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Man the Fat Hunter: The Demise of Homo erectus and the Emergence of a New Hominin Lineage in the Middle Pleistocene (ca. 400 kyr) Levant

The worldwide association of H. erectus with elephants is well documented and so is the preference of humans for fat as a source of energy. We show that rather than a matter of preference, H. erectus in the Levant was dependent on both elephants and fat for his survival. The disappearance of elephan... Full description

Journal Title: PLoS One Dec 2011, Vol.6(12), p.e28689
Main Author: Ben-Dor, Miki
Other Authors: Gopher, Avi , Hershkovitz, Israel , Barkai, Ran
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
ID: E-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028689
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title: Man the Fat Hunter: The Demise of Homo erectus and the Emergence of a New Hominin Lineage in the Middle Pleistocene (ca. 400 kyr) Levant
format: Article
creator:
  • Ben-Dor, Miki
  • Gopher, Avi
  • Hershkovitz, Israel
  • Barkai, Ran
subjects:
  • Africa
  • Tel Aviv Israel
  • Levant (Historic Region)
  • Elephants
  • Pleistocene
  • Evolution
  • Molecular Biology
  • Animals
  • Teeth
  • Emergence
  • Paleolithic
  • Construction
  • Deoxyribonucleic Acid–DNA
  • Teeth
  • Genomes
  • Body Composition
  • Metabolism
  • Archaeology
  • Hominids
ispartof: PLoS One, Dec 2011, Vol.6(12), p.e28689
description: The worldwide association of H. erectus with elephants is well documented and so is the preference of humans for fat as a source of energy. We show that rather than a matter of preference, H. erectus in the Levant was dependent on both elephants and fat for his survival. The disappearance of elephants from the Levant some 400 kyr ago coincides with the appearance of a new and innovative local cultural complex – the Levantine Acheulo-Yabrudian and, as is evident from teeth recently found in the Acheulo-Yabrudian 400-200 kyr site of Qesem Cave, the replacement of H. erectus by a new hominin. We employ a bio-energetic model to present a hypothesis that the disappearance of the elephants, which created a need to hunt an increased number of smaller and faster animals while maintaining an adequate fat content in the diet, was the evolutionary drive behind the emergence of the lighter, more agile, and cognitively capable hominins. Qesem Cave thus provides a rare opportunity to study the mechanisms...
language: eng
source:
identifier: E-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028689
fulltext: fulltext_linktorsrc
issn:
  • 19326203
  • 1932-6203
url: Link


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titleMan the Fat Hunter: The Demise of Homo erectus and the Emergence of a New Hominin Lineage in the Middle Pleistocene (ca. 400 kyr) Levant
creatorBen-Dor, Miki ; Gopher, Avi ; Hershkovitz, Israel ; Barkai, Ran
ispartofPLoS One, Dec 2011, Vol.6(12), p.e28689
identifierE-ISSN: 19326203 ; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028689
subjectAfrica ; Tel Aviv Israel ; Levant (Historic Region) ; Elephants ; Pleistocene ; Evolution ; Molecular Biology ; Animals ; Teeth ; Emergence ; Paleolithic ; Construction ; Deoxyribonucleic Acid–DNA ; Teeth ; Genomes ; Body Composition ; Metabolism ; Archaeology ; Hominids
descriptionThe worldwide association of H. erectus with elephants is well documented and so is the preference of humans for fat as a source of energy. We show that rather than a matter of preference, H. erectus in the Levant was dependent on both elephants and fat for his survival. The disappearance of elephants from the Levant some 400 kyr ago coincides with the appearance of a new and innovative local cultural complex – the Levantine Acheulo-Yabrudian and, as is evident from teeth recently found in the Acheulo-Yabrudian 400-200 kyr site of Qesem Cave, the replacement of H. erectus by a new hominin. We employ a bio-energetic model to present a hypothesis that the disappearance of the elephants, which created a need to hunt an increased number of smaller and faster animals while maintaining an adequate fat content in the diet, was the evolutionary drive behind the emergence of the lighter, more agile, and cognitively capable hominins. Qesem Cave thus provides a rare opportunity to study the mechanisms...
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titleMan the Fat Hunter: The Demise of Homo erectus and the Emergence of a New Hominin Lineage in the Middle Pleistocene (ca. 400 kyr) Levant
descriptionThe worldwide association of H. erectus with elephants is well documented and so is the preference of humans for fat as a source of energy. We show that rather than a matter of preference, H. erectus in the Levant was dependent on both elephants and fat for his survival. The disappearance of elephants from the Levant some 400 kyr ago coincides with the appearance of a new and innovative local cultural complex – the Levantine Acheulo-Yabrudian and, as is evident from teeth recently found in the Acheulo-Yabrudian 400-200 kyr site of Qesem Cave, the replacement of H. erectus by a new hominin. We employ a bio-energetic model to present a hypothesis that the disappearance of the elephants, which created a need to hunt an increased number of smaller and faster animals while maintaining an adequate fat content in the diet, was the evolutionary drive behind the emergence of the lighter, more agile, and cognitively capable hominins. Qesem Cave thus provides a rare opportunity to study the mechanisms...
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titleMan the Fat Hunter: The Demise of Homo erectus and the Emergence of a New Hominin Lineage in the Middle Pleistocene (ca. 400 kyr) Levant
authorBen-Dor, Miki ; Gopher, Avi ; Hershkovitz, Israel ; Barkai, Ran
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5Evolution
6Molecular Biology
7Animals
8Teeth
9Emergence
10Paleolithic
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12Deoxyribonucleic Acid–DNA
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14Body Composition
15Metabolism
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abstractThe worldwide association of H. erectus with elephants is well documented and so is the preference of humans for fat as a source of energy. We show that rather than a matter of preference, H. erectus in the Levant was dependent on both elephants and fat for his survival. The disappearance of elephants from the Levant some 400 kyr ago coincides with the appearance of a new and innovative local cultural complex – the Levantine Acheulo-Yabrudian and, as is evident from teeth recently found in the Acheulo-Yabrudian 400-200 kyr site of Qesem Cave, the replacement of H. erectus by a new hominin. We employ a bio-energetic model to present a hypothesis that the disappearance of the elephants, which created a need to hunt an increased number of smaller and faster animals while maintaining an adequate fat content in the diet, was the evolutionary drive behind the emergence of the lighter, more agile, and cognitively capable hominins. Qesem Cave thus provides a rare opportunity to study the mechanisms...
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doi10.1371/journal.pone.0028689
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date2011-12-09