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From concept to field: evolution of hybrid pigeonpea technology in India

The role of hybrid vigour in the enhancement of productivity is well recognized. Its application, however, has been restricted to a few crops and legume breeders could never take its advantage due to various seed production issues. Recently, plant breeders have succeeded in creating the world's firs... Full description

Journal Title: Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (The) August 2015, Vol.75(3), pp.279-293
Main Author: Saxena, K. B
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0019-5200 ; E-ISSN: 0975-6906 ; DOI: 10.5958/0975-6906.2015.00045.0
Link: http://indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ijgpb&volume=75&issue=3&article=001
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recordid: indianjournals_sijgpb_75_3_001_279_293
title: From concept to field: evolution of hybrid pigeonpea technology in India
format: Article
creator:
  • Saxena, K. B
subjects:
  • Cajanus Cajan
  • Cytoplasmic Nuclear Male Sterility
  • Hybrid
  • Out-Crossing
  • Pigeonpea
  • Agriculture
ispartof: Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (The), August 2015, Vol.75(3), pp.279-293
description: The role of hybrid vigour in the enhancement of productivity is well recognized. Its application, however, has been restricted to a few crops and legume breeders could never take its advantage due to various seed production issues. Recently, plant breeders have succeeded in creating the world's first commercial hybrid in a food legume, popularly known as red gram or pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]. This was possible due to success in breeding a stable cytoplasmic nuclear male sterility (CMS) system and exploitation of its partial natural out-crossing. This development has provided golden opportunities to break the decades-old yield plateau in this crop. Among the hybrid combinations evaluated, ICPH 2671 and GTH 1 were found most promising. In the on-farm trials ICPH 2671 recorded 46.5% superiority over the best available cultivar Maruti; while GTH 1 was 33.9% superior to the control, and it was released in Gujarat state in 2004; but for some reasons associated with its stability of fertility restoration it failed to reach the level of commercialization. The outstanding performance of hybrid ICPH 2671 led to its release by both, a private seed company as ‘Pushkal’ and by the state Government of Madhya Pradesh as ‘RV ICPH 2671’ in 2010. The journey of the evolution of hybrid pigeonpea technology was fascinating and challenging. It took a long time of over 39-years from its conceptualization to finally reaching Indian farmers. The impact of this breakthrough was visible when two more hybrids ICPH 2740 and ICPH 3762 were recently released in India. Since it is a path breaking research among food legumes, an attempt has been made here to archive the milestones of this historic plant breeding event.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0019-5200 ; E-ISSN: 0975-6906 ; DOI: 10.5958/0975-6906.2015.00045.0
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0019-5200
  • 00195200
  • 0975-6906
  • 09756906
url: Link


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titleFrom concept to field: evolution of hybrid pigeonpea technology in India
creatorSaxena, K. B
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subjectCajanus Cajan ; Cytoplasmic Nuclear Male Sterility ; Hybrid ; Out-Crossing ; Pigeonpea ; Agriculture
descriptionThe role of hybrid vigour in the enhancement of productivity is well recognized. Its application, however, has been restricted to a few crops and legume breeders could never take its advantage due to various seed production issues. Recently, plant breeders have succeeded in creating the world's first commercial hybrid in a food legume, popularly known as red gram or pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]. This was possible due to success in breeding a stable cytoplasmic nuclear male sterility (CMS) system and exploitation of its partial natural out-crossing. This development has provided golden opportunities to break the decades-old yield plateau in this crop. Among the hybrid combinations evaluated, ICPH 2671 and GTH 1 were found most promising. In the on-farm trials ICPH 2671 recorded 46.5% superiority over the best available cultivar Maruti; while GTH 1 was 33.9% superior to the control, and it was released in Gujarat state in 2004; but for some reasons associated with its stability of fertility restoration it failed to reach the level of commercialization. The outstanding performance of hybrid ICPH 2671 led to its release by both, a private seed company as ‘Pushkal’ and by the state Government of Madhya Pradesh as ‘RV ICPH 2671’ in 2010. The journey of the evolution of hybrid pigeonpea technology was fascinating and challenging. It took a long time of over 39-years from its conceptualization to finally reaching Indian farmers. The impact of this breakthrough was visible when two more hybrids ICPH 2740 and ICPH 3762 were recently released in India. Since it is a path breaking research among food legumes, an attempt has been made here to archive the milestones of this historic plant breeding event.
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The role of hybrid vigour in the enhancement of productivity is well recognized. Its application, however, has been restricted to a few crops and legume breeders could never take its advantage due to various seed production issues. Recently, plant breeders have succeeded in creating the world's first commercial hybrid in a food legume, popularly known as red gram or pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]. This was possible due to success in breeding a stable cytoplasmic nuclear male sterility (CMS) system and exploitation of its partial natural out-crossing. This development has provided golden opportunities to break the decades-old yield plateau in this crop. Among the hybrid combinations evaluated, ICPH 2671 and GTH 1 were found most promising. In the on-farm trials ICPH 2671 recorded 46.5% superiority over the best available cultivar Maruti; while GTH 1 was 33.9% superior to the control, and it was released in Gujarat state in 2004; but for some reasons associated with its stability of fertility restoration it failed to reach the level of commercialization. The outstanding performance of hybrid ICPH 2671 led to its release by both, a private seed company as ‘Pushkal’ and by the state Government of Madhya Pradesh as ‘RV ICPH 2671’ in 2010. The journey of the evolution of hybrid pigeonpea technology was fascinating and challenging. It took a long time of over 39-years from its conceptualization to finally reaching Indian farmers. The impact of this breakthrough was visible when two more hybrids ICPH 2740 and ICPH 3762 were recently released in India. Since it is a path breaking research among food legumes, an attempt has been made here to archive the milestones of this historic plant breeding event.

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The role of hybrid vigour in the enhancement of productivity is well recognized. Its application, however, has been restricted to a few crops and legume breeders could never take its advantage due to various seed production issues. Recently, plant breeders have succeeded in creating the world's first commercial hybrid in a food legume, popularly known as red gram or pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]. This was possible due to success in breeding a stable cytoplasmic nuclear male sterility (CMS) system and exploitation of its partial natural out-crossing. This development has provided golden opportunities to break the decades-old yield plateau in this crop. Among the hybrid combinations evaluated, ICPH 2671 and GTH 1 were found most promising. In the on-farm trials ICPH 2671 recorded 46.5% superiority over the best available cultivar Maruti; while GTH 1 was 33.9% superior to the control, and it was released in Gujarat state in 2004; but for some reasons associated with its stability of fertility restoration it failed to reach the level of commercialization. The outstanding performance of hybrid ICPH 2671 led to its release by both, a private seed company as ‘Pushkal’ and by the state Government of Madhya Pradesh as ‘RV ICPH 2671’ in 2010. The journey of the evolution of hybrid pigeonpea technology was fascinating and challenging. It took a long time of over 39-years from its conceptualization to finally reaching Indian farmers. The impact of this breakthrough was visible when two more hybrids ICPH 2740 and ICPH 3762 were recently released in India. Since it is a path breaking research among food legumes, an attempt has been made here to archive the milestones of this historic plant breeding event.

pubThe Indian Society of Genetics & Plant Breeding
doi10.5958/0975-6906.2015.00045.0
date2015-08