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Fasting in mood disorders: neurobiology and effectiveness. A review of the literature.(Report)

To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2012.12.018 Byline: Guillaume Fond (a)(b), Alexandra Macgregor (a), Marion Leboyer (b), Andreas Michalsen (c) Keywords: Therapeutic fasting; Caloric restriction; Depression; Mood; Treatment; Ramadan A... Full description

Journal Title: Psychiatry Research Oct 30, 2013, Vol.209(3), p.253(6)
Main Author: Fond, Guillaume
Other Authors: Macgregor, Alexandra , Leboyer, Marion , Michalsen, Andreas
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0165-1781
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recordid: gale_ofa346158016
title: Fasting in mood disorders: neurobiology and effectiveness. A review of the literature.(Report)
format: Article
creator:
  • Fond, Guillaume
  • Macgregor, Alexandra
  • Leboyer, Marion
  • Michalsen, Andreas
subjects:
  • Fasting -- Health Aspects
  • Fasting -- Analysis
  • Depression (Mood disorder) -- Health Aspects
  • Depression (Mood disorder) -- Analysis
ispartof: Psychiatry Research, Oct 30, 2013, Vol.209(3), p.253(6)
description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2012.12.018 Byline: Guillaume Fond (a)(b), Alexandra Macgregor (a), Marion Leboyer (b), Andreas Michalsen (c) Keywords: Therapeutic fasting; Caloric restriction; Depression; Mood; Treatment; Ramadan Abstract: Clinicians have found that fasting was frequently accompanied by an increased level of vigilance and a mood improvement, a subjective feeling of well-being, and sometimes of euphoria. Therapeutic fasting, following an established protocol, is safe and well tolerated. We aim in this article to explore the biological mechanisms activated during fasting that could have an effect on brain function with particular focus on mood (we do not discuss here the mechanisms regulating eating behavior) and to provide a comprehensive review on the potential positive impact of therapeutic fasting on mood. We explored Medline, Web of Science and PsycInfo according to the PRISMA criteria (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis). The initial research paradigm was: [(fasting OR caloric restriction) AND (mental health OR depressive disorders OR mood OR anxiety)]. Many neurobiological mechanisms have been proposed to explain fasting effects on mood, such as changes in neurotransmitters, quality of sleep, and synthesis of neurotrophic factors. Many clinical observations relate an early (between day 2 and day 7) effect of fasting on depressive symptoms with an improvement in mood, alertness and a sense of tranquility reported by patients. The persistence of mood improvement over time remains to be determined. Author Affiliation: (a) INSERM U1061, Universite Montpellier 1, Hopital la Colombiere, CHU Montpellier F-34000, France (b) INSERM U955, University Paris-Est, FondaMental Fondation, Fondation de Cooperation Scientifique, AP-HP, Groupe Hospitalier Mondor, 40, Rue de Mesly, Creteil F-94000, France (c) Charite- University Medical Centre Berlin and Immanuel Hospital Berlin, Department for Internal and Integrative Medicine, Berlin, Germany Article History: Received 16 October 2012; Revised 11 December 2012; Accepted 18 December 2012
language: English
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0165-1781
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0165-1781
  • 01651781
url: Link


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titleFasting in mood disorders: neurobiology and effectiveness. A review of the literature.(Report)
creatorFond, Guillaume ; Macgregor, Alexandra ; Leboyer, Marion ; Michalsen, Andreas
ispartofPsychiatry Research, Oct 30, 2013, Vol.209(3), p.253(6)
identifierISSN: 0165-1781
subjectFasting -- Health Aspects ; Fasting -- Analysis ; Depression (Mood disorder) -- Health Aspects ; Depression (Mood disorder) -- Analysis
descriptionTo link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2012.12.018 Byline: Guillaume Fond (a)(b), Alexandra Macgregor (a), Marion Leboyer (b), Andreas Michalsen (c) Keywords: Therapeutic fasting; Caloric restriction; Depression; Mood; Treatment; Ramadan Abstract: Clinicians have found that fasting was frequently accompanied by an increased level of vigilance and a mood improvement, a subjective feeling of well-being, and sometimes of euphoria. Therapeutic fasting, following an established protocol, is safe and well tolerated. We aim in this article to explore the biological mechanisms activated during fasting that could have an effect on brain function with particular focus on mood (we do not discuss here the mechanisms regulating eating behavior) and to provide a comprehensive review on the potential positive impact of therapeutic fasting on mood. We explored Medline, Web of Science and PsycInfo according to the PRISMA criteria (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis). The initial research paradigm was: [(fasting OR caloric restriction) AND (mental health OR depressive disorders OR mood OR anxiety)]. Many neurobiological mechanisms have been proposed to explain fasting effects on mood, such as changes in neurotransmitters, quality of sleep, and synthesis of neurotrophic factors. Many clinical observations relate an early (between day 2 and day 7) effect of fasting on depressive symptoms with an improvement in mood, alertness and a sense of tranquility reported by patients. The persistence of mood improvement over time remains to be determined. Author Affiliation: (a) INSERM U1061, Universite Montpellier 1, Hopital la Colombiere, CHU Montpellier F-34000, France (b) INSERM U955, University Paris-Est, FondaMental Fondation, Fondation de Cooperation Scientifique, AP-HP, Groupe Hospitalier Mondor, 40, Rue de Mesly, Creteil F-94000, France (c) Charite- University Medical Centre Berlin and Immanuel Hospital Berlin, Department for Internal and Integrative Medicine, Berlin, Germany Article History: Received 16 October 2012; Revised 11 December 2012; Accepted 18 December 2012
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descriptionTo link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2012.12.018 Byline: Guillaume Fond (a)(b), Alexandra Macgregor (a), Marion Leboyer (b), Andreas Michalsen (c) Keywords: Therapeutic fasting; Caloric restriction; Depression; Mood; Treatment; Ramadan Abstract: Clinicians have found that fasting was frequently accompanied by an increased level of vigilance and a mood improvement, a subjective feeling of well-being, and sometimes of euphoria. Therapeutic fasting, following an established protocol, is safe and well tolerated. We aim in this article to explore the biological mechanisms activated during fasting that could have an effect on brain function with particular focus on mood (we do not discuss here the mechanisms regulating eating behavior) and to provide a comprehensive review on the potential positive impact of therapeutic fasting on mood. We explored Medline, Web of Science and PsycInfo according to the PRISMA criteria (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis). The initial research paradigm was: [(fasting OR caloric restriction) AND (mental health OR depressive disorders OR mood OR anxiety)]. Many neurobiological mechanisms have been proposed to explain fasting effects on mood, such as changes in neurotransmitters, quality of sleep, and synthesis of neurotrophic factors. Many clinical observations relate an early (between day 2 and day 7) effect of fasting on depressive symptoms with an improvement in mood, alertness and a sense of tranquility reported by patients. The persistence of mood improvement over time remains to be determined. Author Affiliation: (a) INSERM U1061, Universite Montpellier 1, Hopital la Colombiere, CHU Montpellier F-34000, France (b) INSERM U955, University Paris-Est, FondaMental Fondation, Fondation de Cooperation Scientifique, AP-HP, Groupe Hospitalier Mondor, 40, Rue de Mesly, Creteil F-94000, France (c) Charite- University Medical Centre Berlin and Immanuel Hospital Berlin, Department for Internal and Integrative Medicine, Berlin, Germany Article History: Received 16 October 2012; Revised 11 December 2012; Accepted 18 December 2012
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abstractTo link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2012.12.018 Byline: Guillaume Fond (a)(b), Alexandra Macgregor (a), Marion Leboyer (b), Andreas Michalsen (c) Keywords: Therapeutic fasting; Caloric restriction; Depression; Mood; Treatment; Ramadan Abstract: Clinicians have found that fasting was frequently accompanied by an increased level of vigilance and a mood improvement, a subjective feeling of well-being, and sometimes of euphoria. Therapeutic fasting, following an established protocol, is safe and well tolerated. We aim in this article to explore the biological mechanisms activated during fasting that could have an effect on brain function with particular focus on mood (we do not discuss here the mechanisms regulating eating behavior) and to provide a comprehensive review on the potential positive impact of therapeutic fasting on mood. We explored Medline, Web of Science and PsycInfo according to the PRISMA criteria (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis). The initial research paradigm was: [(fasting OR caloric restriction) AND (mental health OR depressive disorders OR mood OR anxiety)]. Many neurobiological mechanisms have been proposed to explain fasting effects on mood, such as changes in neurotransmitters, quality of sleep, and synthesis of neurotrophic factors. Many clinical observations relate an early (between day 2 and day 7) effect of fasting on depressive symptoms with an improvement in mood, alertness and a sense of tranquility reported by patients. The persistence of mood improvement over time remains to be determined. Author Affiliation: (a) INSERM U1061, Universite Montpellier 1, Hopital la Colombiere, CHU Montpellier F-34000, France (b) INSERM U955, University Paris-Est, FondaMental Fondation, Fondation de Cooperation Scientifique, AP-HP, Groupe Hospitalier Mondor, 40, Rue de Mesly, Creteil F-94000, France (c) Charite- University Medical Centre Berlin and Immanuel Hospital Berlin, Department for Internal and Integrative Medicine, Berlin, Germany Article History: Received 16 October 2012; Revised 11 December 2012; Accepted 18 December 2012
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