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Induction of mycobacterial resistance to quinolone class antimicrobials

An agar plate assay was developed for detecting the induction of drug-resistant mycobacterial mutants during exposure to inhibitors of DNA gyrase. When Mycobacterium smegmatis on drug-containing agar, resistant colonies arose over a period of 2 weeks. A recA deficiency reduced mutant recovery, consi... Full description

Journal Title: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy July 2012, Vol.56(7), pp.3879-87
Main Author: Malik, Muhammad
Other Authors: Chavda, Kalyan , Zhao, Xilin , Shah, Nirali , Hussain, Syed , Kurepina, Natalia , Kreiswirth, Barry N , Kerns, Robert J , Drlica, Karl
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1098-6596 ; PMID: 22564842 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00474-12
Link: http://pubmed.gov/22564842
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recordid: medline22564842
title: Induction of mycobacterial resistance to quinolone class antimicrobials
format: Article
creator:
  • Malik, Muhammad
  • Chavda, Kalyan
  • Zhao, Xilin
  • Shah, Nirali
  • Hussain, Syed
  • Kurepina, Natalia
  • Kreiswirth, Barry N
  • Kerns, Robert J
  • Drlica, Karl
subjects:
  • Antitubercular Agents -- Pharmacology
  • Quinolines -- Pharmacology
ispartof: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, July 2012, Vol.56(7), pp.3879-87
description: An agar plate assay was developed for detecting the induction of drug-resistant mycobacterial mutants during exposure to inhibitors of DNA gyrase. When Mycobacterium smegmatis on drug-containing agar, resistant colonies arose over a period of 2 weeks. A recA deficiency reduced mutant recovery, consistent with involvement of the SOS response in mutant induction. The C-8-methoxy compounds gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin allowed the recovery of fewer resistant mutants than either ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin when present at the same multiple of the MIC; a quinolone-like 8-methoxy-quinazoline-2,4-dione was more effective at restricting the emergence of resistant mutants than its cognate fluoroquinolone. Thus, the structure of fluoroquinolone-like compounds affects mutant recovery. A spontaneous mutator mutant of M. smegmatis, obtained by growth in medium containing both isoniazid and rifampin, increased mutant induction during exposure to ciprofloxacin. Moreover, the mutator increased the size of spontaneous resistant mutant subpopulations, as detected by population analysis. Induction of ciprofloxacin resistance was also observed with Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. When measured with clinical isolates, no difference in mutant recovery was observed between multidrug-resistant (MDR) and pansusceptible isolates. This finding is consistent with at least some MDR isolates of M. tuberculosis lacking mutators detectable by the agar plate assay. Collectively, the data indicate that the use of fluoroquinolones against tuberculosis may induce resistance and that the choice of quinolone may be important for restricting the recovery of induced mutants.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1098-6596 ; PMID: 22564842 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00474-12
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 10986596
  • 1098-6596
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titleInduction of mycobacterial resistance to quinolone class antimicrobials
creatorMalik, Muhammad ; Chavda, Kalyan ; Zhao, Xilin ; Shah, Nirali ; Hussain, Syed ; Kurepina, Natalia ; Kreiswirth, Barry N ; Kerns, Robert J ; Drlica, Karl
ispartofAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, July 2012, Vol.56(7), pp.3879-87
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subjectAntitubercular Agents -- Pharmacology ; Quinolines -- Pharmacology
descriptionAn agar plate assay was developed for detecting the induction of drug-resistant mycobacterial mutants during exposure to inhibitors of DNA gyrase. When Mycobacterium smegmatis on drug-containing agar, resistant colonies arose over a period of 2 weeks. A recA deficiency reduced mutant recovery, consistent with involvement of the SOS response in mutant induction. The C-8-methoxy compounds gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin allowed the recovery of fewer resistant mutants than either ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin when present at the same multiple of the MIC; a quinolone-like 8-methoxy-quinazoline-2,4-dione was more effective at restricting the emergence of resistant mutants than its cognate fluoroquinolone. Thus, the structure of fluoroquinolone-like compounds affects mutant recovery. A spontaneous mutator mutant of M. smegmatis, obtained by growth in medium containing both isoniazid and rifampin, increased mutant induction during exposure to ciprofloxacin. Moreover, the mutator increased the size of spontaneous resistant mutant subpopulations, as detected by population analysis. Induction of ciprofloxacin resistance was also observed with Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. When measured with clinical isolates, no difference in mutant recovery was observed between multidrug-resistant (MDR) and pansusceptible isolates. This finding is consistent with at least some MDR isolates of M. tuberculosis lacking mutators detectable by the agar plate assay. Collectively, the data indicate that the use of fluoroquinolones against tuberculosis may induce resistance and that the choice of quinolone may be important for restricting the recovery of induced mutants.
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titleInduction of mycobacterial resistance to quinolone class antimicrobials
descriptionAn agar plate assay was developed for detecting the induction of drug-resistant mycobacterial mutants during exposure to inhibitors of DNA gyrase. When Mycobacterium smegmatis on drug-containing agar, resistant colonies arose over a period of 2 weeks. A recA deficiency reduced mutant recovery, consistent with involvement of the SOS response in mutant induction. The C-8-methoxy compounds gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin allowed the recovery of fewer resistant mutants than either ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin when present at the same multiple of the MIC; a quinolone-like 8-methoxy-quinazoline-2,4-dione was more effective at restricting the emergence of resistant mutants than its cognate fluoroquinolone. Thus, the structure of fluoroquinolone-like compounds affects mutant recovery. A spontaneous mutator mutant of M. smegmatis, obtained by growth in medium containing both isoniazid and rifampin, increased mutant induction during exposure to ciprofloxacin. Moreover, the mutator increased the size of spontaneous resistant mutant subpopulations, as detected by population analysis. Induction of ciprofloxacin resistance was also observed with Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. When measured with clinical isolates, no difference in mutant recovery was observed between multidrug-resistant (MDR) and pansusceptible isolates. This finding is consistent with at least some MDR isolates of M. tuberculosis lacking mutators detectable by the agar plate assay. Collectively, the data indicate that the use of fluoroquinolones against tuberculosis may induce resistance and that the choice of quinolone may be important for restricting the recovery of induced mutants.
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abstractAn agar plate assay was developed for detecting the induction of drug-resistant mycobacterial mutants during exposure to inhibitors of DNA gyrase. When Mycobacterium smegmatis on drug-containing agar, resistant colonies arose over a period of 2 weeks. A recA deficiency reduced mutant recovery, consistent with involvement of the SOS response in mutant induction. The C-8-methoxy compounds gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin allowed the recovery of fewer resistant mutants than either ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin when present at the same multiple of the MIC; a quinolone-like 8-methoxy-quinazoline-2,4-dione was more effective at restricting the emergence of resistant mutants than its cognate fluoroquinolone. Thus, the structure of fluoroquinolone-like compounds affects mutant recovery. A spontaneous mutator mutant of M. smegmatis, obtained by growth in medium containing both isoniazid and rifampin, increased mutant induction during exposure to ciprofloxacin. Moreover, the mutator increased the size of spontaneous resistant mutant subpopulations, as detected by population analysis. Induction of ciprofloxacin resistance was also observed with Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. When measured with clinical isolates, no difference in mutant recovery was observed between multidrug-resistant (MDR) and pansusceptible isolates. This finding is consistent with at least some MDR isolates of M. tuberculosis lacking mutators detectable by the agar plate assay. Collectively, the data indicate that the use of fluoroquinolones against tuberculosis may induce resistance and that the choice of quinolone may be important for restricting the recovery of induced mutants.
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pmid22564842
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date2012-07