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The Association of Female Circumcision With HIV Status and Sexual Behavior in Mali: A Multilevel Analysis

OBJECTIVE:: In the regions of Africa where female circumcision (FC) is practiced, it is often regarded as a protective against HIV infection because it is believed to help women resist “illicit” sexual acts. This study examines the association between FC, HIV status, and sexual risk behavior in Mali... Full description

Journal Title: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 2014, Vol.65(5), pp.597-602
Main Author: Smolak, Alex
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
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ID: ISSN: 1525-4135 ; DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000099
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recordid: ovid10.1097/QAI.0000000000000099
title: The Association of Female Circumcision With HIV Status and Sexual Behavior in Mali: A Multilevel Analysis
format: Article
creator:
  • Smolak, Alex
subjects:
  • Prevention
  • Education
  • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  • Age
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • Households
  • Females
  • Infection
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Mali
  • Medical and Environmental Health
  • Diseases/Injuries/Trauma
ispartof: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 2014, Vol.65(5), pp.597-602
description: OBJECTIVE:: In the regions of Africa where female circumcision (FC) is practiced, it is often regarded as a protective against HIV infection because it is believed to help women resist “illicit” sexual acts. This study examines the association between FC, HIV status, and sexual risk behavior in Mali, while taking into account multilevel factors. The following hypothesis was tested: FC is associated with HIV-positive status but not with decreased sexual behavior. DESIGN:: The sample consists of 13,015 Malian women of reproductive age (15–49 years old). The sample is a nationally representative survey of randomly selected respondents using a stratified multistage sampling strategy. Measures included biospecimens for HIV antibody testing and survey results reporting on number of partners, sexual debut, premarital sex, and sociodemographics. METHODS:: Multilevel modeling was used to assess the significance of difference in HIV status and sexual behavior with FC. Multilevel modeling was also used to adjust for age, education, ethnicity, wealth, religion, region, household, and community membership. Multiple imputation with 10 imputations corrected for 10% missing data. RESULTS:: Participants with FC were at 2.100 (P < 0.001; 95% confidence interval: 1.844 to 2.389) higher odds of being HIV positive. Women with FC did not significantly differ from women without FC in number of sexual partners (P = 0.634), age of sexual debut (P = 0.888), or odds of having premarital sex (P = 0.575). CONCLUSIONS:: FC is associated with HIV-positive status but not with a decrease in sexual risk behavior. These findings have important implication for FC and HIV prevention.
language:
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identifier: ISSN: 1525-4135 ; DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000099
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  • 1525-4135
  • 15254135
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titleThe Association of Female Circumcision With HIV Status and Sexual Behavior in Mali: A Multilevel Analysis
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identifierISSN: 1525-4135 ; DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000099
descriptionOBJECTIVE:: In the regions of Africa where female circumcision (FC) is practiced, it is often regarded as a protective against HIV infection because it is believed to help women resist “illicit” sexual acts. This study examines the association between FC, HIV status, and sexual risk behavior in Mali, while taking into account multilevel factors. The following hypothesis was tested: FC is associated with HIV-positive status but not with decreased sexual behavior. DESIGN:: The sample consists of 13,015 Malian women of reproductive age (15–49 years old). The sample is a nationally representative survey of randomly selected respondents using a stratified multistage sampling strategy. Measures included biospecimens for HIV antibody testing and survey results reporting on number of partners, sexual debut, premarital sex, and sociodemographics. METHODS:: Multilevel modeling was used to assess the significance of difference in HIV status and sexual behavior with FC. Multilevel modeling was also used to adjust for age, education, ethnicity, wealth, religion, region, household, and community membership. Multiple imputation with 10 imputations corrected for 10% missing data. RESULTS:: Participants with FC were at 2.100 (P < 0.001; 95% confidence interval: 1.844 to 2.389) higher odds of being HIV positive. Women with FC did not significantly differ from women without FC in number of sexual partners (P = 0.634), age of sexual debut (P = 0.888), or odds of having premarital sex (P = 0.575). CONCLUSIONS:: FC is associated with HIV-positive status but not with a decrease in sexual risk behavior. These findings have important implication for FC and HIV prevention.
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subjectPrevention ; Education ; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ; Age ; Human Immunodeficiency Virus ; Households ; Females ; Infection ; Sexual Behavior ; Ethnic Groups ; Mali ; Medical and Environmental Health ; Diseases/Injuries/Trauma;
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titleThe Association of Female Circumcision With HIV Status and Sexual Behavior in Mali: A Multilevel Analysis
descriptionOBJECTIVE:: In the regions of Africa where female circumcision (FC) is practiced, it is often regarded as a protective against HIV infection because it is believed to help women resist “illicit” sexual acts. This study examines the association between FC, HIV status, and sexual risk behavior in Mali, while taking into account multilevel factors. The following hypothesis was tested: FC is associated with HIV-positive status but not with decreased sexual behavior. DESIGN:: The sample consists of 13,015 Malian women of reproductive age (15–49 years old). The sample is a nationally representative survey of randomly selected respondents using a stratified multistage sampling strategy. Measures included biospecimens for HIV antibody testing and survey results reporting on number of partners, sexual debut, premarital sex, and sociodemographics. METHODS:: Multilevel modeling was used to assess the significance of difference in HIV status and sexual behavior with FC. Multilevel modeling was also used to adjust for age, education, ethnicity, wealth, religion, region, household, and community membership. Multiple imputation with 10 imputations corrected for 10% missing data. RESULTS:: Participants with FC were at 2.100 (P < 0.001; 95% confidence interval: 1.844 to 2.389) higher odds of being HIV positive. Women with FC did not significantly differ from women without FC in number of sexual partners (P = 0.634), age of sexual debut (P = 0.888), or odds of having premarital sex (P = 0.575). CONCLUSIONS:: FC is associated with HIV-positive status but not with a decrease in sexual risk behavior. These findings have important implication for FC and HIV prevention.
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abstractOBJECTIVE:: In the regions of Africa where female circumcision (FC) is practiced, it is often regarded as a protective against HIV infection because it is believed to help women resist “illicit” sexual acts. This study examines the association between FC, HIV status, and sexual risk behavior in Mali, while taking into account multilevel factors. The following hypothesis was tested: FC is associated with HIV-positive status but not with decreased sexual behavior. DESIGN:: The sample consists of 13,015 Malian women of reproductive age (15–49 years old). The sample is a nationally representative survey of randomly selected respondents using a stratified multistage sampling strategy. Measures included biospecimens for HIV antibody testing and survey results reporting on number of partners, sexual debut, premarital sex, and sociodemographics. METHODS:: Multilevel modeling was used to assess the significance of difference in HIV status and sexual behavior with FC. Multilevel modeling was also used to adjust for age, education, ethnicity, wealth, religion, region, household, and community membership. Multiple imputation with 10 imputations corrected for 10% missing data. RESULTS:: Participants with FC were at 2.100 (P < 0.001; 95% confidence interval: 1.844 to 2.389) higher odds of being HIV positive. Women with FC did not significantly differ from women without FC in number of sexual partners (P = 0.634), age of sexual debut (P = 0.888), or odds of having premarital sex (P = 0.575). CONCLUSIONS:: FC is associated with HIV-positive status but not with a decrease in sexual risk behavior. These findings have important implication for FC and HIV prevention.
pub© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
doi10.1097/QAI.0000000000000099
eissn19447884
date2014-04-15