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Large-Scale Evolutionary Analyses on SecB Subunits of Bacterial Sec System

Protein secretion systems are extremely important in bacteria because they are involved in many fundamental cellular processes. Of the various secretion systems, the Sec system is composed of seven different subunits in bacteria, and subunit SecB brings secreted preproteins to subunit SecA, which wi... Full description

Journal Title: PLoS ONE March 16, 2015, Vol.10(3)
Main Author: Yan, Shaomin
Other Authors: Wu, Guang
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Cengage Learning, Inc.
ID: ISSN: 1932-6203
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recordid: gale_ofa425390816
title: Large-Scale Evolutionary Analyses on SecB Subunits of Bacterial Sec System
format: Article
creator:
  • Yan, Shaomin
  • Wu, Guang
subjects:
  • Family – Analysis
  • Phylogeny – Analysis
  • Bacteria – Analysis
ispartof: PLoS ONE, March 16, 2015, Vol.10(3)
description: Protein secretion systems are extremely important in bacteria because they are involved in many fundamental cellular processes. Of the various secretion systems, the Sec system is composed of seven different subunits in bacteria, and subunit SecB brings secreted preproteins to subunit SecA, which with SecYEG and SecDF forms a complex for the translocation of secreted preproteins through the inner membrane. Because of the wide existence of Sec system across bacteria, eukaryota, and archaea, each subunit of the Sec system has a complicated evolutionary relationship. Until very recently, 5,162 SecB sequences have been documented in UniProtKB, however no phylogenetic study has been conducted on a large sampling of SecBs from bacterial Sec secretion system, and no statistical study has been conducted on such size of SecBs in order to exhaustively investigate their variances of pairwise p-distance along taxonomic lineage from kingdom to phylum, to class, to order, to family, to genus and to organism. To fill in these knowledge gaps, 3,813 bacterial SecB sequences with full taxonomic lineage from kingdom to organism covering 4 phyla, 11 classes, 41 orders, 82 families, 269 genera, and 3,744 organisms were studied. Phylogenetic analysis revealed how the SecBs evolved without compromising their function with examples of 3-D structure comparison of two SecBs from Proteobacteria, and possible factors that affected the SecB evolution were considered. The average pairwise p-distances showed that the variance varied greatly in each taxonomic group. Finally, the variance was further partitioned into inter- and intra-clan variances, which could correspond to vertical and horizontal gene transfers, with relevance for Achromobacter, Brevundimonas, Ochrobactrum, and Pseudoxanthomonas.
language: eng
source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1932-6203
  • 19326203
url: Link


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descriptionProtein secretion systems are extremely important in bacteria because they are involved in many fundamental cellular processes. Of the various secretion systems, the Sec system is composed of seven different subunits in bacteria, and subunit SecB brings secreted preproteins to subunit SecA, which with SecYEG and SecDF forms a complex for the translocation of secreted preproteins through the inner membrane. Because of the wide existence of Sec system across bacteria, eukaryota, and archaea, each subunit of the Sec system has a complicated evolutionary relationship. Until very recently, 5,162 SecB sequences have been documented in UniProtKB, however no phylogenetic study has been conducted on a large sampling of SecBs from bacterial Sec secretion system, and no statistical study has been conducted on such size of SecBs in order to exhaustively investigate their variances of pairwise p-distance along taxonomic lineage from kingdom to phylum, to class, to order, to family, to genus and to organism. To fill in these knowledge gaps, 3,813 bacterial SecB sequences with full taxonomic lineage from kingdom to organism covering 4 phyla, 11 classes, 41 orders, 82 families, 269 genera, and 3,744 organisms were studied. Phylogenetic analysis revealed how the SecBs evolved without compromising their function with examples of 3-D structure comparison of two SecBs from Proteobacteria, and possible factors that affected the SecB evolution were considered. The average pairwise p-distances showed that the variance varied greatly in each taxonomic group. Finally, the variance was further partitioned into inter- and intra-clan variances, which could correspond to vertical and horizontal gene transfers, with relevance for Achromobacter, Brevundimonas, Ochrobactrum, and Pseudoxanthomonas.
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abstractProtein secretion systems are extremely important in bacteria because they are involved in many fundamental cellular processes. Of the various secretion systems, the Sec system is composed of seven different subunits in bacteria, and subunit SecB brings secreted preproteins to subunit SecA, which with SecYEG and SecDF forms a complex for the translocation of secreted preproteins through the inner membrane. Because of the wide existence of Sec system across bacteria, eukaryota, and archaea, each subunit of the Sec system has a complicated evolutionary relationship. Until very recently, 5,162 SecB sequences have been documented in UniProtKB, however no phylogenetic study has been conducted on a large sampling of SecBs from bacterial Sec secretion system, and no statistical study has been conducted on such size of SecBs in order to exhaustively investigate their variances of pairwise p-distance along taxonomic lineage from kingdom to phylum, to class, to order, to family, to genus and to organism. To fill in these knowledge gaps, 3,813 bacterial SecB sequences with full taxonomic lineage from kingdom to organism covering 4 phyla, 11 classes, 41 orders, 82 families, 269 genera, and 3,744 organisms were studied. Phylogenetic analysis revealed how the SecBs evolved without compromising their function with examples of 3-D structure comparison of two SecBs from Proteobacteria, and possible factors that affected the SecB evolution were considered. The average pairwise p-distances showed that the variance varied greatly in each taxonomic group. Finally, the variance was further partitioned into inter- and intra-clan variances, which could correspond to vertical and horizontal gene transfers, with relevance for Achromobacter, Brevundimonas, Ochrobactrum, and Pseudoxanthomonas.
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