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Prevalence and risk factors for diabetes mellitus among adults in Ghana: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract Background The prevalence and risk factors for diabetes in Ghana vary from location to location, yet no study has been conducted to quantitatively synthesize the available studies. Methods The authors conducted a comprehensive literature search in Medline (PubMed), Embase, Cinahl, Web of Sc... Full description

Journal Title: International Health 2019, Vol. 11(2), pp.83-92
Main Author: Asamoah - Boaheng, Michael
Other Authors: Sarfo - Kantanka, Osei , Tuffour, Anthony Boaheng , Eghan, Benjamin , Mbanya, Jean Claude
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
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ID: ISSN: 1876-3413 ; E-ISSN: 1876-3405 ; DOI: 10.1093/inthealth/ihy067
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recordid: oxford10.1093/inthealth/ihy067
title: Prevalence and risk factors for diabetes mellitus among adults in Ghana: a systematic review and meta-analysis
format: Article
creator:
  • Asamoah - Boaheng, Michael
  • Sarfo - Kantanka, Osei
  • Tuffour, Anthony Boaheng
  • Eghan, Benjamin
  • Mbanya, Jean Claude
subjects:
  • Determinants
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Ghana
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Systematic Review
ispartof: International Health, 2019, Vol. 11(2), pp.83-92
description: Abstract Background The prevalence and risk factors for diabetes in Ghana vary from location to location, yet no study has been conducted to quantitatively synthesize the available studies. Methods The authors conducted a comprehensive literature search in Medline (PubMed), Embase, Cinahl, Web of Science, Scopus, African journals and grey literature. Two reviewers screened the articles for relevance, identified and selected studies based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Methodological quality was independently assessed, using two validated assessment-of-bias tools. We explored study heterogeneity and performed a publication bias check. Results This search yielded a total of 624 articles, of which 17 studies were finally selected for the qualitative review and 12 studies included in the meta-analysis. The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus among adult Ghanaians was high at 6.46% (95% CI: 4.66–8.26%) based on the inverse-variance random-effects model. Significant risk factors associated with diabetes were a family history of diabetes (OR: 3.46, 95% CI: 2.50–4.78), physical inactivity (OR: 3.06, 95% CI: 1.66–5.64) and age ≥40 years (OR: 2.36, 95% CI: 1.77–3.16). Conclusion Studies with high methodological quality provided sufficient evidence about diabetes prevalence among adults and the associated significant risk factors in Ghana.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1876-3413 ; E-ISSN: 1876-3405 ; DOI: 10.1093/inthealth/ihy067
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1876-3413
  • 18763413
  • 1876-3405
  • 18763405
url: Link


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titlePrevalence and risk factors for diabetes mellitus among adults in Ghana: a systematic review and meta-analysis
creatorAsamoah - Boaheng, Michael ; Sarfo - Kantanka, Osei ; Tuffour, Anthony Boaheng ; Eghan, Benjamin ; Mbanya, Jean Claude
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descriptionAbstract Background The prevalence and risk factors for diabetes in Ghana vary from location to location, yet no study has been conducted to quantitatively synthesize the available studies. Methods The authors conducted a comprehensive literature search in Medline (PubMed), Embase, Cinahl, Web of Science, Scopus, African journals and grey literature. Two reviewers screened the articles for relevance, identified and selected studies based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Methodological quality was independently assessed, using two validated assessment-of-bias tools. We explored study heterogeneity and performed a publication bias check. Results This search yielded a total of 624 articles, of which 17 studies were finally selected for the qualitative review and 12 studies included in the meta-analysis. The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus among adult Ghanaians was high at 6.46% (95% CI: 4.66–8.26%) based on the inverse-variance random-effects model. Significant risk factors associated with diabetes were a family history of diabetes (OR: 3.46, 95% CI: 2.50–4.78), physical inactivity (OR: 3.06, 95% CI: 1.66–5.64) and age ≥40 years (OR: 2.36, 95% CI: 1.77–3.16). Conclusion Studies with high methodological quality provided sufficient evidence about diabetes prevalence among adults and the associated significant risk factors in Ghana.
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