors: Malisova, L. , Kracmerova, J. , Stich, V.
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0307-0565 ; DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2012.80
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recordid: gale_ofa331080513
title: Adaptation of human adipose tissue to hypocaloric diet.(Report)
format: Article
creator:
  • Rossmeislova, L.
  • Malisova, L.
  • Kracmerova, J.
  • Stich, V.
subjects:
  • Low Calorie Diet – Physiological Aspects
  • Adipose Tissue – Physiological Aspects
  • Physiological Adaptation – Research
ispartof: International Journal of Obesity, 2013, Vol.37(5), p.640(11)
description: Hypocaloric diet is a key component of the weight-reducing treatment of obesity and obesity-related disorders. Hypocaloric diets and the associated weight reduction promote improvement of metabolic profile of obese individuals. Among the mechanisms that underlie this beneficial metabolic outcome, the diet-induced modifications of morphological and functional characteristics of human adipose tissue (AT) are believed to have an important role. Prospective studies of hypocaloric weight-reducing dietary intervention demonstrate effects on adipocyte metabolism, namely lipolysis and lipogenesis, and associated changes of the adipocyte size. The endocrine function of AT, which involves cytokine and adipokine production by adipocytes, as well as by cells of stromavascular fraction, is also regulated by dietary intervention. Related inflammatory status of AT is modulated also as a consequence of the changes in recruitment of immune cells, mainly macrophages, in AT. Here, we give an overview of metabolic and endocrine modifications in human AT induced by a variety of hypocaloric diets. International Journal of Obesity (2013) 37, 640-650; doi: 10.1038/ijo.2012.80; published online 29 May 2012 Keywords: human obesity; hypocaloric diet; adipose tissue metabolism; adipokines; macrophages Poitou et al. (62) 2005 4 wks VLCD Poitou et al. (62) 21F Poitou et al. (62) 34 [+ or -] 0.7 Poitou et al. (62) 6.3% Poitou et al. (62) [down arrow] Poitou et al. (62) --
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0307-0565 ; DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2012.80
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0307-0565
  • 03070565
url: Link


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titleAdaptation of human adipose tissue to hypocaloric diet.(Report)
creatorRossmeislova, L. ; Malisova, L. ; Kracmerova, J. ; Stich, V.
ispartofInternational Journal of Obesity, 2013, Vol.37(5), p.640(11)
identifierISSN: 0307-0565 ; DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2012.80
subjectLow Calorie Diet – Physiological Aspects ; Adipose Tissue – Physiological Aspects ; Physiological Adaptation – Research
descriptionHypocaloric diet is a key component of the weight-reducing treatment of obesity and obesity-related disorders. Hypocaloric diets and the associated weight reduction promote improvement of metabolic profile of obese individuals. Among the mechanisms that underlie this beneficial metabolic outcome, the diet-induced modifications of morphological and functional characteristics of human adipose tissue (AT) are believed to have an important role. Prospective studies of hypocaloric weight-reducing dietary intervention demonstrate effects on adipocyte metabolism, namely lipolysis and lipogenesis, and associated changes of the adipocyte size. The endocrine function of AT, which involves cytokine and adipokine production by adipocytes, as well as by cells of stromavascular fraction, is also regulated by dietary intervention. Related inflammatory status of AT is modulated also as a consequence of the changes in recruitment of immune cells, mainly macrophages, in AT. Here, we give an overview of metabolic and endocrine modifications in human AT induced by a variety of hypocaloric diets. International Journal of Obesity (2013) 37, 640-650; doi: 10.1038/ijo.2012.80; published online 29 May 2012 Keywords: human obesity; hypocaloric diet; adipose tissue metabolism; adipokines; macrophages Poitou et al. (62) 2005 4 wks VLCD Poitou et al. (62) 21F Poitou et al. (62) 34 [+ or -] 0.7 Poitou et al. (62) 6.3% Poitou et al. (62) [down arrow] Poitou et al. (62) --
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titleAdaptation of human adipose tissue to hypocaloric diet.(Report)
descriptionHypocaloric diet is a key component of the weight-reducing treatment of obesity and obesity-related disorders. Hypocaloric diets and the associated weight reduction promote improvement of metabolic profile of obese individuals. Among the mechanisms that underlie this beneficial metabolic outcome, the diet-induced modifications of morphological and functional characteristics of human adipose tissue (AT) are believed to have an important role. Prospective studies of hypocaloric weight-reducing dietary intervention demonstrate effects on adipocyte metabolism, namely lipolysis and lipogenesis, and associated changes of the adipocyte size. The endocrine function of AT, which involves cytokine and adipokine production by adipocytes, as well as by cells of stromavascular fraction, is also regulated by dietary intervention. Related inflammatory status of AT is modulated also as a consequence of the changes in recruitment of immune cells, mainly macrophages, in AT. Here, we give an overview of metabolic and endocrine modifications in human AT induced by a variety of hypocaloric diets. International Journal of Obesity (2013) 37, 640-650; doi: 10.1038/ijo.2012.80; published online 29 May 2012 Keywords: human obesity; hypocaloric diet; adipose tissue metabolism; adipokines; macrophages Poitou et al. (62) 2005 4 wks VLCD Poitou et al. (62) 21F Poitou et al. (62) 34 [+ or -] 0.7 Poitou et al. (62) 6.3% Poitou et al. (62) [down arrow] Poitou et al. (62) --
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abstractHypocaloric diet is a key component of the weight-reducing treatment of obesity and obesity-related disorders. Hypocaloric diets and the associated weight reduction promote improvement of metabolic profile of obese individuals. Among the mechanisms that underlie this beneficial metabolic outcome, the diet-induced modifications of morphological and functional characteristics of human adipose tissue (AT) are believed to have an important role. Prospective studies of hypocaloric weight-reducing dietary intervention demonstrate effects on adipocyte metabolism, namely lipolysis and lipogenesis, and associated changes of the adipocyte size. The endocrine function of AT, which involves cytokine and adipokine production by adipocytes, as well as by cells of stromavascular fraction, is also regulated by dietary intervention. Related inflammatory status of AT is modulated also as a consequence of the changes in recruitment of immune cells, mainly macrophages, in AT. Here, we give an overview of metabolic and endocrine modifications in human AT induced by a variety of hypocaloric diets. International Journal of Obesity (2013) 37, 640-650; doi: 10.1038/ijo.2012.80; published online 29 May 2012 Keywords: human obesity; hypocaloric diet; adipose tissue metabolism; adipokines; macrophages Poitou et al. (62) 2005 4 wks VLCD Poitou et al. (62) 21F Poitou et al. (62) 34 [+ or -] 0.7 Poitou et al. (62) 6.3% Poitou et al. (62) [down arrow] Poitou et al. (62) --
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