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Institutional racism, neighborhood factors, stress, and preterm birth

Objective. Racial/ethnic disparities in the risk of preterm birth may be explained by various factors, and previous studies are limited in examining the role of institutional racism. This study focused on the following questions: what is the association between preterm birth and institutional racism... Full description

Journal Title: Ethnicity & Health 03 September 2014, Vol.19(5), pp.479-499
Main Author: Mendez, Dara D
Other Authors: Hogan, Vijaya K , Culhane, Jennifer F
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1355-7858 ; E-ISSN: 1465-3419 ; DOI: 10.1080/13557858.2013.846300
Link: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13557858.2013.846300
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recordid: informaworld_s10_1080_13557858_2013_846300
title: Institutional racism, neighborhood factors, stress, and preterm birth
format: Article
creator:
  • Mendez, Dara D
  • Hogan, Vijaya K
  • Culhane, Jennifer F
subjects:
  • Redlining
  • Segregation
  • Racism
  • Preterm Birth
  • Pregnancy
  • Health Disparities
  • Women'S Studies
  • Public Health
ispartof: Ethnicity & Health, 03 September 2014, Vol.19(5), pp.479-499
description: Objective. Racial/ethnic disparities in the risk of preterm birth may be explained by various factors, and previous studies are limited in examining the role of institutional racism. This study focused on the following questions: what is the association between preterm birth and institutional racism as measured by residential racial segregation (geographic separation by race) and redlining (black-white disparity in mortgage loan denial); and what is the association between preterm birth and reported stress, discrimination, and neighborhood quality. Design. We used data from a clinic-based sample of pregnant women (n = 3462) participating in a stress and pregnancy study conducted from 1999 to 2004 in Philadelphia, PA (USA). We linked data from the 2000 US Census and Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) data from 1999 to 2004 and developed measures of residential redlining and segregation. Results. Among the entire population, there was an increased...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1355-7858 ; E-ISSN: 1465-3419 ; DOI: 10.1080/13557858.2013.846300
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1355-7858
  • 13557858
  • 1465-3419
  • 14653419
url: Link


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subjectRedlining ; Segregation ; Racism ; Preterm Birth ; Pregnancy ; Health Disparities ; Women'S Studies ; Public Health
descriptionObjective. Racial/ethnic disparities in the risk of preterm birth may be explained by various factors, and previous studies are limited in examining the role of institutional racism. This study focused on the following questions: what is the association between preterm birth and institutional racism as measured by residential racial segregation (geographic separation by race) and redlining (black-white disparity in mortgage loan denial); and what is the association between preterm birth and reported stress, discrimination, and neighborhood quality. Design. We used data from a clinic-based sample of pregnant women (n = 3462) participating in a stress and pregnancy study conducted from 1999 to 2004 in Philadelphia, PA (USA). We linked data from the 2000 US Census and Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) data from 1999 to 2004 and developed measures of residential redlining and segregation. Results. Among the entire population, there was an increased...
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Objective. Racial/ethnic disparities in the risk of preterm birth may be explained by various factors, and previous studies are limited in examining the role of institutional racism. This study focused on the following questions: what is the association between preterm birth and institutional racism as measured by residential racial segregation (geographic separation by race) and redlining (black-white disparity in mortgage loan denial); and what is the association between preterm birth and reported stress, discrimination, and neighborhood quality.

Design. We used data from a clinic-based sample of pregnant women (n = 3462) participating in a stress and pregnancy study conducted from 1999 to 2004 in Philadelphia, PA (USA). We linked data from the 2000 US Census and Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) data from 1999 to 2004 and developed measures of residential redlining and segregation.

Results. Among the entire population, there was an increased...

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Objective. Racial/ethnic disparities in the risk of preterm birth may be explained by various factors, and previous studies are limited in examining the role of institutional racism. This study focused on the following questions: what is the association between preterm birth and institutional racism as measured by residential racial segregation (geographic separation by race) and redlining (black-white disparity in mortgage loan denial); and what is the association between preterm birth and reported stress, discrimination, and neighborhood quality.

Design. We used data from a clinic-based sample of pregnant women (n = 3462) participating in a stress and pregnancy study conducted from 1999 to 2004 in Philadelphia, PA (USA). We linked data from the 2000 US Census and Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) data from 1999 to 2004 and developed measures of residential redlining and segregation.

Results. Among the entire population, there was an increased...

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