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Infant diet and subcutaneous fat mass in early childhood: The Generation R Study

Background/Objectives: Breastfeeding has a protective effect on childhood obesity, but the influences on body composition in early childhood are not known. The objective of this study is to assess whether the duration and exclusiveness of breastfeeding, and the timing of introduction of solid foods... Full description

Journal Title: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2011, Vol.66(2), p.253
Main Author: B Durmuş
Other Authors: L Ay , L Duijts , H A Moll , A C S Hokken-Koelega , H Raat , A Hofman , E A P Steegers , V W V Jaddoe
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
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Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0954-3007 ; E-ISSN: 1476-5640 ; DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2011.174
Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2011.174
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recordid: nature_a10.1038/ejcn.2011.174
title: Infant diet and subcutaneous fat mass in early childhood: The Generation R Study
format: Article
creator:
  • B Durmuş
  • L Ay
  • L Duijts
  • H A Moll
  • A C S Hokken-Koelega
  • H Raat
  • A Hofman
  • E A P Steegers
  • V W V Jaddoe
subjects:
  • Breast Feeding – Health Aspects
  • Childhood Obesity – Risk Factors
  • Childhood Obesity – Research
  • Children – Health Aspects
ispartof: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2011, Vol.66(2), p.253
description: Background/Objectives: Breastfeeding has a protective effect on childhood obesity, but the influences on body composition in early childhood are not known. The objective of this study is to assess whether the duration and exclusiveness of breastfeeding, and the timing of introduction of solid foods are associated with the subcutaneous fat mass in early childhood. Subjects/Methods: This study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort study among 779 children. Peripheral (biceps, triceps) and central (suprailiacal and subscapular) subcutaneous fat mass was measured as skinfold thickness at the ages of 1.5, 6 and 24 months. Results: Breastfeeding duration was not associated with subcutaneous fat mass at the age of 1.5 months. Shorter breastfeeding was associated with higher peripheral and total subcutaneous fat mass at the age of 6 months (P-value for trend
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0954-3007 ; E-ISSN: 1476-5640 ; DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2011.174
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0954-3007
  • 09543007
  • 1476-5640
  • 14765640
url: Link


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titleInfant diet and subcutaneous fat mass in early childhood: The Generation R Study
creatorB Durmuş ; L Ay ; L Duijts ; H A Moll ; A C S Hokken-Koelega ; H Raat ; A Hofman ; E A P Steegers ; V W V Jaddoe
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descriptionBackground/Objectives: Breastfeeding has a protective effect on childhood obesity, but the influences on body composition in early childhood are not known. The objective of this study is to assess whether the duration and exclusiveness of breastfeeding, and the timing of introduction of solid foods are associated with the subcutaneous fat mass in early childhood. Subjects/Methods: This study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort study among 779 children. Peripheral (biceps, triceps) and central (suprailiacal and subscapular) subcutaneous fat mass was measured as skinfold thickness at the ages of 1.5, 6 and 24 months. Results: Breastfeeding duration was not associated with subcutaneous fat mass at the age of 1.5 months. Shorter breastfeeding was associated with higher peripheral and total subcutaneous fat mass at the age of 6 months (P-value for trend <0.05), but not at the age of 24 months. As compared to children who were exclusively breast fed for 4 months, those who were non-exclusively breast fed had a higher central fat mass at the age of 24 months (P-value for trend < 0.01). Timing of introduction of solid foods was not associated with subcutaneous fat mass. Conclusion: Our results suggest that a shorter duration and non-exclusive breastfeeding affect early body composition during the first 2 years of life. Follow-up studies at older ages are needed to explore the long-term consequences. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2012) 66, 253-260; doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2011.174; published online 12 October 2011 Keywords: infant feeding; obesity; breastfeeding; solid foods; skinfold; pediatrics
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