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The Potential Role of spp. in Sulfur Oxidation and Acid Generation in Circum-Neutral Mine Tailings Reservoirs

The biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage (AMD) derived from waste rock associated sulfide mineral oxidation is relatively well-characterized and linked to spp.. However, little is understood about the microbial communities and sulfur cycling before AMD develops, a key component of its prevention. T... Full description

Journal Title: Frontiers in microbiology 2019, Vol.10, pp.297
Main Author: Whaley-Martin, Kelly
Other Authors: Jessen, Gerdhard L , Nelson, Tara Colenbrander , Mori, Jiro F , Apte, Simon , Jarolimek, Chad , Warren, Lesley A
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 1664-302X ; PMID: 30906283 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.00297
Link: http://pubmed.gov/30906283
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recordid: medline30906283
title: The Potential Role of spp. in Sulfur Oxidation and Acid Generation in Circum-Neutral Mine Tailings Reservoirs
format: Article
creator:
  • Whaley-Martin, Kelly
  • Jessen, Gerdhard L
  • Nelson, Tara Colenbrander
  • Mori, Jiro F
  • Apte, Simon
  • Jarolimek, Chad
  • Warren, Lesley A
subjects:
  • Halothiobacillus
  • Acid Mine Drainage (Amd)
  • Acidity Generation
  • Mining Impacted Water
  • Sulfur
ispartof: Frontiers in microbiology, 2019, Vol.10, pp.297
description: The biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage (AMD) derived from waste rock associated sulfide mineral oxidation is relatively well-characterized and linked to spp.. However, little is understood about the microbial communities and sulfur cycling before AMD develops, a key component of its prevention. This study aimed to examine circum-neutral mining impacted water (MIW) communities and its laboratory enrichments for sulfur oxidizing bacteria (SoxBac). MIW microbial communities differed in diversity, structure and relative abundance consistent with site specific variations in total aqueous sulfur concentrations (TotS; ~2-17 mM), pH (3.67-7.34), and oxygen (22-93% saturation). However, the sulfur oxidizer, spp. dominated seven of the nine total SoxBac enrichment communities (~76-100% relative abundance), spanning three of the four mines. The presence and relative abundance of the identified sixteen known and five unclassified spp. here, were the important clustering determinants across parent...
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1664-302X ; PMID: 30906283 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.00297
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1664302X
  • 1664-302X
url: Link


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titleThe Potential Role of spp. in Sulfur Oxidation and Acid Generation in Circum-Neutral Mine Tailings Reservoirs
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subjectHalothiobacillus ; Acid Mine Drainage (Amd) ; Acidity Generation ; Mining Impacted Water ; Sulfur
descriptionThe biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage (AMD) derived from waste rock associated sulfide mineral oxidation is relatively well-characterized and linked to spp.. However, little is understood about the microbial communities and sulfur cycling before AMD develops, a key component of its prevention. This study aimed to examine circum-neutral mining impacted water (MIW) communities and its laboratory enrichments for sulfur oxidizing bacteria (SoxBac). MIW microbial communities differed in diversity, structure and relative abundance consistent with site specific variations in total aqueous sulfur concentrations (TotS; ~2-17 mM), pH (3.67-7.34), and oxygen (22-93% saturation). However, the sulfur oxidizer, spp. dominated seven of the nine total SoxBac enrichment communities (~76-100% relative abundance), spanning three of the four mines. The presence and relative abundance of the identified sixteen known and five unclassified spp. here, were the important clustering determinants across parent...
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abstractThe biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage (AMD) derived from waste rock associated sulfide mineral oxidation is relatively well-characterized and linked to spp.. However, little is understood about the microbial communities and sulfur cycling before AMD develops, a key component of its prevention. This study aimed to examine circum-neutral mining impacted water (MIW) communities and its laboratory enrichments for sulfur oxidizing bacteria (SoxBac). MIW microbial communities differed in diversity, structure and relative abundance consistent with site specific variations in total aqueous sulfur concentrations (TotS; ~2-17 mM), pH (3.67-7.34), and oxygen (22-93% saturation). However, the sulfur oxidizer, spp. dominated seven of the nine total SoxBac enrichment communities (~76-100% relative abundance), spanning three of the four mines. The presence and relative abundance of the identified sixteen known and five unclassified spp. here, were the important clustering determinants across parent...
doi10.3389/fmicb.2019.00297
pmid30906283