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Activated nickel platform for electrochemical sensing of phosphate

We report here a highly selective enzymeless approach for the determination of phosphate (PO(4)(3-)) by flow injection analysis (FIA). In this system, the activation of barrel plated nickel electrode (Ni-BPE) in alkaline media to form a Ni(OH)(2)/NiO(OH) film was found to trigger the adsorption of p... Full description

Journal Title: Analytical chemistry 01 February 2010, Vol.82(3), pp.1157-61
Main Author: Cheng, Wan-Ling
Other Authors: Sue, Jun-Wei , Chen, Wei-Chung , Chang, Jen-Lin , Zen, Jyh-Myng
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1520-6882 ; PMID: 20039700 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1021/ac9025253
Link: http://pubmed.gov/20039700
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recordid: medline20039700
title: Activated nickel platform for electrochemical sensing of phosphate
format: Article
creator:
  • Cheng, Wan-Ling
  • Sue, Jun-Wei
  • Chen, Wei-Chung
  • Chang, Jen-Lin
  • Zen, Jyh-Myng
subjects:
  • Electrochemical Techniques -- Methods
  • Flow Injection Analysis -- Instrumentation
  • Nickel -- Chemistry
  • Phosphates -- Analysis
ispartof: Analytical chemistry, 01 February 2010, Vol.82(3), pp.1157-61
description: We report here a highly selective enzymeless approach for the determination of phosphate (PO(4)(3-)) by flow injection analysis (FIA). In this system, the activation of barrel plated nickel electrode (Ni-BPE) in alkaline media to form a Ni(OH)(2)/NiO(OH) film was found to trigger the adsorption of phosphate at the electrode surface. Based on the suppressed current of the electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose at the activated Ni-BPE in 0.1 M NaOH solution caused by adsorption of phosphate, we develop an FIA detection scheme for the determination of phosphate. Under the optimized conditions of flow rate = 300 microL/min and detection potential = 0.55 V vs Ag/AgCl with 25 microM glucose in 0.1 M NaOH as carrier solution, the calibration curve showed a linear range up to 1 mM. Possible interferences from the coexisting ions were also investigated. The results demonstrated that sensor could be used for the determination of phosphate in the presence of nitrate, chloride, sulfate, acetate, oxalate, carbonate, and some anionic species of toxicological and environmental interest, such as chlorate, chromate, and arsenate ions. The electrode can be effectively regenerated without extra treatment under the hydrodynamic condition. For eight continuous injections of 40 microM PO(4)(3-), a relative standard deviation of 0.28% was obtained, indicating good reproducibility of the proposed method. The detection limit (S/N = 3) was calculated as 0.3 microM.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1520-6882 ; PMID: 20039700 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1021/ac9025253
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 15206882
  • 1520-6882
url: Link


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titleActivated nickel platform for electrochemical sensing of phosphate
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ispartofAnalytical chemistry, 01 February 2010, Vol.82(3), pp.1157-61
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subjectElectrochemical Techniques -- Methods ; Flow Injection Analysis -- Instrumentation ; Nickel -- Chemistry ; Phosphates -- Analysis
descriptionWe report here a highly selective enzymeless approach for the determination of phosphate (PO(4)(3-)) by flow injection analysis (FIA). In this system, the activation of barrel plated nickel electrode (Ni-BPE) in alkaline media to form a Ni(OH)(2)/NiO(OH) film was found to trigger the adsorption of phosphate at the electrode surface. Based on the suppressed current of the electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose at the activated Ni-BPE in 0.1 M NaOH solution caused by adsorption of phosphate, we develop an FIA detection scheme for the determination of phosphate. Under the optimized conditions of flow rate = 300 microL/min and detection potential = 0.55 V vs Ag/AgCl with 25 microM glucose in 0.1 M NaOH as carrier solution, the calibration curve showed a linear range up to 1 mM. Possible interferences from the coexisting ions were also investigated. The results demonstrated that sensor could be used for the determination of phosphate in the presence of nitrate, chloride, sulfate, acetate, oxalate, carbonate, and some anionic species of toxicological and environmental interest, such as chlorate, chromate, and arsenate ions. The electrode can be effectively regenerated without extra treatment under the hydrodynamic condition. For eight continuous injections of 40 microM PO(4)(3-), a relative standard deviation of 0.28% was obtained, indicating good reproducibility of the proposed method. The detection limit (S/N = 3) was calculated as 0.3 microM.
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descriptionWe report here a highly selective enzymeless approach for the determination of phosphate (PO(4)(3-)) by flow injection analysis (FIA). In this system, the activation of barrel plated nickel electrode (Ni-BPE) in alkaline media to form a Ni(OH)(2)/NiO(OH) film was found to trigger the adsorption of phosphate at the electrode surface. Based on the suppressed current of the electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose at the activated Ni-BPE in 0.1 M NaOH solution caused by adsorption of phosphate, we develop an FIA detection scheme for the determination of phosphate. Under the optimized conditions of flow rate = 300 microL/min and detection potential = 0.55 V vs Ag/AgCl with 25 microM glucose in 0.1 M NaOH as carrier solution, the calibration curve showed a linear range up to 1 mM. Possible interferences from the coexisting ions were also investigated. The results demonstrated that sensor could be used for the determination of phosphate in the presence of nitrate, chloride, sulfate, acetate, oxalate, carbonate, and some anionic species of toxicological and environmental interest, such as chlorate, chromate, and arsenate ions. The electrode can be effectively regenerated without extra treatment under the hydrodynamic condition. For eight continuous injections of 40 microM PO(4)(3-), a relative standard deviation of 0.28% was obtained, indicating good reproducibility of the proposed method. The detection limit (S/N = 3) was calculated as 0.3 microM.
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abstractWe report here a highly selective enzymeless approach for the determination of phosphate (PO(4)(3-)) by flow injection analysis (FIA). In this system, the activation of barrel plated nickel electrode (Ni-BPE) in alkaline media to form a Ni(OH)(2)/NiO(OH) film was found to trigger the adsorption of phosphate at the electrode surface. Based on the suppressed current of the electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose at the activated Ni-BPE in 0.1 M NaOH solution caused by adsorption of phosphate, we develop an FIA detection scheme for the determination of phosphate. Under the optimized conditions of flow rate = 300 microL/min and detection potential = 0.55 V vs Ag/AgCl with 25 microM glucose in 0.1 M NaOH as carrier solution, the calibration curve showed a linear range up to 1 mM. Possible interferences from the coexisting ions were also investigated. The results demonstrated that sensor could be used for the determination of phosphate in the presence of nitrate, chloride, sulfate, acetate, oxalate, carbonate, and some anionic species of toxicological and environmental interest, such as chlorate, chromate, and arsenate ions. The electrode can be effectively regenerated without extra treatment under the hydrodynamic condition. For eight continuous injections of 40 microM PO(4)(3-), a relative standard deviation of 0.28% was obtained, indicating good reproducibility of the proposed method. The detection limit (S/N = 3) was calculated as 0.3 microM.
doi10.1021/ac9025253
pmid20039700
issn00032700
oafree_for_read
date2010-02-01