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Intake of Fruits and Vegetables and Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in a Pooled Analysis of 14 Cohort Studies

Fruit and vegetable intake may protect against pancreatic cancer, since fruits and vegetables are rich in potentially cancer-preventive nutrients. Most case-control studies have found inverse associations between fruit and vegetable intake and pancreatic cancer risk, although bias due to reporting e... Full description

Journal Title: American Journal of Epidemiology 2012, Vol. 176(5), pp.373-386
Main Author: Koushik, Anita
Other Authors: Spiegelman, Donna , Albanes, Demetrius , Anderson, Kristin E , Bernstein, Leslie , Van Den Brandt, Piet A , Bergkvist, Leif , English, Dallas R , Freudenheim, Jo L , Fuchs, Charles S , Genkinger, Jeanine M , Giles, Graham G , Goldbohm, R. Alexandra , Horn - Ross, Pamela L , Männistö, Satu , Mccullough, Marjorie L , Millen, Amy E , Miller, Anthony B , Robien, Kim , Rohan, Thomas E , Schatzkin, Arthur , Shikany, James M , Stolzenberg - Solomon, Rachael Z , Willett, Walter C , Wolk, Alicja , Ziegler, Regina G , Smith - Warner, Stephanie A
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ID: ISSN: 0002-9262 ; E-ISSN: 1476-6256 ; DOI: 10.1093/aje/kws027
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recordid: oxford10.1093/aje/kws027
title: Intake of Fruits and Vegetables and Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in a Pooled Analysis of 14 Cohort Studies
format: Article
creator:
  • Koushik, Anita
  • Spiegelman, Donna
  • Albanes, Demetrius
  • Anderson, Kristin E
  • Bernstein, Leslie
  • Van Den Brandt, Piet A
  • Bergkvist, Leif
  • English, Dallas R
  • Freudenheim, Jo L
  • Fuchs, Charles S
  • Genkinger, Jeanine M
  • Giles, Graham G
  • Goldbohm, R. Alexandra
  • Horn - Ross, Pamela L
  • Männistö, Satu
  • Mccullough, Marjorie L
  • Millen, Amy E
  • Miller, Anthony B
  • Robien, Kim
  • Rohan, Thomas E
  • Schatzkin, Arthur
  • Shikany, James M
  • Stolzenberg - Solomon, Rachael Z
  • Willett, Walter C
  • Wolk, Alicja
  • Ziegler, Regina G
  • Smith - Warner, Stephanie A
subjects:
  • Diet
  • Fruit
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms
  • Prospective Studies
  • Vegetables
ispartof: American Journal of Epidemiology, 2012, Vol. 176(5), pp.373-386
description: Fruit and vegetable intake may protect against pancreatic cancer, since fruits and vegetables are rich in potentially cancer-preventive nutrients. Most case-control studies have found inverse associations between fruit and vegetable intake and pancreatic cancer risk, although bias due to reporting error cannot be ruled out. In most prospective studies, inverse associations have been weaker and imprecise because of small numbers of cases. The authors examined fruit and vegetable intake in relation to pancreatic cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 14 prospective studies from North America, Europe, and Australia (study periods between 1980 and 2005). Relative risks and 2-sided 95% confidence intervals were estimated separately for the 14 studies using the Cox proportional hazards model and were then pooled using a random-effects model. Of 862,584 men and women followed for 7−20 years, 2,212 developed pancreatic cancer. The pooled multivariate relative risks of pancreatic cancer per 100-g/day increase in intake were 1.01 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.99, 1.03) for total fruits and vegetables, 1.01 (95% CI: 0.99, 1.03) for total fruits, and 1.02 (95% CI: 0.99, 1.06) for total vegetables. Associations were similar for men and women separately and across studies. These results suggest that fruit and vegetable intake during adulthood is not associated with a reduced pancreatic cancer risk.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0002-9262 ; E-ISSN: 1476-6256 ; DOI: 10.1093/aje/kws027
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0002-9262
  • 00029262
  • 1476-6256
  • 14766256
url: Link


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titleIntake of Fruits and Vegetables and Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in a Pooled Analysis of 14 Cohort Studies
creatorKoushik, Anita ; Spiegelman, Donna ; Albanes, Demetrius ; Anderson, Kristin E ; Bernstein, Leslie ; Van Den Brandt, Piet A ; Bergkvist, Leif ; English, Dallas R ; Freudenheim, Jo L ; Fuchs, Charles S ; Genkinger, Jeanine M ; Giles, Graham G ; Goldbohm, R. Alexandra ; Horn - Ross, Pamela L ; Männistö, Satu ; Mccullough, Marjorie L ; Millen, Amy E ; Miller, Anthony B ; Robien, Kim ; Rohan, Thomas E ; Schatzkin, Arthur ; Shikany, James M ; Stolzenberg - Solomon, Rachael Z ; Willett, Walter C ; Wolk, Alicja ; Ziegler, Regina G ; Smith - Warner, Stephanie A
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descriptionFruit and vegetable intake may protect against pancreatic cancer, since fruits and vegetables are rich in potentially cancer-preventive nutrients. Most case-control studies have found inverse associations between fruit and vegetable intake and pancreatic cancer risk, although bias due to reporting error cannot be ruled out. In most prospective studies, inverse associations have been weaker and imprecise because of small numbers of cases. The authors examined fruit and vegetable intake in relation to pancreatic cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 14 prospective studies from North America, Europe, and Australia (study periods between 1980 and 2005). Relative risks and 2-sided 95% confidence intervals were estimated separately for the 14 studies using the Cox proportional hazards model and were then pooled using a random-effects model. Of 862,584 men and women followed for 7−20 years, 2,212 developed pancreatic cancer. The pooled multivariate relative risks of pancreatic cancer per 100-g/day increase in intake were 1.01 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.99, 1.03) for total fruits and vegetables, 1.01 (95% CI: 0.99, 1.03) for total fruits, and 1.02 (95% CI: 0.99, 1.06) for total vegetables. Associations were similar for men and women separately and across studies. These results suggest that fruit and vegetable intake during adulthood is not associated with a reduced pancreatic cancer risk.
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titleIntake of Fruits and Vegetables and Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in a Pooled Analysis of 14 Cohort Studies
descriptionFruit and vegetable intake may protect against pancreatic cancer, since fruits and vegetables are rich in potentially cancer-preventive nutrients. Most case-control studies have found inverse associations between fruit and vegetable intake and pancreatic cancer risk, although bias due to reporting error cannot be ruled out. In most prospective studies, inverse associations have been weaker and imprecise because of small numbers of cases. The authors examined fruit and vegetable intake in relation to pancreatic cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 14 prospective studies from North America, Europe, and Australia (study periods between 1980 and 2005). Relative risks and 2-sided 95% confidence intervals were estimated separately for the 14 studies using the Cox proportional hazards model and were then pooled using a random-effects model. Of 862,584 men and women followed for 7−20 years, 2,212 developed pancreatic cancer. The pooled multivariate relative risks of pancreatic cancer per 100-g/day increase in intake were 1.01 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.99, 1.03) for total fruits and vegetables, 1.01 (95% CI: 0.99, 1.03) for total fruits, and 1.02 (95% CI: 0.99, 1.06) for total vegetables. Associations were similar for men and women separately and across studies. These results suggest that fruit and vegetable intake during adulthood is not associated with a reduced pancreatic cancer risk.
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authorKoushik, Anita ; Spiegelman, Donna ; Albanes, Demetrius ; Anderson, Kristin E ; Bernstein, Leslie ; Van Den Brandt, Piet A ; Bergkvist, Leif ; English, Dallas R ; Freudenheim, Jo L ; Fuchs, Charles S ; Genkinger, Jeanine M ; Giles, Graham G ; Goldbohm, R. Alexandra ; Horn - Ross, Pamela L ; Männistö, Satu ; Mccullough, Marjorie L ; Millen, Amy E ; Miller, Anthony B ; Robien, Kim ; Rohan, Thomas E ; Schatzkin, Arthur ; Shikany, James M ; Stolzenberg - Solomon, Rachael Z ; Willett, Walter C ; Wolk, Alicja ; Ziegler, Regina G ; Smith - Warner, Stephanie A
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8Freudenheim, Jo L
9Fuchs, Charles S
10Genkinger, Jeanine M
11Giles, Graham G
12Goldbohm, R. Alexandra
13Horn - Ross, Pamela L
14Männistö, Satu
15Mccullough, Marjorie L
16Millen, Amy E
17Miller, Anthony B
18Robien, Kim
19Rohan, Thomas E
20Schatzkin, Arthur
21Shikany, James M
22Stolzenberg - Solomon, Rachael Z
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abstractFruit and vegetable intake may protect against pancreatic cancer, since fruits and vegetables are rich in potentially cancer-preventive nutrients. Most case-control studies have found inverse associations between fruit and vegetable intake and pancreatic cancer risk, although bias due to reporting error cannot be ruled out. In most prospective studies, inverse associations have been weaker and imprecise because of small numbers of cases. The authors examined fruit and vegetable intake in relation to pancreatic cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 14 prospective studies from North America, Europe, and Australia (study periods between 1980 and 2005). Relative risks and 2-sided 95% confidence intervals were estimated separately for the 14 studies using the Cox proportional hazards model and were then pooled using a random-effects model. Of 862,584 men and women followed for 7−20 years, 2,212 developed pancreatic cancer. The pooled multivariate relative risks of pancreatic cancer per 100-g/day increase in intake were 1.01 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.99, 1.03) for total fruits and vegetables, 1.01 (95% CI: 0.99, 1.03) for total fruits, and 1.02 (95% CI: 0.99, 1.06) for total vegetables. Associations were similar for men and women separately and across studies. These results suggest that fruit and vegetable intake during adulthood is not associated with a reduced pancreatic cancer risk.
pubOxford University Press
doi10.1093/aje/kws027
date2012-09-01