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Potato Consumption Does Not Increase Blood Pressure or Incident Hypertension in 2 Cohorts of Spanish Adults.(Nutritional Epidemiology)(Report)(Author abstract)

Background: Potatoes have a high giycemic load but also antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It is unclear what mechanisms are involved in relation to their effect on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between potato consumption, BP changes,... Full description

Journal Title: The Journal of Nutrition 2017, Vol.147(12), p.2272(10)
Main Author: Hu, Emily A.
Other Authors: Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A. , Salas-Salvado, Jordi , Corella, Dolores , Ros, Emilio , Fito, Montse , Garcia-Rodriguez, Antonio , Estruch, Ramon , Aros, Fernando , Fiol, Miquel , Lapetra, Jose , Serra-Majem, Lluis , Pinto, Xavier , Ruiz-Canela, Miguel , Razquin, Cristina , Bullo, Monica , Sorli, Jose V. , Schroder, Helmut , Rebholz, Casey M. , Toledo, Estefania
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
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ID: ISSN: 0022-3166 ; DOI: 10.3945/jn.117.254078
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title: Potato Consumption Does Not Increase Blood Pressure or Incident Hypertension in 2 Cohorts of Spanish Adults.(Nutritional Epidemiology)(Report)(Author abstract)
format: Article
creator:
  • Hu, Emily A.
  • Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A.
  • Salas-Salvado, Jordi
  • Corella, Dolores
  • Ros, Emilio
  • Fito, Montse
  • Garcia-Rodriguez, Antonio
  • Estruch, Ramon
  • Aros, Fernando
  • Fiol, Miquel
  • Lapetra, Jose
  • Serra-Majem, Lluis
  • Pinto, Xavier
  • Ruiz-Canela, Miguel
  • Razquin, Cristina
  • Bullo, Monica
  • Sorli, Jose V.
  • Schroder, Helmut
  • Rebholz, Casey M.
  • Toledo, Estefania
subjects:
  • Antioxidants (Nutrients) – Analysis
  • Hypertension – Analysis
  • Blood Pressure – Analysis
  • Elderly – Analysis
  • Potatoes – Analysis
ispartof: The Journal of Nutrition, 2017, Vol.147(12), p.2272(10)
description: Background: Potatoes have a high giycemic load but also antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It is unclear what mechanisms are involved in relation to their effect on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between potato consumption, BP changes, and the risk of hypertension in 2 Spanish populations. Methods: Separate analyses were performed in PREDIMED (PREvencion con Dieta MEDiterranea), a multicenter nutrition intervention trial of adults aged 55-80 y, and the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project, a prospective cohort made up of university graduates and educated adults with ages (means [+ or -] SDs) of 42.7 [+ or -] 13.3 y for men and 35.1 [+ or -] 10.7 y for women. In PREDIMED, generalized estimating equations adjusted for lifestyle and dietary characteristics were used to assess changes in BP across quintiles of total potato consumption during a 4-y follow-up. Controlled BP values (systolic BP
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0022-3166 ; DOI: 10.3945/jn.117.254078
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0022-3166
  • 00223166
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titlePotato Consumption Does Not Increase Blood Pressure or Incident Hypertension in 2 Cohorts of Spanish Adults.(Nutritional Epidemiology)(Report)(Author abstract)
creatorHu, Emily A. ; Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A. ; Salas-Salvado, Jordi ; Corella, Dolores ; Ros, Emilio ; Fito, Montse ; Garcia-Rodriguez, Antonio ; Estruch, Ramon ; Aros, Fernando ; Fiol, Miquel ; Lapetra, Jose ; Serra-Majem, Lluis ; Pinto, Xavier ; Ruiz-Canela, Miguel ; Razquin, Cristina ; Bullo, Monica ; Sorli, Jose V. ; Schroder, Helmut ; Rebholz, Casey M. ; Toledo, Estefania
ispartofThe Journal of Nutrition, 2017, Vol.147(12), p.2272(10)
identifierISSN: 0022-3166 ; DOI: 10.3945/jn.117.254078
subjectAntioxidants (Nutrients) – Analysis ; Hypertension – Analysis ; Blood Pressure – Analysis ; Elderly – Analysis ; Potatoes – Analysis
descriptionBackground: Potatoes have a high giycemic load but also antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It is unclear what mechanisms are involved in relation to their effect on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between potato consumption, BP changes, and the risk of hypertension in 2 Spanish populations. Methods: Separate analyses were performed in PREDIMED (PREvencion con Dieta MEDiterranea), a multicenter nutrition intervention trial of adults aged 55-80 y, and the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project, a prospective cohort made up of university graduates and educated adults with ages (means [+ or -] SDs) of 42.7 [+ or -] 13.3 y for men and 35.1 [+ or -] 10.7 y for women. In PREDIMED, generalized estimating equations adjusted for lifestyle and dietary characteristics were used to assess changes in BP across quintiles of total potato consumption during a 4-y follow-up. Controlled BP values (systolic BP <140 mm Hg and diastolic BP <90 mm Hg) during follow-up were also assessed. For SUN, multivariateadjusted HRs for incident hypertension during a mean 6.7-y follow-up were calculated. Results: In PREDIMED, the total potato intake was 81.9 [+ or -] 40.6 g/d. No overall differences in systolic or diastolic BP changes were detected based on consumption of potatoes. For total potatoes, the mean difference in change between quintile 5 (highest intake) and quintile 1 (lowest intake) in systolic BP after multivariate adjustment was -0.90 mm Hg (95% Cl: -2.56, 0.76 mm Hg; P-trend = 0.1) and for diastolic BP was -0.02 mm Hg (95% Cl: -0.93, 0.89 mm Hg; P-trend = 0.8). In SUN, the total potato consumption was 52.7 [+ or -] 33.6 g/d, and no significant association between potato consumption and hypertension incidence was observed in the fully adjusted HR for total potato consumption (quintile 5 compared with quintile 1: 0.98; 95% Cl: 0.80, 1.19; P-trend = 0.8). Conclusions: Potato consumption is not associated with changes over 4 y in blood pressure among older adults in Spain or with the risk of hypertension among Spanish adults. This trial was registered at www.controlled-trials.com as ISRCTN35739639. Keywords: potatoes, hypertension, blood pressure, PREDIMED study, SUN cohort, Mediterranean doi: https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.117.254078.
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17Sorli, Jose V
18Schroder, Helmut
19Rebholz, Casey M
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titlePotato Consumption Does Not Increase Blood Pressure or Incident Hypertension in 2 Cohorts of Spanish Adults.(Nutritional Epidemiology)(Report)(Author abstract)
descriptionBackground: Potatoes have a high giycemic load but also antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It is unclear what mechanisms are involved in relation to their effect on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between potato consumption, BP changes, and the risk of hypertension in 2 Spanish populations. Methods: Separate analyses were performed in PREDIMED (PREvencion con Dieta MEDiterranea), a multicenter nutrition intervention trial of adults aged 55-80 y, and the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project, a prospective cohort made up of university graduates and educated adults with ages (means [+ or -] SDs) of 42.7 [+ or -] 13.3 y for men and 35.1 [+ or -] 10.7 y for women. In PREDIMED, generalized estimating equations adjusted for lifestyle and dietary characteristics were used to assess changes in BP across quintiles of total potato consumption during a 4-y follow-up. Controlled BP values (systolic BP <140 mm Hg and diastolic BP <90 mm Hg) during follow-up were also assessed. For SUN, multivariateadjusted HRs for incident hypertension during a mean 6.7-y follow-up were calculated. Results: In PREDIMED, the total potato intake was 81.9 [+ or -] 40.6 g/d. No overall differences in systolic or diastolic BP changes were detected based on consumption of potatoes. For total potatoes, the mean difference in change between quintile 5 (highest intake) and quintile 1 (lowest intake) in systolic BP after multivariate adjustment was -0.90 mm Hg (95% Cl: -2.56, 0.76 mm Hg; P-trend = 0.1) and for diastolic BP was -0.02 mm Hg (95% Cl: -0.93, 0.89 mm Hg; P-trend = 0.8). In SUN, the total potato consumption was 52.7 [+ or -] 33.6 g/d, and no significant association between potato consumption and hypertension incidence was observed in the fully adjusted HR for total potato consumption (quintile 5 compared with quintile 1: 0.98; 95% Cl: 0.80, 1.19; P-trend = 0.8). Conclusions: Potato consumption is not associated with changes over 4 y in blood pressure among older adults in Spain or with the risk of hypertension among Spanish adults. This trial was registered at www.controlled-trials.com as ISRCTN35739639. Keywords: potatoes, hypertension, blood pressure, PREDIMED study, SUN cohort, Mediterranean doi: https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.117.254078.
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atitlePotato Consumption Does Not Increase Blood Pressure or Incident Hypertension in 2 Cohorts of Spanish Adults.
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abstractBackground: Potatoes have a high giycemic load but also antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It is unclear what mechanisms are involved in relation to their effect on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between potato consumption, BP changes, and the risk of hypertension in 2 Spanish populations. Methods: Separate analyses were performed in PREDIMED (PREvencion con Dieta MEDiterranea), a multicenter nutrition intervention trial of adults aged 55-80 y, and the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project, a prospective cohort made up of university graduates and educated adults with ages (means [+ or -] SDs) of 42.7 [+ or -] 13.3 y for men and 35.1 [+ or -] 10.7 y for women. In PREDIMED, generalized estimating equations adjusted for lifestyle and dietary characteristics were used to assess changes in BP across quintiles of total potato consumption during a 4-y follow-up. Controlled BP values (systolic BP <140 mm Hg and diastolic BP <90 mm Hg) during follow-up were also assessed. For SUN, multivariateadjusted HRs for incident hypertension during a mean 6.7-y follow-up were calculated. Results: In PREDIMED, the total potato intake was 81.9 [+ or -] 40.6 g/d. No overall differences in systolic or diastolic BP changes were detected based on consumption of potatoes. For total potatoes, the mean difference in change between quintile 5 (highest intake) and quintile 1 (lowest intake) in systolic BP after multivariate adjustment was -0.90 mm Hg (95% Cl: -2.56, 0.76 mm Hg; P-trend = 0.1) and for diastolic BP was -0.02 mm Hg (95% Cl: -0.93, 0.89 mm Hg; P-trend = 0.8). In SUN, the total potato consumption was 52.7 [+ or -] 33.6 g/d, and no significant association between potato consumption and hypertension incidence was observed in the fully adjusted HR for total potato consumption (quintile 5 compared with quintile 1: 0.98; 95% Cl: 0.80, 1.19; P-trend = 0.8). Conclusions: Potato consumption is not associated with changes over 4 y in blood pressure among older adults in Spain or with the risk of hypertension among Spanish adults. This trial was registered at www.controlled-trials.com as ISRCTN35739639. Keywords: potatoes, hypertension, blood pressure, PREDIMED study, SUN cohort, Mediterranean doi: https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.117.254078.
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