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β-Alanine Enhances Brain and Muscle Carnosine Levels in Broiler Chicks

Carnosine and its methylated derivative anserine are dipeptides present in high levels in chicken muscles. They are antioxidants and putative neurotransmitters. If administration of β-alanine, one of the constituents of carnosine, could increase levels of these dipeptides in the brain and muscles, i... Full description

Journal Title: The Journal of Poultry Science 2012, Vol.49(4), pp.308-312
Main Author: Tomonaga, Shozo
Other Authors: Matsumoto, Mitsuhito , Furuse, Mitsuhiro
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1346-7395 ; DOI: 10.2141/jpsa.0110165
Link: https://jlc.jst.go.jp/DN/JALC/10010474616?from=PrimoCentral
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recordid: jstageDN/JALC/10010474616
title: β-Alanine Enhances Brain and Muscle Carnosine Levels in Broiler Chicks
format: Article
creator:
  • Tomonaga, Shozo
  • Matsumoto, Mitsuhito
  • Furuse, Mitsuhiro
subjects:
  • &Amp
  • Beta
  • -Alanine
  • Brain
  • Broiler
  • Carnosine
  • Muscle
ispartof: The Journal of Poultry Science, 2012, Vol.49(4), pp.308-312
description: Carnosine and its methylated derivative anserine are dipeptides present in high levels in chicken muscles. They are antioxidants and putative neurotransmitters. If administration of β-alanine, one of the constituents of carnosine, could increase levels of these dipeptides in the brain and muscles, it may improve brain function and increase commercial values of the chicken meat. In the present study, we investigated whether orally administered β-alanine could increase these dipeptide levels in the brain, Musculus pectoralis superficialis, and plasma in broiler chicks. Broilers (2 days old) were given oral doses of β-alanine (0.176, 0.88, 4.4 and 22 mmol/kg) twice a day for 5 days. Carnosine levels were dose-dependently increased in the brain, Musculus pectoralis superficialis, and plasma while no influence of anserine was detected. These results suggest that supplemental β-alanine could be effective in increasing carnosine levels in the brain and muscle of broiler chicks.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1346-7395 ; DOI: 10.2141/jpsa.0110165
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1346-7395
  • 13467395
url: Link


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identifierISSN: 1346-7395 ; DOI: 10.2141/jpsa.0110165
subject&Amp;Beta;-Alanine ; Brain ; Broiler ; Carnosine ; Muscle
descriptionCarnosine and its methylated derivative anserine are dipeptides present in high levels in chicken muscles. They are antioxidants and putative neurotransmitters. If administration of β-alanine, one of the constituents of carnosine, could increase levels of these dipeptides in the brain and muscles, it may improve brain function and increase commercial values of the chicken meat. In the present study, we investigated whether orally administered β-alanine could increase these dipeptide levels in the brain, Musculus pectoralis superficialis, and plasma in broiler chicks. Broilers (2 days old) were given oral doses of β-alanine (0.176, 0.88, 4.4 and 22 mmol/kg) twice a day for 5 days. Carnosine levels were dose-dependently increased in the brain, Musculus pectoralis superficialis, and plasma while no influence of anserine was detected. These results suggest that supplemental β-alanine could be effective in increasing carnosine levels in the brain and muscle of broiler chicks.
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descriptionCarnosine and its methylated derivative anserine are dipeptides present in high levels in chicken muscles. They are antioxidants and putative neurotransmitters. If administration of β-alanine, one of the constituents of carnosine, could increase levels of these dipeptides in the brain and muscles, it may improve brain function and increase commercial values of the chicken meat. In the present study, we investigated whether orally administered β-alanine could increase these dipeptide levels in the brain, Musculus pectoralis superficialis, and plasma in broiler chicks. Broilers (2 days old) were given oral doses of β-alanine (0.176, 0.88, 4.4 and 22 mmol/kg) twice a day for 5 days. Carnosine levels were dose-dependently increased in the brain, Musculus pectoralis superficialis, and plasma while no influence of anserine was detected. These results suggest that supplemental β-alanine could be effective in increasing carnosine levels in the brain and muscle of broiler chicks.
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abstractCarnosine and its methylated derivative anserine are dipeptides present in high levels in chicken muscles. They are antioxidants and putative neurotransmitters. If administration of β-alanine, one of the constituents of carnosine, could increase levels of these dipeptides in the brain and muscles, it may improve brain function and increase commercial values of the chicken meat. In the present study, we investigated whether orally administered β-alanine could increase these dipeptide levels in the brain, Musculus pectoralis superficialis, and plasma in broiler chicks. Broilers (2 days old) were given oral doses of β-alanine (0.176, 0.88, 4.4 and 22 mmol/kg) twice a day for 5 days. Carnosine levels were dose-dependently increased in the brain, Musculus pectoralis superficialis, and plasma while no influence of anserine was detected. These results suggest that supplemental β-alanine could be effective in increasing carnosine levels in the brain and muscle of broiler chicks.
pubJapan Poultry Science Association
doi10.2141/jpsa.0110165
pages308-312
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