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Incremental Diagnostic Performance of Combined Parameters in the Detection of Severe Coronary Artery Disease Using Exercise Gated Myocardial Perfusion Imaging

Purpose Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using gated single-photon emission tomography (gSPECT) may underestimate the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study aimed to evaluate the significance of combined parameters derived from gSPECT, as well as treadmill stress test parameters, in... Full description

Journal Title: PLoS ONE July 31, 2015, Vol.10(7)
Main Author: Liu, Chia-Ju
Other Authors: Wu, Yen-Wen , Ko, Kuan-Yin , Chen, Yi-Chieh , Cheng, Mei-Fang , Yen, Ruoh-Fang , Tzen, Kai-Yuan
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
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ID: ISSN: 1932-6203
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title: Incremental Diagnostic Performance of Combined Parameters in the Detection of Severe Coronary Artery Disease Using Exercise Gated Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
format: Article
creator:
  • Liu, Chia-Ju
  • Wu, Yen-Wen
  • Ko, Kuan-Yin
  • Chen, Yi-Chieh
  • Cheng, Mei-Fang
  • Yen, Ruoh-Fang
  • Tzen, Kai-Yuan
subjects:
  • Heart Rate
  • Algorithms
  • Exercise Equipment
  • Diagnostic Imaging
ispartof: PLoS ONE, July 31, 2015, Vol.10(7)
description: Purpose Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using gated single-photon emission tomography (gSPECT) may underestimate the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study aimed to evaluate the significance of combined parameters derived from gSPECT, as well as treadmill stress test parameters, in the detection of severe CAD. Methods A total of 211 consecutive patients referred for exercise MPI between June 2011 and June 2013 (who received invasive coronary angiography within six months after MPI) were retrospectively reviewed. Exercise MPI was performed with Bruce protocol and .sup.201 Tl injected at peak exercise. Gated SPECT was performed using a cadmium-zinc-telluride camera and processed by QPS/QGS software. Perfusion defect abnormalities such as sum stress score (SSS); sum difference score, algorithm-derived total perfusion deficits, transient ischemic dilatation ratios of end-diastolic volumes and end-systolic volumes, post-stress changes in ejection fraction, and lung/heart ratio (LHR) were calculated. Treadmill parameters, including ST depression (STD) at the 1st and 3rd minutes of recovery stage (1'STD and 3'STD), maximal STD corrected by heart rate increment (ST/HR), heart rate decline in 1.sup.st and 3.sup.rd minutes of recovery stage, recovery heart rate ratio (HR ratio), systolic and mean blood pressure ratios (SBP ratio and MAP ratio) during recovery phase were recorded. Diagnostic performances of these parameters were analyzed with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and logistic regression for detection of left main ([greater than or equal to] 50%) or 3-vessel disease (all [greater than or equal to] 70% luminal stenosis) on invasive angiography. Results Among various MPI and treadmill parameters used for detection of severe CAD, SSS and ST/HR had the highest AUC (0.78, 0.73, p = NS) and best cut-off values (SSS > 6, ST/HR > 17.39 10.sup.-2 mV/bpm), respectively. By univariate logistic regression, all parameters except 1'HRR, 3'HRR, SBP and MAP ratios increased the odds ratio of severe CAD. Only increased L/H ratio, 3'STD, and HR ratio remained significant after multivariate regression. The predicted values of combined MPI and treadmill parameters (LHR, 3'STD, and HR ratio) gave the best ROC (AUC: 0.91) than any individual parameter or parameter combination. Conclusions Of all treadmill and gSPECT parameters, the combination of MPI and treadmill parameters can offer better diagnostic performance for severe CAD.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1932-6203
  • 19326203
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titleIncremental Diagnostic Performance of Combined Parameters in the Detection of Severe Coronary Artery Disease Using Exercise Gated Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
creatorLiu, Chia-Ju ; Wu, Yen-Wen ; Ko, Kuan-Yin ; Chen, Yi-Chieh ; Cheng, Mei-Fang ; Yen, Ruoh-Fang ; Tzen, Kai-Yuan
ispartofPLoS ONE, July 31, 2015, Vol.10(7)
identifierISSN: 1932-6203
subjectHeart Rate ; Algorithms ; Exercise Equipment ; Diagnostic Imaging
descriptionPurpose Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using gated single-photon emission tomography (gSPECT) may underestimate the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study aimed to evaluate the significance of combined parameters derived from gSPECT, as well as treadmill stress test parameters, in the detection of severe CAD. Methods A total of 211 consecutive patients referred for exercise MPI between June 2011 and June 2013 (who received invasive coronary angiography within six months after MPI) were retrospectively reviewed. Exercise MPI was performed with Bruce protocol and .sup.201 Tl injected at peak exercise. Gated SPECT was performed using a cadmium-zinc-telluride camera and processed by QPS/QGS software. Perfusion defect abnormalities such as sum stress score (SSS); sum difference score, algorithm-derived total perfusion deficits, transient ischemic dilatation ratios of end-diastolic volumes and end-systolic volumes, post-stress changes in ejection fraction, and lung/heart ratio (LHR) were calculated. Treadmill parameters, including ST depression (STD) at the 1st and 3rd minutes of recovery stage (1'STD and 3'STD), maximal STD corrected by heart rate increment (ST/HR), heart rate decline in 1.sup.st and 3.sup.rd minutes of recovery stage, recovery heart rate ratio (HR ratio), systolic and mean blood pressure ratios (SBP ratio and MAP ratio) during recovery phase were recorded. Diagnostic performances of these parameters were analyzed with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and logistic regression for detection of left main ([greater than or equal to] 50%) or 3-vessel disease (all [greater than or equal to] 70% luminal stenosis) on invasive angiography. Results Among various MPI and treadmill parameters used for detection of severe CAD, SSS and ST/HR had the highest AUC (0.78, 0.73, p = NS) and best cut-off values (SSS > 6, ST/HR > 17.39 10.sup.-2 mV/bpm), respectively. By univariate logistic regression, all parameters except 1'HRR, 3'HRR, SBP and MAP ratios increased the odds ratio of severe CAD. Only increased L/H ratio, 3'STD, and HR ratio remained significant after multivariate regression. The predicted values of combined MPI and treadmill parameters (LHR, 3'STD, and HR ratio) gave the best ROC (AUC: 0.91) than any individual parameter or parameter combination. Conclusions Of all treadmill and gSPECT parameters, the combination of MPI and treadmill parameters can offer better diagnostic performance for severe CAD.
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titleIncremental Diagnostic Performance of Combined Parameters in the Detection of Severe Coronary Artery Disease Using Exercise Gated Myocardial Perfusion Imaging.
descriptionPurpose Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using gated single-photon emission tomography (gSPECT) may underestimate the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study aimed to evaluate the significance of combined parameters derived from gSPECT, as well as treadmill stress test parameters, in the detection of severe CAD. Methods A total of 211 consecutive patients referred for exercise MPI between June 2011 and June 2013 (who received invasive coronary angiography within six months after MPI) were retrospectively reviewed. Exercise MPI was performed with Bruce protocol and .sup.201 Tl injected at peak exercise. Gated SPECT was performed using a cadmium-zinc-telluride camera and processed by QPS/QGS software. Perfusion defect abnormalities such as sum stress score (SSS); sum difference score, algorithm-derived total perfusion deficits, transient ischemic dilatation ratios of end-diastolic volumes and end-systolic volumes, post-stress changes in ejection fraction, and lung/heart ratio (LHR) were calculated. Treadmill parameters, including ST depression (STD) at the 1st and 3rd minutes of recovery stage (1'STD and 3'STD), maximal STD corrected by heart rate increment (ST/HR), heart rate decline in 1.sup.st and 3.sup.rd minutes of recovery stage, recovery heart rate ratio (HR ratio), systolic and mean blood pressure ratios (SBP ratio and MAP ratio) during recovery phase were recorded. Diagnostic performances of these parameters were analyzed with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and logistic regression for detection of left main ([greater than or equal to] 50%) or 3-vessel disease (all [greater than or equal to] 70% luminal stenosis) on invasive angiography. Results Among various MPI and treadmill parameters used for detection of severe CAD, SSS and ST/HR had the highest AUC (0.78, 0.73, p = NS) and best cut-off values (SSS > 6, ST/HR > 17.39 10.sup.-2 mV/bpm), respectively. By univariate logistic regression, all parameters except 1'HRR, 3'HRR, SBP and MAP ratios increased the odds ratio of severe CAD. Only increased L/H ratio, 3'STD, and HR ratio remained significant after multivariate regression. The predicted values of combined MPI and treadmill parameters (LHR, 3'STD, and HR ratio) gave the best ROC (AUC: 0.91) than any individual parameter or parameter combination. Conclusions Of all treadmill and gSPECT parameters, the combination of MPI and treadmill parameters can offer better diagnostic performance for severe CAD.
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titleIncremental Diagnostic Performance of Combined Parameters in the Detection of Severe Coronary Artery Disease Using Exercise Gated Myocardial Perfusion Imaging.
authorLiu, Chia-Ju ; Wu, Yen-Wen ; Ko, Kuan-Yin ; Chen, Yi-Chieh ; Cheng, Mei-Fang ; Yen, Ruoh-Fang ; Tzen, Kai-Yuan
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abstractPurpose Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using gated single-photon emission tomography (gSPECT) may underestimate the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study aimed to evaluate the significance of combined parameters derived from gSPECT, as well as treadmill stress test parameters, in the detection of severe CAD. Methods A total of 211 consecutive patients referred for exercise MPI between June 2011 and June 2013 (who received invasive coronary angiography within six months after MPI) were retrospectively reviewed. Exercise MPI was performed with Bruce protocol and .sup.201 Tl injected at peak exercise. Gated SPECT was performed using a cadmium-zinc-telluride camera and processed by QPS/QGS software. Perfusion defect abnormalities such as sum stress score (SSS); sum difference score, algorithm-derived total perfusion deficits, transient ischemic dilatation ratios of end-diastolic volumes and end-systolic volumes, post-stress changes in ejection fraction, and lung/heart ratio (LHR) were calculated. Treadmill parameters, including ST depression (STD) at the 1st and 3rd minutes of recovery stage (1'STD and 3'STD), maximal STD corrected by heart rate increment (ST/HR), heart rate decline in 1.sup.st and 3.sup.rd minutes of recovery stage, recovery heart rate ratio (HR ratio), systolic and mean blood pressure ratios (SBP ratio and MAP ratio) during recovery phase were recorded. Diagnostic performances of these parameters were analyzed with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and logistic regression for detection of left main ([greater than or equal to] 50%) or 3-vessel disease (all [greater than or equal to] 70% luminal stenosis) on invasive angiography. Results Among various MPI and treadmill parameters used for detection of severe CAD, SSS and ST/HR had the highest AUC (0.78, 0.73, p = NS) and best cut-off values (SSS > 6, ST/HR > 17.39 10.sup.-2 mV/bpm), respectively. By univariate logistic regression, all parameters except 1'HRR, 3'HRR, SBP and MAP ratios increased the odds ratio of severe CAD. Only increased L/H ratio, 3'STD, and HR ratio remained significant after multivariate regression. The predicted values of combined MPI and treadmill parameters (LHR, 3'STD, and HR ratio) gave the best ROC (AUC: 0.91) than any individual parameter or parameter combination. Conclusions Of all treadmill and gSPECT parameters, the combination of MPI and treadmill parameters can offer better diagnostic performance for severe CAD.
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