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Influence of Propolis Residue on the Bacterial Flora in the Cecum of Nanbu Kashiwa

Since the growth promoter effect of antibiotics was found, many kinds of antibiotics have been used as feed additives for the improvement of growth performance. Since January 1, 2006, however, European Parliament prohibited the use of antibiotics as feed additives for promoting animal growth because... Full description

Journal Title: The Journal of Poultry Science 2014, Vol.51(3), pp.275-280
Main Author: Kita, Kazumi
Other Authors: R. Ken, Ito , Akamine, Chinami , Kawada, Wataru , Shimura, Yoichiro , Inamoto, Tamio
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1346-7395 ; DOI: 10.2141/jpsa.0130137
Link: https://jlc.jst.go.jp/DN/JALC/10037659126?from=PrimoCentral
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recordid: jstageDN/JALC/10037659126
title: Influence of Propolis Residue on the Bacterial Flora in the Cecum of Nanbu Kashiwa
format: Article
creator:
  • Kita, Kazumi
  • R. Ken, Ito
  • Akamine, Chinami
  • Kawada, Wataru
  • Shimura, Yoichiro
  • Inamoto, Tamio
subjects:
  • 16s Rrna
  • Bacterial Flora
  • Cecum
  • Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis
  • Nanbu Kashiwa
  • Propolis Residue
ispartof: The Journal of Poultry Science, 2014, Vol.51(3), pp.275-280
description: Since the growth promoter effect of antibiotics was found, many kinds of antibiotics have been used as feed additives for the improvement of growth performance. Since January 1, 2006, however, European Parliament prohibited the use of antibiotics as feed additives for promoting animal growth because of biosecurity threats arising from the increasing resistance of pathogens to antibiotics. Thereafter, various natural substrates having the growth promoter effect have been attempted to use as feed additives instead of antibiotics. Honeybees collect propolis from the cracks in the bark of trees, and it has the versatile pharmacological activities including antibacterial effect. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the influence of propolis residue, which was the residue after ethanol extraction, on the cecal bacterial flora in the meat-type chicken, Nanbu Kashiwa. Twenty-eight-d-old female Nanbu Kashiwa were given an ordinary diet for 90 days. During last 10 days, an experimental diet including 2% of propolis residue was provided. At the end of experimental period, ceca were removed and DNA was isolated from cecal content. The V3 region of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene was amplified by PCR using the 357F-GC and 518R primers. To indentify the bacterial diversity, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) was applied, and the optical intensity of DGGE bands was determined. The major bands were excised, and DNA was reamplified by PCR. The sequencing data were analyzed by the Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) of DNA Data Bank of Japan. The bacteria identified by PCR-DGGE and BLAST were Lactobacillus aviaries, Lactobacillus, Olsenella, Coriobacterium, Paraprevotella, Prevotellaceae, Clostridiaceae and Bacteroidaceae. The DGGE band of which the optical intensity of the propolis residue group was lower than the control group was the family Prevotellaceae. The successful use of propolis residue to reduce the family Prevotellaceae showed the possibility to use propolis residue as alternative feed additives.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1346-7395 ; DOI: 10.2141/jpsa.0130137
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1346-7395
  • 13467395
url: Link


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identifierISSN: 1346-7395 ; DOI: 10.2141/jpsa.0130137
subject16s Rrna ; Bacterial Flora ; Cecum ; Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis ; Nanbu Kashiwa ; Propolis Residue
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