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Virulence, transmission, and heterologous protection of four isolates of Haemophilus parasuis

Haemophilus parasuis causes Glässer's disease, a syndrome of polyserositis, meningitis, and arthritis in swine. Previous studies with H. parasuis have revealed virulence disparity among isolates and inconsistent heterologous protection. In this study, virulence, direct transmission, and heterologous... Full description

Journal Title: Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI September 2013, Vol.20(9), pp.1466-72
Main Author: Brockmeier, Susan L
Other Authors: Loving, Crystal L , Mullins, Michael A , Register, Karen B , Nicholson, Tracy L , Wiseman, Barry S , Baker, Rodney B , Kehrli, Marcus E
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1556-679X ; PMID: 23885030 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1128/CVI.00168-13
Link: http://pubmed.gov/23885030
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recordid: medline23885030
title: Virulence, transmission, and heterologous protection of four isolates of Haemophilus parasuis
format: Article
creator:
  • Brockmeier, Susan L
  • Loving, Crystal L
  • Mullins, Michael A
  • Register, Karen B
  • Nicholson, Tracy L
  • Wiseman, Barry S
  • Baker, Rodney B
  • Kehrli, Marcus E
subjects:
  • Cross Protection
  • Haemophilus Infections -- Immunology
  • Haemophilus Parasuis -- Immunology
  • Swine Diseases -- Immunology
ispartof: Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI, September 2013, Vol.20(9), pp.1466-72
description: Haemophilus parasuis causes Glässer's disease, a syndrome of polyserositis, meningitis, and arthritis in swine. Previous studies with H. parasuis have revealed virulence disparity among isolates and inconsistent heterologous protection. In this study, virulence, direct transmission, and heterologous protection of 4 isolates of H. parasuis (SW114, 12939, MN-H, and 29755) were evaluated using a highly susceptible pig model. In an initial experiment, isolates 12939, MN-H, and 29755 caused Glässer's disease, while strain SW114 failed to cause any clinical signs of disease. One pig from each group challenged with MN-H or 29755 failed to develop clinical disease but was able to transmit H. parasuis to noninfected pigs, which subsequently developed Glässer's disease. Pigs colonized with SW114, 29755, or MN-H that were free of clinical disease were protected from a subsequent challenge with isolate 12939. In a following experiment, pigs vaccinated with strain SW114 given as either a bacterin intramuscularly...
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1556-679X ; PMID: 23885030 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1128/CVI.00168-13
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1556679X
  • 1556-679X
url: Link


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titleVirulence, transmission, and heterologous protection of four isolates of Haemophilus parasuis
creatorBrockmeier, Susan L ; Loving, Crystal L ; Mullins, Michael A ; Register, Karen B ; Nicholson, Tracy L ; Wiseman, Barry S ; Baker, Rodney B ; Kehrli, Marcus E
ispartofClinical and vaccine immunology : CVI, September 2013, Vol.20(9), pp.1466-72
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subjectCross Protection ; Haemophilus Infections -- Immunology ; Haemophilus Parasuis -- Immunology ; Swine Diseases -- Immunology
descriptionHaemophilus parasuis causes Glässer's disease, a syndrome of polyserositis, meningitis, and arthritis in swine. Previous studies with H. parasuis have revealed virulence disparity among isolates and inconsistent heterologous protection. In this study, virulence, direct transmission, and heterologous protection of 4 isolates of H. parasuis (SW114, 12939, MN-H, and 29755) were evaluated using a highly susceptible pig model. In an initial experiment, isolates 12939, MN-H, and 29755 caused Glässer's disease, while strain SW114 failed to cause any clinical signs of disease. One pig from each group challenged with MN-H or 29755 failed to develop clinical disease but was able to transmit H. parasuis to noninfected pigs, which subsequently developed Glässer's disease. Pigs colonized with SW114, 29755, or MN-H that were free of clinical disease were protected from a subsequent challenge with isolate 12939. In a following experiment, pigs vaccinated with strain SW114 given as either a bacterin intramuscularly...
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titleVirulence, transmission, and heterologous protection of four isolates of Haemophilus parasuis
descriptionHaemophilus parasuis causes Glässer's disease, a syndrome of polyserositis, meningitis, and arthritis in swine. Previous studies with H. parasuis have revealed virulence disparity among isolates and inconsistent heterologous protection. In this study, virulence, direct transmission, and heterologous protection of 4 isolates of H. parasuis (SW114, 12939, MN-H, and 29755) were evaluated using a highly susceptible pig model. In an initial experiment, isolates 12939, MN-H, and 29755 caused Glässer's disease, while strain SW114 failed to cause any clinical signs of disease. One pig from each group challenged with MN-H or 29755 failed to develop clinical disease but was able to transmit H. parasuis to noninfected pigs, which subsequently developed Glässer's disease. Pigs colonized with SW114, 29755, or MN-H that were free of clinical disease were protected from a subsequent challenge with isolate 12939. In a following experiment, pigs vaccinated with strain SW114 given as either a bacterin intramuscularly...
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abstractHaemophilus parasuis causes Glässer's disease, a syndrome of polyserositis, meningitis, and arthritis in swine. Previous studies with H. parasuis have revealed virulence disparity among isolates and inconsistent heterologous protection. In this study, virulence, direct transmission, and heterologous protection of 4 isolates of H. parasuis (SW114, 12939, MN-H, and 29755) were evaluated using a highly susceptible pig model. In an initial experiment, isolates 12939, MN-H, and 29755 caused Glässer's disease, while strain SW114 failed to cause any clinical signs of disease. One pig from each group challenged with MN-H or 29755 failed to develop clinical disease but was able to transmit H. parasuis to noninfected pigs, which subsequently developed Glässer's disease. Pigs colonized with SW114, 29755, or MN-H that were free of clinical disease were protected from a subsequent challenge with isolate 12939. In a following experiment, pigs vaccinated with strain SW114 given as either a bacterin intramuscularly...
doi10.1128/CVI.00168-13
pmid23885030
date2013-09