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Observation of polarized hard X-ray emission from the Crab by the PoGOLite Pathfinder

We have measured the linear polarization of hard X-ray emission from the Crab in a previously unexplored energy interval, 20–120 keV. The introduction of two new observational parameters, the polarization fraction and angle stands to disentangle geometrical and physical effects, thereby providing in... Full description

Journal Title: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters 2015, Vol. 456(1), pp.L84-L88
Main Author: Chauvin, M
Other Authors: Florén, H. - G , Jackson, M , Kamae, T , Kawano, T , Kiss, M , Kole, M , Mikhalev, V , Moretti, E , Olofsson, G , Rydström, S , Takahashi, H , Iyudin, A , Arimoto, M , Fukazawa, Y , Kataoka, J , Kawai, N , Mizuno, T , Ryde, F , Tajima, H , Takahashi, T , Pearce, M
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ID: ISSN: 1745-3925 ; E-ISSN: 1745-3933 ; DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slv177
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recordid: oxford10.1093/mnrasl/slv177
title: Observation of polarized hard X-ray emission from the Crab by the PoGOLite Pathfinder
format: Article
creator:
  • Chauvin, M
  • Florén, H. - G
  • Jackson, M
  • Kamae, T
  • Kawano, T
  • Kiss, M
  • Kole, M
  • Mikhalev, V
  • Moretti, E
  • Olofsson, G
  • Rydström, S
  • Takahashi, H
  • Iyudin, A
  • Arimoto, M
  • Fukazawa, Y
  • Kataoka, J
  • Kawai, N
  • Mizuno, T
  • Ryde, F
  • Tajima, H
  • Takahashi, T
  • Pearce, M
subjects:
  • Instrumentation: Polarimeters
  • Techniques: Polarimetric
  • Stars: Neutron
  • Pulsars: Individual: The Crab Pulsar
ispartof: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 2015, Vol. 456(1), pp.L84-L88
description: We have measured the linear polarization of hard X-ray emission from the Crab in a previously unexplored energy interval, 20–120 keV. The introduction of two new observational parameters, the polarization fraction and angle stands to disentangle geometrical and physical effects, thereby providing information on the pulsar wind geometry and magnetic field environment. Measurements are conducted using the PoGOLite Pathfinder – a balloon-borne polarimeter. Polarization is determined by measuring the azimuthal Compton scattering angle of incident X-rays in an array of plastic scintillators housed in an anticoincidence well. The polarimetric response has been characterized prior to flight using both polarized and unpolarized calibration sources. We address possible systematic effects through observations of a background field. The measured polarization fraction for the integrated Crab light curve is $18.4^{+9.8}_{-10.6}$  per cent, corresponding to an upper limit (99 per cent credibility) of 42.4 per cent, for a polarization angle of (149.2 ± 16.0)°.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1745-3925 ; E-ISSN: 1745-3933 ; DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slv177
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1745-3925
  • 17453925
  • 1745-3933
  • 17453933
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titleObservation of polarized hard X-ray emission from the Crab by the PoGOLite Pathfinder
creatorChauvin, M ; Florén, H. - G ; Jackson, M ; Kamae, T ; Kawano, T ; Kiss, M ; Kole, M ; Mikhalev, V ; Moretti, E ; Olofsson, G ; Rydström, S ; Takahashi, H ; Iyudin, A ; Arimoto, M ; Fukazawa, Y ; Kataoka, J ; Kawai, N ; Mizuno, T ; Ryde, F ; Tajima, H ; Takahashi, T ; Pearce, M
ispartofMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 2015, Vol. 456(1), pp.L84-L88
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subjectInstrumentation: Polarimeters ; Techniques: Polarimetric ; Stars: Neutron ; Pulsars: Individual: The Crab Pulsar
descriptionWe have measured the linear polarization of hard X-ray emission from the Crab in a previously unexplored energy interval, 20–120 keV. The introduction of two new observational parameters, the polarization fraction and angle stands to disentangle geometrical and physical effects, thereby providing information on the pulsar wind geometry and magnetic field environment. Measurements are conducted using the PoGOLite Pathfinder – a balloon-borne polarimeter. Polarization is determined by measuring the azimuthal Compton scattering angle of incident X-rays in an array of plastic scintillators housed in an anticoincidence well. The polarimetric response has been characterized prior to flight using both polarized and unpolarized calibration sources. We address possible systematic effects through observations of a background field. The measured polarization fraction for the integrated Crab light curve is $18.4^{+9.8}_{-10.6}$  per cent, corresponding to an upper limit (99 per cent credibility) of 42.4 per cent, for a polarization angle of (149.2 ± 16.0)°.
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titleObservation of polarized hard X-ray emission from the Crab by the PoGOLite Pathfinder
descriptionWe have measured the linear polarization of hard X-ray emission from the Crab in a previously unexplored energy interval, 20–120 keV. The introduction of two new observational parameters, the polarization fraction and angle stands to disentangle geometrical and physical effects, thereby providing information on the pulsar wind geometry and magnetic field environment. Measurements are conducted using the PoGOLite Pathfinder – a balloon-borne polarimeter. Polarization is determined by measuring the azimuthal Compton scattering angle of incident X-rays in an array of plastic scintillators housed in an anticoincidence well. The polarimetric response has been characterized prior to flight using both polarized and unpolarized calibration sources. We address possible systematic effects through observations of a background field. The measured polarization fraction for the integrated Crab light curve is $18.4^{+9.8}_{-10.6}$  per cent, corresponding to an upper limit (99 per cent credibility) of 42.4 per cent, for a polarization angle of (149.2 ± 16.0)°.
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atitleObservation of polarized hard X-ray emission from the Crab by the PoGOLite Pathfinder
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abstractWe have measured the linear polarization of hard X-ray emission from the Crab in a previously unexplored energy interval, 20–120 keV. The introduction of two new observational parameters, the polarization fraction and angle stands to disentangle geometrical and physical effects, thereby providing information on the pulsar wind geometry and magnetic field environment. Measurements are conducted using the PoGOLite Pathfinder – a balloon-borne polarimeter. Polarization is determined by measuring the azimuthal Compton scattering angle of incident X-rays in an array of plastic scintillators housed in an anticoincidence well. The polarimetric response has been characterized prior to flight using both polarized and unpolarized calibration sources. We address possible systematic effects through observations of a background field. The measured polarization fraction for the integrated Crab light curve is $18.4^{+9.8}_{-10.6}$  per cent, corresponding to an upper limit (99 per cent credibility) of 42.4 per cent, for a polarization angle of (149.2 ± 16.0)°.
pubOxford University Press
doi10.1093/mnrasl/slv177
date2015-12-15