schliessen

Filtern

 

Bibliotheken

0991 Relationship between the microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract, and the body weight of broiler chickens

In the poultry industry, many efforts have been undertaken to improve the growth performance of broiler chickens and identification and modulation of body weight (BW)-related bacteria could be one of the strategies to improve productivity. However, studies regarding the relationship between BW and m... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Animal Science 2016, Vol. 94(suppl5), pp.475-475
Main Author: Lee, J
Other Authors: Kong, C
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language:
Subjects:
ID: ISSN: 0021-8812 ; E-ISSN: 1525-3163 ; DOI: 10.2527/jam2016-0991
Zum Text:
SendSend as email Add to Book BagAdd to Book Bag
Staff View
recordid: oxford10.2527/jam2016-0991
title: 0991 Relationship between the microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract, and the body weight of broiler chickens
format: Article
creator:
  • Lee, J
  • Kong, C
subjects:
  • Broiler Chickens
  • Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Microbiota
ispartof: Journal of Animal Science, 2016, Vol. 94(suppl5), pp.475-475
description: In the poultry industry, many efforts have been undertaken to improve the growth performance of broiler chickens and identification and modulation of body weight (BW)-related bacteria could be one of the strategies to improve productivity. However, studies regarding the relationship between BW and microbiota are scarce. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between BW and microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and explore the BW-related bacterial groups in broiler chickens. A total of twenty 18-d-old Ross 308 male broiler chickens were selected based on BW, and samples were collected individually from the 3 different sections of the GIT, which included the crop, ileum and cecum. Bacterial genomic DNA was extracted from the samples, and the V4 region of 16S rRNA gene was amplified. All the amplicons were then sequenced on Illumina MiSeq, and microbial communities were analyzed by using QIIME. In principal coordinate analysis, bacterial communities were clustered into three groups, based on the sections of GIT. Several BW-related bacterial groups were identified from linear regression analysis with R statistical package (version 3.0.3). At the genus level, Streptococcus in the ileum ( r = −0.81, P < 0.001) as well as Akkermansia in ileum ( r = −0.51, P = 0.023) and cecum ( r = −0.55, P = 0.022), were negatively related to BW, whereas Bifidobacterium in the ileum ( r = 0.49, P = 0.029) and Lactococcus in the cecum ( r = 0.59, P = 0.006) showed a positive correlation. The results from the present study showed that particular bacterial communities in the GIT were related to BW, and the study has broadened the understanding of the intestinal microbial ecosystem in broiler chickens.
language:
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0021-8812 ; E-ISSN: 1525-3163 ; DOI: 10.2527/jam2016-0991
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0021-8812
  • 00218812
  • 1525-3163
  • 15253163
url: Link


@attributes
ID568293854
RANK0.07
NO1
SEARCH_ENGINEprimo_central_multiple_fe
SEARCH_ENGINE_TYPEPrimo Central Search Engine
LOCALfalse
PrimoNMBib
record
control
sourcerecordid10.2527/jam2016-0991
sourceidoxford
recordidTN_oxford10.2527/jam2016-0991
sourceformatXML
sourcesystemOther
pqid2046731822
display
typearticle
title0991 Relationship between the microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract, and the body weight of broiler chickens
creatorLee, J ; Kong, C
ispartofJournal of Animal Science, 2016, Vol. 94(suppl5), pp.475-475
identifier
subjectBroiler Chickens ; Gastrointestinal Tract ; Microbiota
descriptionIn the poultry industry, many efforts have been undertaken to improve the growth performance of broiler chickens and identification and modulation of body weight (BW)-related bacteria could be one of the strategies to improve productivity. However, studies regarding the relationship between BW and microbiota are scarce. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between BW and microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and explore the BW-related bacterial groups in broiler chickens. A total of twenty 18-d-old Ross 308 male broiler chickens were selected based on BW, and samples were collected individually from the 3 different sections of the GIT, which included the crop, ileum and cecum. Bacterial genomic DNA was extracted from the samples, and the V4 region of 16S rRNA gene was amplified. All the amplicons were then sequenced on Illumina MiSeq, and microbial communities were analyzed by using QIIME. In principal coordinate analysis, bacterial communities were clustered into three groups, based on the sections of GIT. Several BW-related bacterial groups were identified from linear regression analysis with R statistical package (version 3.0.3). At the genus level, Streptococcus in the ileum ( r = −0.81, P < 0.001) as well as Akkermansia in ileum ( r = −0.51, P = 0.023) and cecum ( r = −0.55, P = 0.022), were negatively related to BW, whereas Bifidobacterium in the ileum ( r = 0.49, P = 0.029) and Lactococcus in the cecum ( r = 0.59, P = 0.006) showed a positive correlation. The results from the present study showed that particular bacterial communities in the GIT were related to BW, and the study has broadened the understanding of the intestinal microbial ecosystem in broiler chickens.
source
version3
lds50peer_reviewed
links
openurl$$Topenurl_article
openurlfulltext$$Topenurlfull_article
search
creatorcontrib
0Lee, J
1Kong, C
title0991 Relationship between the microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract, and the body weight of broiler chickens
descriptionIn the poultry industry, many efforts have been undertaken to improve the growth performance of broiler chickens and identification and modulation of body weight (BW)-related bacteria could be one of the strategies to improve productivity. However, studies regarding the relationship between BW and microbiota are scarce. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between BW and microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and explore the BW-related bacterial groups in broiler chickens. A total of twenty 18-d-old Ross 308 male broiler chickens were selected based on BW, and samples were collected individually from the 3 different sections of the GIT, which included the crop, ileum and cecum. Bacterial genomic DNA was extracted from the samples, and the V4 region of 16S rRNA gene was amplified. All the amplicons were then sequenced on Illumina MiSeq, and microbial communities were analyzed by using QIIME. In principal coordinate analysis, bacterial communities were clustered into three groups, based on the sections of GIT. Several BW-related bacterial groups were identified from linear regression analysis with R statistical package (version 3.0.3). At the genus level, Streptococcus in the ileum ( r = −0.81, P < 0.001) as well as Akkermansia in ileum ( r = −0.51, P = 0.023) and cecum ( r = −0.55, P = 0.022), were negatively related to BW, whereas Bifidobacterium in the ileum ( r = 0.49, P = 0.029) and Lactococcus in the cecum ( r = 0.59, P = 0.006) showed a positive correlation. The results from the present study showed that particular bacterial communities in the GIT were related to BW, and the study has broadened the understanding of the intestinal microbial ecosystem in broiler chickens.
subject
0broiler chickens
1gastrointestinal tract
2microbiota
general
010.2527/jam2016-0991
1Oxford Journals
sourceidoxford
recordidoxford10.2527/jam2016-0991
issn
00021-8812
100218812
21525-3163
315253163
rsrctypetext_resource
creationdate2016
searchscopeoxford
scopeoxford
lsr4020161001
lsr30VSR-Enriched:[pqid]
sort
title0991 Relationship between the microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract, and the body weight of broiler chickens
authorLee, J ; Kong, C
creationdate20161000
facets
frbrgroupid1214903287529669021
frbrtype5
newrecords20190113
creationdate2016
topic
0Broiler Chickens
1Gastrointestinal Tract
2Microbiota
collectionOxford Journals (Oxford University Press)
rsrctypetext_resources
creatorcontrib
0Lee, J
1Kong, C
jtitleJournal Of Animal Science
toplevelpeer_reviewed
delivery
delcategoryRemote Search Resource
fulltextfulltext
addata
aulast
0Lee
1Kong
aufirst
0J.
1C.
au
0Lee, J.
1Kong, C.
atitle0991 Relationship between the microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract, and the body weight of broiler chickens
jtitleJournal of Animal Science
risdate201610
volume94
issuesuppl5
spage475
epage475
pages475-475
issn0021-8812
eissn1525-3163
abstractIn the poultry industry, many efforts have been undertaken to improve the growth performance of broiler chickens and identification and modulation of body weight (BW)-related bacteria could be one of the strategies to improve productivity. However, studies regarding the relationship between BW and microbiota are scarce. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between BW and microbiota in different sections of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and explore the BW-related bacterial groups in broiler chickens. A total of twenty 18-d-old Ross 308 male broiler chickens were selected based on BW, and samples were collected individually from the 3 different sections of the GIT, which included the crop, ileum and cecum. Bacterial genomic DNA was extracted from the samples, and the V4 region of 16S rRNA gene was amplified. All the amplicons were then sequenced on Illumina MiSeq, and microbial communities were analyzed by using QIIME. In principal coordinate analysis, bacterial communities were clustered into three groups, based on the sections of GIT. Several BW-related bacterial groups were identified from linear regression analysis with R statistical package (version 3.0.3). At the genus level, Streptococcus in the ileum ( r = −0.81, P < 0.001) as well as Akkermansia in ileum ( r = −0.51, P = 0.023) and cecum ( r = −0.55, P = 0.022), were negatively related to BW, whereas Bifidobacterium in the ileum ( r = 0.49, P = 0.029) and Lactococcus in the cecum ( r = 0.59, P = 0.006) showed a positive correlation. The results from the present study showed that particular bacterial communities in the GIT were related to BW, and the study has broadened the understanding of the intestinal microbial ecosystem in broiler chickens.
pubOxford University Press
doi10.2527/jam2016-0991
date2016-10
genrearticle
formatjournal
ristypeJOUR