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Persistent anthrax as a major driver of wildlife mortality in a tropical rainforest

Anthrax is a globally important animal disease and zoonosis. Despite this, our current knowledge of anthrax ecology is largely limited to arid ecosystems, where outbreaks are most commonly reported. Here we show that the dynamics of an anthrax-causing agent, Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis, in a tr... Full description

Journal Title: Nature 2017, Vol.548(7665), p.82
Main Author: Constanze Hoffmann
Other Authors: Fee Zimmermann , Roman Biek , Hjalmar Kuehl , Kathrin Nowak , Roger Mundry , Anthony Agbor , Samuel Angedakin , Mimi Arandjelovic , Anja Blankenburg , Gregory Brazolla , Katherine Corogenes , Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann , Tobias Deschner , Paula Dieguez , Karsten Dierks , Ariane Düx , Susann Dupke , Henk Eshuis , Pierre Formenty , Yisa Ginath Yuh , Annemarie Goedmakers , Jan F. Gogarten , Anne-Céline Granjon , Scott Mcgraw , Roland Grunow , John Hart , Sorrel Jones , Jessica Junker , John Kiang , Kevin Langergraber , Juan Lapuente , Kevin Lee , Siv Aina Leendertz , Floraine Léguillon , Vera Leinert , Therese Löhrich , Sergio Marrocoli , Kerstin Mätz-Rensing , Amelia Meier , Kevin Merkel , Sonja Metzger , Mizuki Murai , Svenja Niedorf , Hélène De Nys , Andreas Sachse , Joost Van Schijndel , Ulla Thiesen , Els Ton , Doris Wu , Lothar H. Wieler , Christophe Boesch , Silke R. Klee , Roman M. Wittig , Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer , Fabian H. Leendertz
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
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ID: ISSN: 0028-0836 ; E-ISSN: 1476-4687 ; DOI: 10.1038/nature23309
Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature23309
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recordid: nature_a10.1038/nature23309
title: Persistent anthrax as a major driver of wildlife mortality in a tropical rainforest
format: Article
creator:
  • Constanze Hoffmann
  • Fee Zimmermann
  • Roman Biek
  • Hjalmar Kuehl
  • Kathrin Nowak
  • Roger Mundry
  • Anthony Agbor
  • Samuel Angedakin
  • Mimi Arandjelovic
  • Anja Blankenburg
  • Gregory Brazolla
  • Katherine Corogenes
  • Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann
  • Tobias Deschner
  • Paula Dieguez
  • Karsten Dierks
  • Ariane Düx
  • Susann Dupke
  • Henk Eshuis
  • Pierre Formenty
  • Yisa Ginath Yuh
  • Annemarie Goedmakers
  • Jan F. Gogarten
  • Anne-Céline Granjon
  • Scott Mcgraw
  • Roland Grunow
  • John Hart
  • Sorrel Jones
  • Jessica Junker
  • John Kiang
  • Kevin Langergraber
  • Juan Lapuente
  • Kevin Lee
  • Siv Aina Leendertz
  • Floraine Léguillon
  • Vera Leinert
  • Therese Löhrich
  • Sergio Marrocoli
  • Kerstin Mätz-Rensing
  • Amelia Meier
  • Kevin Merkel
  • Sonja Metzger
  • Mizuki Murai
  • Svenja Niedorf
  • Hélène De Nys
  • Andreas Sachse
  • Joost Van Schijndel
  • Ulla Thiesen
  • Els Ton
  • Doris Wu
  • Lothar H. Wieler
  • Christophe Boesch
  • Silke R. Klee
  • Roman M. Wittig
  • Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer
  • Fabian H. Leendertz
subjects:
  • Rainforest
  • Tropical Climate
  • Animal Diseases -- Mortality
  • Animals, Wild -- Microbiology
  • Anthrax -- Veterinary
  • Bacillus Anthracis -- Pathogenicity
  • Mammals -- Microbiology
ispartof: Nature, 2017, Vol.548(7665), p.82
description: Anthrax is a globally important animal disease and zoonosis. Despite this, our current knowledge of anthrax ecology is largely limited to arid ecosystems, where outbreaks are most commonly reported. Here we show that the dynamics of an anthrax-causing agent, Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis, in a tropical rainforest have severe consequences for local wildlife communities. Using data and samples collected over three decades, we show that rainforest anthrax is a persistent and widespread cause of death for a broad range of mammalian hosts. We predict that this pathogen will accelerate the decline and possibly result in the extirpation of local chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) populations. We present the epidemiology of a cryptic pathogen and show that its presence has important implications for conservation.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836 ; E-ISSN: 1476-4687 ; DOI: 10.1038/nature23309
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0028-0836
  • 00280836
  • 1476-4687
  • 14764687
url: Link


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titlePersistent anthrax as a major driver of wildlife mortality in a tropical rainforest
creatorConstanze Hoffmann ; Fee Zimmermann ; Roman Biek ; Hjalmar Kuehl ; Kathrin Nowak ; Roger Mundry ; Anthony Agbor ; Samuel Angedakin ; Mimi Arandjelovic ; Anja Blankenburg ; Gregory Brazolla ; Katherine Corogenes ; Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann ; Tobias Deschner ; Paula Dieguez ; Karsten Dierks ; Ariane Düx ; Susann Dupke ; Henk Eshuis ; Pierre Formenty ; Yisa Ginath Yuh ; Annemarie Goedmakers ; Jan F. Gogarten ; Anne-Céline Granjon ; Scott Mcgraw ; Roland Grunow ; John Hart ; Sorrel Jones ; Jessica Junker ; John Kiang ; Kevin Langergraber ; Juan Lapuente ; Kevin Lee ; Siv Aina Leendertz ; Floraine Léguillon ; Vera Leinert ; Therese Löhrich ; Sergio Marrocoli ; Kerstin Mätz-Rensing ; Amelia Meier ; Kevin Merkel ; Sonja Metzger ; Mizuki Murai ; Svenja Niedorf ; Hélène De Nys ; Andreas Sachse ; Joost Van Schijndel ; Ulla Thiesen ; Els Ton ; Doris Wu ; Lothar H. Wieler ; Christophe Boesch ; Silke R. Klee ; Roman M. Wittig ; Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer ; Fabian H. Leendertz
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subjectRainforest ; Tropical Climate ; Animal Diseases -- Mortality ; Animals, Wild -- Microbiology ; Anthrax -- Veterinary ; Bacillus Anthracis -- Pathogenicity ; Mammals -- Microbiology;
descriptionAnthrax is a globally important animal disease and zoonosis. Despite this, our current knowledge of anthrax ecology is largely limited to arid ecosystems, where outbreaks are most commonly reported. Here we show that the dynamics of an anthrax-causing agent, Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis, in a tropical rainforest have severe consequences for local wildlife communities. Using data and samples collected over three decades, we show that rainforest anthrax is a persistent and widespread cause of death for a broad range of mammalian hosts. We predict that this pathogen will accelerate the decline and possibly result in the extirpation of local chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) populations. We present the epidemiology of a cryptic pathogen and show that its presence has important implications for conservation.
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authorConstanze Hoffmann ; Fee Zimmermann ; Roman Biek ; Hjalmar Kuehl ; Kathrin Nowak ; Roger Mundry ; Anthony Agbor ; Samuel Angedakin ; Mimi Arandjelovic ; Anja Blankenburg ; Gregory Brazolla ; Katherine Corogenes ; Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann ; Tobias Deschner ; Paula Dieguez ; Karsten Dierks ; Ariane Düx ; Susann Dupke ; Henk Eshuis ; Pierre Formenty ; Yisa Ginath Yuh ; Annemarie Goedmakers ; Jan F. Gogarten ; Anne-Céline Granjon ; Scott Mcgraw ; Roland Grunow ; John Hart ; Sorrel Jones ; Jessica Junker ; John Kiang ; Kevin Langergraber ; Juan Lapuente ; Kevin Lee ; Siv Aina Leendertz ; Floraine Léguillon ; Vera Leinert ; Therese Löhrich ; Sergio Marrocoli ; Kerstin Mätz-Rensing ; Amelia Meier ; Kevin Merkel ; Sonja Metzger ; Mizuki Murai ; Svenja Niedorf ; Hélène De Nys ; Andreas Sachse ; Joost Van Schijndel ; Ulla Thiesen ; Els Ton ; Doris Wu ; Lothar H. Wieler ; Christophe Boesch ; Silke R. Klee ; Roman M. Wittig ; Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer ; Fabian H. Leendertz
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25Roland Grunow
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29John Kiang
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49Doris Wu
50Lothar H. Wieler
51Christophe Boesch
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54Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer
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atitlePersistent anthrax as a major driver of wildlife mortality in a tropical rainforest
jtitleNature
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volume548
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pages82-86
date2017-08-02