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The influence of nutritional supplement drinks on providing adequate calorie and protein intake in older adults with dementia

Investigate the impact of the provision of ONS on protein and energy intake from food and ability to meet protein and calorie requirements in people with dementia. After consent by proxy was obtained, participants took part in a cross over study comparing oral intake on an intervention day to an adj... Full description

Journal Title: The journal of nutrition health & aging, September 2013, Vol.17(9), pp.752-5
Main Author: Allen, V
Other Authors: Methven, L , Gosney, M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 1760-4788 ; PMID: 24154647 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1007/s12603-013-0364-5
Link: http://pubmed.gov/24154647
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recordid: medline24154647
title: The influence of nutritional supplement drinks on providing adequate calorie and protein intake in older adults with dementia
format: Article
creator:
  • Allen, V
  • Methven, L
  • Gosney, M
subjects:
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Energy Intake
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Nutritional Status
  • Alzheimer Disease -- Complications
  • Dietary Proteins -- Administration & Dosage
  • Protein-Energy Malnutrition -- Prevention & Control
ispartof: The journal of nutrition, health & aging, September 2013, Vol.17(9), pp.752-5
description: Investigate the impact of the provision of ONS on protein and energy intake from food and ability to meet protein and calorie requirements in people with dementia. After consent by proxy was obtained, participants took part in a cross over study comparing oral intake on an intervention day to an adjacent control day. The study occurred in Nursing homes and hospitalised settings. Older adults with dementia over the age of 65 were recruited. 26 participants (aged 83.9+/-8.4years, MMSE 13.08+/-8.13) took part. Intervention (if any): On the intervention day nutritional supplement drinks were provided three times. Each drink provided 283.3+/-41.8 Kcal of energy and 13.8+/-4.7g of protein. Supplements were removed approximately 1 hour before meals were served and weighed waste (g) was obtained. Intake of food consumed was determined on intervention and control days using the quartile method (none, quarter, half, three quarters, all) for each meal component. More people achieved their energy and protein requirements with the supplement drink intervention with no sufficient impact on habitual food consumption. Findings from these 26 participants with dementia indicate that supplement drinks may be beneficial in reducing the prevalence of malnutrition within the group as more people meet their nutritional requirements. As the provision of supplement drinks is also demonstrated to have an additive effect to consumption of habitual foods these can be used alongside other measures to also improve oral intake.
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 1760-4788 ; PMID: 24154647 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1007/s12603-013-0364-5
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 17604788
  • 1760-4788
url: Link


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titleThe influence of nutritional supplement drinks on providing adequate calorie and protein intake in older adults with dementia
creatorAllen, V ; Methven, L ; Gosney, M
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subjectDietary Supplements ; Energy Intake ; Nutritional Requirements ; Nutritional Status ; Alzheimer Disease -- Complications ; Dietary Proteins -- Administration & Dosage ; Protein-Energy Malnutrition -- Prevention & Control
descriptionInvestigate the impact of the provision of ONS on protein and energy intake from food and ability to meet protein and calorie requirements in people with dementia. After consent by proxy was obtained, participants took part in a cross over study comparing oral intake on an intervention day to an adjacent control day. The study occurred in Nursing homes and hospitalised settings. Older adults with dementia over the age of 65 were recruited. 26 participants (aged 83.9+/-8.4years, MMSE 13.08+/-8.13) took part. Intervention (if any): On the intervention day nutritional supplement drinks were provided three times. Each drink provided 283.3+/-41.8 Kcal of energy and 13.8+/-4.7g of protein. Supplements were removed approximately 1 hour before meals were served and weighed waste (g) was obtained. Intake of food consumed was determined on intervention and control days using the quartile method (none, quarter, half, three quarters, all) for each meal component. More people achieved their energy and protein requirements with the supplement drink intervention with no sufficient impact on habitual food consumption. Findings from these 26 participants with dementia indicate that supplement drinks may be beneficial in reducing the prevalence of malnutrition within the group as more people meet their nutritional requirements. As the provision of supplement drinks is also demonstrated to have an additive effect to consumption of habitual foods these can be used alongside other measures to also improve oral intake.
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1After consent by proxy was obtained, participants took part in a cross over study comparing oral intake on an intervention day to an adjacent control day.
2The study occurred in Nursing homes and hospitalised settings.
3Older adults with dementia over the age of 65 were recruited. 26 participants (aged 83.9+/-8.4years, MMSE 13.08+/-8.13) took part. Intervention (if any): On the intervention day nutritional supplement drinks were provided three times. Each drink provided 283.3+/-41.8 Kcal of energy and 13.8+/-4.7g of protein. Supplements were removed approximately 1 hour before meals were served and weighed waste (g) was obtained.
4Intake of food consumed was determined on intervention and control days using the quartile method (none, quarter, half, three quarters, all) for each meal component.
5More people achieved their energy and protein requirements with the supplement drink intervention with no sufficient impact on habitual food consumption.
6Findings from these 26 participants with dementia indicate that supplement drinks may be beneficial in reducing the prevalence of malnutrition within the group as more people meet their nutritional requirements. As the provision of supplement drinks is also demonstrated to have an additive effect to consumption of habitual foods these can be used alongside other measures to also improve oral intake.
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abstractInvestigate the impact of the provision of ONS on protein and energy intake from food and ability to meet protein and calorie requirements in people with dementia.
doi10.1007/s12603-013-0364-5
pmid24154647
date2013-09